Abstract

We design a multi-layered solar spectral splitting planar concentrator for near infrared (NIR) light energy harvesting application. Each layer includes a silicon nitride based subwavelength diffraction grating on top of a glass substrate that is optimized to diffract the incoming solar radiation in a specific band from a broad spectral band (700-1400 nm in the NIR region) into guided modes propagating inside the glass substrate. The steep diffraction angle due to subwavelength grating results in concentrated light at the edge of each layer where it is then converted to electricity using a photovoltaic cell. The spectral splitting planar concentrator shows an overall NIR guiding efficiency of ∼18%, and power conversion efficiency of ∼11%. The design can be potentially used for building integrated photovoltaics application.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
  2. J. L. Gray, “The Physics of the Solar Cell,” in Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, 82–129 (John Wiley and Sons.2010).
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    [Crossref]
  4. Frank Dimroth, “New world record for solar cell efficiency at 46% - Fraunhofer ISE,” https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/press-media/press-releases/2014/new-world-record-for-solar-cell-efficiency-at-46-percent.html .
  5. R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Ivaturi and H. Upadhyaya, “Upconversion and Downconversion Processes for Photovoltaics,” A Compr. Guid. to Sol. Energy Syst., 279–298 (2018).
  7. A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
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  14. K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  16. X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2019 (1)

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (1)

K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

M. H. Tahersima and V. J. Sorger, “Enhanced photon absorption in spiral nanostructured solar cells using layered 2D materials,” Nanotechnology 26(34), 344005 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Jiachen, S. B. Lee, and K. Lee, “Design of broadband multilayer dichroic coating for a high-efficiency solar energy harvesting system,” Appl. Opt. 54(15), 4805–4811 (2015).
[Crossref]

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

D. Parlevliet and N. R. Moheimani, “Efficient conversion of solar energy to biomass and electricity,” Aquat. Biosyst. 10(1), 4 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

B. Fisher and J. Biddle, “Luminescent spectral splitting: Efficient spatial division of solar spectrum at low concentration,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(7), 1741–1755 (2011).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. Yamaguchi, “Multi-junction solar cells and novel structures for solar cell applications,” Phys. E (Amsterdam, Neth.) 14(1-2), 84–90 (2002).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Barnett, A.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Baur, C.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Beeri, O.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bett, A. W.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Biddle, J.

B. Fisher and J. Biddle, “Luminescent spectral splitting: Efficient spatial division of solar spectrum at low concentration,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(7), 1741–1755 (2011).
[Crossref]

Braginsky, L.

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Braun, A.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dimroth, Frank

Frank Dimroth, “New world record for solar cell efficiency at 46% - Fraunhofer ISE,” https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/press-media/press-releases/2014/new-world-record-for-solar-cell-efficiency-at-46-percent.html .

Dorodnyy, A.

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Duda, A.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Edmondson, K. M.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Elikkottil, A.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

Emery, K.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fernandez, E.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fetzer, C. M.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fisher, B.

B. Fisher and J. Biddle, “Luminescent spectral splitting: Efficient spatial division of solar spectrum at low concentration,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(7), 1741–1755 (2011).
[Crossref]

France, R. M.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Friedman, D. J.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Garcia, I.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Geisz, J. F.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gelbstein, Y.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Goossen, K.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gordon, M.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Gray, J. L.

J. L. Gray, “The Physics of the Solar Cell,” in Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, 82–129 (John Wiley and Sons.2010).

Gupta, M. V. N. S.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hafner, C.

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hazan, E.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Honsberg, C.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Q. L.

Ivaturi, A.

A. Ivaturi and H. Upadhyaya, “Upconversion and Downconversion Processes for Photovoltaics,” A Compr. Guid. to Sol. Energy Syst., 279–298 (2018).

Jiachen, W.

Karam, N. H.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Katz, E. A.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kiamilev, F.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

King, R. R.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kinsey, G. S.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Klimov, V. I.

K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kostuk, R. K.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Law, D. C.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

Lee, S. B.

Létay, G.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, D. M.

Li, H.

K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Luscombe, C. K.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Maiti, R.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

McMahon, W. E.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Meng, Q. B.

Meusel, M.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moheimani, N. R.

D. Parlevliet and N. R. Moheimani, “Efficient conversion of solar energy to biomass and electricity,” Aquat. Biosyst. 10(1), 4 (2014).
[Crossref]

Moriarty, T. E.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Murcia, P.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Olavarria, W. J.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Osterwald, C.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pan, L.

Parlevliet, D.

D. Parlevliet and N. R. Moheimani, “Efficient conversion of solar energy to biomass and electricity,” Aquat. Biosyst. 10(1), 4 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pesala, B.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

Quan, B. G.

Queisser, H. J.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Rotem, O.

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Russo, J. M.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Shaheen, S. E.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Sherif, R. A.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shklover, V.

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shockley, W.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Sorger, V. J.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. H. Tahersima and V. J. Sorger, “Enhanced photon absorption in spiral nanostructured solar cells using layered 2D materials,” Nanotechnology 26(34), 344005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Steiner, M.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Steiner, M. A.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tahersima, M. H.

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

M. H. Tahersima and V. J. Sorger, “Enhanced photon absorption in spiral nanostructured solar cells using layered 2D materials,” Nanotechnology 26(34), 344005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Upadhyaya, H.

A. Ivaturi and H. Upadhyaya, “Upconversion and Downconversion Processes for Photovoltaics,” A Compr. Guid. to Sol. Energy Syst., 279–298 (2018).

Vorndran, S.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Waite, N.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Z.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y. Q.

Ward, J. S.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Warta, W.

