Abstract

We report operation of a single-longitudinal-mode WDM-channel-selectable fiber laser. The use of a tunable fiber Bragg grating and a linewidth narrowing saturable absorption filter in conjunction with an intracavity etalon enabled single-frequency emission and discretely tunable WDM channel operation without the need for external wavelength locking modules. Side mode suppression ratios (SMSRs) > 50 dB have been demonstrated with ~ 3 dBm individual channel output powers for 8 channel (Δf = 50 GHz) operation of this WDM source.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.
  2. A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.
  3. N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, “A Broadly Tunable Wavelength-Selectable WDM Source Using a Fiber Sagnac Loop Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283–1285 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Mesh and Y. Weiss, “Device and method for monitoring and controlling laser wavelength,” Patent 6,233,262, ECI Telecom Ltd., May 15, 2001.
  7. G. H. Cross and E. E. Strachan, “Diode laser wavelength tracking using an integrated dual slab waveguide interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 950–952 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.
  9. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, “Compression-tuned single-frequency Bragg grating fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.,  19, pp. 1979–1981 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Cross and E. E. Strachan, “Diode laser wavelength tracking using an integrated dual slab waveguide interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 950–952 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, “A Broadly Tunable Wavelength-Selectable WDM Source Using a Fiber Sagnac Loop Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283–1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

1994 (2)

G. A. Ball and W. W. Morey, “Compression-tuned single-frequency Bragg grating fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.,  19, pp. 1979–1981 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. M.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ayliffe, P.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

Bao, Y.

T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.

Bellemare, A.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

Bellemore, D. G.

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

Brucato, R.N.

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

Burt, K. M.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cross, G. H.

G. H. Cross and E. E. Strachan, “Diode laser wavelength tracking using an integrated dual slab waveguide interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 950–952 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, M.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Daisy, R.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. A.

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

Doran, L.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Evans, J.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Finlay, R.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gamache, C.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goh, G. S.

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Goodchild, D.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Haber, T.

T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.

Havstad, S. A.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Helm, W. A.

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

Horowitz, M.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.

Ibsen, M.

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, “A Broadly Tunable Wavelength-Selectable WDM Source Using a Fiber Sagnac Loop Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283–1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jamroz, E.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Larochelle, S.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

Lemieux, J.-F.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, “A Broadly Tunable Wavelength-Selectable WDM Source Using a Fiber Sagnac Loop Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283–1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mesh, M.

M. Mesh and Y. Weiss, “Device and method for monitoring and controlling laser wavelength,” Patent 6,233,262, ECI Telecom Ltd., May 15, 2001.

Miller, C.

T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.

Morey, W. W.

Putnam, M. A.

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

Rogers, C.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Set, S. Y.

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Starodubov, D.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Strachan, E. E.

G. H. Cross and E. E. Strachan, “Diode laser wavelength tracking using an integrated dual slab waveguide interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 950–952 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

Wallace, S.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, Y.

M. Mesh and Y. Weiss, “Device and method for monitoring and controlling laser wavelength,” Patent 6,233,262, ECI Telecom Ltd., May 15, 2001.

Willner, A. E.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Woods, I.

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J.

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. M. Adams, C. Gamache, R. Finlay, M. Cyr, K. M. Burt, J. Evans, E. Jamroz, S. Wallace, I. Woods, L. Doran, P. Ayliffe, D. Goodchild, and C. Rogers, “Module packaged tunable laser and wavelength locker delivering 40 mW of fibre-coupled power on 34 channels,” Electron. Lett. 37, 691–693 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. Zyskind, “Narrow-linewidth, singlemode erbium-doped fibre laser with intracavity wave mixing in saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 30, 648–649 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Bellemare, J.-F. Lemieux, M. Tetu, and S. Larochelle, “Er-doped fiber ring lasers step-tunable to exact multiples of 100 GHz (ITU-Grid) using periodic filters,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Madrid, Spain, 1998), 153–154.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, “A Broadly Tunable Wavelength-Selectable WDM Source Using a Fiber Sagnac Loop Filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283–1285 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Ibsen, S. Y. Set, G. S. Goh, and K. Kikuchi, “Broad-band continuously tunable all-fiber DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 21–23 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Song, S. A. Havstad, D. Starodubov, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, and J. Feinberg, “40-nm-wide tunable fiber ring laser with single-mode operation using a highly stretchable FBG,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  13, 1167–1169 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Cross and E. E. Strachan, “Diode laser wavelength tracking using an integrated dual slab waveguide interferometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 950–952 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

M. A. Putnam, R.N. Brucato, M. A. Davis, D. G. Bellemore, and W. A. Helm, “Tunable optical structure featuring feedback control,” Patent # 6,310,990, Cidra Corporation, October 30, 2001.

M. Mesh and Y. Weiss, “Device and method for monitoring and controlling laser wavelength,” Patent 6,233,262, ECI Telecom Ltd., May 15, 2001.

T. Haber, K. Hsu, C. Miller, and Y. Bao, “Tunable EDF Laser precisely locked to the 50 GHz ITU frequency grid,” in Europ. Conf. on Opt. Commun., (Nice, France, 1999), Paper Mo B2.4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of discretely tunable WDM laser source

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output, as a function of LD#2 pump power Pp2, measured via Fabry-Perot interferometry with 20 MHz resolution (a) no saturable absorber (SA), Pp2 = 200 mW, highly multimode (b) with 5 m saturable absorber, Pp2 = 200 mW (c) with 5 m saturable absorber, Pp2 = 35 mW, stable singlemode output

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Laser output, as a function of LD#2 pump power Pp2, measured via self-heterodyne measurements with 300 kHz resolution (a) no saturable absorber (SA), Pp2 = 200 mW, highly multimode (b) with 5 m saturable absorber, Pp2 = 200 mW, RF beating of 6 modes (c) with 5 m saturable absorber, Pp2 = 35 mW, stable singlemode output

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tunable WDM outputs at 8 individually-selected channels (Δf = 50 GHz) 3.10 dBm ± 0.05 dBm outputs, > 50 dB SMSRs

Metrics