This letter presents a method to fabricate high quality, high refractive index titanium oxide thin films by applying liquid phase spin-on deposition combined with low temperature annealing. The synthesis of the liquid form titanium oxide material is carried out using a sol-gel synthesis technique. The material can be annealed at low temperature (150 C°) to achieve relatively high refractive index of 1.94 at 632.8 nm wavelength, whereas annealing at 350 C° results in index of 2.03 at 632.8 nm. Film depositions are demonstrated on silicon substrates with 0.5% uniformity in thickness. Refractive indices and extinction coefficients are characterized over a broad wavelength range to demonstrate the optical performance of this novel aqueous phase spin-on deposited hybrid titanium oxide material.
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