Abstract

To intensify a heat transfer in high-power emitters based on laser diode bars we propose the use of a heat sink from a porous permeable material cooled by a fluid flow [1–3]. The main advantage of this class of materials is the possibility of removing significant heat flows with compact heat sink. An analysis of the characteristic values of the thermal loads and their relations with the material and liquid parameters drawn from an one-dimensional model of stationary one-sided heat exchange shows the possibility of heat flow removal of more than 1.5 kW/cm2 at room temperature in a liquid. Methods for improving the effectiveness of the strategy are considered.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.
  2. V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).
  3. V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).
  4. H. C. Casey and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).
  5. I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,“Semiconductor diode lasers,” Prikl. Fizika 2, 3–35 (1995).
  6. V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).
  8. D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, “Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser-diode arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 25, 225–228 (1998).
  12. A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, “Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced liquid flow,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36–44 (1989).
  13. V. V. Kharitonov, Heat physics of laser mirrors (MIPI Publishing, M., 1993).
  14. V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov, and L.L. Vasil’ev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).
  15. S. V. Belov, ed., Porous permeable materials (Nauka, M., 1987).
  16. V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).
  17. S. Adachi, ed., Properties of aluminium gallium arsenide (Short Run Press, L.,1993).
  18. V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).
  19. P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan, and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).
  20. Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).
  21. V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.
  22. V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

1998 (1)

V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, “Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser-diode arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 25, 225–228 (1998).

1997 (1)

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).

1995 (2)

I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,“Semiconductor diode lasers,” Prikl. Fizika 2, 3–35 (1995).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

1992 (1)

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, “Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced liquid flow,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36–44 (1989).

1988 (1)

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).

1983 (1)

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).

1979 (1)

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

1978 (1)

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

1977 (2)

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

Apollonov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

Babayants, G. I.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Baikov, I. S.

I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,“Semiconductor diode lasers,” Prikl. Fizika 2, 3–35 (1995).

Barchukov, A. I.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

Beach, R.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Benett, W. J.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Benett, W.J.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bezotosnyi, V. V.

V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, “Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser-diode arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 25, 225–228 (1998).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).

I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,“Semiconductor diode lasers,” Prikl. Fizika 2, 3–35 (1995).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Broval’skii, Yu. A.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

Bystrov, P. I.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan, and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).

Casey, H. C.

H. C. Casey and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).

Ciarlo, D.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cobzev, A. A.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

Comaskey, B. J.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Derzhavin, S. I.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Emanuel, M. A.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Freitas, B. L.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Goncharov, V. F.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

Gortyshov, Yu.F.

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).

Grishunin, P. A

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).

Gruden’, M. N.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Kagan, D. N.

P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan, and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).

Kazakov, A. A.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Kharitonov, V. V.

A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, “Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced liquid flow,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36–44 (1989).

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).

V. V. Kharitonov, Heat physics of laser mirrors (MIPI Publishing, M., 1993).

Khomich, V. Yu.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

Khristyan, E V.

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

Kishmakhov, B. Sh.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Koval’, Yu. P.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Koval’, Yu.P.

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Krechetova, G. A.

P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan, and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).

Krupke, W.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kumykov, Kh. Kh.

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).

Kumykov, Kh.Kh.

V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, “Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser-diode arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 25, 225–228 (1998).

Kuz’minov, V. V.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Lukanin, V. N.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

Markova, N. V.

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Mashkovskiy, D. A.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Mayorov, V. A.

V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov, and L.L. Vasil’ev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).

Mundinger, D.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Murav’ev, G. B.

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).

Nadyrov, I. N.

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).

Panish, M. B.

H. C. Casey and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).

Plakseev, A. A.

A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, “Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced liquid flow,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36–44 (1989).

Polyaev, V. M.

V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov, and L.L. Vasil’ev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).

Popov, Yu. M.

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Prokhorov, A. M.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

Prokhorov, A.M.

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

Shirkov, A. V.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

Shveikin, V.I.

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

Smekalin, V .P.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Solarz, R.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Solarz, R. W.

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sperry, V.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Staver, R.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Subbotin, V. I.

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).

Timoshkin, V. N.

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Trunin, E. V.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

Tuckerman, D.

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vasil’ev, L.L.

V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov, and L.L. Vasil’ev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).

Voynov, Yu. P.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W. J. Benett, R. Solarz, W. Krupke, R. Staver, and D. Tuckerman, “Demonstration of high-perfomance silicon microchannel heat exchangers for laser diode array cooling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1030–1032 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Mundinger, R. Beach, W.J. Benett, R. Solarz, V. Sperry, and D. Ciarlo, “High average power edge emitting laser diode arrays on silicon microchannel coolers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2172–2174 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Atom. Eneg. (1)

V. I. Subbotin, P. A Grishunin, and V. V. Kharitonov, “On thermophysics of focusing mirrors for laser thermonuclear reactors,” Atom. Eneg. 55, 37–42(1983).

FIAN Report (2)

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, Yu. P. Voynov, A. A. Cobzev, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. Yu. Khomich, and A. V. Shirkov, “Watercooled mirror working in hyper-vapourtron regime,” FIAN Report, 1977.

V. V. Apollonov, A. I. Barchukov, V. N. Lukanin, A. M. Prokhorov, E. V. Trunin, and V. Yu. Khomich,“Metal laser mirror with optics surface cooled by the structure with open porosity,” FIAN Report,1977.

