Abstract

We demonstrate new optical techniques for externally controlling the latchable output power of a semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based flip-flop. Optical ‘set’ and ‘reset’ signals increase and decrease the refractive index, respectively, via cross-phase modulation (XPM). Set signals, which deplete the carrier density, have wavelengths between 1533 and 1568 nm, and powers as low as 22 µW. Reset is performed with carrier-generating ‘positive’ optical pulses at 1306 and 1466 nm, and minimum powers below 1 mW. These techniques are useful for digital optical-processing functions such as bit-length conversion, retiming, and demultiplexing.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Kawaguchi, I. H. White, M. J. Offside, and J. E. Carrol, “Ultrafast switching in polarization-bistable laser diodes,” Opt. Lett. 17, 130–132 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Static and dynamic properties of nonlinear semiconductor lasers amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739–L742 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Inoue, “All-optical flip-flop operation in an optical bistable device using two lights of different frequencies,” Opt. Lett. 12, 918–920 (1987).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A. E. Willner and W. Shieh, “Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting - single stage, fanout, and cascadability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 771–781 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
    [Crossref]

1998 (3)

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. N. Maywar and G. P. Agrawal, “Low-power all-optical switching in active semiconductor chirped periodic structures,” Opt. Express 3, 440–446 (1998). http://epubs.osa.org/oearchive/pdf/6998.pdf
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

A. E. Willner and W. Shieh, “Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting - single stage, fanout, and cascadability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 771–781 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[Crossref]

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

1986 (1)

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Static and dynamic properties of nonlinear semiconductor lasers amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739–L742 (1986).
[Crossref]

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

Besse, P. A.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Bouchoule, S.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Braun, R.-P.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Carrol, J. E.

Caspar, C.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Cha, I.

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

Clausen, A. T.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Davies, D. A. O.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[Crossref]

Devaux, F.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Duelk, M.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

Eckner, J.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fisher, M. A.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Foisel, H. -M.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gamper, E.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gini, E.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Heimes, K.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hess, R.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Honmou, H.

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

Ito, R.

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Static and dynamic properties of nonlinear semiconductor lasers amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739–L742 (1986).
[Crossref]

Iwamura, H.

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jepsen, K. S.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, H.

Keil, N.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kitamura, M.

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kurokawa, T.

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lucek, J. K.

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[Crossref]

Manning, R. J.

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[Crossref]

Maywar, D. N.

Melchior, H.

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, B.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

Mito, I.

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

Nonaka, K.

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

Offside, M. J.

Ogasawara, N.

N. Ogasawara and R. Ito, “Static and dynamic properties of nonlinear semiconductor lasers amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 25, L739–L742 (1986).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, R. J. S.

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

Poulsen, H. N.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

A. E. Willner and W. Shieh, “Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting - single stage, fanout, and cascadability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 771–781 (1995).
[Crossref]

Strebel, B.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

Tatham, M. C.

M. J. Adams, D. A. O. Davies, M. C. Tatham, and M. A. Fisher, “Nonlinearities in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 27, 1–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

Uenohara, H.

K. Nonaka, H. Tsuda, H. Uenohara, H. Iwamura, and T. Kurokawa, “Optical nonlinear characteristics of a side-injection light-controlled laser diode with a multiple-quantum-well saturable absorption region,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 5, 139–141 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vaa, M.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Vogt, W.

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

White, I. H.

Willner, A. E.

A. E. Willner and W. Shieh, “Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting - single stage, fanout, and cascadability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 771–781 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yao, H. H.

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

Electron Lett. (2)

R.-P. Braun, C. Caspar, H. -M. Foisel, K. Heimes, B. Strebel, N. Keil, and H. H. Yao, “Transparent switching node for optical frequency division multiplexed signals,” Electron Lett. 29, 912–913 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Hess, M. Duelk, W. Vogt, E. Gamper, E. Gini, P. A. Besse, H. Melchior, K. S. Jepsen, B. Mikkelsen, M. Vaa, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, K. E. Stubkjaer, S. Bouchoule, and F. Devaux, “Simultaneous all-optical add and drop multiplexing of 40 Gbit/s OTDM signals using monolithically integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron Lett. 34, 579–80 (1998).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

I. Cha, M. Kitamura, H. Honmou, and I. Mito, “1.5 µm band travelling-wave semiconductor optical amplifiers with window facet structure,” Electron. Lett. 25, 1241–1242 (1989).
[Crossref]

R. J. Manning, D. A. O. Davies, and J. K. Lucek, “Recovery rates in semiconductor laser amplifiers: Optical and electrical bias dependencies,” Electron. Lett. 30, 1233–1234 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

A. E. Willner and W. Shieh, “Optimal spectral and power parameters for all-optical wavelength shifting - single stage, fanout, and cascadability,” IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 13, 771–781 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Leuthold, P. A. Besse, J. Eckner, E. Gamper, M. Duelk, and H. Melchior, “All-optical space switches with gain and principally ideal extinction ratios,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 622–633 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (2)

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All optical wavelength conversion by SOA’s in a Mach-Zehnder configuration,” IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 653–55, (1994).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

All-optical flip-flop. Optical output is controlled by optical input signals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental system.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

All-optical flip-flop operation. (a)1567-nm set and 1306-nm reset signals controlling (b) the output power of the 1547-nm holding beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Broad spectral range of control signals. (a) Demonstrated spectral range of set pulses compared to the ASE spectrum of the DFB SOA. Flip-flop operation using (b) 1537-nm set and 1306-nm reset signals, and (c) 1567-nm set and 1466-nm reset signals

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