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi, “Multi-junction solar cells and novel structures for solar cell applications,” Phys. E (Amsterdam, Neth.) 14(1-2), 84–90 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yang, G. Z.

Yoon, H.

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Young, M.

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

Zhang, D. X.

Zhang, Q. L.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n junction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. R. King, D. C. Law, K. M. Edmondson, C. M. Fetzer, G. S. Kinsey, H. Yoon, R. A. Sherif, and N. H. Karam, “40% efficient metamorphic GaInPGaInAsGe multijunction solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 183516 (2007).
[Crossref]

Aquat. Biosyst. (1)

D. Parlevliet and N. R. Moheimani, “Efficient conversion of solar energy to biomass and electricity,” Aquat. Biosyst. 10(1), 4 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Photovoltaics (1)

R. M. France, J. F. Geisz, I. Garcia, M. A. Steiner, W. E. McMahon, D. J. Friedman, T. E. Moriarty, C. Osterwald, J. S. Ward, A. Duda, M. Young, and W. J. Olavarria, “Design Flexibility of Ultrahigh Efficiency Four-Junction Inverted Metamorphic Solar Cells,” IEEE J. Photovoltaics 6(2), 578–583 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

O. Beeri, O. Rotem, E. Hazan, E. A. Katz, A. Braun, and Y. Gelbstein, “Hybrid photovoltaic-thermoelectric system for concentrated solar energy conversion: Experimental realization and modeling,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(11), 115104 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (1)

M. H. Tahersima and V. J. Sorger, “Enhanced photon absorption in spiral nanostructured solar cells using layered 2D materials,” Nanotechnology 26(34), 344005 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Wu, H. Li, and V. I. Klimov, “Tandem luminescent solar concentrators based on engineered quantum dots,” Nat. Photonics 12(2), 105–110 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. E (Amsterdam, Neth.) (1)

M. Yamaguchi, “Multi-junction solar cells and novel structures for solar cell applications,” Phys. E (Amsterdam, Neth.) 14(1-2), 84–90 (2002).
[Crossref]

Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. (2)

X. Wang, N. Waite, P. Murcia, K. Emery, M. Steiner, F. Kiamilev, K. Goossen, C. Honsberg, and A. Barnett, “Lateral spectrum splitting concentrator photovoltaics: direct measurement of component and submodule efficiency,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 20(2), 149–165 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Meusel, C. Baur, G. Létay, A. W. Bett, W. Warta, and E. Fernandez, “Spectral response measurements of monolithic GaInP/Ga(In)As/Ge triple-junction solar cells: Measurement artifacts and their explanation,” Prog. Photovoltaics Res. Appl. 11(8), 499–514 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Elikkottil, M. H. Tahersima, M. V. N. S. Gupta, R. Maiti, V. J. Sorger, and B. Pesala, “A Spectrally Tunable Dielectric Subwavelength Grating based Broadband Planar Light Concentrator,” Sci. Rep. 9(1), 11723 (2019).
[Crossref]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (2)

B. Fisher and J. Biddle, “Luminescent spectral splitting: Efficient spatial division of solar spectrum at low concentration,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(7), 1741–1755 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Dorodnyy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, and J. Leuthold, “High-efficiency spectrum splitting for solar photovoltaics,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 136, 120–126 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

M. Gordon, D. Zhang, S. Vorndran, J. M. Russo, C. K. Luscombe, S. E. Shaheen, and R. K. Kostuk, “Planar holographic spectrum-splitting PV module design,” Proc. SPIE 8468, High Low Conc. Syst. Sol. Electr. Appl. VII, 846808 8468(520), 846808–846809 (2012).

A. Ivaturi and H. Upadhyaya, “Upconversion and Downconversion Processes for Photovoltaics,” A Compr. Guid. to Sol. Energy Syst., 279–298 (2018).

Frank Dimroth, “New world record for solar cell efficiency at 46% - Fraunhofer ISE,” https://www.ise.fraunhofer.de/en/press-media/press-releases/2014/new-world-record-for-solar-cell-efficiency-at-46-percent.html .

J. L. Gray, “The Physics of the Solar Cell,” in Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, 82–129 (John Wiley and Sons.2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. a) Schematic of solar splitting concentrator with attached photovoltaic cells. SiN diffraction gratings on top of glass substrate act as optical band pass filters for a plurality of wavelengths in the near infrared regime and guide each optical band to their corresponding band-gap selective photovoltaic units. b) Schematic of the grating with the grating parameters annotated. ‘Λ’ is the grating period, a/Λ is the duty cycle, tg is the grating thickness and tl layer thickness. The design optimization is carried out by sweeping of the topological parameters in Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method of the Lumerical software.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. a) External Quantum Efficiency (EQE) of photovoltaic cells of Ge and Si [15], b) AM1.5 solar spectrum
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. a) Guiding efficiency of the spectral splitting planar concentrator with period 530 nm (green), period 602 nm (cyan), period 721 (yellow) and period 865 nm (red). b) Transmission efficiency of the spectral splitting planar concentrator with period 530 nm (green), period 602 nm (cyan), period 721 (yellow) and period 865 nm (red).
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Angular tolerance of SSC4 with varying the angle of incidence in the perpendicular and parallel directions to the grating bar.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. The optimized grating parameters for each SSC.

Equations (2)

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η = 700 1400 ( η G 1 ( λ ) + η G 2 ( λ ) . T 1 ( λ ) + η G 3 ( λ ) . T 1 ( λ ) . T 2 ( λ ) + η G 4 ( λ ) . T 1 ( λ ) . T 2 ( λ ) ) . T 3 ( λ ) ) d λ
η c = 700 1400 η ( λ ) E Q E ( λ ) F F d λ