Abstract

Development of “filmless” cardiac catheterization laboratories is eminent. The problems of implementing a digital catheterization laboratory involve archiving large amounts of data per procedure and high transfer rates to retrieve previous procedures. Lossy compression can accommodate these changes, but at the cost of possibly impairing detection of clinically important angiographic features. Our study involves the observer detection and classification of features in clinical images and the effects that JPEG and wavelet compression have on the detectability of these features. We found no significant degradation in human observer performance with 7:1 and 15:1 JPEG compressed images in 6 clinically relevant visual tasks. Human observer performance for wavelet compression degraded significantly for 2 out of 6 tasks at 7:1 compression and 4 out of 6 tasks at 19:1 compression.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  2. G. Strang and T. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, (Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA, 1996) 362–364.
  3. V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).
  6. M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).
  7. N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
  8. L. A. Love and R. A. Kruger, “Scattering estimation for a digital radiographic system using convolution filtering,” Med. Phys. 14, 178–185 (1987).
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  9. W. B. Pennebaker and J. L. Mitchell, JPEG Still Image Data Compression Standard, (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992).
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  11. D. M. Green and J. A. Swets, Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics, Wiley, New York, (1966).
  12. A. E. Burgess and H. Ghandeharian,“Visual signal detection II. Signal-location identification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 1, 906–910 (1984).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  14. I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, (SIAM, Philadelphia, 1992).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. K. Chui, An Introduction to Wavelets, (Academic Press, Boston, (1992).

1998 (1)

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

1997 (2)

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

1989 (1)

M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

L. A. Love and R. A. Kruger, “Scattering estimation for a digital radiographic system using convolution filtering,” Med. Phys. 14, 178–185 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

A. E. Burgess and H. Ghandeharian,“Visual signal detection II. Signal-location identification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 1, 906–910 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aharanov, G.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

Allen, J.

A. Zandi, J. Allen, E. L. Schwartz, and M. Boliek, “CREW Lossless/Lossy Medical Image Compression,” IEEE Data Compression Conference, 212–221 (1995).

Baker, W. A.

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Baker, W.A.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bashore, T. M.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Behar, V. S.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Block, P. C .

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Boliek, M.

A. Zandi, J. Allen, E. L. Schwartz, and M. Boliek, “CREW Lossless/Lossy Medical Image Compression,” IEEE Data Compression Conference, 212–221 (1995).

Bonchek, L. I.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brinker, J. A.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Burgess, A. E.

A. E. Burgess and H. Ghandeharian,“Visual signal detection II. Signal-location identification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 1, 906–910 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carabello, B.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chui, C. K.

C. K. Chui, An Introduction to Wavelets, (Academic Press, Boston, (1992).

Cusma, J. T.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Daubechies, I.

I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, (SIAM, Philadelphia, 1992).
[Crossref]

Douglas, J. S.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Eckstein, M. P.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Eigler, N. L.

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Einav, S.

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Elion, J. L.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fortin, D. F.

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ghandeharian, H.

A. E. Burgess and H. Ghandeharian,“Visual signal detection II. Signal-location identification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 1, 906–910 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Green, D. M.

D. M. Green and J. A. Swets, Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics, Wiley, New York, (1966).

Gu, S.

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Harrawood, B. P.

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Harrington, R. A.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Harrison, J. K.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hearne, S. E.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hirshfeld, J. W.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Holmes, D. R.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Honig, C. A. D.

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Honig, D.

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

Johnson, W. L.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Judy, P. F.

M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
[Crossref]

Kijewski, M. F.

M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
[Crossref]

Klinke, W. P.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kong, Y.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kruger, R. A.

L. A. Love and R. A. Kruger, “Scattering estimation for a digital radiographic system using convolution filtering,” Med. Phys. 14, 178–185 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Levin, D. C.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Love, L. A.

L. A. Love and R. A. Kruger, “Scattering estimation for a digital radiographic system using convolution filtering,” Med. Phys. 14, 178–185 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahrer, K.

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

Mancini, G. B. J

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, J. L.

W. B. Pennebaker and J. L. Mitchell, JPEG Still Image Data Compression Standard, (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992).

Morioka, C.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

Morris, K. G.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mullins, C. E

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, T.

G. Strang and T. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, (Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA, 1996) 362–364.

Nissen, S. E.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pennebaker, W. B.

W. B. Pennebaker and J. L. Mitchell, JPEG Still Image Data Compression Standard, (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992).

Pepine, C. J.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Peter, R. H.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rigolin, V. H.

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Robiolio, P. A.

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ruan, G.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

Schwartz, E. L.

A. Zandi, J. Allen, E. L. Schwartz, and M. Boliek, “CREW Lossless/Lossy Medical Image Compression,” IEEE Data Compression Conference, 212–221 (1995).

Sketch, M. H.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

Spero, L. A.

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Strang, G.

G. Strang and T. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, (Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA, 1996) 362–364.

Swensson, R. G.

M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
[Crossref]

Swets, J. A.

D. M. Green and J. A. Swets, Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics, Wiley, New York, (1966).

Thomas, J. D.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Topol, E. J.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Vogel, J. H. K.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Whiting, J. S.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

Wickens, T. D.

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

Wondrow, M. A.

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

Zandi, A.

A. Zandi, J. Allen, E. L. Schwartz, and M. Boliek, “CREW Lossless/Lossy Medical Image Compression,” IEEE Data Compression Conference, 212–221 (1995).

