Abstract

We report on the generation of linearly chirped parabolic pulses with 17-W average power at 75 MHz repetition rate and diffraction-limited beam quality in a large-mode-area ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier. Highly efficient transmission gratings in fused silica are applied to recompress these pulses down to 80-fs with an efficiency of 60%, resulting in a peak power of 1.7 MW. Power scaling limitations given by the amplifier bandwidth are discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C.B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J.F. García, and E. Mazur, “Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy” Opt. Lett. 26, 93 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  2. F. Korte, S. Adams, A. Egbert, C. Fallnich, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Ruske, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Tuennermann, “Sub-diffraction limited structuring of solid targets with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 7, 41-49 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-2-41
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.
  5. V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.
  7. E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.
  8. J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.
  9. L. Goldberg, J.P. Koplow, and D.A.V. Kliner, “Highly efficient 4-W Yb-doped fiber amplifier pumped by a broad-strip laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1
  14. D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Karlson, M. Lisak, and M.L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave-breaking-free pulses in nonlinear-optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  10, 1185 (1993).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. V.I. Kruglov, A.C. Peacock, J.D. Harvey, and J.M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  19, 461 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” (Academic, New York1995).
  18. M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics,  7, 504 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  20. M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).
  21. J. Turunen, “Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings,” in Micro-Optics, Elements, systems and applications, edited by H.P. Herzig, (Taylor and Francis, Bristol, 1997)
  22. R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
    [Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (3)

C.B. Schaffer, A. Brodeur, J.F. García, and E. Mazur, “Micromachining bulk glass by use of femtosecond laser pulses with nanojoule energy” Opt. Lett. 26, 93 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics,  7, 504 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (4)

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Korte, S. Adams, A. Egbert, C. Fallnich, A. Ostendorf, S. Nolte, M. Will, J. Ruske, B. N. Chichkov, and A. Tuennermann, “Sub-diffraction limited structuring of solid targets with femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Express 7, 41-49 (2000), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-7-2-41
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

L. Goldberg, J.P. Koplow, and D.A.V. Kliner, “Highly efficient 4-W Yb-doped fiber amplifier pumped by a broad-strip laser diode,” Opt. Lett. 24, 673 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Optics Letters,  23, 1, 52 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wave breaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Optics Letters,  21, 1, 68 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Adams, S.

Agrawal, G.P.

G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” (Academic, New York1995).

Anderson, D.

Aus der Au, J.

Bicknese, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bischoff, M.

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1

Broderick, N.G.R.

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

Brodeur, A.

Brunner, F.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Chichkov, B. N.

Cho, G.C.

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

Contag, K.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

DeLong, K.W.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Desaix, M.

Dohle, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dominic, V.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J.M.

V.I. Kruglov, A.C. Peacock, J.D. Harvey, and J.M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  19, 461 (2002).
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Egbert, A.

Erhard, S.

Fallnich, C.

Fermann, M.E.

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Optics Letters,  23, 1, 52 (1998).
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

Fittinghoff, D.N.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics,  7, 504 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

Gao, J.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

García, J.F.

Giesen, A.

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Goldberg, L.

Griebner, U.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

Hakimi, F.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

Harvey, J.D.

V.I. Kruglov, A.C. Peacock, J.D. Harvey, and J.M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  19, 461 (2002).
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höfer, S.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Hövel, R.

Innenhofer, E.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Jetschke, S.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Karlson, M.

Karszewski, M.

Keller, U.

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Kisel, V.E.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Kliner, D.A.V.

Knoke, S.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

Koplow, J.P.

Korn, G.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

Korte, F.

Kruglov, V.I.

V.I. Kruglov, A.C. Peacock, J.D. Harvey, and J.M. Dudley, “Self-similar propagation of parabolic pulses in normal-dispersion fiber amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,  19, 461 (2002).
[Crossref]

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krumbügel, M.A.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N.V.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Liem, A.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

Limpert, J.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Lisak, M.

MacCormack, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mazur, E.

McCollum, B.C.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

Morier-Genoud, F.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Moser, M.

Müller, H.-R.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Nakazawa, M.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wave breaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Optics Letters,  21, 1, 68 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nickel, D.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

Nolte, S.

Offerhaus, H.L.

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

Ostendorf, A.

Paschotta, R.

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Peacock, A.C.

Po, H.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

Quiroga-Teixeiro, M.L.

Richardson, D.J.

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

Richman, B.A.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ruske, J.

Sammut, R.A.

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

Sanders, S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sartania, Z.

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1

Schaffer, C.B.

Shcherbitsky, V.G.

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

Spühler, G. J.

Stock, M.L.

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

Südmeyer, T.

J. Aus der Au, G. J. Spühler, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, R. Hövel, M. Moser, S. Erhard, M. Karszewski, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, “16.2-W average power from a diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:YAG thin disk laser” Opt. Lett. 25, 859 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

Sweetser, J.N.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wave breaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Optics Letters,  21, 1, 68 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomson, B.C.

