Abstract

Metasurfaces have recently emerged as a promising technology to realize flat and ultra-thin optical elements that can manipulate light at sub-wavelength scale. The typical design flow of a metasurface involves tedious Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) simulations followed by creation of a GDSII layout of the metasurface phase profile, the latter being essential for fabrication purposes. Both these steps can be time-consuming and involve the usage of expensive software. To make the design process more straightforward, we have developed an open-source software called MetaOptics built using Python for designing a generic metasurface optical element. MetaOptics uses the FDTD simulated phase response data of a set of meta-atoms and converts the phase profile of any given optical element into a metasurface GDSII layout. MetaOptics comes with in-built FDTD data for most commonly used wavelengths in the visible and infrared spectrum. It also has an option to upload user-specific dimension versus transmission phase data for any choice of wavelength. In this work we describe the software’s framework and provide details to guide users to design a metasurface layout using MetaOptics.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Computational inverse design for cascaded systems of metasurface optics

Adam S. Backer
Opt. Express 27(21) 30308-30331 (2019)

Achieving flexible low-scattering metasurface based on randomly distribution of meta-elements

Junming Zhao, Boyu Sima, Nan Jia, Cheng Wang, Bo Zhu, Tian Jiang, and Yijun Feng
Opt. Express 24(24) 27849-27857 (2016)

Python based open source design framework for integrated nanophotonic and superconducting circuitry with 2D-3D-hybrid integration

Helge Gehring, Matthias Blaicher, Wladick Hartmann, and Wolfram H. P. Pernice
OSA Continuum 2(11) 3091-3101 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  3. H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Shiono, T. Hamamoto, and K. Takahara, “High-efficiency blazed diffractive optical elements for the violet wavelength fabricated by electron-beam lithography,” Appl. Opt. 41(13), 2390–2393 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. Pancharatnam, “Generalized theory of interference and its applications,” in Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section A, vol. 44 (Springer, 1956), pp. 398–417.
  14. M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. Lin, A. L. Holsteen, E. Maguid, P. Fan, P. G. Kik, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Polarization-independent metasurface lens employing the pancharatnam-berry phase,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24835–24842 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).
  17. D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. Jia, Y. Tian, W. Ma, X. Gong, J. Yu, G. Zhao, and X. Yu, “Transmissive terahertz metalens with full phase control based on a dielectric metasurface,” Opt. Lett. 42(21), 4494–4497 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  21. R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.
  22. M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Bhattacharya, “Applied Optics Group (Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Madras),” http://www.ee.iitm.ac.in/AppliedOptics/software (2019). [Online; accessed 01-Nov-2019].
  25. M. Khorasaninejad and F. Capasso, “Metalenses: Versatile multifunctional photonic components,” Science 358(6367), eaam8100 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  27. L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  28. C. C. Nadell, B. Huang, J. M. Malof, and W. J. Padilla, “Deep learning for accelerated all-dielectric metasurface design,” Opt. Express 27(20), 27523–27535 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  29. R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  30. J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  31. R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  32. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  33. S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  34. L. Janicijevic and S. Topuzoski, “Fresnel and fraunhofer diffraction of a gaussian laser beam by fork-shaped gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(11), 2659–2669 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. H. McLeod, “The axicon: a new type of optical element,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(8), 592–597 (1954).
    [Crossref]
  36. V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2019 (8)

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. C. Nadell, B. Huang, J. M. Malof, and W. J. Padilla, “Deep learning for accelerated all-dielectric metasurface design,” Opt. Express 27(20), 27523–27535 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, A. L. Holsteen, E. Maguid, P. Fan, P. G. Kik, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Polarization-independent metasurface lens employing the pancharatnam-berry phase,” Opt. Express 26(19), 24835–24842 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

2016 (3)

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref]

1954 (1)

Abdelsalam, M.

M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Alù, A.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Bharwani, Z.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bhattacharya, S.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Bhattacharya, “Applied Optics Group (Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Madras),” http://www.ee.iitm.ac.in/AppliedOptics/software (2019). [Online; accessed 01-Nov-2019].

R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.

Blanchard, R.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

Brener, I.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M. L.

Campione, S.

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad and F. Capasso, “Metalenses: Versatile multifunctional photonic components,” Science 358(6367), eaam8100 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-T.

H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chong, K. E.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cui, T.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R.

Devlin, R. C.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dharmavarapu, R.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.

Dixit, A.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dominguez, J.

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dominguez, J. J.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref]

Eberly, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fan, P.

Fan, S.

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fofang, N. T.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gong, X.

Gonzales, E.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hamamoto, T.

