Abstract

Different techniques exist for determining chlorophyll-a concentration as a proxy of phytoplankton abundance. In this study, a novel method based on the spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient (cp) was developed to estimate chlorophyll-a concentrations in oceanic waters. A multi-layer perceptron deep neural network was trained to exploit the spectral features present in cp around the chlorophyll-a absorption peak in the red spectral region. Results show that the model was successful at accurately retrieving chlorophyll-a concentrations using cp in three red spectral bands, irrespective of time or location and over a wide range of chlorophyll-a concentrations.

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Van Heukelem and C. S. Thomas, “Computer-assisted high-performance liquid chromatography method development with applications to the isolation and analysis of phytoplankton pigments,” J. Chromatogr. A 910(1), 31–49 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).
  3. C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “Spectral fluorescence: an ataxonomic tool for studying the structure of phytoplankton populations,” J. Plankton Res. 7(5), 617–632 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. S. Roesler and A. H. Barnard, “Optical proxy for phytoplankton biomass in the absence of photophysiology: Rethinking the absorption line height,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 79–94 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. Behrenfeld, and T. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21532–21551 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  17. H. C. van de Hulst, Light scattering by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).
  18. C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).
  19. A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  20. D. Stramski, A. Morel, and A. Bricaud, “Modeling the light attenuation and scattering by spherical phytoplanktonic cells - a retrieval of the bulk refractive-index,” Appl. Opt. 27(19), 3954–3956 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  21. H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).
  22. E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).
  23. E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  24. M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  25. P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  26. A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  27. P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.
  29. E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.
  30. R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  31. V. Nair and G. Hinton, “Rectified linear units improve restricted boltzmann machines,” in Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Machine Learning, (2010), pp. 807–814.
  32. T. Tieleman and G. Hinton, “Lecture 6.5-rmsprop: Divide the gradient by a running average of its recent magnitude,” COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning 4, 26–31 (2012).
  33. P. J. Huber, “Robust estimation of a location parameter,” Ann. Math. Statist. 35(1), 73–101 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  34. T. Chai and R. R. Draxler, “Root mean square error (RMSE or mean absolute error (MAE)? – Arguments against avoiding RMSE in the literature,” Geosci. Model Dev. 7(3), 1247–1250 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2020 (1)

H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

T. Chai and R. R. Draxler, “Root mean square error (RMSE or mean absolute error (MAE)? – Arguments against avoiding RMSE in the literature,” Geosci. Model Dev. 7(3), 1247–1250 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

C. S. Roesler and A. H. Barnard, “Optical proxy for phytoplankton biomass in the absence of photophysiology: Rethinking the absorption line height,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 79–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

T. Tieleman and G. Hinton, “Lecture 6.5-rmsprop: Divide the gradient by a running average of its recent magnitude,” COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning 4, 26–31 (2012).

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. Behrenfeld, and T. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L. Van Heukelem and C. S. Thomas, “Computer-assisted high-performance liquid chromatography method development with applications to the isolation and analysis of phytoplankton pigments,” J. Chromatogr. A 910(1), 31–49 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1985 (1)

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “Spectral fluorescence: an ataxonomic tool for studying the structure of phytoplankton populations,” J. Plankton Res. 7(5), 617–632 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

P. J. Huber, “Robust estimation of a location parameter,” Ann. Math. Statist. 35(1), 73–101 (1964).
[Crossref]

Ackleson, S.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Alcântara, E.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Anderson, B.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Babin, M.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

Baetge, N.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bailey, S.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Balch, B.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Barlow, R.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Barnard, A. H.

C. S. Roesler and A. H. Barnard, “Optical proxy for phytoplankton biomass in the absence of photophysiology: Rethinking the absorption line height,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 79–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bates, T. S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Behrenfeld, M.

Behrenfeld, M. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bell, T. G.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bernardo, N.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Berthon, J.-F.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Bidle, K. D.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Bolaños, L. M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. Behrenfeld, and T. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Boss, E. S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brewin, R. J. W.

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bricaud, A.

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Morel, and A. Bricaud, “Modeling the light attenuation and scattering by spherical phytoplanktonic cells - a retrieval of the bulk refractive-index,” Appl. Opt. 27(19), 3954–3956 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
[Crossref]

Brockmann, C.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Brooks, S. D.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cairns, B.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Carlson, C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Carmo, A. F.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Chai, T.

