Abstract

We present experimentally a double-arrow metasurface for high-efficiently manipulating the polarization states of electromagnetic waves in the dual-band. The metasurface is capable of converting a linearly polarized (LP) incident wave into a circularly polarized (CP) wave or its cross-polarized LP wave at different frequencies. It is numerically shown that in the two bands from 14.08 to 15.71 GHz and from 17.63 to 19.55 GHz the metasurface can convert the LP wave into CP wave, of which the axis ratio is lower than 3 dB. Meanwhile, the proposed metasurface also can convert the LP wave into its cross-polarized LP wave at 13.39 GHz and 20.29 GHz. To validate the theoretical analysis and simulated results, a prototype is fabricated and measured. The experimental results are reasonably consistent with the theoretical and simulated results, which demonstrates that such a metasurface can successfully achieve dual-band and dual-mode polarization conversion.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  4. L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2020 (2)

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (4)

L. Shao, W. Zhu, M. Y. Leonov, and I. D. Rukhlenko, “Dielectric 2-bit coding metasurface for electromagnetic wave manipulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(20), 203101 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

2017 (7)

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, G. Isić, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable terahertz polarization converter based on overcoupled metal-isolator-metal metamaterials infiltrated with liquid crystals,” Nanotechnology 28(12), 124002 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Zhu, F. Xiao, I. D. Rukhlenko, J. Geng, X. Liang, M. Premaratne, and R. Jin, “Wideband visible-light absorption in an ultrathin silicon nanostructure,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5781–5786 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, L. Wang, J. Wang, C. N. Akwuruoha, and W. Cao, “Ultra-wideband high-efficiency reflective linear-to-circular polarization converter based on metasurface at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 25(22), 27616–27623 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

S. M. A. M. H. Abadi and N. Behdad, “Wideband linear-to-circular polarization converters based on miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(2), 525–534 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, P. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zheng, “A low-profile high-gain and wideband filtering antenna with metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(5), 2010–2016 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (6)

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, S. Chen, Z. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, J. Li, and J. Tian, “Realization of broadband cross-polarization conversion in transmission mode in the terahertz region using a single-layer metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 40(13), 3185–3188 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. R. West, J. L. Stewart, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, V. V. Shkunov, F. Strohkendl, Y. A. Zakharenkov, R. K. Dodds, and R. Byren, “All-dielectric subwavelength metasurface focusing lens,” Opt. Express 22(21), 26212–26221 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

Akram, M. R.

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
[Crossref]

Akwuruoha, C. N.

Bai, X.

M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
[Crossref]

Beccherelli, R.

B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, G. Isić, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable terahertz polarization converter based on overcoupled metal-isolator-metal metamaterials infiltrated with liquid crystals,” Nanotechnology 28(12), 124002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Behdad, N.

S. M. A. M. H. Abadi and N. Behdad, “Wideband linear-to-circular polarization converters based on miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(2), 525–534 (2016).
[Crossref]

Briggs, D. P.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burokur, S. N.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

Byren, R.

Cai, T.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

Capasso, F.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.

P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Cheng, H.

Cheng, Q.

X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cheung, S.

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chigrinov, V.

P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chung, K. L.

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cong, L.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Córdova-Castro, R. M.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref]

de Leon, N. P.

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R. C.

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dibos, A.

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ding, G.

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ding, J.

L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dodds, R. K.

Fan, P.

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

Gajic, R.

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P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
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W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
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H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
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L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
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H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
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D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
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B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
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L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
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P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
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X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
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M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
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L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
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Y. Pan, P. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zheng, “A low-profile high-gain and wideband filtering antenna with metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(5), 2010–2016 (2016).
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A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
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A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
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W. Zhu, F. Xiao, I. D. Rukhlenko, J. Geng, X. Liang, M. Premaratne, and R. Jin, “Wideband visible-light absorption in an ultrathin silicon nanostructure,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5781–5786 (2017).
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B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
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L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
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W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
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H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
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K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
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Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
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J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
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L. Shao, W. Zhu, M. Y. Leonov, and I. D. Rukhlenko, “Dielectric 2-bit coding metasurface for electromagnetic wave manipulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(20), 203101 (2019).
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J. Xie, W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, R. Jin, and M. Premaratne, “Water metamaterial for ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorption,” Opt. Express 26(4), 5052–5059 (2018).
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W. Zhu, F. Xiao, I. D. Rukhlenko, J. Geng, X. Liang, M. Premaratne, and R. Jin, “Wideband visible-light absorption in an ultrathin silicon nanostructure,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5781–5786 (2017).
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Shankar, R.

Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
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L. Shao, W. Zhu, M. Y. Leonov, and I. D. Rukhlenko, “Dielectric 2-bit coding metasurface for electromagnetic wave manipulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(20), 203101 (2019).
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Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
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Stockman, M. I.

B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
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L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
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B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, G. Isić, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable terahertz polarization converter based on overcoupled metal-isolator-metal metamaterials infiltrated with liquid crystals,” Nanotechnology 28(12), 124002 (2017).
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L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
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L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
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H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
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Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
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P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

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J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
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Wild, D. S.

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
[Crossref]

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L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
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L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
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Xie, J.

Xu, H.-X.

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
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H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
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L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
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L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
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H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
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X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
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W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, J. Y.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
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N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
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Yu, P.

Yu, X. H.

X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yuk, T. I.

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zakharenkov, Y. A.

Zayats, A. V.

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zeuner, F.

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Y. Pan, P. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zheng, “A low-profile high-gain and wideband filtering antenna with metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(5), 2010–2016 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheng, S.

Y. Pan, P. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zheng, “A low-profile high-gain and wideband filtering antenna with metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(5), 2010–2016 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, W.

J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
[Crossref]

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
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M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Shao, W. Zhu, M. Y. Leonov, and I. D. Rukhlenko, “Dielectric 2-bit coding metasurface for electromagnetic wave manipulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(20), 203101 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Xie, W. Zhu, I. D. Rukhlenko, F. Xiao, C. He, J. Geng, X. Liang, R. Jin, and M. Premaratne, “Water metamaterial for ultra-broadband and wide-angle absorption,” Opt. Express 26(4), 5052–5059 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Zhu, F. Xiao, I. D. Rukhlenko, J. Geng, X. Liang, M. Premaratne, and R. Jin, “Wideband visible-light absorption in an ultrathin silicon nanostructure,” Opt. Express 25(5), 5781–5786 (2017).
[Crossref]

B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zografopoulos, D. C.

B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, G. Isić, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable terahertz polarization converter based on overcoupled metal-isolator-metal metamaterials infiltrated with liquid crystals,” Nanotechnology 28(12), 124002 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

K. Zhang, Y. Yuan, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “High-efficiency metalenses with switchable functionalities in microwave region,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(31), 28423–28430 (2019).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

B. Liu, W. Zhu, S. D. Gunapala, M. I. Stockman, and M. Premaratne, “Open resonator electric spaser,” ACS Nano 11(12), 12573–12582 (2017).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

J. Zhang, X. Wei, I. D. Rukhlenko, H.-T. Chen, and W. Zhu, “Electrically tunable metasurface with independent frequency and amplitude modulations,” ACS Photonics 7(1), 265–271 (2020).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. R. Akram, G. Ding, K. Chen, Y. Feng, and W. Zhu, “Ultrathin single layer metasurfaces with ultra-wideband operation for both transmission and reflection,” Adv. Mater. 32(12), 1907308 (2020).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

M. R. Akram, M. Q. Mehmood, X. Bai, R. Jin, M. Premaratne, and W. Zhu, “High efficiency ultrathin transmissive metasurfaces,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 7(11), 1801628 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Chen, W. Ji, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, V. Chigrinov, and Y.-Q. Lu, “Generation of arbitrary vector beams with liquid crystal polarization converters and vector-photoaligned q-plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(24), 241102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Cong, S. Tan, R. Yahiaoui, F. Yan, W. Zhang, and R. Singh, “Experimental demonstration of ultrasensitive sensing with terahertz metamaterial absorbers: A comparison with the metasurfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(3), 031107 (2015).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (6)