IEEE J. Quant. Electr. (1)

R. Beach, W. J. Benett, B. L. Freitas, D. Mundinger, B. J. Comaskey, R. W. Solarz, and M. A. Emanuel, “Modular microchannel cooled heatsinks for high average power laser diode arrays,” IEEE J. Quant. Electr. 28, 966–975 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ingener. Fiz. Journ. (2)

A. A. Plakseev and V. V. Kharitonov, “Heat transfer in channels with the porous insertions under a forced liquid flow,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 56, 36–44 (1989).

Yu.F. Gortyshov, G. B. Murav’ev, and I. N. Nadyrov, “Experimental research of the flow and heat transfer in high-porous structures ,” Ingener. Fiz. Journ. 53, 357–361(1987).

Kvant. Electr. (5)

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Kh. Kh. Kumykov, and N. V. Markova, “Thermal conditions in high-power monolithic linear injection-laser arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 23, 775–778 (1996).

V. V. Bezotosnyi, Yu.P. Koval’, N. V. Markova, Yu. M. Popov, M. N. Gruden’, and V.I. Shveikin,“Characteristics of the emission of 805-810 nm radiation by linear injection-laser arrays used to pump solid-state lasers,” Kvant. Electr. 22, 101–104 (1995).

V. V. Bezotosnyi and Kh.Kh. Kumykov, “Modelling of the thermal parameters of high-power linear laser-diode arrays,” Kvant. Electr. 25, 225–228 (1998).

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, V. F. Goncharov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. Yu. Khomich, “Prospects for use of porous structures for cooling power optics components,” Kvant. Electr. 6, 2553–2545 (1979).

V. V. Apollonov, P. I. Bystrov, Yu. A. Broval’skii, V. F. Goncharov, and A.M. Prokhorov, “On possible use of liquid-metal heat-transfer agents for cooling power-optics elements utilizing porous structures,” Kvant. Electr. 8, 1328–1331(1981).

Pis’ma JTF (1)

V. V. Apollonov, A. M. Prokhorov, E V. Khristyan, and V. Yu. Khomich, “On possibility to use vapourtron cooling in power optics,” Pis’ma JTF 4, 433–436, (1978).

Prikl. Fizika (1)

I. S. Baikov and V. V. Bezotosnyi,“Semiconductor diode lasers,” Prikl. Fizika 2, 3–35 (1995).

Quant. Electr. (1)

V. V. Apollonov, G. I. Babayants, M. N. Gruden’, S. I. Derzhavin, A. A. Kazakov, B. Sh. Kishmakhov, Yu. P. Koval’, V. V. Kuz’minov, D. A. Mashkovskiy, A. M. Prokhorov, V .P. Smekalin, and V. N. Timoshkin, “Investigation of the thermal properties of a linear array of laser diodes on a silicon carbide heat sink,” Quant. Electr. 27, 845–849 (1997),.
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

S. Adachi, ed., Properties of aluminium gallium arsenide (Short Run Press, L.,1993).

V. V. Kharitonov, Heat physics of laser mirrors (MIPI Publishing, M., 1993).

V. M. Polyaev, V. A. Mayorov, and L.L. Vasil’ev, Hydrodynamics and heat exchange in porous elements of aircraft constructions (Mashinostroenie, M., 1988).

S. V. Belov, ed., Porous permeable materials (Nauka, M., 1987).

H. C. Casey and M. B. Panish, Heterostructure lasers (Academic Press, N.Y.,1978).

P. I. Bystrov, D. N. Kagan, and G. A. Krechetova, Liquid metal heat carriers of heat pipes and power grids (Nauka, M., 1988).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The scheme for calculation of temperature distribution. Layers: B, film cathode and multilayer bar component of n-type; A, active layer; I - multilayer bar component of p-type, film anode, layer of solder; P, cooled porous layer; W, back wall. Directions: 1, radiation output; 2, fluid flow. The solid curve on the T(x) graph corresponds to an exact model solution, dashed curve is approximation of qi=0.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Extreme heat flows Q* bled by a porous metal layer from an active layer, characteristic heat absorption depth ʌ and heat carrier mass flow M as functions of core wire diameter d [μm] and average porosity ∏ for cases, when the heat carrier is a) water, b) eutectic mixture Na-K-Cs.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

κ i x 2 T i + q i = 0 , x 2 T p ʌ 2 T p = 0 , x 2 T j = 0 , ʌ 2 = κ p / α V ,
T B ( a ) = T I ( a ) , κ B ( a ) x T B ( a ) = κ I ( a ) x T I ( a ) + Q ,
T n = T n + 1 , κ n x T n = κ n + 1 x T n + 1 ,
x = l 0 , x T B ( cat ) = 0 ; x = l 3 , x T W = 0 ,
T a Q = ( I ) l i κ i + ʌ κ p coth ( L p ʌ ) , L p = l 2 l 1 ,
α V = κ l Nu ( a / b ) 2 , Pe = Vb / ( χa ) ,
p / H = a η V + b ρ V 2 .
a = 6 10 9 ( 1 ) 2 3 d 2 [ cm 2 ] , b = 9.23 10 3 ( 1 ) 3,73 d 1 [ cm 1 ] , [ d ] = μm .

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