Abstract

Two high-PMD long distance routes were characterized and used to test an optical polarization mode dispersion compensator (PMDC) under field conditions. For this trial, 110 km routes with mean PMD values of 25 and 26.5 ps were provisioned with commercial WDM transport equipment and tested for several weeks. The route was comprised of three spans of characterized fiber that followed railroad tracks. We show the temporal variation of the output polarization state and the evolution of first- and second-order PMD spectra over 7 days. The deployment of a variable-length PMDC on these links allowed error-free transmission of an OC-192 signal. Splitting the output to receivers with and without PMDC demonstrated specific PMD events that caused errors in the absence of a PMDC.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B.L. Hefner, “Accurate automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 814–817 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  2. J.N. Damask, “A programmable polarization-mode dispersion emulator for systematic testing of 10 Gb/s PMD compensators,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, ThB3-1 – THB3-3.
  3. D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.
  5. D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39
  6. M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
    [Crossref]

2002 (1)

D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

B.L. Hefner, “Accurate automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 814–817 (1993).
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P.A.

M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
[Crossref]

Anthony, J.T.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Bao, X.

D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bordogna, G.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

Brentel, J

M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bush, A.H.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Chbat, M.W.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Chen, L.

D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
[Crossref]

Damask, J.N.

J.N. Damask, “A programmable polarization-mode dispersion emulator for systematic testing of 10 Gb/s PMD compensators,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, ThB3-1 – THB3-3.

Desthieux, B.M.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Farley, K.S.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

Fevrier, H.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Fuerst, T.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Hadjifotiou, A.P.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

Hefner, B.L.

B.L. Hefner, “Accurate automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 814–817 (1993).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lanne, S.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Lee, W.S.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

Penninckx, D.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Shaw, B.J.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

Soignb, J.P.

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

Waddy, D.S.

D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
[Crossref]

Watley, D.A.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Karlsson, J Brentel, and P.A. Andrekson “Long-Term Measurement of PMD and Polarization Drift in Installed Fibers,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 941–951 (2000).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B.L. Hefner, “Accurate automated measurement of polarization mode dispersion and principal state variation using Jones matrix eigenanalysis,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 814–817 (1993).
[Crossref]

D.S. Waddy, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Theoretical and experimental study of the dynamics of polarization-mode dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 468–470 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

M.W. Chbat, J.P. Soignb, T. Fuerst, J.T. Anthony, S. Lanne, H. Fevrier, B.M. Desthieux, A.H. Bush, and D. Penninckx, “Long term field demonstration of optical PMD compensation on an installed OC-192 link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 1999) post deadline session, pp. PD12/1 – PD12/3.

D.A. Watley, K.S. Farley, W.S. Lee, G. Bordogna, B.J. Shaw, and A.P. Hadjifotiou, “Field evaluation of an optical PMD compensator using an installed 10 Gbit/s system,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), Session ThB, pp.37–39

J.N. Damask, “A programmable polarization-mode dispersion emulator for systematic testing of 10 Gb/s PMD compensators,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2000, ThB3-1 – THB3-3.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1.A)
Fig. 1.A)

DGD as a function of wavelength and time for a fiber pair on span 3.

Fig. 1.B)
Fig. 1.B)

SOPMD as a function of wavelength and time for a fiber pair on span 3.

Fig. 1.C)
Fig. 1.C)

Spectrum movie of 160 hours – spectrum1.mov (1,278 KB)

Fig. 2.A)
Fig. 2.A)

DGD as a function of wavelength and time for a second fiber pair.

Fig. 2.B)
Fig. 2.B)

SOPMD as a function of wavelength and time for a second fiber pair.

Fig 2.C)
Fig 2.C)

Spectrum movie of 174 hours – spectrum2.mov (1,904 KB)

Fig 3.
Fig 3.

Histogram of SOP excursions for link #1

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The measured Stokes parameters and DOP for a small part of the time series acquired during polarimeter measurements of SOP changes

Fig. 5.A)
Fig. 5.A)

Log-Log histogram of SOP excursion in a 37 km fiber with 18ps PMD.

Fig. 5.B)
Fig. 5.B)

Log-Log histogram of SOP excursions in 110km, 3-span link with 25 ps PMD.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Diagram of transport system configuration

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Link PMD data taken with the interferometric PMD field unit

Metrics