T. Chai and R. R. Draxler, “Root mean square error (RMSE or mean absolute error (MAE)? – Arguments against avoiding RMSE in the literature,” Geosci. Model Dev. 7(3), 1247–1250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chase, A.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Chen, G.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chowdhary, J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Claustre, H.

H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
[Crossref]

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Collier, R.

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

Courties, C.

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

Crosbie, E.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

D’Ortenzio, F.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dall’Olmo, G.

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. Behrenfeld, and T. Westberry, “Particulate optical scattering coefficients along an Atlantic Meridional Transect,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21532–21551 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Davie-Martin, C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Davis, R. F.

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

de Andrade, C. P.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Doerffer, R.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Doney, S. C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Draper, D.

H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).

Draxler, R. R.

T. Chai and R. R. Draxler, “Root mean square error (RMSE or mean absolute error (MAE)? – Arguments against avoiding RMSE in the literature,” Geosci. Model Dev. 7(3), 1247–1250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Embacher, S.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Fargion, G.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fennel, K.

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ferrare, R.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Freeman, S.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Gaube, P.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Giovannoni, S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gomes, A. C.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Gorsky, G.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Graff, J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Haëntjens, N.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Hair, J. W.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Halsey, K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hardman-Mountford, N.

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

Harvey, E. L.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hinton, G.

T. Tieleman and G. Hinton, “Lecture 6.5-rmsprop: Divide the gradient by a running average of its recent magnitude,” COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning 4, 26–31 (2012).

V. Nair and G. Hinton, “Rectified linear units improve restricted boltzmann machines,” in Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Machine Learning, (2010), pp. 807–814.

Hooker, S. B.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Hostetler, C. A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Houskeeper, H.

H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).

Hu, C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hu, Y.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Huber, P. J.

P. J. Huber, “Robust estimation of a location parameter,” Ann. Math. Statist. 35(1), 73–101 (1964).
[Crossref]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

Jamet, C.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Janz, S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Johnson, K. S.

H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
[Crossref]

Karp-Boss, L.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Karsenti, E.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kerstin, S.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Kleb, M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Knobelspiesse, K.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kudela, R.

H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).

Langner, M. R.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

Larson, G.

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

Leeuw, T.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

Legendre, L.

D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Loftin, J.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Loisel, H.

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. Y.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

McClain, C.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Menden-Deuer, S.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Mignot, A.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moore, C. C.

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moore, R. H.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Morel, and A. Bricaud, “Modeling the light attenuation and scattering by spherical phytoplanktonic cells - a retrieval of the bulk refractive-index,” Appl. Opt. 27(19), 3954–3956 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
[Crossref]

Morison, F.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Moutin, T.

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nair, V.

V. Nair and G. Hinton, “Rectified linear units improve restricted boltzmann machines,” in Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Machine Learning, (2010), pp. 807–814.

Napp, J. M.

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

Neary, W.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Nelson, N.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Novak, M.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Ouhssain, M.

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pardo, S.

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pegau, W. S.

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

Peters, M.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Petersen, W.

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phinney, D. A.

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “Spectral fluorescence: an ataxonomic tool for studying the structure of phytoplankton populations,” J. Plankton Res. 7(5), 617–632 (1985).
[Crossref]

Picheral, M.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pietras, C.

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Prieur, L.

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
[Crossref]

Proctor, C.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Proctor, C. W.

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pujo-Pay, M.

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

Quinn, P. K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ras, J.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Redemann, J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Rodrigues, T.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Roesler, C.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

Roesler, C. S.

C. S. Roesler and A. H. Barnard, “Optical proxy for phytoplankton biomass in the absence of photophysiology: Rethinking the absorption line height,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 79–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rosenberg, G.

D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
[Crossref]

Röttgers, R.

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ruescas, A.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

Russell, L. M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Saltzman, E.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sauzède, R.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Scarino, A. J.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Session, H.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Shook, M.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Siegel, D. A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Slade, W.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Slade, W. H.

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

Stramski, D.

D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. Stramski, A. Morel, and A. Bricaud, “Modeling the light attenuation and scattering by spherical phytoplanktonic cells - a retrieval of the bulk refractive-index,” Appl. Opt. 27(19), 3954–3956 (1988).
[Crossref]

Takeshita, Y.

H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
[Crossref]

Targa, C.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Taylor, L.

