Abstract

We have observed the spectral and temporal characteristics of a 1.064-μm pumped, continuously tunable optical parametric oscillator using a periodically poled lithium niobate nonlinear crystal. An efficient secondary oscillation pumped by the resonant primary signal was observed. Predictions obtained from theory agree with observed results and provide insight into the dynamics of pulsed parametric oscillation.

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References

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  1. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. P. Grayson, K. L. Schepler, L. E. Myers, M. D. Nelson, B. D. Duncan, and V. Dominic, in "Coherent Laser Radar," 1995 Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC., 1995), p. 74-77.
  5. M. Vaidyanathan, T. P. Grayson, R. Hardie, L. E. Myers, and P. F. McManamon, in SPIE proceedings vol. 3065 (Aerosense 97, Orlando, Florida, in press).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. V. Smith, W. J. Ashford, T. D. Raymond and M. S. Bowers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. T. Moore and K. Koch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2085 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Shiller and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1696 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

Other (13)

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 591 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Bosenberg, A. Drobshoff, J. I. Alexander, L. E. Myers, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 21, 1336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. P. Grayson, K. L. Schepler, L. E. Myers, M. D. Nelson, B. D. Duncan, and V. Dominic, in "Coherent Laser Radar," 1995 Technical Digest Series, (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC., 1995), p. 74-77.

M. Vaidyanathan, T. P. Grayson, R. Hardie, L. E. Myers, and P. F. McManamon, in SPIE proceedings vol. 3065 (Aerosense 97, Orlando, Florida, in press).

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Opt. Lett. 1, 13 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. E. Oughstun, in Progress in Optics, vol. 24, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), pp. 165-387.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Bjorkholm, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 109 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Smith, W. J. Ashford, T. D. Raymond and M. S. Bowers, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Moore and K. Koch, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 2085 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Shiller and R. L. Byer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1696 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated (based on the dispersion formulas of ref. 6) phase-matching wavelengths for primary (blue line) and secondary (red dash) OPO interactions in (a) QPM PPLN and (b) type I LiNbO3. The primary pump wavelength is 1.064 m m, and the secondary pump wavelength is 3 the primary signal wavelength at the given grating period or phase matching angle. Wavelengths observed in operation of our OPO with the 25-mm-long PPLN crystal are shown as circles in (a).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental layout of the PPLN OPO. Mirror M1 has 85.9-mm radius of curvature, R>99% at 1.4–2.1 μm and T=80% at 1.064 μm. Mirror M2 is flat with R=70% at 1.4–2.1 μm and T>80% for the idler wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured (blue circle 1.428 μm; red circle 1.992 μm) and calculated (blue line 1.428 μm; red dash 1.992 μm) energy for the dual OPO’s as a function of pump energy for a) 10-mm- and b) 25-mm-long PPLN crystals. The QPM grating period was 28 μm. The calculated values are output energies while the measured values are unscaled peak intensities.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Temporal profiles for the incident pump, transmitted pump, primary OPO and secondary OPO signals for 25 mm long PPLN crystal: a) measured and b) calculated. The measured data in (a) are averaged over 1000 pump pulses.

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