Abstract

Integral three-dimensional (3D) imaging provides full-motion parallax, unlike other conventional stereoscopy-based techniques. To maximize this advantage, a 3D system with a wide view along all directions is required. We propose and demonstrate a new integral imaging (InIm) method to enhance the viewing angle along both horizontal and vertical directions. Elemental lens switching is performed by a combination of spatial and time multiplexing by use of double display devices and orthogonal polarizations. Experimental results show that the viewing angle of the system is enhanced along all directions without any mechanical movement or any cross talk between afterimages. We believe that the proposed method has the potential to facilitate practical use of the wide-viewing InIm system.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (5)

2001 (5)

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Naemura, T. Yoshida, and H. Harashima, “3-D computer graphics based on integral photography,” Opt. Express 8, 255–262 (2001), http://www.opticsexpress.org/ abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-8-4-255
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display using integral photography with dynamically variable image planes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1481–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Erdmann and K. J. Gabriel, “High-resolution digital integral photography by use of a scanning microlens array,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5592–5599 (2001).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Shin and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5562–5567 (2001).

1999 (1)

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1072–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1931 (1)

1908 (1)

M. Lippmann, “Epreuves reversible donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).

Aggoun, A.

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

Arai, J.

Choi, H.

Davies, N.

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

Erdmann, L.

Gabriel, K. J.

Harashima, H.

Hoshino, H.

Ives, H. E.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improvement of viewing angle in integral imaging by use of moving lenslet arrays with low fill factor,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1996–2002 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-S. Jang and B. Javidi, “Improved viewing resolution of three-dimensional integral imaging by use of nonstationary micro-optics,” Opt. Lett. 27, 324–326 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral 3D imaging using double display devices with masks,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2389–2390 (2002).
[Crossref]

S.-H. Shin and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5562–5567 (2001).

Jung, S.

Kung, S. Y.

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Lippmann, M.

M. Lippmann, “Epreuves reversible donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).

Manolache, S.

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

McCormick, M.

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

Min, S.-W.

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display using integral photography with dynamically variable image planes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1481–1482 (2001).
[Crossref]

Naemura, T.

Okano, F.

Park, J.-H.

Shin, S.-H.

S.-H. Shin and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle enhancement of speckle-reduced volume holographic three-dimensional display by use of integral imaging,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5562–5567 (2001).

Yoshida, T.

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. (1)

S. Manolache, A. Aggoun, M. McCormick, N. Davies, and S. Y. Kung, “Analytical model of a three-dimensional integral image recording system that uses circular and hexagonal-based spherical surface microlenses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 18, 1814–1821 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. (1)

M. Lippmann, “Epreuves reversible donnant la sensation du relief,” J. Phys. 7, 821–825 (1908).

Opt. Eng. (3)

S. Jung, J.-H. Park, B. Lee, and B. Javidi, “Viewing-angle-enhanced integral 3D imaging using double display devices with masks,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2389–2390 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng. 38, 1072–1077 (1999).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Min, S. Jung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Study for wide-viewing integral photography using an aspheric Fresnel-lens array,” Opt. Eng. 41, 2572–2576 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Limitation of viewing angle in InIm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Concept of enhancing viewing angle by elemental lens switching.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Generation of the elemental images in the viewing-angle-enhanced scheme.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematic diagram of the proposed method, (b) switched elemental lenses.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Cross-talk effect (a) in the proposed scheme and (b) in the compared case.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Image processing of elemental images obtained by pickup. (a) Classification, (b) magnification and reassembling.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Elemental image array sets for different status.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Integrated images observed from different viewpoints.

Equations (7)

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2 θ = 2 arctan ( w 2 g ) ,
E x = L m + g z g ( L m x ) ,
E y = L n + g z g ( L n y ) ,
W h 2 < E x L m < W h 2 ,
W v 2 < E y L n < W v 2 ,
W h < E x L m < W h ,
W v < E y L n < W v ,

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