Abstract

Generation of vortex beams directly from the laser source can be limited in power and efficiency, or to specific pump sources and gain media. Here, we propose a new high power and high efficiency vortex laser methodology with interferometric mode transformation as output coupling, which uses high power handling and low loss optics that have wavelength versatility. Experimental demonstration is made in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser using an imbalanced Sagnac interferometer as output coupler producing high quality vortex output beams (M2 = 2.07) with fully selectable control of handedness whilst the intracavity mode is maintained as a fundamental Gaussian. Vortex output power >3W is produced with only small reduction in efficiency compared to the equivalent TEM00 laser. Continuous variation of vortex output coupling transmission and the quality of the vortex is investigated experimentally showing good agreement with theory. This work reveals a new approach to high power structured laser radiation direct from the source through interferometric spatial mode transformations.

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Q-switched Nd:YAG optical vortex lasers

D. J. Kim, J. W. Kim, and W. A. Clarkson
Opt. Express 21(24) 29449-29454 (2013)

Vortex laser from anti-resonant ring coupled cavities

William R. Kerridge-Johns and Michael J. Damzen
Opt. Express 26(25) 32839-32846 (2018)

Characterization and generation of high-power multi-axis vortex beams by using off-axis pumped degenerate cavities with external astigmatic mode converter

P. H. Tuan, Y. H. Hsieh, Y. H. Lai, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen
Opt. Express 26(16) 20481-20491 (2018)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. T. Omatsu, K. Chujo, K. Miyamoto, M. Okida, K. Nakamura, N. Aoki, and R. Morita, “Metal microneedle fabrication using twisted light with spin,” Opt. Express 18, 17967–17973 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161–204 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. Sueda, G. Miyaji, N. Miyanaga, and M. Nakatsuka, “Laguerre-Gaussian beam generated with a multilevel spiral phase plate for high intensity laser pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 3548–3553 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).
  9. H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. Tamm, “Frequency locking of two transverse optical modes of a laser,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 5960–5963 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-Watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  15. W. R. Kerridge-Johns and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser from anti-resonant ring coupled cavities,” Opt. Express 26, 32839–32846 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  16. D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. Chriki, E. Maguid, C. Tradonsky, V. Kleiner, A. A. Friesem, N. Davidson, and E. Hasman, “Spin-controlled twisted laser beams: intra-cavity multi-tasking geometric phase metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 26, 905–916 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  19. P. Vaity, A. Aadhi, and R. P. Singh, “Formation of optical vortices through superposition of two Gaussian beams,” Appl. Opt. 52, 6652–6656 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. S.-C. Sheng and A. E. Siegman, “Perturbed Gaussian modes of an unbalanced antiresonant-ring laser cavity*,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 1032–1036 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1068–1070 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
    [Crossref]

2018 (4)

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Chriki, E. Maguid, C. Tradonsky, V. Kleiner, A. A. Friesem, N. Davidson, and E. Hasman, “Spin-controlled twisted laser beams: intra-cavity multi-tasking geometric phase metasurfaces,” Opt. Express 26, 905–916 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. R. Kerridge-Johns and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser from anti-resonant ring coupled cavities,” Opt. Express 26, 32839–32846 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Vaity, A. Aadhi, and R. P. Singh, “Formation of optical vortices through superposition of two Gaussian beams,” Appl. Opt. 52, 6652–6656 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. C. Kumar, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, “Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1068–1070 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-Watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

1993 (1)

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

C. Tamm, “Frequency locking of two transverse optical modes of a laser,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 5960–5963 (1988).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

Aadhi, A.

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alpman, C.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Andrews, D. L.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Aoki, N.

Baker, M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Banzer, P.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bauchert, K.

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Bauer, T.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belmonte, A.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Berry, M. V.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bigelow, N. P.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bisson, J.-F.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carbajo, S.

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Chriki, R.

Chujo, K.

Clarkson, W.

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Damzen, M. J.

W. R. Kerridge-Johns and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser from anti-resonant ring coupled cavities,” Opt. Express 26, 32839–32846 (2018).
[Crossref]

G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
[Crossref]

Davidson, N.

Dennis, M. R.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Denz, C.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, A.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Esteban-Martin, A.

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fickler, R.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Friesem, A. A.

Geberbauer, J. W.

W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
[Crossref]

Gordon, R.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

Hayashi, Y.

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-Watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karimi, E.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kerridge-Johns, W. R.

W. R. Kerridge-Johns and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser from anti-resonant ring coupled cavities,” Opt. Express 26, 32839–32846 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kleiner, V.

Kumar, S. C.

Li, J.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Litchninitser, N. M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Litvin, I.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maguid, E.

Mansuripur, M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrucci, L.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McMorran, B.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Minassian, A.

G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
[Crossref]

Miyaji, G.

Miyamoto, K.

Miyanaga, N.

Morita, R.

Naidoo, D.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Naik, D. N.

