Abstract

To intensify a heat transfer in high-power emitters based on laser diode bars we propose the use of a heat sink from a porous permeable material cooled by a fluid flow [1–3]. The main advantage of this class of materials is the possibility of removing significant heat flows with compact heat sink. An analysis of the characteristic values of the thermal loads and their relations with the material and liquid parameters drawn from an one-dimensional model of stationary one-sided heat exchange shows the possibility of heat flow removal of more than 1.5 kW/cm2 at room temperature in a liquid. Methods for improving the effectiveness of the strategy are considered.

© Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin and V. Yu. Khomich,"Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity," FIAN Report, 1977.
  2. V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov and V. Yu. Khomich, "Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components," Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553-2545 (1979).
  3. V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Brovalskii, V. F. Goncharov and A.M. Prokhorov, "On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures," Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328-1331(1981).
  4. H. C. Casey (jr) and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).
  5. I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,"Semiconductor diode lasers," Prikl. Fizika 2, 3-35 (1995).
  6. V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden , S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin and V. N. Timoshkin, "Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink," Quant. Electr. 27, 845-849 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov and N. V. Markova, "Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays," Kvant. Electr. 23, 775-778 (1996).
  8. D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver and D. Tuckerman, "Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030-1032 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, D. Ciarlo, "High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172-2174 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz and M. A. Emanuel, "Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays," IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966 - 975 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, "Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser- diode arrays," Kvant. Electr. 25, 225-228 (1998).
  12. A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, "Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced iquid flow," Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36-44 (1989).
  13. V. V. Kharitonov, Heat physics of laser mirrors (MIPI Publishing, M., 1993).
  14. V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov and L.L. Vasilev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).
  15. S. V.Belov, ed., Porous permeable materials (Nauka, M., 1987).
  16. V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden and V.I. Shveikin, "Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers," Kvant. Electr. 22, 101-104 (1995).
  17. Adachi S., ed., Properties of aluminium gallium arsenide (Short Run Press, L.,1993).
  18. V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin and V. V. Kharitonov, "On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors," Atom. Eneg. 55, 37-42(1983).
  19. P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).
  20. Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Muravev and I. N. Nadyrov, "Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ," Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357-361(1987).
  21. V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich and A. V. Shirkov, "Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime," FIAN Report, 1977.
  22. V. V.Apollonov, A. M.Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan and V. Yu. Khomich, "On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics," Pisma JTF 4, 433-436, (1978).

Other

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin and V. Yu. Khomich,"Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity," FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov and V. Yu. Khomich, "Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components," Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553-2545 (1979).

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Brovalskii, V. F. Goncharov and A.M. Prokhorov, "On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures," Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328-1331(1981).

H. C. Casey (jr) and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).

I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,"Semiconductor diode lasers," Prikl. Fizika 2, 3-35 (1995).

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden , S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval, V. V. Kuzminov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin and V. N. Timoshkin, "Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink," Quant. Electr. 27, 845-849 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov and N. V. Markova, "Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays," Kvant. Electr. 23, 775-778 (1996).

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver and D. Tuckerman, "Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030-1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, D. Ciarlo, "High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172-2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz and M. A. Emanuel, "Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays," IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966 - 975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, "Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser- diode arrays," Kvant. Electr. 25, 225-228 (1998).

A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, "Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced iquid flow," Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36-44 (1989).

V. V. Kharitonov, Heat physics of laser mirrors (MIPI Publishing, M., 1993).

V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov and L.L. Vasilev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).

S. V.Belov, ed., Porous permeable materials (Nauka, M., 1987).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden and V.I. Shveikin, "Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers," Kvant. Electr. 22, 101-104 (1995).

Adachi S., ed., Properties of aluminium gallium arsenide (Short Run Press, L.,1993).

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin and V. V. Kharitonov, "On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors," Atom. Eneg. 55, 37-42(1983).

P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Muravev and I. N. Nadyrov, "Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ," Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357-361(1987).

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich and A. V. Shirkov, "Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime," FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V.Apollonov, A. M.Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan and V. Yu. Khomich, "On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics," Pisma JTF 4, 433-436, (1978).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The scheme for calculation of temperature distribution. Layers: B, film cathode and multilayer bar component of n-type; A, active layer; I - multilayer bar component of p-type, film anode, layer of solder; P, cooled porous layer; W, back wall. Directions: 1, radiation output; 2, fluid flow. The solid curve on the T(x) graph corresponds to an exact model solution, dashed curve is approximation of qi=0.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Extreme heat flows Q* bled by a porous metal layer from an active layer, characteristic heat absorption depth ʌ and heat carrier mass flow M as functions of core wire diameter d [μm] and average porosity ∏ for cases, when the heat carrier is a) water, b) eutectic mixture Na-K-Cs.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

κ i x 2 T i + q i = 0 , x 2 T p ʌ 2 T p = 0 , x 2 T j = 0 , ʌ 2 = κ p / α V ,
T B ( a ) = T I ( a ) , κ B ( a ) x T B ( a ) = κ I ( a ) x T I ( a ) + Q ,
T n = T n + 1 , κ n x T n = κ n + 1 x T n + 1 ,
x = l 0 , x T B ( cat ) = 0 ; x = l 3 , x T W = 0 ,
T a Q = ( I ) l i κ i + ʌ κ p coth ( L p ʌ ) , L p = l 2 l 1 ,
α V = κ l Nu ( a / b ) 2 , Pe = Vb / ( χa ) ,
p / H = a η V + b ρ V 2 .
a = 6 10 9 ( 1 ) 2 3 d 2 [ cm 2 ] , b = 9.23 10 3 ( 1 ) 3,73 d 1 [ cm 1 ] , [ d ] = μm .

Metrics