Abstract

In this paper, we proposed a new method to detect faces in color based on the convex-hull. We detect two kinds of regions that are skin and hair likeness region. After preprocessing, we apply the convex-hull to their regions and can find a face from their intersection relationship. The proposed algorithm can accomplish face detection in an image involving rotated and turned faces as well as several faces. To validity the effectiveness of the proposed method, we make experiment with various cases

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  2. S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Samal and P.A. Iyengar, “Automatic recognition and analysis of human faces and facial expressions: a survey,” Pattern Recogintion 15, 65–77 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  4. C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Ho and H. Huang, “Facial Modeling from an Uncalibrated Face Image Using Flexible Generic Parameterized Facial Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B 31, 706–719 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  6. P. Juell and R. Marsh, “A Hierachical Neural Network for Human Face Detection, Pattern Recognition,”  29, 781–787 (1996)
  7. A. Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-based and modular eigenspaces for face recognition,” Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Seattle, WA. IEEE Computer Society Press, 84–91.
  8. P. J. B. Hancock, A. M. Burton, and V. Bruce, “Preprocessing images of faces: correlations with human perceptions of distinctiveness and familiarity,” Proceedings of IEE Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1995)
  9. S. J. McKenna, S. Gong, and J. J. Collins, Face tracking and pose representation, in R. B. Fisher and E. Trucco (Eds.), Proceedings of British Machine Vision Conference, 755–764 (1996)
  10. Z. Hussain, Digital Image Processing (New York, Ellis Horwood limited, 1991)

2001 (1)

S. Ho and H. Huang, “Facial Modeling from an Uncalibrated Face Image Using Flexible Generic Parameterized Facial Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B 31, 706–719 (2001)
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
[Crossref]

P. Juell and R. Marsh, “A Hierachical Neural Network for Human Face Detection, Pattern Recognition,”  29, 781–787 (1996)

1994 (1)

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

A. Samal and P.A. Iyengar, “Automatic recognition and analysis of human faces and facial expressions: a survey,” Pattern Recogintion 15, 65–77 (1992)
[Crossref]

Aizawa, K.

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

Bruce, V.

P. J. B. Hancock, A. M. Burton, and V. Bruce, “Preprocessing images of faces: correlations with human perceptions of distinctiveness and familiarity,” Proceedings of IEE Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1995)

Burton, A. M.

P. J. B. Hancock, A. M. Burton, and V. Bruce, “Preprocessing images of faces: correlations with human perceptions of distinctiveness and familiarity,” Proceedings of IEE Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1995)

Chen, Q.

H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
[Crossref]

Choi, C. S.

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

Collins, J. J.

S. J. McKenna, S. Gong, and J. J. Collins, Face tracking and pose representation, in R. B. Fisher and E. Trucco (Eds.), Proceedings of British Machine Vision Conference, 755–764 (1996)

Gong, S.

S. J. McKenna, S. Gong, and J. J. Collins, Face tracking and pose representation, in R. B. Fisher and E. Trucco (Eds.), Proceedings of British Machine Vision Conference, 755–764 (1996)

Ham, Y.K.

S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
[Crossref]

Hancock, P. J. B.

P. J. B. Hancock, A. M. Burton, and V. Bruce, “Preprocessing images of faces: correlations with human perceptions of distinctiveness and familiarity,” Proceedings of IEE Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1995)

Harashima, H.

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

Ho, S.

S. Ho and H. Huang, “Facial Modeling from an Uncalibrated Face Image Using Flexible Generic Parameterized Facial Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B 31, 706–719 (2001)
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

S. Ho and H. Huang, “Facial Modeling from an Uncalibrated Face Image Using Flexible Generic Parameterized Facial Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B 31, 706–719 (2001)
[Crossref]

Hussain, Z.

Z. Hussain, Digital Image Processing (New York, Ellis Horwood limited, 1991)

Iyengar, P.A.

A. Samal and P.A. Iyengar, “Automatic recognition and analysis of human faces and facial expressions: a survey,” Pattern Recogintion 15, 65–77 (1992)
[Crossref]

Juell, P.