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thomas, C. S.

L. Van Heukelem and C. S. Thomas, “Computer-assisted high-performance liquid chromatography method development with applications to the isolation and analysis of phytoplankton pigments,” J. Chromatogr. A 910(1), 31–49 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tieleman, T.

T. Tieleman and G. Hinton, “Lecture 6.5-rmsprop: Divide the gradient by a running average of its recent magnitude,” COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning 4, 26–31 (2012).

Tortell, P.

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Uitz, J.

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

van de Hulst, H. C.

H. C. van de Hulst, Light scattering by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

van der Linde, D.

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

van Dongen-Vogels, V.

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

Van Heukelem, L.

L. Van Heukelem and C. S. Thomas, “Computer-assisted high-performance liquid chromatography method development with applications to the isolation and analysis of phytoplankton pigments,” J. Chromatogr. A 910(1), 31–49 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

Watanabe, F.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

Werdell, P. J.

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Westberry, T.

Westberry, T. K.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. K. Westberry, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, and T. Moutin, “Coherence of particulate beam attenuation and backscattering coefficients in diverse open ocean environments,” Opt. Express 18(15), 15419–15425 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wiltshire, K. H.

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wisthaler, A.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wollschlager, J.

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yentsch, C. S.

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “Spectral fluorescence: an ataxonomic tool for studying the structure of phytoplankton populations,” J. Plankton Res. 7(5), 617–632 (1985).
[Crossref]

Zaneveld, J. R. V.

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ziemba, L.

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Ann. Math. Statist. (1)

P. J. Huber, “Robust estimation of a location parameter,” Ann. Math. Statist. 35(1), 73–101 (1964).
[Crossref]

Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. (1)

H. Claustre, K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, “Observing the global ocean with biogeochemical-argo,” Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci. 12(1), 23–48 (2020).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biogeosciences (2)

G. Dall’Olmo, T. K. Westberry, M. J. Behrenfeld, E. Boss, and W. H. Slade, “Significant contribution of large particles to optical backscattering in the open ocean,” Biogeosciences 6(6), 947–967 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Dall’Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences 8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[Crossref]

COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning (1)

T. Tieleman and G. Hinton, “Lecture 6.5-rmsprop: Divide the gradient by a running average of its recent magnitude,” COURSERA: Neural networks for machine learning 4, 26–31 (2012).

Eos Trans. AGU (1)

P. J. Werdell, S. Bailey, G. Fargion, C. Pietras, K. Knobelspiesse, G. Feldman, and C. McClain, “Unique data repository facilitates ocean color satellite validation,” Eos Trans. AGU 84(38), 377 (2003).
[Crossref]

Front. Mar. Sci. (1)

M. J. Behrenfeld, R. H. Moore, C. A. Hostetler, J. Graff, P. Gaube, L. M. Russell, G. Chen, S. C. Doney, S. Giovannoni, H. Liu, C. Proctor, L. M. Bolaños, N. Baetge, C. Davie-Martin, T. K. Westberry, T. S. Bates, T. G. Bell, K. D. Bidle, E. S. Boss, S. D. Brooks, B. Cairns, C. Carlson, K. Halsey, E. L. Harvey, C. Hu, L. Karp-Boss, M. Kleb, S. Menden-Deuer, F. Morison, P. K. Quinn, A. J. Scarino, B. Anderson, J. Chowdhary, E. Crosbie, R. Ferrare, J. W. Hair, Y. Hu, S. Janz, J. Redemann, E. Saltzman, M. Shook, D. A. Siegel, A. Wisthaler, M. Y. Martin, and L. Ziemba, “The north atlantic aerosol and marine ecosystem study (NAAMES): Science motive and mission overview,” Front. Mar. Sci. 6, 122 (2019).
[Crossref]

Geosci. Model Dev. (1)

T. Chai and R. R. Draxler, “Root mean square error (RMSE or mean absolute error (MAE)? – Arguments against avoiding RMSE in the literature,” Geosci. Model Dev. 7(3), 1247–1250 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hydrobiologia (1)

E. S. Boss, R. Collier, G. Larson, K. Fennel, and W. S. Pegau, “Measurements of spectral optical properties and their relation to biogeochemical variables and processes in Crater Lake, Crater Lake National Park, OR,” Hydrobiologia 574(1), 149–159 (2007).
[Crossref]