Hasman, E.

Holsteen, A. L.

Huang, B.

Huang, Y.-W.

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Izumi, K.-I.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

James, A.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Janicijevic, L.

Jayakumar, S.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jia, D.

Juodkazis, S.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.

Katayama, I.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kettunen, V.

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Khorasaninejad, M.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, F. Capasso, F. Aieta, M. Khorasaninejad, and R. Devlin, “Recent advances in planar optics: from plasmonic to dielectric metasurfaces,” Optica 4(1), 139–152 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad and F. Capasso, “Metalenses: Versatile multifunctional photonic components,” Science 358(6367), eaam8100 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kik, P. G.

Kivshar, Y. S.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laakkonen, P.

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lautanen, J.

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lee, E.

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, D.

Liu, C.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, V.

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Luk, T.

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, W.

Maguid, E.

Mahmoud, A. M.

M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
[Crossref]

Malek, S. C.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Malof, J. M.

Manthalkar, A.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

McLeod, J. H.

Miceli Jr, J.

J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nadell, C. C.

Neshev, D. N.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ng, S.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ng, S. H.

R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.

Nishijima, Y.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nobis, T.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

Oh, J.

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

Overvig, A. C.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Pachava, S.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

Pancharatnam, S.

S. Pancharatnam, “Generalized theory of interference and its applications,” in Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section A, vol. 44 (Springer, 1956), pp. 398–417.

Petschulat, J.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C.-W.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qiu, T.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ruan, H.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Schirmer, M.

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shiono, T.

Shrestha, S.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Shuang, Y.

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sisler, J.

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Srinivasan, B.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Staude, I.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

Stein, A.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Subramania, G. S.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sui, S.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Swillam, M. A.

M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
[Crossref]

Takahara, K.

Taylor, A. J.

H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

Tobin, M. J.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Topuzoski, S.

Turunen, J.

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

Vijayakumar, A.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Viswanathan, N. K.

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Vongsvivut, J.

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Yousef, K. M.

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, J.

Yu, N.

H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Yu, X.

Zhao, G.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zheng, C.

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

Zhu, A. Y.

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, M. Decker, N. T. Fofang, S. Liu, E. Gonzales, J. Dominguez, T. Luk, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Tailoring directional scattering through magnetic and electric resonances in subwavelength silicon nanodisks,” ACS Nano 7(9), 7824–7832 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (2)

K. E. Chong, L. Wang, I. Staude, A. James, J. J. Dominguez, S. Liu, G. S. Subramania, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Efficient polarization-insensitive complex wavefront control using huygens’s metasurfaces based on dielectric resonant meta-atoms,” ACS Photonics 3(4), 514–519 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, W. T. Chen, T. Nobis, A. Y. Zhu, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Bharwani, F. Capasso, and J. Petschulat, “Imaging performance of polarization-insensitive metalenses,” ACS Photonics 6(6), 1493–1499 (2019).
[Crossref]

Adv. Sci. (1)

T. Qiu, X. Shi, J. Wang, Y. Li, S. Qu, Q. Cheng, T. Cui, and S. Sui, “Deep learning: A rapid and efficient route to automatic metasurface design,” Adv. Sci. 6(12), 1900128 (2019).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

V. Liu and S. Fan, “S4: A free electromagnetic solver for layered periodic structures,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(10), 2233–2244 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

P. Laakkonen, J. Lautanen, V. Kettunen, J. Turunen, and M. Schirmer, “Multilevel diffractive elements in sio2 by electron beam lithography and proportional etching with analogue negative resist,” J. Mod. Opt. 46(8), 1295–1307 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Diffractive optics for axial intensity shaping of bessel beams,” J. Opt. 20(8), 085606 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (4)

N. Yu, F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “A broadband, background-free quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6328–6333 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Aieta, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, N. Yu, R. Blanchard, Z. Gaburro, and F. Capasso, “Aberration-free ultrathin flat lenses and axicons at telecom wavelengths based on plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(9), 4932–4936 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. E. Chong, I. Staude, A. James, J. Dominguez, S. Liu, S. Campione, G. S. Subramania, T. Luk, M. Decker, D. N. Neshev, I. Brener, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Polarization-independent silicon metadevices for efficient optical wavefront control,” Nano Lett. 15(8), 5369–5374 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, J. Sisler, Y.-W. Huang, K. M. Yousef, E. Lee, C.-W. Qiu, and F. Capasso, “Broadband achromatic metasurface-refractive optics,” Nano Lett. 18(12), 7801–7808 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nanophotonics (1)