Am. J. of Card. (1)

V. H. Rigolin, P. A. Robiolio, L. A. Spero, B. P. Harrawood, K. G. Morris, D. F. Fortin, W. A. Baker, T. M. Bashore, and J. T. Cusma, “Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Affect Visual or Quantitative Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis Severity,” Am. J. of Card. 78, 131–135 (1996).
[Crossref]

Circ. (3)

W.A. Baker, S. E. Hearne, L. A. Spero, K. G. Morris, R. A. Harrington, M. H. Sketch, V. S. Behar, Y. Kong, R. H. Peter, T. M. Bashore, J. K. Harrison, and J. T. Cusma, “Lossy (15:1) JPEG Compression of Digital Coronary Angiograms Does Not Limit Detection of Subtle Morphological Features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. S. Whiting, M. P. Eckstein, C. A. D. Honig, S. Gu, S. Einav, and N. L. Eigler, “Effect of lossy image compression on observer performance in dynamically displayed digital coronary angiograms,” Circ. 86 (Suppl.) I-444 (1993).

N. L. Eigler, M. P. Eckstein, K. Mahrer, D. Honig, and J. S. Whiting, “Effect of a stenosis stablilized display on morphological features,” Circ. 96, 1157–1164 (1997).

J. of Am. Col. of Card. (1)

S. E. Nissen, C. J. Pepine, T. M. Bashore, P. C . Block, L. I. Bonchek, J. A. Brinker, B. Carabello, J. S. Douglas, J. L. Elion, J. W. Hirshfeld, D. R. Holmes, W. L. Johnson, W. P. Klinke, D. C. Levin, G. B. J Mancini, C. E Mullins, J. D. Thomas, E. J. Topol, J. H. K. Vogel, and M. A. Wondrow, “Cardiac Angiography Without Cine Film: Erecting a “Tower of Babel” in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory,” J. of Am. Col. of Card. 24, 834–837 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. of Math. Psych. (1)

M. F. Kijewski, R. G. Swensson, and P. F. Judy, “Analysis of rating data from multiple-alternative tasks,” J. of Math. Psych. 33, 428–451 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. (1)

A. E. Burgess and H. Ghandeharian,“Visual signal detection II. Signal-location identification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 1, 906–910 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Med. Phys. (1)

L. A. Love and R. A. Kruger, “Scattering estimation for a digital radiographic system using convolution filtering,” Med. Phys. 14, 178–185 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers (1)

M. P. Eckstein, T. D. Wickens, G. Aharanov, G. Ruan, C. Morioka, and J. S. Whiting, “Quantifying the limitations of the use of consensus expert committees in ROC studies,” Proceedings of the SPIE Medical Imaging Conference of the Society of Photo-Optical and Instrumentation Engineers 3340–12,128–134 (1998).

Other (6)

W. B. Pennebaker and J. L. Mitchell, JPEG Still Image Data Compression Standard, (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992).

A. Zandi, J. Allen, E. L. Schwartz, and M. Boliek, “CREW Lossless/Lossy Medical Image Compression,” IEEE Data Compression Conference, 212–221 (1995).

D. M. Green and J. A. Swets, Signal Detection Theory and Psychophysics, Wiley, New York, (1966).

I. Daubechies, Ten Lectures on Wavelets, (SIAM, Philadelphia, 1992).
[Crossref]

C. K. Chui, An Introduction to Wavelets, (Academic Press, Boston, (1992).

G. Strang and T. Nguyen, Wavelets and Filter Banks, (Wellesley-Cambridge Press, Wellesley, MA, 1996) 362–364.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (317 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dynamic demonstration of creation of test-images used for psychophysical experiments (test- images shown are 400×338 pixel subsets of the 512×512 images used in the experiments) [Media 1]

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

-C. Example of thrombosis cropped to 150×150 pixels from original 512×512 pixel image: a) uncompressed, b) 14.9:1 jpeg, c) 19.2:1 wavelet. Arrow indicates location of thrombosis.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

-C. Example of ulcerated plaque: a) uncompressed, b) 14.9:1 JPEG, c) 19.2:1 wavelet. Arrow indicates location of ulcerated plaque.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

-c. Example of bridging lumen: a) uncompressed, b) 14.9:1 jpeg, c) 19.2:1 wavelet. Arrow indicates location of bridging lumen.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

-C. Example of grading stenosis: a) uncompressed, b) 14.9:1 JPEG, c) 19.2:1 Wavelet. Arrow indicates location of stenosis.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Human performance for 6 different observers. Upper Left: lumen detection. Upper Right: graded stenosis. Middle Left: thrombosis detection. Middle Right: ulcer detection Bottom Left: 16 frames/sec stenosis grading. Bottom Right: 16 frames/sec thrombosis detection.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Visual tasks and display conditions investigated in the present study

Tables Icon

Table 2. Results of observer performance for various detection tasks (α=0.05).

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( x , y ) = P ( x , y ) + S ( x , y )
P ( x , y ) = I o e D p ( x , y ) e D a ( x , y )
D ( p ) = i = 1 N μ i t i
P s ( x , y ) = P ( x , y ) e D s ( x , y )
I s ( x , y ) = [ I ( x , y ) S ( x , y ) ] e D s ( x , y ) + S ( x , y )
S ( x , y ) = I ( x , y ) * α h ( x , y ) + β
h ( x , y ) = 20 e A x x o e B y y o
A = B = 2 log ( 2 ) 75 .

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