Abstract

A novel optical switch based on cascading two terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexers (TOAD) is presented. By utilizing the sharp edge of the asymmetric TOAD switching window profile, two TOAD switching windows are overlapped to produce a narrower aggregate switching window, not limited by the pulse propagation time in the SOA of the TOAD. Simulations of the cascaded TOAD switching window show relatively constant window amplitude for different window sizes. Experimental results on cascading two TOADs, each with a switching window of 8ps, but with the SOA on opposite sides of the fiber loop, show a minimum switching window of 2.7ps.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  2. N. J. Doran and D Wood “Non-linear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14, 56–58 (1988)
    [Crossref]
  3. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
    [Crossref]
  4. M. Eiselt “Optical loop mirror with semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  5. N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach “40-Gbits cascadable all-optical logic with an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 21 (18), 1466–1468 (1996)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and Y. Sugimoto “Experimental investigation on high-speed switching characterstics of a novel symmetric mach-Zehnder all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett 65, 283–285 (1994)
    [Crossref]
  7. K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, T. G. Chang, P. R. Prucnal, and R. K. Boncek “Demonstration of all-optical Mach-Zehnder demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 31 (9), 749–750 (1995)
    [Crossref]
  8. D. Campi and C. Coriasso “Wavelength conversion technologies,” Photonic Netw. Commun. 2, 85–95 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  9. I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250-Gbps Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed clock,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 14, 71–82 (1995)
    [Crossref]
  10. K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-optical clock and data separation technique for asynchronous packet-switched OTDM networks,” Opt. Commun. 173, 101–106 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
    [Crossref]
  13. K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  14. K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  15. K. L. Hall and B. S. Robinson “Bit error rate characterisation of 100-Gbps all-optical demultiplexers,” CTuW1 CLEO ’99, (1999)
  16. P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
    [Crossref]
  17. K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal “Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 35 (3), 417–426 (1996)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. R. J. Runser “Interferometric SOA-Based Optical Switches for all-optical processing in communication networks and sampling systems,” Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, June 2001, Chapter 2 p. 45–47
  19. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima “Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 469–471 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
    [Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima “Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 469–471 (2001)
[Crossref]

2000 (5)

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
[Crossref]

D. Campi and C. Coriasso “Wavelength conversion technologies,” Photonic Netw. Commun. 2, 85–95 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-optical clock and data separation technique for asynchronous packet-switched OTDM networks,” Opt. Commun. 173, 101–106 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

1995 (2)

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250-Gbps Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed clock,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 14, 71–82 (1995)
[Crossref]

K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, T. G. Chang, P. R. Prucnal, and R. K. Boncek “Demonstration of all-optical Mach-Zehnder demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 31 (9), 749–750 (1995)
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and Y. Sugimoto “Experimental investigation on high-speed switching characterstics of a novel symmetric mach-Zehnder all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett 65, 283–285 (1994)
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

M. Eiselt “Optical loop mirror with semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992)
[Crossref]

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

N. J. Doran and D Wood “Non-linear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14, 56–58 (1988)
[Crossref]

Blondeau, R.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Boncek, R. K.

K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, T. G. Chang, P. R. Prucnal, and R. K. Boncek “Demonstration of all-optical Mach-Zehnder demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 31 (9), 749–750 (1995)
[Crossref]

Campi, D.

D. Campi and C. Coriasso “Wavelength conversion technologies,” Photonic Netw. Commun. 2, 85–95 (2000)
[Crossref]

Chang, T. G.

Chbat, M. W.

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

Coldwell, C.

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

Coriasso, C.

D. Campi and C. Coriasso “Wavelength conversion technologies,” Photonic Netw. Commun. 2, 85–95 (2000)
[Crossref]

Danielsen, S. L.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Deng, K.-L.

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
[Crossref]

Doran, N. J.

N. J. Doran and D Wood “Non-linear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 14, 56–58 (1988)
[Crossref]

Durhuus, T.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Eiselt, M.

M. Eiselt “Optical loop mirror with semiconductor laser amplifier,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1505–1507 (1992)
[Crossref]

Enard, A.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Glastre, G.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Glesk, I.

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-optical clock and data separation technique for asynchronous packet-switched OTDM networks,” Opt. Commun. 173, 101–106 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal “Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 35 (3), 417–426 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250-Gbps Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed clock,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 14, 71–82 (1995)
[Crossref]

K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, T. G. Chang, P. R. Prucnal, and R. K. Boncek “Demonstration of all-optical Mach-Zehnder demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 31 (9), 749–750 (1995)
[Crossref]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
[Crossref]

Hall, K. L.

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach “40-Gbits cascadable all-optical logic with an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer,” Opt. Lett. 21 (18), 1466–1468 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. L. Hall and B. S. Robinson “Bit error rate characterisation of 100-Gbps all-optical demultiplexers,” CTuW1 CLEO ’99, (1999)

Hong, B. J.

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

Islam, M. N.

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

Joergensen, C.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
[Crossref]

Kang, K. I.

