Abstract

We report the first extruded tellurite antiresonant hollow core fibers (HC-ARFs) aimed at the delivery of mid-infrared (Mid-IR) laser radiation. The preform extrusion fabrication process allowed us to obtain preforms with non-touching capillaries in a single step, hence minimizing thermal cycles. The fibers were fabricated from in-house synthetized tellurite glass (containing Zn, Ba and K oxides) and co-drawn with a fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP) polymer outer layer to improve their mechanical properties and protect the glass from humidity. The fabricated HC-ARFs transmit in the Mid-IR spectral range from 4.9 to 6 µm. We measured losses of ∼8.2, 4.8 and 6.4 dB/m at 5 µm, 5.6 µm and 5.8 µm, respectively in two different fibers. These losses, which are dominated by leakage mostly arising from a non-uniform membrane thickness, represent the lowest attenuation reported for a tellurite-based HC-ARF to date. The fibers present good beam quality and an M2 factor of 1.2. Modelling suggests that by improving the uniformity in the capillary membrane thickness losses down to 0.05 dB/m at 5.4 µm should be possible, making this solution attractive, for example, for beam delivery from a CO laser.

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2019 (3)

2018 (1)

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

2013 (3)

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. P. Berenger, “A Perfectly Matched Layer for the Absorption of the Electromagnetic Waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. E. Siegman, “New developments in laser resonators,” Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[Crossref]

1984 (2)

T. Arai and M. Kikuchi, “Carbon monoxide laser power delivery with an As2S3 infrared glass fiber,” Appl. Opt. 23(17), 3017–3019 (1984).
[Crossref]

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of Curved Optical Waveguides by Conformal Transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 11(2), 75–83 (1975).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Aggarwal, I. D.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Alagashev, G. K.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

Alam, S.-U.

Aleinikov, V. S.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Arai, T.

Astapovich, M. S.

Badding, J. V.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ballato, J.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bashkansky, M.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baskov, P. B.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bayya, S. S.

Bei, J.

Belardi, W.

W. Belardi and P. J. Sazio, “Borosilicate Based Hollow-Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 7(8), 73 (2019).
[Crossref]

Belyaev, V. P.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Berenger, J. P.

J. P. Berenger, “A Perfectly Matched Layer for the Absorption of the Electromagnetic Waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

Biriukov, A. S.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

Boutarfaia, A.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

Busse, L. E.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cheung Foo, H. T.

Churbanov, M. F.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cole, B. C.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Désévédavy, F.

Devyatkov, N. D.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Driver, J. K.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Du Pont,

Du Pont, “FEP handbook” http://www.rjchase.com/fep_handbook.pdf .

Dutton, Z.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Bei, H. T. Cheung Foo, G. Qian, T. M. Monro, A. Hemming, and H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, “Experimental study of chemical durability of fluorozirconate and fluoroindate glasses in deionized water,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(6), 1213–1226 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V. D.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Florea, C. M.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fluorotherm,

Fluorotherm, “FEP Properties” https://www.fluorotherm.com/technical-information/materials-overview/fep-properties/ .

Fu, Q.

Garnet, G.

Gattass, R. R.

Gibson, D.

Gladyshev, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

Goldstein, J.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Gupta, S.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Harbison, B. B.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Harris, J. H.

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of Curved Optical Waveguides by Conformal Transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 11(2), 75–83 (1975).
[Crossref]

Heiblum, M.

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of Curved Optical Waveguides by Conformal Transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 11(2), 75–83 (1975).
[Crossref]

Hemming, A.

Heraeus,

Heraeus, “Transmission Calculator” http://www.heraeus.com/en/hca/fused_silica_quartz_knowledge_base_1/t_calc_1/transmission_calculator_hca.html .

Jules, J.-C.

Kikuchi, M.

Knight, J. C.

Kolyadin, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kosolapov, A. F.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kotereva, T. V.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

Krylov, A. A.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kung, F.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mamedly, L. D.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Masychev, V. I.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

McClain, C. C.

