Abstract

We report the demonstration of all-optical multi-bit address recognition at 250 Gb/s using a self-routing scheme. With bit period being only 4 ps, two address bits from each packet header were used for routing. Photonic packets can be removed(dropped) by a routing switch from network traffic at their destination. The packet-switching bit-error rate was measured to be less than 10-9.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Ultrafast All-Optically Controlled 2×2 Crossbar Switch”, IEEE/LEOS ’96 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Paper WS3, p. 149, Boston, MA, November 18–21, 1996.
  2. P.R. Prucnal, “Optically Processed Self-Routing, Synchronization, and Contention Resolution for 1-D and 2-D Photonic Switching Architectures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 600 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  3. J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250 Gb/s Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed Clock,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 14, 71 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and B. Wang, “Ultra-Fast Photonic Packet Switching with Optically Processed Control,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 58.
  8. D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  9. L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
    [Crossref]

1996 (1)

L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (3)

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250 Gb/s Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed Clock,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 14, 71 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

P.R. Prucnal, “Optically Processed Self-Routing, Synchronization, and Contention Resolution for 1-D and 2-D Photonic Switching Architectures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 600 (1993).
[Crossref]

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Davies, D.A.O.

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fisher, M. A.

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

Glesk, I.

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250 Gb/s Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed Clock,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 14, 71 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
[Crossref]

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Ultrafast All-Optically Controlled 2×2 Crossbar Switch”, IEEE/LEOS ’96 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Paper WS3, p. 149, Boston, MA, November 18–21, 1996.

I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and B. Wang, “Ultra-Fast Photonic Packet Switching with Optically Processed Control,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 58.

Gunning, P.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kane, M.

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kang, K. I.

I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Ultrafast All-Optically Controlled 2×2 Crossbar Switch”, IEEE/LEOS ’96 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Paper WS3, p. 149, Boston, MA, November 18–21, 1996.

Karlsson, G.

L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
[Crossref]

Lucek, J.K.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, O.

L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
[Crossref]

Prucnal, P. R.

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250 Gb/s Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed Clock,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 14, 71 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and B. Wang, “Ultra-Fast Photonic Packet Switching with Optically Processed Control,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 58.

I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Ultrafast All-Optically Controlled 2×2 Crossbar Switch”, IEEE/LEOS ’96 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Paper WS3, p. 149, Boston, MA, November 18–21, 1996.

Prucnal, P.R.

P.R. Prucnal, “Optically Processed Self-Routing, Synchronization, and Contention Resolution for 1-D and 2-D Photonic Switching Architectures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 600 (1993).
[Crossref]

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rogers, D.C.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Shabeer, M.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Smith, K.

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Sokoloff, J. P.

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sokoloff, J.P.

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tatham, M.C.

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

Thylén, L.

L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and B. Wang, “Ultra-Fast Photonic Packet Switching with Optically Processed Control,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 58.

Electron. Lett. (3)

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “Demonstration of All-Optical Demultiplexing of TDM Data at 250 Gb/s,” Electron. Lett. 30 (4), 339 (1994).
[Crossref]

I. Glesk, J. P. Sokoloff, and P. R. Prucnal, “All-Optical Address Recognition and Self-Routing in a 250 Gb/s Packet-Switched Network,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[Crossref]

D. Cotter, J.K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D.C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning,: “Self-Routing of 100 Gbit/s Packets using 6-bit ‘Keyword’ Address Recognition,“ Electron. Lett. 31, 1475 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

I. Glesk and P. R. Prucnal, “250 Gb/s Self-Clocked Optical TDM with a Polarization-Multiplexed Clock,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 14, 71 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Magazine (1)

L. Thylén, G. Karlsson, and O. Nilsson: “Switching Technologies for Future Guided Wave Optical Networks: Potentials and Limitations of Photonics and Electronics,“ IEEE Commun. Magazine 34, 106 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P.R. Prucnal, “Optically Processed Self-Routing, Synchronization, and Contention Resolution for 1-D and 2-D Photonic Switching Architectures,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 600 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J.P. Sokoloff, P.R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz Optical Asymmetric Demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5 (7), 787 (1993).
[Crossref]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. Adams, D.A.O. Davies, M.C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher,”Nonlinearities in Semiconductor Laser Amplifiers,“ Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

I. Glesk, P. R. Prucnal, and B. Wang, “Ultra-Fast Photonic Packet Switching with Optically Processed Control,” in Photonics in Switching, Vol. 12 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), p. 58.

I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, “Ultrafast All-Optically Controlled 2×2 Crossbar Switch”, IEEE/LEOS ’96 Annual Meeting, vol. 2, Paper WS3, p. 149, Boston, MA, November 18–21, 1996.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

a) TOAD diagram; b) 4 ps switching window

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Node diagram with incoming photonic packets

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Timing diagram. a) Two optically compressed packet headers “111” and “101”; b) Polarization multiplexed packets and clock; c) Oscilloscope trace of b); d) TOAD1 output after demultiplexig address bit 1; e) TOAD2 output after demultiplexing bit 2; f) Oscilloscope trace of d) and e).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Switch output - optical node is not receiving data: a) timing diagram - no packets at output port OUT 2, all packets exit at output port OUT 1; b) Experimental demonstration: oscilloscope photograph of both switch outputs as seen on the bandwidth limited oscilloscope (the different packets appear as cumulative “double height” (101 bit sequence) and “triple height” (111 bit sequence) pulses).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Switch output - optical packets destine for the node are dropped/removed from the network traffic and exit at the switch output port OUT 2. a) timing diagram: packet “1110…0” destine for the node are removed from the network traffic and exit at the switch output port OUT 2; b) Experimental demonstration: oscilloscope photograph of both switch outputs as seen on the bandwidth limited oscilloscope (the different packets appear as cumulative “double height” (101 bit sequence) and “triple height” (111 bit sequence) pulses).

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