P. Juell and R. Marsh, “A Hierachical Neural Network for Human Face Detection, Pattern Recognition,”  29, 781–787 (1996)

Lee, S. Y.

S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
[Crossref]

Marsh, R.

P. Juell and R. Marsh, “A Hierachical Neural Network for Human Face Detection, Pattern Recognition,”  29, 781–787 (1996)

McKenna, S. J.

S. J. McKenna, S. Gong, and J. J. Collins, Face tracking and pose representation, in R. B. Fisher and E. Trucco (Eds.), Proceedings of British Machine Vision Conference, 755–764 (1996)

Moghaddam, B.

A. Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-based and modular eigenspaces for face recognition,” Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Seattle, WA. IEEE Computer Society Press, 84–91.

Park, R.-H.

S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
[Crossref]

Pentland, A.

A. Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-based and modular eigenspaces for face recognition,” Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Seattle, WA. IEEE Computer Society Press, 84–91.

Samal, A.

A. Samal and P.A. Iyengar, “Automatic recognition and analysis of human faces and facial expressions: a survey,” Pattern Recogintion 15, 65–77 (1992)
[Crossref]

Starner, T.

A. Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-based and modular eigenspaces for face recognition,” Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Seattle, WA. IEEE Computer Society Press, 84–91.

Takebe, T.

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

Wu, H.

H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
[Crossref]

Yachida, M.

H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence (1)

H. Wu, Q. Chen, and M. Yachida, “ Face Detection From Color Images Using a Fuzzy Pattern Matching Method,” IEEE Trans on Pattern Analysis And Machine Intelligence 21, 557–562 (1999)
[Crossref]

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology (1)

C. S. Choi, K. Aizawa, H. Harashima, and T. Takebe “Analysis and synthesis of Facial Image Sequences in Model-Based Image Cording,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 4, 257–275, (1994)
[Crossref]

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B (1)

S. Ho and H. Huang, “Facial Modeling from an Uncalibrated Face Image Using Flexible Generic Parameterized Facial Models,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetic-Part B 31, 706–719 (2001)
[Crossref]

Pattern Recogintion (1)

A. Samal and P.A. Iyengar, “Automatic recognition and analysis of human faces and facial expressions: a survey,” Pattern Recogintion 15, 65–77 (1992)
[Crossref]

Pattern Recognition (1)

S. Y. Lee, Y.K. Ham, and R.-H. Park, “Recognition of Human Front Faces Using Knowledge-Based Feature Extraction and Neuro-Fuzzy Algorithm,” Pattern Recognition 29, 1,863–1,876 (1996)
[Crossref]

Other (5)

P. Juell and R. Marsh, “A Hierachical Neural Network for Human Face Detection, Pattern Recognition,”  29, 781–787 (1996)

A. Pentland, B. Moghaddam, and T. Starner, “View-based and modular eigenspaces for face recognition,” Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision & Pattern Recognition, Seattle, WA. IEEE Computer Society Press, 84–91.

P. J. B. Hancock, A. M. Burton, and V. Bruce, “Preprocessing images of faces: correlations with human perceptions of distinctiveness and familiarity,” Proceedings of IEE Fifth International Conference on Image Processing and its Applications, Edinburgh, Scotland. (1995)

S. J. McKenna, S. Gong, and J. J. Collins, Face tracking and pose representation, in R. B. Fisher and E. Trucco (Eds.), Proceedings of British Machine Vision Conference, 755–764 (1996)

Z. Hussain, Digital Image Processing (New York, Ellis Horwood limited, 1991)

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Figures (5)

Fig.1
Fig.1

Skin and hair likeness regions

Fig.2
Fig.2

Face Detection

Fig.3
Fig.3

Experimentally resultant image involving several faces

Fig.4
Fig.4

Experimentally resultant image involving turned face

Fig.5
Fig.5

Experimentally resultant image involving the rotated image

Tables (2)

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Table 1. The Detection rate by two traditional methods and proposed method

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Table 2. The average detection time by two traditional methods and proposed method

Equations (1)

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