Menyuk, C. R.

Miklos, R.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mishinov, S. V.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

Monro, T. M.

Mossadegh, R.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mouawad, O.

Myers, J. D.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Myers, M. J.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, V. Q.

R. R. Gattass, D. Rhonehouse, D. Gibson, C. C. McClain, R. Thapa, V. Q. Nguyen, S. S. Bayya, R. J. Weiblen, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, and J. S. Sanghera, “Infrared glass-based negative-curvature antiresonant fibers fabricated through extrusion,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25697–25703 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nishiharaguchi, N.

Ohishi, Y.

Picot-Clémente, J.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Poletti, F.

Poulain, M.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Provorova, A. M.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Pryamikov, A. D.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. N. Kolyadin, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, “Light transmission in negative curvature hollow core fiber in extremely high material loss region,” Opt. Express 21(8), 9514–9519 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pureza, P.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pureza, P. C.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Qian, G.

Rapp, C. F.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Rhonehouse, D.

Richardson, D. J.

Roselle, D.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sakharov, V. V.

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sanghera, J. S.

R. R. Gattass, D. Rhonehouse, D. Gibson, C. C. McClain, R. Thapa, V. Q. Nguyen, S. S. Bayya, R. J. Weiblen, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, and J. S. Sanghera, “Infrared glass-based negative-curvature antiresonant fibers fabricated through extrusion,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25697–25703 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sazio, P. J.

W. Belardi and P. J. Sazio, “Borosilicate Based Hollow-Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 7(8), 73 (2019).
[Crossref]

Shardlow, P. C.

Shaw, L. B.

R. R. Gattass, D. Rhonehouse, D. Gibson, C. C. McClain, R. Thapa, V. Q. Nguyen, S. S. Bayya, R. J. Weiblen, C. R. Menyuk, L. B. Shaw, and J. S. Sanghera, “Infrared glass-based negative-curvature antiresonant fibers fabricated through extrusion,” Opt. Express 24(22), 25697–25703 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shepherd, D. P.

Shiryaev, V. S.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, “New developments in laser resonators,” Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[Crossref]

Smektala, F.

Snopatin, G. E.

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. S. Biriukov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. S. Astapovich, G. E. Snopatin, V. G. Plotnichenko, M. F. Churbanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Demonstration of CO2-laser power delivery through chalcogenide-glass fiber with negative curvature hollow core,” Opt. Express 19(25), 25723–25278 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stolyarov, A. M.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Strutynski, C.

Suzuki, T.

Sysoev, V. K.

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Talley, D.

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tao, G.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Thapa, R.

Tong, H. T.

Utano, R.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Weiblen, R. J.

Xu, L.

Yatsenko, Y. P.

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, F.

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fiber Integr. Opt. (1)

J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, L. E. Busse, V. Q. Nguyen, P. C. Pureza, B. C. Cole, B. B. Harbison, I. D. Aggarwal, R. Mossadegh, F. Kung, D. Talley, D. Roselle, and R. Miklos, “Development and Infrared Applications of Chalcogenide Glass Optical Fibers,” Fiber Integr. Opt. 19(3), 251–274 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fibers (2)

I. A. Bufetov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, A. V. Gladyshev, A. N. Kolyadin, A. A. Krylov, Y. P. Yatsenko, and A. S. Biriukov, “Revolver Hollow Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 6(2), 39 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Belardi and P. J. Sazio, “Borosilicate Based Hollow-Core Optical Fibers,” Fibers 7(8), 73 (2019).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electronics (1)

M. Heiblum and J. H. Harris, “Analysis of Curved Optical Waveguides by Conformal Transformation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electronics 11(2), 75–83 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. Comput. Phys. (1)

J. P. Berenger, “A Perfectly Matched Layer for the Absorption of the Electromagnetic Waves,” J. Comput. Phys. 114(2), 185–200 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