J Atmos Ocean Tech (1)

W. H. Slade, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, M. R. Langner, J. Loftin, M. J. Behrenfeld, C. Roesler, and T. K. Westberry, “Underway and moored methods for improving accuracy in measurement of spectral particulate absorption and attenuation,” J Atmos Ocean Tech 27(10), 1733–1746 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Chromatogr. A (1)

L. Van Heukelem and C. S. Thomas, “Computer-assisted high-performance liquid chromatography method development with applications to the isolation and analysis of phytoplankton pigments,” J. Chromatogr. A 910(1), 31–49 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. (1)

J. Wollschlager, R. Röttgers, W. Petersen, and K. H. Wiltshire, “Performance of absorption coefficient measurements for the in situ determination of chlorophyll-a and total suspended matter,” J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 453, 138–147 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

R. F. Davis, C. C. Moore, J. R. V. Zaneveld, and J. M. Napp, “Reducing the effects of fouling on chlorophyll estimates derived from long-term deployments of optical instruments,” J. Geophys. Res. 102(C3), 5851–5855 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, M. Babin, A. Morel, and H. Claustre, “Variability in the chlorophyll-specific absorption-coefficients of natural phytoplankton - analysis and parameterization,” J. Geophys. Res. 100(C7), 13321–13332 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans (1)

R. Sauzède, H. Claustre, C. Jamet, J. Uitz, J. Ras, A. Mignot, and F. D’Ortenzio, “Retrieving the vertical distribution of chlorophyll a concentration and phytoplankton community composition from in situ fluorescence profiles: A method based on a neural network with potential for global-scale applications,” J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans 120(1), 451–470 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Plankton Res. (1)

C. S. Yentsch and D. A. Phinney, “Spectral fluorescence: an ataxonomic tool for studying the structure of phytoplankton populations,” J. Plankton Res. 7(5), 617–632 (1985).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (2)

H. Loisel and A. Morel, “Light scattering and chlorophyll concentration in case 1 waters: A reexamination,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 43(5), 847–858 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Bricaud, A. Morel, and L. Prieur, “Optical efficiency factors of some phytoplankters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 28(5), 816–832 (1983).
[Crossref]

Mar. Biol. (1)

D. Stramski, G. Rosenberg, and L. Legendre, “Photosynthetic and optical-properties of the marine chlorophyte dunaliella-tertiolecta grown under fluctuating light caused by surface-wave focusing,” Mar. Biol. 115(3), 363–372 (1993).
[Crossref]

Methods Oceanogr. (3)

C. S. Roesler and A. H. Barnard, “Optical proxy for phytoplankton biomass in the absence of photophysiology: Rethinking the absorption line height,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 79–94 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. J. Werdell, C. W. Proctor, E. Boss, T. Leeuw, and M. Ouhssain, “Underway sampling of marine inherent optical properties on the Tara Oceans expedition as a novel resource for ocean color satellite data product validation,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 40–51 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. Boss, M. Picheral, T. Leeuw, A. Chase, E. Karsenti, G. Gorsky, L. Taylor, W. Slade, J. Ras, and H. Claustre, “The characteristics of particulate absorption, scattering and attenuation coefficients in the surface ocean: Contribution of the tara oceans expedition,” Methods Oceanogr. 7, 52–62 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Remote. Sens. Environ. (1)

R. J. W. Brewin, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Pardo, V. van Dongen-Vogels, and E. S. Boss, “Underway spectrophotometry along the Atlantic Meridional Transect reveals high performance in satellite chlorophyll retrievals,” Remote. Sens. Environ. 183, 82–97 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

H. C. van de Hulst, Light scattering by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1957).

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and scattering of light by small particles (Wiley, New York, 1983).

S. B. Hooker, H. Claustre, J. Ras, L. Van Heukelem, J.-F. Berthon, C. Targa, D. van der Linde, R. Barlow, and H. Session, “The first SeaWiFS hplc analysis round-robin experiment (SeaHARRE-1),” NASA Technical Memorandum - SeaWIFS Postlaunch Technical Report Series no.14 pp. 40–42 (2000).

V. Nair and G. Hinton, “Rectified linear units improve restricted boltzmann machines,” in Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Machine Learning, (2010), pp. 807–814.

