Abstract

We report linear dispersion compensation, soliton pulse formation, soliton compression, and ultra-broad supercontinuum generation in a holey fiber with anomalous dispersion at wavelengths above 800nm. The holey fiber was seeded with ultrashort pulses from a diode pumped, Ytterbium (Yb)-doped fiber source operating at 1.06 μm. The results highlight the compatibility of the rapidly developing holey fiber technology with short pulse Yb-doped fiber lasers for wide application.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1995) 2nd Edition .
  2. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick and P. J. Bennett, "Holey optical fibers: An efficient modal model," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093-1102 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1415-1417 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrierenvelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. H. Price, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, C. Netti, A. Malinowski, J. J. Baumberg and D. J. Richardson, "Phase matched UV Generation in a silica holey fiber," Confenence on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO 2002), session CTuB, OSA
  9. J. H. Price, W. Belardi, L. Lefort, T. M. Monro and D. J. Richardson, "Nonlinear pulse compression, dispersion compensation, and soliton propagation in holey fiber at 1 micron," in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2001), pp. 430-432.
  10. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre and P. S. J. Russell, "Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm," Electron. Lett. 36, 53-55 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Suzuki, H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, M. Tanaka and M. Fujita, "Optical properties of a low-loss polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 9, 676-680 (2001). <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-676">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-676</a>
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Lefort, J. H. Price, D. J. Richardson, G. J. Spuhler, R. Paschotta, U. Keller, A. Fry and J. Weston, "Practical Low-Noise stretched-pulse Yb3+ -doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1-3 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus and L. E. Nelson, "77-Fs Pulse Generation from a Stretched-Pulse Mode-Locked All- Fiber Ring Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1080-1082 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. H. Ober, M. Hofer, U. Keller and T. H. Chiu, "Self-Starting Diode-Pumped Femtosecond Nd Fiber Laser," Opt. Lett. 18, 1532-1534 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. H. Price, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, L. Lefort and D. J. Richardson, "A tuneable, femtosecond pulse source operating in the range 1.06-1.33 microns based on an Yb doped holey fiber amplifier," Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001) paper CPD1.
  17. M. E. Fermann,M. L. Stock, D. Harter, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell and J. Fujimoto, "Wavelength-tunable soliton generation in the 1400-1600 nm region using an Yb fiber laser," Conference on Advanced Solid State Lasers (ASSL 2001), Technical Digest, Paper TuI2-1.
  18. A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers - art. no. 203901," Phys. Rev. Lett. 8720, 3901 (2001).

Confenence on Lasers and Electro-optics

J. H. Price, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, C. Netti, A. Malinowski, J. J. Baumberg and D. J. Richardson, "Phase matched UV Generation in a silica holey fiber," Confenence on Lasers and Electro-optics (CLEO 2002), session CTuB, OSA

Conference on Advanced Solid State Laser

M. E. Fermann,M. L. Stock, D. Harter, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. Russell and J. Fujimoto, "Wavelength-tunable soliton generation in the 1400-1600 nm region using an Yb fiber laser," Conference on Advanced Solid State Lasers (ASSL 2001), Technical Digest, Paper TuI2-1.

Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics

J. H. Price, K. Furusawa, T. M. Monro, L. Lefort and D. J. Richardson, "A tuneable, femtosecond pulse source operating in the range 1.06-1.33 microns based on an Yb doped holey fiber amplifier," Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (CLEO), Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001) paper CPD1.

Electron. Lett.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre and P. S. J. Russell, "Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm," Electron. Lett. 36, 53-55 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. Russell, "Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807-809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

OSA Technical Digest

J. H. Price, W. Belardi, L. Lefort, T. M. Monro and D. J. Richardson, "Nonlinear pulse compression, dispersion compensation, and soliton propagation in holey fiber at 1 micron," in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 2001), pp. 430-432.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hansch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth and P. S. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley and J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010-6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Husakou and J. Herrmann, "Supercontinuum generation of higher-order solitons by fission in photonic crystal fibers - art. no. 203901," Phys. Rev. Lett. 8720, 3901 (2001).

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrierenvelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1995) 2nd Edition .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental system configuration. Inset: SEM of holey fiber used for the pulse compression and preliminary soliton experiments.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

Results obtained launching pulses directly from the laser into 2.2 m length of holey fiber. a) Plot of transmitted pulse FWHM vs. fiber length. b)-d) Autocorrelation and inset spectra of pulses transmitted through holey fiber: b) linear regime (1pJ pulses), fiber length = 1.15 m c) non-linear regime (20pJ pulses), fiber length = 0.92 m, d)non-linear regime, Raman scattering, fiber length = 2.02m.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Results obtained using amplified pulses. a)SEM of the holey fiber used for amplified pulse experiments. b) Autocorrelation of 70 pJ pulses; at the input (positively chirped, FWHM 6ps), and after transmission through 60m of fiber (FWHM ~400fs). c) Spectra of input pulses (FWHM 6ps, 100pJ) and wavelength shifted (SSFS) pulses after transmission through 60m of fiber. d) Broadband continuum obtained by launching 20kW peak power pulses (FWHM~350fs, 7.5nJ) into 7m fiber length. The chirp of the input pulses was removed using a diffraction grating compressor.

Metrics