Abstract

Constructing a phase-locking array of fiber lasers by an all-fiber coupling loop is presented, and the loop is composed of multiple 2×2 fiber couplers which are connected with the output ends of component fiber lasers of the array. Due to the mutual injection locking among the fiber lasers by the coupling loop, they can achieve the phase-locking states and then are coherently combined in the far field. Phase locking of an array of three fiber lasers with this configuration has been demonstrated experimentally, and obvious interference patterns and stable coherent output have been observed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. J. Augst, J. K. Ranka, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, "Beam combining of ytterbium fiber amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1707-1715 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. A. Kozlov, J. Hernandez-Cordero, and T. F. Morse, "All-fiber coherent beam combining of fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 24, 1814-1816 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. B. Simpson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Peterson, "Extraction characteristics of a dual fiber compound cavity," Opt. Express 10, 1060-1073 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  7. A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, "Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler," Opt. Express 10, 1167-1172 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  8. A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, and K. C. Lu, "Branch arm filtered coherent combining of tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 7878-7883 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Bruesselbach, M. Minden, J. L. Rogers, D. C. Jones, and M. S. Mangir, "200W self-organized coherent fiber arrays," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMDD4.
  14. J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. B. Simpson, F. Doft, P. R. Peterson, and A. Gavrielides, "Coherent combining of spectrally broadened fiber lasers," Opt. Express 15, 11731-11740 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Coherent addition of spatially incoherent light beams," Opt. Express 12, 4929-4934 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. Eckhouse, A. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Intracavity coherent addition of 16 laser distributions," Opt. Lett. 31, 350-352 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Fridman, V. Eckhouse, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Efficient coherent addition of fiber lasers in free space," Opt. Lett. 32, 790-792 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Huo, P. Cheo, "Analysis of transverse mode competition and selection in multicore fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2345-2349 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Wrage, P. Glas, and M. Leitner, "Combination phase locking and beam shaping of a multicore fiber laser by structured mirrors," Opt. Lett. 26, 980-982 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. J. Corcoran, F. Durville, "Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. B. He, Q. Lou, J. Zhou, J. Dong, Y. Wei, D. Xue, Y. Qi, Z. Su, L. Li, and F. Zhang, "High power coherent beam combination from two fiber lasers," Opt. Express 14, 2721-2726 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, "Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays," Proc. SPIE 6102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, C. B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, S. D. Pilkington, L. J. Spring, and L. C. Lu, "First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array," Opt. Express 14, 12015-12021 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, "Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Opt. Lett. 32, 1842-1844 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  31. S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  32. D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (4)

2006 (6)

B. He, Q. Lou, J. Zhou, J. Dong, Y. Wei, D. Xue, Y. Qi, Z. Su, L. Li, and F. Zhang, "High power coherent beam combination from two fiber lasers," Opt. Express 14, 2721-2726 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, C. B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, S. D. Pilkington, L. J. Spring, and L. C. Lu, "First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array," Opt. Express 14, 12015-12021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. Eckhouse, A. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Intracavity coherent addition of 16 laser distributions," Opt. Lett. 31, 350-352 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (8)

T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, and K. C. Lu, "Branch arm filtered coherent combining of tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 7878-7883 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huo, P. Cheo, "Analysis of transverse mode competition and selection in multicore fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2345-2349 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Corcoran, F. Durville, "Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Coherent addition of spatially incoherent light beams," Opt. Express 12, 4929-4934 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (4)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Peterson, "Extraction characteristics of a dual fiber compound cavity," Opt. Express 10, 1060-1073 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, "Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler," Opt. Express 10, 1167-1172 (2002).
[PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

1992 (1)

J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Barthelemy, A.

J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, "Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Opt. Lett. 32, 1842-1844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benham, V.

Bisson, J. F.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boullet, J.

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruesselbach, H.

H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. P.

Chen, Y.

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheo, P.

Corcoran, C. J.

C. J. Corcoran, F. Durville, "Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Culpepper, M. A.

Dandliker, R.

J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

Desfarges-Berthelemot, A.

J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, "Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Opt. Lett. 32, 1842-1844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Doft, F.

Dong, J.

Dubinskii, M.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dunning, G. J.

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Durville, F.

C. J. Corcoran, F. Durville, "Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eckhouse, V.

Even, P.

Fan, T. Y.

S. J. Augst, J. K. Ranka, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, "Beam combining of ytterbium fiber amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1707-1715 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fridman, M.

Friesem, A. A.

Gavrielides, A.

Glas, P.

Hammon, D. L.

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, S.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

He, B.

Hernandez-Cordero, J.

Higgs, C.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-T.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huo, Y.

Ishaaya, A. A.

Jones, D. C.

H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kansky, J. E.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kermene, V.

J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, "Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Opt. Lett. 32, 1842-1844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kong, F.

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kouznetsov, D.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. A.

Lee, K. K.

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lefort, L.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, M.

Lhermite, J.

J. Lhermite, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, and A. Barthelemy, "Passive phase locking of an array of four fiber amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Opt. Lett. 32, 1842-1844 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Li, Y. G.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q.

Lu, K. C.

Lu, L. C.

Mahodaux, C.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mangir, M. S.

H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, K.

A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Minden, M.

Minden, M. L.

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morel, J.

J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Morse, T. F.

Murphy, D. V.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pagnoux, D.

Peles, S.

S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, P.

Peterson, P. R.

Pilkington, S. D.

Pureur, D.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Y.

Ranka, J. K.

Rogers, J. L.

S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Bruesselbach, D. C. Jones, M. S. Mangir, M. Minden, and J. L. Rogers, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Opt. Lett. 30, 1339-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roy, P.

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabourdy, D.