C. Brockmann, R. Doerffer, M. Peters, S. Kerstin, S. Embacher, and A. Ruescas, “Evolution of the C2RCC Neural Network for Sentinel 2 and 3 for the Retrieval of Ocean Colour Products in Normal and Extreme Optically Complex Waters,” in Living Planet Symposium, vol. 740 of ESA Special Publication (2016), p. 54.

E. Alcântara, C. P. de Andrade, A. C. Gomes, N. Bernardo, A. F. Carmo, T. Rodrigues, and F. Watanabe, “Performance analysis of the c2rcc processor in estimate the water quality parameters in inland waters using olci/sentinel-3a images,” in IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, (2018), pp. 9300–9303.

H. Houskeeper, D. Draper, R. Kudela, and E. Boss, “Chlorophyll absorption and phytoplankton size information inferred from hyperspectral particulate beam-attenuation,” Appl. Opt. (2020).

E. Boss, N. Haëntjens, S. Ackleson, B. Balch, A. Chase, G. Dall’Olmo, S. Freeman, Y. Liu, J. Loftin, W. Neary, N. Nelson, M. Novak, W. Slade, C. Proctor, and P. Tortell, Inherent Optical Property Measurements and Protocols: Best Practices for the Collection and Processing of Ship-Based Underway Flow-Through Optical Data., vol. Volume 4.0 (IOCCG, 2019).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Average normalised (at 660 nm) spectra of particulate beam-attenuation coefficient for different ranges of chlorophyll-a concentration (indicated in the legend by different line types in mg/m$^{3}$). $\lambda _1$, $\lambda _2$ and $\lambda _3$ represent the ranges of wavelengths used to train the model.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Map of the spatial and temporal distribution of the training and validation datasets. Reported seasons are respective of each hemisphere.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Map of the spatial and temporal distribution of the independent validation dataset. Seasons are respective of hemisphere.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Multi-Layer Perceptron architecture used in this study.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (A) Scatter plot between debiased chl-ACS vs. chl-HPLC and (B) the corresponding relative residuals computed as chl-ACS/chl-HPLC$-1$. $\delta$ represents the median (i.e., the bias of the relationship) and $\sigma$ the robust standard deviation (i.e., the precision) of the relative residuals. Compiled using data from all the cruises in Table 1 with orange points representing the Tara Oceans expedition.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Distributions of the training, validation and independent-validation datasets.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Bi-dimensional histograms of (A) the relationship between predicted chl-CP and measured chl-ACS and (B) the corresponding relative residuals, computed as chl-ACS/chl-HPLC$-1$, for the validation dataset. $\delta$ represents the bias of the relationship (the median of the relative residuals) and $\sigma$ shows its precision (the robust standard deviation). Horizontal dashed lines mark the $\pm 50\%$ residuals.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. (A) and (B) As for Fig. 7, but for the independent validation and using the median value from the 9 models forming the ensemble. (C) Relative prediction uncertainty estimated from the variability within the ensemble.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 9. Relative bias (in absolute value, A) and relative precision (B) of the relative residuals computed for the independent-validation dataset for multiple $\lambda _1$ and $\lambda _2$ combinations, while keeping $\lambda _3$ fixed at 710 nm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Information on the datasets used to train and validate the neural network, as well as summary statistics of the chl-ACS datasets before debiasing:“N. HPLC” and “N. ACS” are the number of Chl-a values in the HPLC and ACS datasets, respectively; “Range” is the range of Chl-a in the ACS dataset; δ and σ are the median and the robust standard deviation of the relative residuals between chl-ACS and chl-HPLC, respectively, before we subtracted the bias from each relationship (Eq. (3)). a and b are estimates of the parameters fitted to the equation chl-HPLC = a L b , where L = 0.014 × chl-ACS n (see Eq. (1)). Numbers in brackets after a and b are their 95 % confidence intervals.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

chl-ACS n = [ a p ( 676 ) 39 / 65 a p ( 650 ) 26 / 65 a p ( 714 ) ] / 0.014 ,
rel _ res = chl-ACS n / chl-HPLC 1
chl-ACS = chl-ACS n ( 1 δ ) .
= c p ( λ i ) c p ( λ j ) λ i λ j
Z-score = x i μ σ ,
L α ( y , f ( x ) ) = { 1 2 ( y f ( x ) ) 2 for | y f ( x ) | α α | y f ( x ) | 1 2 α 2 otherwise,

Metrics