Abstract

We study the redistribution of Cesium atomic Rydberg states by intense, shaped, narrow-band pulses of millimeter radiation. The radiation source is a large-area photoconductive switch illuminated by a temporally shaped optical pulse. We will present our latest efforts to study atomic redistribution in the strong-field limit using these table-top THz sources.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
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References

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  1. T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton transitions in Rydberg atoms,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30221–30 (1995).
  2. M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. P.M. Koch and K.A.H. van Leeuwen, “The importance of resonances in microwave ”ionization” of excited hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rep. 255289–403 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. Jones, D. You, and P. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 701236–1239(1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Tielking and R. Jones, “Coherent population transfer among Rydberg states by sub-picosecond, half-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 521371–81 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
    [Crossref]
  9. A.M. Weiner, D.E. Leaird, J.S. Patel, and J.R. Wullert, “Programmable femtosecond pulse shaping by use of a multi-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 15326–8 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  11. C.W. Hillegas, J.X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W.S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19737–9 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  14. C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  15. J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. R.R. Jones and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization Suppression of Stark States in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 673215–8 (1991).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. Weiner, “Enhancement of narrow-band terahertz radiation from photoconducting antennas by optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 211762–4 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  22. C. E. Moore, “Atomic Energy Levels”, Nat. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Nat. Bur. Stand. (United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1971), No. 35.
  23. D. You, R. Jones, D. Dykaar, and P. Bucksbaum, “Generation of high-power half-cycle 500 femtosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18290–292 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. D. You and P. Bucksbaum, “Propagation of half-cycle fir pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 141651–1655 (1997).
    [Crossref]

1997 (4)

C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
[Crossref]

C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. You and P. Bucksbaum, “Propagation of half-cycle fir pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 141651–1655 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. Weiner, “Enhancement of narrow-band terahertz radiation from photoconducting antennas by optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 211762–4 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (5)

N. Tielking and R. Jones, “Coherent population transfer among Rydberg states by sub-picosecond, half-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 521371–81 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton transitions in Rydberg atoms,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30221–30 (1995).

M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.M. Koch and K.A.H. van Leeuwen, “The importance of resonances in microwave ”ionization” of excited hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rep. 255289–403 (1995).
[Crossref]

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (3)

C.W. Hillegas, J.X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W.S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19737–9 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (4)

R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. You, R. Jones, D. Dykaar, and P. Bucksbaum, “Generation of high-power half-cycle 500 femtosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18290–292 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Jones, D. You, and P. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 701236–1239(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

R.R. Jones and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization Suppression of Stark States in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 673215–8 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1988 (1)

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

Auston, D.

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

Baruch, M.C.

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P.

Bucksbaum, P. H.

M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bucksbaum, P.H.

C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.R. Jones and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization Suppression of Stark States in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 673215–8 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Conover, C.W.S.

C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dykaar, D.

Eberly, J.H.

M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Froberg, N.

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, T.F.

T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton transitions in Rydberg atoms,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30221–30 (1995).

M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gatzke, M.

M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goswami, D.

H., J.

C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillegas, C.W.

Hoogenraad, J.H.

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, B.

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

Jones, R.

N. Tielking and R. Jones, “Coherent population transfer among Rydberg states by sub-picosecond, half-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 521371–81 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Jones, D. You, and P. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 701236–1239(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. You, R. Jones, D. Dykaar, and P. Bucksbaum, “Generation of high-power half-cycle 500 femtosecond electromagnetic pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18290–292 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R.R.

R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.R. Jones and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization Suppression of Stark States in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 673215–8 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalinski, M.

M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koch, P.M.

P.M. Koch and K.A.H. van Leeuwen, “The importance of resonances in microwave ”ionization” of excited hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rep. 255289–403 (1995).
[Crossref]

Leaird, D.E.

D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

A.M. Weiner, D.E. Leaird, J.S. Patel, and J.R. Wullert, “Programmable femtosecond pulse shaping by use of a multi-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 15326–8 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. Weiner, “Enhancement of narrow-band terahertz radiation from photoconducting antennas by optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 211762–4 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moore, C. E.

C. E. Moore, “Atomic Energy Levels”, Nat. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Nat. Bur. Stand. (United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1971), No. 35.

Naudeau, M. L.

M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
[Crossref]

Noordam, L.D.

J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S.-G.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A. Weiner, “Enhancement of narrow-band terahertz radiation from photoconducting antennas by optical pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett. 211762–4 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patel, J.S.

Pinkos, D.

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raman, C.S.

C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

Reitze, D.H.

D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rentz, J.H.

C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
[Crossref]

Schumacher, D.W.

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

Stroud, C.R.

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

Sukenik, C. I.