Mikkelsen, B.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima “Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 469–471 (2001)
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and Y. Sugimoto “Experimental investigation on high-speed switching characterstics of a novel symmetric mach-Zehnder all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett 65, 283–285 (1994)
[Crossref]

Patel, N. S.

Prucnal, P. R.

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-optical clock and data separation technique for asynchronous packet-switched OTDM networks,” Opt. Commun. 173, 101–106 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. I. Kang, T. G. Chang, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal “Comparison of Sagnac and Mach-Zehnder ultrafast all-optical interferometric switches based on a semiconductor resonant optical nonlinearity,” Appl. Opt. 35 (3), 417–426 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. I. Kang, I. Glesk, T. G. Chang, P. R. Prucnal, and R. K. Boncek “Demonstration of all-optical Mach-Zehnder demultiplexer,” Electron. Lett. 31 (9), 749–750 (1995)
[Crossref]

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250-Gbps Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed clock,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 14, 71–82 (1995)
[Crossref]

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
[Crossref]

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

Prucnal, P.R.

P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
[Crossref]

Ratovelomanana, F.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

Robinson, B. S.

K. L. Hall and B. S. Robinson “Bit error rate characterisation of 100-Gbps all-optical demultiplexers,” CTuW1 CLEO ’99, (1999)

Rondi, D.

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Runser, R. J

P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
[Crossref]

Runser, R. J.

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of Multicasting in a 100-Gb/s OTDM Switched Interconnect,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, (5), 558–560 (2000).
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. J. Runser “Interferometric SOA-Based Optical Switches for all-optical processing in communication networks and sampling systems,” Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, June 2001, Chapter 2 p. 45–47

Soccolich, C E

M. W. Chbat, B. J. Hong, M. N. Islam, C E Soccolich, and P. R. Prucnal “Ultrafast Soliton Trapping AND Gate,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 2011–2016 (1992)
[Crossref]

Sokoloff, J. P.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane “a Terahertz optical asymmetric de-multiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993)
[Crossref]

Stubkjaer, K. E

C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, K. E Stubkjaer, N. Vodjdani, F. Ratovelomanana, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, and R. Blondeau “Wavelength conversion by optimized monolithic integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 521–523 (1996)
[Crossref]

Sugimoto, Y.

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and Y. Sugimoto “Experimental investigation on high-speed switching characterstics of a novel symmetric mach-Zehnder all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett 65, 283–285 (1994)
[Crossref]

Tajima, K.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima “Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 469–471 (2001)
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and Y. Sugimoto “Experimental investigation on high-speed switching characterstics of a novel symmetric mach-Zehnder all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett 65, 283–285 (1994)
[Crossref]

Toliver, P.

P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-optical clock and data separation technique for asynchronous packet-switched OTDM networks,” Opt. Commun. 173, 101–106 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “A highly scalable, rapidly-reconfigurable, multicasting-capable, 100-Gbit/s photonic switched interconnect based upon OTDM technology,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 1892 (2000)
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, R. J Runser, I. Glesk, and P.R. Prucnal “Comparision of three nonlinear interferometric optical switch geometries,” Opt. Commun. 175, 365–373 (2000)
[Crossref]

K.-L. Deng, R. J. Runser, P. Toliver, C. Coldwell, D. Zhou, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of a highly scalable 100-Gbs OTDM computer interconnect with rapid inter-channel switching capability,” Electron. Lett. 34, 2418 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. Toliver, K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, and P. R. Prucnal, “Simultaneous Optical Compression and Decompression of 100 Gb/s OTDM Packets Using a Single TOAD and a Bi-directional Optical Delay Line Lattice,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1183 (1999)
[Crossref]

Ueno, Y.

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Appl. Opt. (1)

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Figures (7)

Fig 1:
Fig 1:

The switching windows with the SOA on (a) same side as the control port (b) different side as the control port

Fig 2
Fig 2

The principle of the optical switch based on overlap of two switching windows

Fig 3:
Fig 3:

The simulated switching window of a TOAD for different SOA offsets

Fig 4:
Fig 4:

The simulated switching windows with different delay offsets δ between the two TOADs

Fig 5:
Fig 5:

The experimental setup to measure the switching window of the cascaded TOAD EDFL: Erbium Doped Fiber Laser, OTDL: Optical Tunable Delay Line, DDF: Dispersion Decreasing Fiber EDFA: Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier, SOA: Semiconductor Optical Amplifier

Fig 6:
Fig 6:

Experimental data, showing the switching windows convolved with the data pulses, for different delay offsets δ, between the constituent switching windows

Fig 7:
Fig 7:

The full width half maxima of the experimental, theoretical and de-convoluted experimental switching windows with different delay offsets, δ

Equations (2)

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SW ( t ) = { G 1 ( t ) + G 2 ( t ) 2 G 1 ( t ) G 2 ( t ) cos ( ϕ 1 ( t ) ϕ 2 ( t ) ) }
Cascade ( t , δ ) = S W A ( t ) × S W B ( t δ )

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