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tuennermann, A.

Tumminelli, R.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

Tünnermann, A.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Turunen, J.

J. Turunen, “Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings,” in Micro-Optics, Elements, systems and applications, edited by H.P. Herzig, (Taylor and Francis, Bristol, 1997)

Unger, S.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

Voelckel, H.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

Waarts, R.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Will, M.

Wolak, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yeh, P.S.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zellmer, H.

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

Zucker, E.

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Liem, D. Nickel, J. Limpert, H. Zellmer, U. Griebner, S. Unger, A. Tünnermann, and G. Korn, “High-average power ultrafast fiber chirped pulse amplification system,” Appl. Phys. B,  71, 889 (2000)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. Dominic, S. MacCormack, R. Waarts, S. Sanders, S. Bicknese, R. Dohle, E. Wolak, P.S. Yeh, and E. Zucker, “110 W fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 35, 1158 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics,  7, 504 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

N.G.R. Broderick, H.L. Offerhaus, D.J. Richardson, and R.A. Sammut, “Power Scaling in Passively Mode-Locked Large-Mode Area Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1718 (1998)
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Optics Letters (2)

K. Tamura and M. Nakazawa, “Pulse compression by nonlinear pulse evolution with reduced optical wave breaking in erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” Optics Letters,  21, 1, 68 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.E. Fermann, “Single-mode excitation of multimode fibers with ultrashort pulses,” Optics Letters,  23, 1, 52 (1998).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M.E. Fermann, V.I. Kruglov, B.C. Thomson, J.M. Dudley, and J.D. Harvey, “Self-Similar Propagation and Amplification of Parabolic Pulses in Optical Fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K.W. DeLong, D.N. Fittinghoff, J.N. Sweetser, M.A. Krumbügel, and B.A. Richman, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.,  68, 3277 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

M.E. Fermann, M.L. Stock, A. Galvanauskas, G.C. Cho, and B.C. Thomson, “Third-order dispersion control in ultrafast Yb fiber amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 50 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series, page 355 (2001).

J. Turunen, “Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings,” in Micro-Optics, Elements, systems and applications, edited by H.P. Herzig, (Taylor and Francis, Bristol, 1997)

A. Galvanauskas, Z. Sartania, and M. Bischoff, “Millijoule femtosecond all-fiber system,” Conference on Lasers and Electroptics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CMA1

G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” (Academic, New York1995).

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innenhofer, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, U. Keller, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, V.E. Kisel, V.G. Shcherbitsky, and N.V. Kuleshov, “240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a passively mode-locked thin disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CME3.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, S. Höfer, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and H.-R. Müller, “150 W Nd/Yb codoped fiber laser at 1.1 μm,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX1.

E. Snitzer, H. Po, F. Hakimi, R. Tumminelli, and B.C. McCollum, “Double Clad, Offset Core Nd Fiber Laser,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference, PD5, 1988.

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, S. Knoke, and H. Voelckel, “High-average-power millijoule fiber amplifier system,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-optics, Long Beach, CA, 2002, paper CThX3.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (1976 KB)     

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The Movie (1.9 MB) shows the evolution of a parabolic pulse in a nonlinear fiber amplifier in the normal dispersion regime

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Illustration of the pulse and spectral width in a parabolic fiber amplifier subject to the propagation distance

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of the parabolic pulse fiber amplifier

Fig.4.
Fig.4.

Calculated diffraction efficiency of the binary 1250 lines/mm transmission grating in fused silica as a function of duty cycle and groove depth

Fig.5.
Fig.5.

Calculated diffraction efficiency depending on the wavelength and the angle of incidence

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Scanning-electron microscope picture of the transmission grating in fused silica fabricated by electron beam writing

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Output power characteristics of the large-mode-area fiber based amplifier

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Measured autocorrelation trace of the output pulses from the fiber amplifier

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Experimentally obtained output spectrum of the fiber amplifier

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Calculated output spectra of the fiber amplifier at different output energies

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

(a) Calculated pulse shape and temporal phase of the parabolic pulses

Fig. 11.
Fig. 11.

(b) Calculated autocorrelation trace of the parabolic pulses

Fig. 12.
Fig. 12.

Intensity autocorrelation trace of the recompressed 80-fs pulses (dashed curve: fit)

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

(a) Measured FROG spectrogram after the grating pair compressor

Fig. 13.
Fig. 13.

(b) Retrieved temporal intensity and phase of the high power 80-fs pulses

Fig. 14.
Fig. 14.

Measured autocorrelation trace at an output power of 20 W of the fiber amplifier

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i A z = 1 2 β 2 2 A T 2 γ A 2 A + i g 2 A
Δ T i , opt = 3 g 2 / 3 ( γ β 2 / 2 ) 1 / 3 E i 1 / 3
E i , opt = 2 ( Δ T i ) 3 g 2 27 γ β 2 .

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