Abstract

The torque exerted by an astigmatic optical beam on small transparent isotropic particles was dynamically measured observing the angular motion of the particles under a microscope. The data confirmed that torque was originated by the transfer of orbital angular momentum associated with the spatial changes in the phase of the optical field induced by the moving particle. This mechanism for angular momentum transfer works also with incident light beams with no net angular momentum.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Beth, “Mechanical detection and measurement of the angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. 50, 115–125 (1936).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. J. Allen, “A radiation torque experiment,” Amer. J. Phys. 74, 1185–1192 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. J. van Enk and G. Nienhuis, “Eigenfunction description of laser beams and orbital angular momentum of light,” Opt. Commun. 94, 147–158 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzie, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, “Titolo,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Sato and M. Ishigure, “optical rapping and manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells using higher-order mode Nd:YAG laser beams,” Electronics Lett. 271831–1832 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. T. O’Neil and M. J. Padgett, “Rotational control within optical tweezers byu use of a rotating aperture,” Opt. Lett. 27743–745 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (3)

A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. T. O’Neil and M. J. Padgett, “Rotational control within optical tweezers byu use of a rotating aperture,” Opt. Lett. 27743–745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. van Enk and G. Nienhuis, “Eigenfunction description of laser beams and orbital angular momentum of light,” Opt. Commun. 94, 147–158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

S. Sato and M. Ishigure, “optical rapping and manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells using higher-order mode Nd:YAG laser beams,” Electronics Lett. 271831–1832 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzie, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, “Titolo,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1966 (1)

P. J. Allen, “A radiation torque experiment,” Amer. J. Phys. 74, 1185–1192 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1936 (1)

R. A. Beth, “Mechanical detection and measurement of the angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. 50, 115–125 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Allen, L.

A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allen, P. J.

P. J. Allen, “A radiation torque experiment,” Amer. J. Phys. 74, 1185–1192 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berns, M. W.

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Beth, R. A.

R. A. Beth, “Mechanical detection and measurement of the angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. 50, 115–125 (1936).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Bryant, P. E.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chávez-Cerda, S.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, A. E.

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Daino, B.

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzie, J. M.

Enger, J.

M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friese, M. E. J.

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcés-Chávez, V.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

He, H.

H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N. R.

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, J.

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, M.

S. Sato and M. Ishigure, “optical rapping and manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells using higher-order mode Nd:YAG laser beams,” Electronics Lett. 271831–1832 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuo, S.

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nieminen, T. A.

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nienhuis, G.

S. J. van Enk and G. Nienhuis, “Eigenfunction description of laser beams and orbital angular momentum of light,” Opt. Commun. 94, 147–158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

O’Neil, A. T.

A. T. O’Neil and M. J. Padgett, “Rotational control within optical tweezers byu use of a rotating aperture,” Opt. Lett. 27743–745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. T. O’Neil and M. J. Padgett, “Rotational control within optical tweezers byu use of a rotating aperture,” Opt. Lett. 27743–745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, L.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, W. Sibbett, K. Dholakia, and P. E. Bryant, “Trapping and manipulation of low-index particles in a two dimensional interferometric optical trap,” Opt. Lett. 26863–865 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Romagnoli, M.

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

M. E. J. Friese, T. A. Nieminen, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Optical alignment and spinning of laser trapped microscopic particles,” Nature 394, 348–350 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. E. J. Friese, J. Enger, H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, and N. R. Heckenberg, “Optical angular momentum transfer to trapped absorbing particles,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 1593–1596 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. He, M. E. J. Friese, N. R. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826–829 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santamato, E.

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sato, S.

S. Sato and M. Ishigure, “optical rapping and manipulation of microscopic particles and biological cells using higher-order mode Nd:YAG laser beams,” Electronics Lett. 271831–1832 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Settembre, M.

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

E. Santamato, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, B. Daino, and Y. R. Shen, “Self-Induced Stimulated Light Scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 113–116 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of the molecules of a nematic liquid crystal driven by the angular momentum of light,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 143, 89–100 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Santamato, B. Daino, M. Romagnoli, M. Settembre, and Y. R. Shen, “Collective rotation of molecules driven by the angular momentum of light in a nematic film,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2423–2426 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shikata, M.

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sibbet, W.

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbet, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Sonek, G. J.

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, T.

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Enk, S. J.

S. J. van Enk and G. Nienhuis, “Eigenfunction description of laser beams and orbital angular momentum of light,” Opt. Commun. 94, 147–158 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vicar, I. Mac

A. T. O’Neil, I. Mac Vicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88053601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, V. Garcés-Chávez, S. Chávez-Cerda, J. Arlt, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum of a high-order Bessel light beam,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 4S82 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

A. E. Chiou, W. Wang, G. J. Sonek, J. Hong, and M. W. Berns, Opt. Commun. “Interferometric optical tweezers,”  1337–10 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momenum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amer. J. Phys. (1)

P. J. Allen, “A radiation torque experiment,” Amer. J. Phys. 74, 1185–1192 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Juodkazis, M. Shikata, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Fast optical switching by a laser-manipulated microdroplet of liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3627–3629 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electronics Lett. (1)

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (530 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Rotational dragging of three trapped latex spheres each 14 μm in diameter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Movie showing the laser-induced spinning of a trapped small glass rod (length 13 μm, diameter 2 μm). [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Nine frames of a trapped glass rods showing the alignment motion along the major axis of the trapping beam shape. As the optical torque acting on the particle depends on its orientation [see Eq. (8)], the rotation speed is not constant. The frames are 200 ms apart. The scale bar is 10 μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The angular position of the particle as a function of time during its motion. The laser power at the sample position was P = 200 mW.

Equations (14)

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ψ r α = k r 2 4 f k r 2 4 a cos [ 2 ( ϕ α ) ]
E r ϕ α = p = 0 l = c p , l ( α ) exp [ il ( ϕ α ) ] f p , l ( r ) ,
f p , l ( x ) = ( 1 ) p 2 p ! π w 2 ( p + l ) ! x l exp ( x 2 ) L p l ( x 2 )
c ˙ p , l ( t ) = il α ˙ c p , l ( k w 2 α ˙ 8 a ) [ ( p + l ) ( p + l 1 ) c p , l 2 2 ( p + l ) ( p + 1 ) c p + 1 , l 2
+ ( p + 1 ) ( p + 2 ) c p + 2 , l 2 ( p + l + 1 ) ( p + l + 2 ) c p , l + 2
+ 2 p ( p + l + 1 ) c p 1 , l + 2 p ( p 1 ) c p 2 , l + 2 ] .
( l = 0,2,4 , ) ( p = 0,1,2 , )
c ˙ p , 0 ( t ) = ( k w 2 α ˙ 8 a ) [ ( p + 1 ) ( p + 2 ) c p , 2 2 p ( p + 1 ) c p 1 , 2 + p ( p 1 ) c p 2 , 2
+ 2 p ( p + 1 ) c p 1,2 ( p + 1 ) ( p + 2 ) c p , 2 p ( p 1 ) c p 2,2 ] .
γ α ˙ = M z ( t ) = ( cn 8 πω ) p = 0 l = l c p , l ( t ) 2 =
= ( P ω ) p = 0 l = l c p , l ( t ) 2 p = 0 l = c p , l ( t ) 2
M z ( t ) = ( cn 8 πω ) Im ( E * ϕ E ) d x d y
= A sin 2 α ( t )
tan α ( t ) = e t τ tan α ( 0 )

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