R. Dharmavarapu, K.-I. Izumi, I. Katayama, S. Ng, J. Vongsvivut, M. J. Tobin, Y. Nishijima, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Dielectric cross-shaped resonator based metasurface for vortex beam generation in mid-ir and thz wavelengths,” Nanophotonics 8(7), 1263–1270 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

L. Li, H. Ruan, C. Liu, Y. Li, Y. Shuang, A. Alù, C.-W. Qiu, and T. J. Cui, “Machine-learning reprogrammable metasurface imager,” Nat. Commun. 10(1), 1082 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. Pachava, R. Dharmavarapu, A. Vijayakumar, S. Jayakumar, A. Manthalkar, A. Dixit, N. K. Viswanathan, B. Srinivasan, and S. Bhattacharya, “Generation and decomposition of scalar and vector modes carrying orbital angular momentum: a review,” Opt. Eng. 59(4), 041205 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. Zhao and A. Alù, “Manipulating light polarization with ultrathin plasmonic metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 84(20), 205428 (2011).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Durnin, J. Miceli Jr, and J. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58(15), 1499–1501 (1987).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

H.-T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Abdelsalam, A. M. Mahmoud, and M. A. Swillam, “Polarization independent dielectric metasurface for infrared beam steering applications,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 10824 (2019).
[Crossref]

Science (4)

M. Khorasaninejad and F. Capasso, “Metalenses: Versatile multifunctional photonic components,” Science 358(6367), eaam8100 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, and F. Capasso, “Metalenses at visible wavelengths: Diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging,” Science 352(6290), 1190–1194 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345(6194), 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref]

SoftwareX (1)

R. Dharmavarapu, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “Gdoesii: Software for design of diffractive optical elements and phase mask conversion to gdsii lithography files,” SoftwareX 9, 126–131 (2019).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

A. C. Overvig, S. Shrestha, S. C. Malek, M. Lu, A. Stein, C. Zheng, and N. Yu, “Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of optical amplitude and phase,” arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.00578 (2019).

S. Bhattacharya, “Applied Optics Group (Electrical Engineering Department, IIT Madras),” http://www.ee.iitm.ac.in/AppliedOptics/software (2019). [Online; accessed 01-Nov-2019].

R. Dharmavarapu, S. H. Ng, S. Bhattacharya, and S. Juodkazis, “All-dielectric metasurface for wavefront control at terahertz frequencies,” in Nanophotonics Australasia 2017, vol. 10456 (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 2018), p. 104561W.

S. Pancharatnam, “Generalized theory of interference and its applications,” in Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Section A, vol. 44 (Springer, 1956), pp. 398–417.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Conversion from a refractive phase profile to a metasurface GDSII layout. (a) FDTD lookup data: Transmission amplitude and phase vs variable radius of the cylinder meta-atom at 633 nm wavelength (b) 3D phase profile of a blazed grating (c) converted into a 4 phase level metasurface, the cylinder dimensions are fetched from (a), (d) GDSII layout.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. MetaOptics GUI (a) Available wavelength choices (b) Option to upload own FDTD and dimension data.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Available meta-atom geometries (a) Cylinder (b) Cross (c) Fin.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. MetaOptics GUI: Transmission phase vs varying radius curve for a cylindrical meta-atom for operating wavelength 633 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. MetaOptics GUI: Phase profile generation/upload screen for user to choose the layout parameters.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Effect of number of cylinder unitcells per pixel on phase resolution and GDS file size. A gradient phase profile varying from 0 to 2$\pi$ is realized with (a) 8 level (b) 4 level (c) 2 level metasurface. (a) offers the highest resolution but it would produce a very big GDS layout file. Whereas (c) offers the least resolution but it would produce the least sized GDS layout. (b) is the trade-off between (a) and (c).
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. MetaOptics GUI: GDSII conversion screen with a summary of design parameters.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Fabrication process flow of a metasurface.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Multilevel fork grating metasurfaces and relative efficiency comparison. (a) Microscope images of 2 level, 4 level, and 8 level metasurfaces (b) Zoomed-in images highlighting 2, 4, and 8 levels in the metasurfaces (c) Intensity profiles of the LG beams captured using CCD camera and the realitve efficiency of generation shown in bar plots (d) Interference with reference beams showing the characteristic fork pattern confirming charge $\ell = 3$.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 10. 8 level axicon metasurface characterization. (a) Microscope image of fabricated 8 level axicon metasurface (b) Experimentally generated Bessel beam (c) Line intensity profile along the center of (b).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N = L n × Λ
Φ ( x , y ) = 2 π λ n ( R x 2 + y 2 ) tan ( α ) ,

Metrics