M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tielking, N.

N. Tielking and R. Jones, “Coherent population transfer among Rydberg states by sub-picosecond, half-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 521371–81 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tull, J.X.

van Leeuwen, K.A.H.

P.M. Koch and K.A.H. van Leeuwen, “The importance of resonances in microwave ”ionization” of excited hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rep. 255289–403 (1995).
[Crossref]

Vrijen, R.B.

J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Warren, W.S.

Watkins, R.B.

M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weinacht, T.C.

C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A.

Weiner, A.M.

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
[Crossref]

D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

A.M. Weiner, D.E. Leaird, J.S. Patel, and J.R. Wullert, “Programmable femtosecond pulse shaping by use of a multi-element liquid-crystal phase modulator,” Opt. Lett. 15326–8 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weling, A.

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wullert, J.R.

Yeazell, J.A.

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

You, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D.H. Reitze, A.M. Weiner, and D.E. Leaird, “Shaping of wide bandwidth 20 femtosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 611260–2 (1992).
[Crossref]

A. Weling, B. Hu, N. Froberg, and D. Auston, “Generation of tunable narrow-band thz radiation from large aperture photoconducting antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64137–9 (1994).
[Crossref]

Comments At. Mol. Phys. (1)

T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton transitions in Rydberg atoms,” Comments At. Mol. Phys. 30221–30 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Liu, S.-G. Park, and A.M. Weiner, “Terahertz waveform synthesis via optical pulse shaping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2709–19 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rep. (1)

P.M. Koch and K.A.H. van Leeuwen, “The importance of resonances in microwave ”ionization” of excited hydrogen atoms,” Phys. Rep. 255289–403 (1995).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (9)

M. Gatzke, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Quantum interference in microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 514835–41 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gatzke, M.C. Baruch, R.B. Watkins, and T.F. Gallagher, “Microwave multiphoton Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. A 484742–9(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.W.S. Conover, J.H. Rentz, and J. H., “Quantum interference in half-cycle microwave multiphoton transitions,” Phys. Rev. A 553787–3796 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Tielking and R. Jones, “Coherent population transfer among Rydberg states by sub-picosecond, half-cycle pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 521371–81 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D.W. Schumacher, J.H. Hoogenraad, D. Pinkos, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Programmable cesium Rydberg wave packets,” Phys. Rev. A 524719–26 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Naudeau, C. I. Sukenik, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Core-Scattering of Stark Wavepackets”, Phys. Rev. A 56636–9 (1997).
[Crossref]

C.S. Raman, T.C. Weinacht, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Stark Wavepackets Viewed with Half-Cycle Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 55R3995–8 (1997).
[Crossref]

J.H. Hoogenraad, R.B. Vrijen, and L.D. Noordam, “Ionization suppression of Rydberg atoms by short laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 504133–8 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R.R. Jones, D.W. Schumacher, and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Population Trapping in Kr and Xe in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. A 47R49–52 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

R.R. Jones and P.H. Bucksbaum, “Ionization Suppression of Stark States in Intense Laser Fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 673215–8 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Kalinski, J.H. Eberly, and J. H. “New states of hydrogen in a circularly polarized electromagnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 772420–3 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.R. Stroud, has published many important papers on Rydberg wavepacket formation using short optical pulses. For example: J.A. Yeazell and C.R. Stroud, “Observation of spatially localized atomic electron wave packets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 601494–7(1988).
[Crossref]

R. Jones, D. You, and P. Bucksbaum, “Ionization of Rydberg atoms by subpicosecond half-cycle electromagnetic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 701236–1239(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. E. Moore, “Atomic Energy Levels”, Nat. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Nat. Bur. Stand. (United States Government Printing Office, Washington, 1971), No. 35.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Shaping the Optical Pulse: 150 psec duration, 2.4–3.3 psec period

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pulse shaped to produce a steep rising edge.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental apparatus.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Grotrian diagram for cesium.

Fig. 5a.
Fig. 5a.

Field-ionization signal vs. time as a dc field is ramped. The dotted line is the signal recorded when only the 24p state is populated. Redistribution by a millimeter-wave pulse results in additional features (solid line) corresponding to population transfer to neighboring states.

5b.
5b.

Relevant Rydberg states.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Redistribution spectra for slowly rising pulse. The top figure show redistribution from 24p up to 25s, and the bottom figure shows redistribution down to 24s.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Redistribution spectra with shaped pulse with a steep rising edge. The top figure shows redistribution to higher states, while the bottom figure shows redistribution to lower states. The three spectra in each figure correspond to a bias field of 125V/cm (top); 100V/cm (middle); and 75V/cm (bottom).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Theoretical calculation using slow and steeply rising pulses: Periodic modulation of population with frequency.

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