Abstract

We investigated second harmonic generation with ultrahigh intensity femtosecond laser pulses from a terawatt Ti: sapphire laser system. Energy conversion efficiency of about 80 % for a type I potassium dideuterium phosphate crystal was obtained with 130 fs laser pulses at an intensity as high as 192 GW/cm2.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub 20-fs Ti : Sapphire laser system operating at a 10 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  2. T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1915–1924 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. C. Eckard and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. Y. Chien, G. Korn, J. S. Coe, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and R.S. Craxton, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation of ultraintense Nd : glass laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 353–355(1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. V. Krylov, A. Rebane, A. G. Kalintsev, H. Schwoerer, and U. P. Wild, “Second-harmonic generation of amplified femtosecond Ti : sapphire laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 198–200 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  10. D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Queneuille, F. Druon, A. Maksimchuk, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, and K. Nemoto, “Second-harmonic generation and wave-front correction of a terawatt laser system,” Opt. Lett. 25, 508–510 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  12. T. Ditmire, A. M. Rubenchik, D. Eimerl, and M. D. Perry, “Effects of cubic nonlinearity on frequency doubling of high-power laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 649–655 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
    [Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub 20-fs Ti : Sapphire laser system operating at a 10 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1915–1924 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

1988 (1)

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

R. C. Eckard and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
[Crossref]

Akahane, Y.

Allott, R.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Amiranoff, F.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Aoyama, M.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub 20-fs Ti : Sapphire laser system operating at a 10 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
[Crossref]

Barty, C. P. J.

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

Brunel, F.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheriaux, G.

Chien, C. Y.

Coe, J. S.

Collier, J. L.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Craxton, R.S.

Dangor, A. E.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Danson, C. N.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ditmire, T.

Druon, F.

Eckard, R. C.

R. C. Eckard and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[Crossref]

Edwards, C. B.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Eimerl, D.

Fedosejevs, R.

I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
[Crossref]

Flintoff, P.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gibbon, P.

P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1915–1924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Guo, T.

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

Harimoto, T.

T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
[Crossref]

Harman, M.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hatton, P.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kalintsev, A. G.

Kase, T.

Korn, G.

Krylov, V.

Maksimchuk, A.

Matsuoka, S.

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Najmudin, Z.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Neely, D.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nemoto, K.

Obara, M.

Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Offenberger, A. A.

I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
[Crossref]

Pepler, D. A.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Perry, M. D.

Queneuille, J.

Rebane, A.

Reintjes, J.

R. C. Eckard and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ross, I. N.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rubenchik, A. M.

Salvati, M.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schwoerer, H.

Sherman, N. K.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

Srinivasan-Rao, T.

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takuma, H.

Tamaki, Y.

Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tomov, I. V.

I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
[Crossref]

Walker, B. C.

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

Wild, U. P.

Winstone, T.

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yamakawa, K.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, S. Matsuoka, T. Kase, Y. Akahane, and H. Takuma, “100-TW, sub 20-fs Ti : Sapphire laser system operating at a 10 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1468–1470 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
[Crossref]

Yonemura, M.

T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron 33, 1915–1924 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. V. Tomov, R. Fedosejevs, and A. A. Offenberger, “Up-conversion of subpicosecond light pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 2048–2056(1982).
[Crossref]

R. C. Eckard and J. Reintjes, “Phase matching limitations of high efficiency second harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 1178–1187 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Tamaki, M. Obara, and K. Midorikawa, “Second harmonic generation from intense, 100-fs Ti Sapphire laser pulses in Potassium dihydrogen phosphate, Cesium lithium borate and β-barium metaborate,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 4801–4805 (1998).
[Crossref]

Laser and Particle Beams. (1)

D. Neely, C. N. Danson, R. Allott, F. Amiranoff, J. L. Collier, A. E. Dangor, C. B. Edwards, P. Flintoff, P. Hatton, M. Harman, M. H. R. Hutchinson, Z. Najmudin, D. A. Pepler, I. N. Ross, M. Salvati, and T. Winstone, “Frequency doubling of multi-terawatt picosecond pulses,” Laser and Particle Beams. 17, 281–286 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. B. Corkum, F. Brunel, N. K. Sherman, and T. Srinivasan-Rao, “Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2886–2889 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

T. Guo, Ch. Spielmann, B. C. Walker, and C. P. J. Barty, “Generation of hard x rays by ultrafast terawatt lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 41–47 (2001)
[Crossref]

Other (1)

T. Harimoto, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, and M. Yonemura, “Suppression of cubic nonlinearity in second-harmonic generation of ultrahigh intensity laser pulses by initial frequency chirp,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.41(2002).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig.1:
Fig.1:

Experimental setup for SHG with femtosecond laser pulses. SM: silver mirror, DM: dichroic mirror, PM1: power meter for SH laser pulses, L1: lens for SH laser pulses, C1: CCD camera for SH laser pulses, PM2: power meter for fundamental laser pulses, L2: lens for fundamental laser pulses, C2: CCD camera for fundamental laser pulses.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental and numerical energy conversion efficiencies of SHG as a function of fundamental intensity. Circles indicate experimental results. The solid curve shows the numerical result where the calculation includes a phase shift due to the third-order susceptibility χ (3). The dot curve shows the numerical result of the SH pulse duration.

Fig.3:
Fig.3:

Measured spectra of second harmonic pulses. The solid curve and the dot curve show the SH spectrum at an intensities of the fundamental pulses as high as 219 GW/cm2 and 455 GW/cm2, respectively.

Fig.4:
Fig.4:

Experimental and numerical energy conversion efficiencies of SHG as a function of the fundamental intensity. Circles indicate experimental results. The solid and dot curves show the numerical results where the calculation includes a phase shift due to the third-order susceptibility χ (3) and a frequency chirp of 6.18×104 fs2/nm and 3.24×104 fs2/nm, respectively.

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