H. Zhu, S. Cheung, K. L. Chung, and T. I. Yuk, “Linear-to-circular polarization conversion using metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 61(9), 4615–4623 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. M. A. M. H. Abadi and N. Behdad, “Wideband linear-to-circular polarization converters based on miniaturized-element frequency selective surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(2), 525–534 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Gao, W. L. Yang, H. F. Ma, Q. Cheng, X. H. Yu, and T. J. Cui, “A reconfigurable broadband polarization converter based on an active metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 66(11), 6086–6095 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Pan, P. Hu, X. Zhang, and S. Zheng, “A low-profile high-gain and wideband filtering antenna with metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 64(5), 2010–2016 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain fabry–perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Li, G. Wang, H.-X. Xu, T. Cai, and J. Liang, “X-band phase-gradient metasurface for high-gain lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 63(11), 5144–5149 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

L. Shao, W. Zhu, M. Y. Leonov, and I. D. Rukhlenko, “Dielectric 2-bit coding metasurface for electromagnetic wave manipulation,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(20), 203101 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, J. Wang, H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, A. Zhang, M. Yan, and Y. Li, “Ultra-wideband polarization conversion metasurfaces based on multiple plasmon resonances,” J. Appl. Phys. 115(15), 154504 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14(3), 1394–1399 (2014).
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Y. Yao, R. Shankar, M. A. Kats, Y. Song, J. Kong, M. Loncar, and F. Capasso, “Electrically tunable metasurface perfect absorbers for ultrathin mid-infrared optical modulators,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6526–6532 (2014).
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Nanotechnology (1)

B. Vasić, D. C. Zografopoulos, G. Isić, R. Beccherelli, and R. Gajić, “Electrically tunable terahertz polarization converter based on overcoupled metal-isolator-metal metamaterials infiltrated with liquid crystals,” Nanotechnology 28(12), 124002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (3)

L. Li, T. J. Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. B. Li, M. Jiang, C.-W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4(1), 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Ye, F. Zeuner, X. Li, B. Reineke, S. He, C.-W. Qiu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Spin and wavelength multiplexed nonlinear metasurface holography,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 11930 (2016).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. H. Nicholls, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortu no, M. E. Nasir, R. M. Córdova-Castro, N. Olivier, G. A. Wurtz, and A. V. Zayats, “Ultrafast synthesis and switching of light polarization in nonlinear anisotropic metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 11(10), 628–633 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

A. A. High, R. C. Devlin, A. Dibos, M. Polking, D. S. Wild, J. Perczel, N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Visible-frequency hyperbolic metasurface,” Nature 522(7555), 192–196 (2015).
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Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

Y. Yuan, K. Zhang, X. Ding, B. Ratni, S. N. Burokur, and Q. Wu, “Complementary transmissive ultra-thin meta-deflectors for broadband polarization-independent refractions in the microwave region,” Photonics Res. 7(1), 80–88 (2019).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) The top view of the unit cell. (b) Scheme of the unit cell under the illumination of a linearly polarized wave.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Simulated reflective magnitudes and phases of $y$ -polarized incident wave[(a) and (b)] and $x$ -polarized incident wave [(c) and (d)].
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a)Axis ratio (AR) and (b)polarization conversion ratio (PCR) of the metasurface.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Distributions of the surface current on the two metallic parts of the metasurface unit cell under $y$ -polarized incident wave ((a) and (b)) and $x$ -polarized incident wave ((c) and (d)) at 14.7 GHz.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Distributions of the surface current on the two metallic parts of the metasurface unit cell and mechanism schematic under $y$ -polarized incident wave at 13.39 GHz ((a), (b) and (c)) and 20.29 GHz ((d), (e) and (f)).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Distributions of the surface current on the two metallic parts of the metasurface unit cell and mechanism schematic under $x$ -polarized incident wave at 13.39 GHz ((a), (b) and (c)) and 20.29 GHz ((d), (e) and (f)).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. (a) Experimental setup. (b) Front view of the fabricated metasurface.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Simulated and experimental results of the magnitudes and phases of the reflection coefficients of the metasurface under $y$ -polarized incident wave ((a) and (b)) and $x$ -polarized incident wave ((c) and (d)).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( i ) = y ^ E 0 e j k z ,
E ( r ) = y ^ r y y e j ϕ y y E 0 e j k z + x ^ r x y e j ϕ x y E 0 e j k z .
r y y = r x y ,
Δ ϕ = ϕ y y ϕ x y = 2 n π ± π 2 ,
E ( r ) = r y y E 0 e j k z ( y ^ ± j x ^ ) .
E ( r ) = ± x ^ E 0 e j k z .
P C R = | r x y | 2 | r x y | 2 + | r y y | 2 .

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