Abstract

We demonstrate photonic crystal fibers with ultra-flattened, near zero dispersion. Two micro-structured fibers showing dispersion of 0 ± 0.6 ps/nm.km from 1.24 μm-1.44 μm wavelength and 0 ± 1.2 ps/nm.km over 1 μm-1.6 μm wavelength have been measured.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  4. K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.
  5. J. Hansryd and P.A. Andrekson, “Broad-Band Continuous-Wave-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier with 49-dB Gain and Wavelength-Conversion Efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Takushima and K Kikuchi, “10-GHz, Over 20-Channel Multiwavelength Pilse Source by Slicing Super-Continuum Spectrum Generated in Normal-Dispersion Fiber”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322, (1999)
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J.J. Miret, and P. Andres, “Nearly zero ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 790 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, and P. Andres, “Designing the properties of dispersion-flattened photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 9, 687 (2001) http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-9-13-687
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
    [Crossref]
  10. R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
    [Crossref]
  11. M.J. Steel, T.P. White, C.M. de Sterke, R.C. McPhedran, and L.C. Botten, “Symmetry and degeneracy in microstructured optical fibers,” 2001, Opt. Lett. 26, 488
    [Crossref]
  12. T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (2)

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J.J. Miret, and P. Andres, “Nearly zero ultraflattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 790 (2000)
[Crossref]

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

Y. Takushima and K Kikuchi, “10-GHz, Over 20-Channel Multiwavelength Pilse Source by Slicing Super-Continuum Spectrum Generated in Normal-Dispersion Fiber”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322, (1999)
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1981 (1)

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
[Crossref]

Andrekson, P.A.

J. Hansryd and P.A. Andrekson, “Broad-Band Continuous-Wave-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier with 49-dB Gain and Wavelength-Conversion Efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194 (2001)
[Crossref]

Andres, P.

Arriaga, J.

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

Atkin, D.M.

Birks, T.A.

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

Bjarklev, A.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Botten, L.C.

Broeng, J.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Cregan, R.F.

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

de Sterke, C.M.

Ferrando, A.

Hansen, K.P.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd and P.A. Andrekson, “Broad-Band Continuous-Wave-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier with 49-dB Gain and Wavelength-Conversion Efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194 (2001)
[Crossref]

Jacobsen, C.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Jensen, J.R.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Kikuchi, K

Y. Takushima and K Kikuchi, “10-GHz, Over 20-Channel Multiwavelength Pilse Source by Slicing Super-Continuum Spectrum Generated in Normal-Dispersion Fiber”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322, (1999)
[Crossref]

Knight, J.C.

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

Man, T-P.M.

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

McPhedran, R.C.

Miret, J.J.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

Peterson, A.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Roberts, P.J.

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

Russell, P.St.J

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

Russell, P.St.J.

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

T.A. Birks, J.C. Knight, and P.St.J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961 (1997)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, P.St.J. Russell, and D.M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

Seikai, S.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
[Crossref]

Shibata, N.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
[Crossref]

Silvestre, E.

Simonsen, H.R.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Skovgaard, P.M.W.

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

Steel, M.J.

Takushima, Y.

Y. Takushima and K Kikuchi, “10-GHz, Over 20-Channel Multiwavelength Pilse Source by Slicing Super-Continuum Spectrum Generated in Normal-Dispersion Fiber”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322, (1999)
[Crossref]

Tateda, M.

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W.J.

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

White, T.P.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and S. Seikai, “Interferometric method for chromatic dispersion measurement in a single-mode optical fiber,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 404 (1981)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J.C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T.A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000)
[Crossref]

J. Hansryd and P.A. Andrekson, “Broad-Band Continuous-Wave-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier with 49-dB Gain and Wavelength-Conversion Efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194 (2001)
[Crossref]

Y. Takushima and K Kikuchi, “10-GHz, Over 20-Channel Multiwavelength Pilse Source by Slicing Super-Continuum Spectrum Generated in Normal-Dispersion Fiber”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 322, (1999)
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

R.F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, and P.J. Roberts, “Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+-doped photonic crystal fiber,” 1999, J. Lightwave Tech. 172138–41
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T-P.M. Man, and P.St.J. RussellSupercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers – A novel light source,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B in press, (2002).
[Crossref]

K.P. Hansen, J.R. Jensen, C. Jacobsen, H.R. Simonsen, J. Broeng, P.M.W. Skovgaard, A. Peterson, and A. Bjarklev, “Highly Nonlinear Photonic Crystal Fiber with Zero-Dispersion at 1.55μm,” in Optical Fiber Commenication 2002, Vol. 70 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper FA9.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A photonic crystal fiber with 7 periods in the cladding and with Λ ≈ 2.5μm and d ≈ 0.5μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured dispersion for a selection of 7-period PCFs. Although the theoretical ideal fiber parameters were almost reached, the experimental and theoretical results did not match.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Ultra-flattened dispersion photonic crystal fiber with 11 periods. Λ = 2.47μm and an average d of 0.57μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured dispersion plots for ultra flattened dispersion PCF similar to the fiber shown in figure 3. Red curve: d = 0.58, Λ = 2.59, dark blue curve: d= 0.57, Λ=2.47.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) shows the value of dispersion for variation of hole radius and pitch for a wavelength of 1500 nm. The black line represents zero dispersion. For the same fiber parameters (b) shows the value of the dispersion slope for a wavelength of 1500 nm. The black line represents zero slope. In both graphs the “×” shows the fiber parameters of the PCF with Λ = 2.47 μm and an average d of 0.57 μm and the “+” shows the PCF with Λ = 2.59 μm and an average d of 0.58 μm.

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