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, K.

Nakatsuka, M.

Neely, T. W.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Padgett, M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piccirillo, B.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rao, D. N.

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ritsch-Marte, M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Romero, J.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rosales-Guzmán, C.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Roux, F. S.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Saad, N. A.

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Senatsky, Y.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sheng, S.-C.

Shirakawa, A.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Siegman, A. E.

Singh, R. P.

Spreeuw, R. J.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stilgoe, A. B.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sueda, K.

Tamm, C.

C. Tamm, “Frequency locking of two transverse optical modes of a laser,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 5960–5963 (1988).
[Crossref]

Thirugnanasambandam, M.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Thomas, G. M.

G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tradonsky, C.

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.-i.

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vaity, P.

van der Veen, H.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Viswanathan, N. K.

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Volpini, A.

W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

White, A. G.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J.

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, G.

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, A. M.

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3, 161–204 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, A. Forbes, M. V. Berry, M. R. Dennis, D. L. Andrews, M. Mansuripur, C. Denz, C. Alpman, P. Banzer, T. Bauer, E. Karimi, L. Marrucci, M. Padgett, M. Ritsch-Marte, N. M. Litchninitser, N. P. Bigelow, C. Rosales-Guzmán, A. Belmonte, J. P. Torres, T. W. Neely, M. Baker, R. Gordon, A. B. Stilgoe, J. Romero, A. G. White, R. Fickler, A. E. Willner, G. Xie, B. McMorran, and A. M. Weiner, “Roadmap on structured light,” J. Opt. 19, 013001 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

G. M. Thomas, A. Minassian, and M. J. Damzen, “Optical vortex generation from a diode-pumped alexandrite laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 15, 045804 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order Poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327–332 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. van der Veen, and J. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96, 123–132 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Kim and W. Clarkson, “Selective generation of Laguerre-Gaussian (LG0n) mode output in a diode-laser pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 296, 109–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

Y. Senatsky, J.-F. Bisson, J. Li, A. Shirakawa, M. Thirugnanasambandam, and K.-i. Ueda, “Laguerre-Gaussian modes selection in diode-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Rev. 19, 201–221 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Tamm, “Frequency locking of two transverse optical modes of a laser,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 5960–5963 (1988).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Carbajo and K. Bauchert, “Power handling for LCoS spatial light modulators,” Proc. SPIE 10518, 105181R (2018).

Sci. Rep. (1)

D. N. Naik, N. A. Saad, D. N. Rao, and N. K. Viswanathan, “Ultrashort vortex from a Gaussian pulse – An achromatic-interferometric approach,” Sci. Rep. 7, 2395 (2017).
[Crossref]

Topologica (1)

T. Omatsu, M. Okida, and Y. Hayashi, “Over 10-Watt vortex output from a diode-pumped solid-state laser,” Topologica 2, 010 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. R. Kerridge-Johns, J. W. Geberbauer, A. Volpini, and M. J. Damzen, “Vortex laser output with a fundamental Gaussian internal mode using a Sagnac interferometer,” in Laser Congress 2018 (ASSL), OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2018), paper AW2A.2.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Fundamental mode Gaussian laser cavity with vortex output coupler (VOC). The VOC is an imbalanced Sagnac interferometer formed with a beamsplitter (BS) and mirrors M1, M2 and M3. (b) The Sagnac interferometer is unbalanced by rotating M2 by θ/2 to give the relative angular shift ±θ (top view) and rotating the anti-reflection (AR) plate by ψ gives the vertical shear ±d between the counter propagating beams (side view). The resulting altered paths of the clockwise (red) and anti-clockwise (blue) propagating beams are shown.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The experimental linear laser cavity using the VOC, also showing redirection of the cavity to compare performance to a standard OC. Vortex and transmission control were through rotation of M2 and the anti-reflection (AR) coated glass plate in the indicated directions.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The intensity profiles of the intra-cavity modes and vortex outputs, and the spiral interferograms of the vortex in the VOC laser with T = 16 %. Top: Left handed VOC operation. Bottom: Right handed VOC operation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The average intensity (normalized to the peak) versus radial distance from the centre (normalized to fundamental Gaussian radius) of the left and right handed vortex outputs in Fig. 3, showing the measured average intensities (blue) and one standard deviation either side (shaded grey), with the fitted theoretical LG01 profile (dashed red).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The output power of the laser versus pump power absorbed using the VOC and standard OC at T = 16 %. The vortex output intensity profiles are shown above at the indicated points.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The VOC theoretical transmission versus normalized displacement (d/w0) with calculated transmitted intensity profiles in the far field above.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The vortex output power versus output coupler transmission for 6.4 W input pump power. The vortex output intensity profiles are shown above at the indicated points.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The first order Hermite-Gaussian mode outputs of the VOC laser when using either d or θ misalignments in isolation.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T = 1 2 [ 1 e 4 ( d / w 0 ) 2 ] .

Metrics