A multimode theory describing quantum interference of a sub-threshold optical parametric oscillator (OPO) with a coherent local oscillator (LO) in a homodyne detection scheme is presented. Analytic expressions for the count rates in terms of the correlation time and relative phase difference between the LO and OPO have been derived. The spectrum of squeezing is also derived and the threshold for squeezing obtained in terms of the crystal nonlinearity and LO and OPO beam intensities.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
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