Abstract

Holographic gratings have been written on the surface and inside transparent polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) with individual 130 fs laser pulses at 800 nm. A surface-relief grating is fabricated by ablation and the diffraction efficiency is measured to be about 20%. A volume grating inside PMMA is formed by the change in the refractive index induced by the two-beam interference fringes. Holographic data storage on the surface is realized when one beam carries information. The stored information can be nondestructively reconstructed when the fluence of the read beam is reduced below the threshold.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. A. Blanche, B. Kippelen, A. Schulzgen, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, G. Ramos-Ortiz, J. F. Wang, E. Hendrickx, N. Peyghambarian, and S. R. Marder, “Photorefractive polymers sensitized by two-photo absorption,” Opt. Lett. 27, 19–21 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Diamond, Y. Boiko, and S. Esener, “Two-photon holography in 3-D photopolymer host-guest matrix,” Opt. Express 6, 64–68 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-6-3-64.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. Th. Schneider and J. Reif, “Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801-1–10 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. G. de Chatellus and E. Freysz, “Characterization and dynamics of gratings induced in glasses by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1165–1167 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  13. K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  15. Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
    [Crossref]

2002 (7)

P. A. Blanche, B. Kippelen, A. Schulzgen, C. Fuentes-Hernandez, G. Ramos-Ortiz, J. F. Wang, E. Hendrickx, N. Peyghambarian, and S. R. Marder, “Photorefractive polymers sensitized by two-photo absorption,” Opt. Lett. 27, 19–21 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Th. Schneider and J. Reif, “Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801-1–10 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. G. de Chatellus and E. Freysz, “Characterization and dynamics of gratings induced in glasses by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1165–1167 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
[Crossref]

C. Diamond, Y. Boiko, and S. Esener, “Two-photon holography in 3-D photopolymer host-guest matrix,” Opt. Express 6, 64–68 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-6-3-64.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Baur, J. W.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Blanche, P. A.

Boiko, Y.

Bunning, T. J.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

Clark, C. M.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

de Chatellus, H. G.

Denny, L. R.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Diamond, C.

Esener, S.

Freysz, E.

Fuentes-Hernandez, C.

Gao, J.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heeger, A. J.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hendrickx, E.

Hirano, M.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hirao, K.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hollingsworth, J.

B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hosono, H.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ito, N.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

Itoh, K.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kannan, R.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kawamura, K.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kippelen, B.

Kirkpatrick, S. M.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Klimov, V. I.

B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kraabel, B.

B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Malko, A.

B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

Manliloff, E. S.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Marder, S. R.

Mattes, B. R.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

McBranch, D. W.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Natarajan, L.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nishii, J.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ogawa, T.

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

Pikas, D. J.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ramos-Ortiz, G.

Reif, J.

Th. Schneider and J. Reif, “Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801-1–10 (2002).
[Crossref]

Reinhardt, B. R.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sarukura, N.

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schneider, Th.

Th. Schneider and J. Reif, “Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801-1–10 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schulzgen, A.

Shen, Y.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shinagawa, T.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Stone, M. O.

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tomlin, D. W.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tondiglia, V.

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

Vacar, D.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

E. S. Manliloff, D. Vacar, D. W. McBranch, H. Wang, B. R. Mattes, J. Gao, and A. J. Heeger, “Ultrafast holography using charge-transfer polymers,” Opt. Comm. 141, 243–246 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. F.

Watanabe, W.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhai, J.

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. A (2)

S. M. Kirkpatrick, J. W. Baur, C. M. Clark, L. R. Denny, D. W. Tomlin, B. R. Reinhardt, R. Kannan, and M. O. Stone, “Holographic recording using two-photo-induced photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 69, 461–464 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. J. Pikas, S. M. Kirkpatrick, D. W. Tomlin, L. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, and T. J. Bunning, “Electrically switchable reflection holograms formed using two-photon photopolymerization,” Appl. Phys. A 74, 767–772 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

K. Kawamura, T. Ogawa, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Fabrication of surface relief gratings on transparent dielectric materials by two-beam holographic method using infrared femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 71, 119–121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

J. Si, J. Qiu, J. Zhai, Y. Shen, and K. Hirao, “Photoinduced permanent gratings inside bulk azodye-doped polymers by the coherent field of a femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 359–361 (2002).
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B. Kraabel, A. Malko, J. Hollingsworth, and V. I. Klimov, “Ultrafast dynamic holography in nanocrystal solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1814–1816 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of fine-pitched micrograting structures in amorphous SiO2 thin films on silicon by a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1038–1040 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, N. Ito, and H. Hosono, “Periodic nanostructure array in crossed holographic gratings on silica glass by two interfered infrared-femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1228–1130 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Yamada, T. Shinagawa, K. Itoh, J. Nishii, and Y. Jiang, “Holographic fabrication of multiple layers of grating inside soda-lime glass with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1508–1510 (2002).
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Y. Li, W. Watanabe, K. Itoh, and X. Sun, “Holographic data storage on nonphotosensitive glass with a single femtosecond laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1952–1954 (2002).
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K. Kawamura, N. Sarukura, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Holographic encoding of permanent gratings embedded in diamond by two beam interference of a single femtosecond near-infrared laser pulse,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2,  39, L767–L769 (2000).
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Th. Schneider and J. Reif, “Influence of an ultrafast transient refractive-index grating on nonlinear optical phenomena,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 023801-1–10 (2002).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig.1.
Fig.1.

Optical microscope image of a surface-relief grating on PMMA written with pulse energy of each beam of ∼80 μJ.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

(Top) AFM image of the grating structure and (bottom) the cross-sectional profile.

Fig.3.
Fig.3.

(a) A refractive index grating inside PMMA. The pulse energy of each recording beam was ∼80 μJ. (b) The diffraction pattern. The zero-order beam was attenuated by a 10% neutral density filter.

Fig.4.
Fig.4.

Holographic data storage on the surface of PMMA. (a) A data mask. (b) The corresponding hologram recorded with the pulse energy of each beam of ∼80 μJ. (c) The reconstruction image of the data mask.

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