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Boullet, D. Sabourdy, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, "Coherent combining in an Yb-doped double-core fiber laser," Opt. lett. 30, 1962-1964 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saitou, T.

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Sekiguchi, T.

Shaw, S. E. J.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

Shimshi, L.

Shirakawa, A.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, "Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler," Opt. Express 10, 1167-1172 (2002).
[PubMed]

Simpson, T. B.

Solis, A. J.

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spring, L. J.

Su, Z.

Ueda, K.

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, "Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler," Opt. Express 10, 1167-1172 (2002).
[PubMed]

Vampouille, M.

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, L.

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. B.

Wei, Y.

Wiesenfeld, K.

S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wood, G. L.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Woodtli, A.

J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wrage, M.

Xue, D.

Yan, L.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zandi, B.

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, Y.

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, M. Vampouille, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of two Nd:YAG lasers in a Vernier-Michelson-type cavity," Appl. Phys. B 75, 503-507 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. J. Corcoran, F. Durville, "Experimental demonstration of a phase-locked laser array using a self-Fourier cavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, Y. Zhou, F. Kong, Y. Chen, and K. K. Lee, "Phase locking in a fiber laser array with varying path lengths," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4837-4839 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Phys. (1)

A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, V. Kermene, D. Sabourdy, J. Boullet, P. Roy, J. Lhermite, and A. Barthelemy, "Coherent combining of fibre lasers," C. R. Phys. 7, 244-253 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, C. Mahodaux, and D. Pureur, "Power scaling of fiber lasers with all-fiber interferometric cavity," Electron. Lett. 38, 692-693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. X. Yu, J. E. Kansky, S. E. J. Shaw, D. V. Murphy, and C. Higgs, "Coherent beam combining of a large number of PM fibers in a 2-D fiber array," Electron. Lett. 42, 1024-1025 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, "Laser beam combining for high-power, high radiance sources," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567-577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (8)

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, C. B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, M. A. Culpepper, S. D. Pilkington, L. J. Spring, and L. C. Lu, "First experimental demonstration of self-synchronous phase locking of an optical array," Opt. Express 14, 12015-12021 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. He, Q. Lou, J. Zhou, J. Dong, Y. Wei, D. Xue, Y. Qi, Z. Su, L. Li, and F. Zhang, "High power coherent beam combination from two fiber lasers," Opt. Express 14, 2721-2726 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, and D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 11, 87-97 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Chen, Y. G. Li, and K. C. Lu, "Branch arm filtered coherent combining of tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Express 13, 7878-7883 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Simpson, A. Gavrielides, and P. Peterson, "Extraction characteristics of a dual fiber compound cavity," Opt. Express 10, 1060-1073 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, T. Saitou, T. Sekiguchi, and K. Ueda, "Coherent addition of fiber lasers by use of a fiber coupler," Opt. Express 10, 1167-1172 (2002).
[PubMed]

T. B. Simpson, F. Doft, P. R. Peterson, and A. Gavrielides, "Coherent combining of spectrally broadened fiber lasers," Opt. Express 15, 11731-11740 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Ishaaya, L. Shimshi, N. Davidson, and A. A. Friesem, "Coherent addition of spatially incoherent light beams," Opt. Express 12, 4929-4934 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Opt. Rev. (1)

D. Kouznetsov, J. F. Bisson, A. Shirakawa, and K. Ueda, "Limits of coherent addition of lasers: simple estimate," Opt. Rev. 12, 445-447 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. Peles, J. L. Rogers, and K. Wiesenfeld, "Robust synchronization in fiber laser arrays," Phys. Rev. E 73, 026212 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (4)

J. Morel, A. Woodtli, and R. Dandliker, "Coherent coupling of an array of Nd3+ doped single-mode fiber lasers using an intracavity phase grating," Proc. SPIE 1789, 13-17 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, S. Han, L. Yan, P.-T. Ho, M. Dubinskii, G. L. Wood, and B. Zandi, "Mutual injection locking and coherent beam combining of multiple Nd:YVO4 Lasers," Proc. SPIE 5792, 48-53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Minden, H. Bruesselbach, J. L. Rogers, M. S. Mangir, D. C. Jones, G. J. Dunning, D. L. Hammon, A. J. Solis, and L. Vaughan, "Self-organized coherence in fiber laser arrays," Proc. SPIE 5335, 89-97 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, K. Matsuo, and K. Ueda, "Fiber laser coherent array for power scaling of single-mode fiber laser," Proc. SPIE 5662, 482-486 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Bruesselbach, M. Minden, J. L. Rogers, D. C. Jones, and M. S. Mangir, "200W self-organized coherent fiber arrays," in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMDD4.

J. Anderegg, S. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. Weber, and M. Wickham, "Coherently coupled high power fiber arrays," Proc. SPIE 6102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of phase locking array of three fiber lasers with an all-fiber coupling loop (marked in blue line). LD, 980nm laser diode; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The interference patterns of output lasers recorded by LBA. The truncation appeared in Fig. 2(a) and 2(b) is owing to the saturation of the infrared CCD. In fact, to avoid obvious saturation of the CCD, for its dynamic response range is limited, Fig. 2(a) is recorded when the attenuating system is much stronger than Fig. 2(b)–2(d) are recorded. The unit of coordinates in Fig. 2(f) is the waist radius of Gaussian beam, and its size in our fiber laser is nearly 0.25mm after the collimator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) The typical spectrums of laser1, laser2, laser3 and phase locking array, which are shown in color red, blue, green and black. This Fig. is obtained by superposing four original Figs. together in one coordinates for the purpose of comparison and saving space of the paper. (b) The equivalent sketch of the experimental setup shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The scaling scheme of multiple fiber lasers.

Metrics