V. D. Fedorov, V. V. Sakharov, A. M. Provorova, P. B. Baskov, M. F. Churbanov, V. S. Shiryaev, M. Poulain, M. Poulain, and A. Boutarfaia, “Kinetics of isothermal crystallization of fluoride glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284(1-3), 79–84 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, “Non-linear properties of chalcogenide glasses and fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(2-9), 462–467 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. (1)

V. S. Shiryaev, A. F. Kosolapov, A. D. Pryamikov, G. E. Snopatin, M. F. Churbanov, A. S. Biriukov, T. V. Kotereva, S. V. Mishinov, G. K. Alagashev, and A. N. Kolyadin, “Development of technique for preparation of As2S3 glass preform for hollow core microstructured optical fibers,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 16(9–10), 1020–1025 (2014).

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

V. S. Aleinikov, V. P. Belyaev, N. D. Devyatkov, L. D. Mamedly, V. I. Masychev, and V. K. Sysoev, “CO laser applications in surgery,” Opt. Laser Technol. 16(5), 265–266 (1984).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

A. E. Siegman, “New developments in laser resonators,” Proc. SPIE 1224, 2 (1990).
[Crossref]

B. Zhou, C. F. Rapp, J. K. Driver, M. J. Myers, J. D. Myers, J. Goldstein, R. Utano, and S. Gupta, “Development of tellurium oxide and lead-bismuth oxide glasses for mid-wave infra-red transmission optics,” Proc. SPIE 8626, 86261F (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

Heraeus, “Transmission Calculator” http://www.heraeus.com/en/hca/fused_silica_quartz_knowledge_base_1/t_calc_1/transmission_calculator_hca.html .

Du Pont, “FEP handbook” http://www.rjchase.com/fep_handbook.pdf .

Fluorotherm, “FEP Properties” https://www.fluorotherm.com/technical-information/materials-overview/fep-properties/ .

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. TG/DTA curve of the fabricated tellurite glass. The inset shows a made-in-house tellurite glass billet.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. (a) Tellurite glass refractive index measured using a variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometer IR-VASE, J.A. Woollam Co. (b) Transmission spectrum of fabricated tellurite glass normalized on a sample 10 mm thick (blue curve) and transmission spectrum of silica glass for a sample 10 mm thick (green curve) (Reproduced from Heraeus [18]).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Extrusion die, (b) cross-section and (c) side of the tellurite glass extruded preform.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. SEM pictures of (a) the tellurite HC-ARF developed by applying 6 mbar of pressure into the capillaries (Fiber A) and (b) the tellurite HC-ARF fabricated by applying 5.2 mbar of pressure into the capillaries (Fiber B).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Attenuation simulated for Fiber A (a) and Fiber B (b) (solid red curve). The dashed black curve represents the simulated confinement loss of the fabricated fiber. The light blue curve represents the fiber loss measured using the FTIR. The black squared dots represent the fiber loss measured using the OPO. The green curve represents the modelling material loss contribution. The black solid curve represents the loss of the fabricated tellurite glass. The inset of (a) shows a thermal image of the output of Fiber A when the Thorlabs tungsten lamp was coupled into a 36 cm long fiber.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. (a) Bending loss simulation of Fiber B at 5.6 µm wavelength. The insets show the fundamental mode at 5.6 µm, for a fiber with a curvature radius of 60 cm and for a fiber with a curvature radius of 9 cm. (b) Demonstration of the flexibility of the fabricated tellurite HC-ARF coated with FEP polymer.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Beam quality at the output of the tellurite antiresonant hollow core Fiber B at 5.6 µm wavelength.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 8. Comparison between the experimental loss of Fiber B (black squared dots), the simulation of the real fiber structure (dashed red curve), the idealized fiber structure (dashed-dotted blue curve) and the optimized fiber structure (green solid curve). The brown dotted curve represents the simulated loss of the target fiber structure. The black solid curve represents the loss of the fabricated tellurite glass.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison between the measured and simulated losses of Fiber A and Fiber B.