Abstract

We have demonstrated a diode-pumped Yb:LiYF4 laser oscillator at liquid nitrogen temperature in free-running mode. The obtained laser gain was 21 cm-1, which was 15 times as high as that at room temperature. The effective tuning range was broadened to 35 nm due to absorption spectral narrowing.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–924 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. D. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, and J. F. Young, “0.5-TW, 125-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1001–1003 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23,1468–1470 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “Room-temperature diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1089–1091 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  7. F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. U. Brauch, A. Giesen, M. Karszewski, Chr. Stewen, and A. Voss, “Multiwatt diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin disk laser continuously tunable between 1018 and 1053 nm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 713–715 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H. Bruesselbach and D. S. Sumida, “69-W-average-power Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 480–482 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24, 917–919 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  13. F. Brunner, G. J. Spühler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:KGd(WO4)2 laser with 1.1-W average power,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1119–1121 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  14. L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, A.-C. Tien, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, N. Inoue, and K. Ueda, “Tunable continuous-wave Yb:YLF laser operation with a diode-pumped chirped-pulse amplification system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3542–3546 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin,1996), 82.

2001 (2)

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, N. Inoue, and K. Ueda, “Tunable continuous-wave Yb:YLF laser operation with a diode-pumped chirped-pulse amplification system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3542–3546 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24, 917–919 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (4)

H. Bruesselbach and D. S. Sumida, “69-W-average-power Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 480–482 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, A.-C. Tien, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

Abdolvand, A.

Aggarwal, R. L.

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

Au, J. Aus der

Barty, C. P. J.

Biswal, S.

Brauch, U.

Bruesselbach, H.

Brunner, F.

Chai, B. H. T.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.-Y.

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, H. K.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Eichenholz, J. M.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Equall, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fan, T. Y.

Giesen, A.

Hammonus, D. A.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Harder, C.

Honea, E. C.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

huber, G.

Hutcheson, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Inoue, N.

Karszewski, M.

Kase, T.

Kawanaka, J.

Keller, U.

Kmetec, J. D.

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin,1996), 82.

Korn, G.

Krainer, L.

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kubota, Y.

N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Lacovara, P.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lichtenstein, N.

Liu, H.

Macklin, J. J.

Maksimchuk, A.

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuoka, S.

Mikhailov, V. P.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Mourou, G.

H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24, 917–919 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nees, J.

Nishioka, H.

Paschotta, R.

Patel, F. D.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Paye, J.

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Payne, S.A.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Peale, R. E.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, A. V.

Raksi, F.

Richardson, M.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Shah, L.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Speth, J.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Spühler, G. J.

Squier, J.

Stewen, Chr.

Sumida, D. S.

Takuma, H.

Tien, A.-C.

Ueda, K.

J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, N. Inoue, and K. Ueda, “Tunable continuous-wave Yb:YLF laser operation with a diode-pumped chirped-pulse amplification system,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3542–3546 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
[Crossref]

Uehara, N.

N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
[Crossref]

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Voss, A.

Wagner, R.

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. A.

Weiss, S.

Wilson, K. R.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Ye, Q.

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Young, J. F.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (2)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 29, 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S.A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 37, 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 (1)

N. Uehara, K. Ueda, and Y. Kubota, “Spectroscopic measurement of a high-concentration Yb3+:LiYF4 crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 2 35, L499–501 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Comm. (1)

L. Shah, Q. Ye, J. M. Eichenholz, D. A. Hammonus, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, and R. E. Peale, “Laser tenability in Yb3+:YCa4O(BO3)3{Yb:YCOB},” Opt. Comm. 167, 149–153 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (9)

J. D. Kmetec, J. J. Macklin, and J. F. Young, “0.5-TW, 125-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1001–1003 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, “Room-temperature diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1089–1091 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Brauch, A. Giesen, M. Karszewski, Chr. Stewen, and A. Voss, “Multiwatt diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin disk laser continuously tunable between 1018 and 1053 nm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 713–715 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW sub-20-fs Ti:sapphire laser system operating at a 10-Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23,1468–1470 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Liu, S. Biswal, J. Paye, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, “Directly diode-pumped millijoule subpicosecond Yb:glass regenerative amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 24, 917–919 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Barty, G. Korn, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, A.-C. Tien, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Regenerative pulse shaping and amplification of ultrabroadband optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 21, 219–221 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Bruesselbach and D. S. Sumida, “69-W-average-power Yb:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 480–482 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Brunner, G. J. Spühler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:KGd(WO4)2 laser with 1.1-W average power,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1119–1121 (2000).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

M. D. Perry and G. Mourou, “Terawatt to petawatt subpicosecond lasers,” Science 264, 917–924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Umstadter, S.-Y. Chen, A. Maksimchuk, G. Mourou, and R. Wagner, “Nonlinear optics in relativistic plasmas and laser wake field acceleration of electrons,” Science 273, 472–475 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 4th ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin,1996), 82.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission and absorption spectra of an Yb:YLF crystal for (a) 293 K, π-polarization, (b) 293 K, σ -polarization, (c) 77 K, π -polarization and (d) 77 K, σ -polarization.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of a diode-pumped Yb:YLF laser oscillator at liquid nitrogen temperature.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output power for π -polarization as a function of an absorbed pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning range of a Yb:YLF laser oscillator at 77 K for π - and σ -polarization.

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