Abstract

A method for measuring picosecond pulse width by using only fiber components and optical power meters is presented. We have shown that the output power splitting ratio of a non-linear fiber loop mirror can be used to extract the full-width half maximum of the optical pulse, assuming a known slowly varying envelope shape and internal phase structure. Theoretical evaluation was carried out using both self-phase and cross-phase modulation approaches, with the latter showing a twofold sensitivity increase, as expected. In the experimental validation, pulses from an actively fiber mode-locked laser at the repetition rate of 10 GHz were incrementally temporally dispersed by using SMF–28 fiber, and then successfully measured over a pulse width range of 2–10 ps, with a resolution of 0.25 ps. This range can be easily extended from 0.25 to 40 ps by selecting different physical setup parameters.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Optimization of all-optical EDFA-based Sagnac-interferometer switch

Fei Wang and Chunfei Li
Opt. Express 15(21) 14234-14243 (2007)

Picosecond and femtosecond asymmetric switching using a semiconductor optical amplifier-based Mach–Zehnder interferometer

Yaser Khorrami, Vahid Ahmadi, Mohammad Razaghi, and Narottam Das
Appl. Opt. 57(7) 1634-1639 (2018)

High energy noise-like pulsing in a double-clad Er/Yb figure-of-eight fiber laser

J. P. Lauterio-Cruz, J. C. Hernandez-Garcia, O. Pottiez, J. M. Estudillo-Ayala, E. A. Kuzin, R. Rojas-Laguna, H. Santiago-Hernandez, and D. Jauregui-Vazquez
Opt. Express 24(13) 13778-13787 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Zhong, M. Wu, C. W. Chang, K. A. Merrick, S. D. Merajver, and M. A. Mycek, “Picosecond-resolution fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy: a useful tool for sensing molecular interactions in vivo via FRET,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18220–18235 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(5), 1101–1111 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Trebino, “Frequency Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Kluwer Academic (2002).
  5. D. J. Kane, “Real-Time Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses Using Principal Component Generalized Projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 278–284 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. P. Gorza, P. Wasylczyk, and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral shearing interferometry with spatially chirped replicas for measuring ultrashort pulses,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15168–15174 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Hori, N. Nishizawa, T. Goto, and M. Yoshida, “Experimental and numerical analysis of widely broadened supercontinuum generation in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber with a femtosecond pulse,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(11), 1969–1978 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. G. Cormack, W. Sibbett, and D. T. Reid, “Rapid measurement of ultrashort-pulse amplitude and phase from a two-photon absorption sonogram trace,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(9), 1377–1382 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, “Complete pulse characterization at 15 µm by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23(20), 1582–1584 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. L. Lepetit, G. Ch’eriaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(12), 2467–2474 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Linear self-referencing techniques for short-optical-pulse characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A1–A12 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. N. J. Doran and D. Wood, “Nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 13(1), 56–58 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” 4th ed. Academic Press, Boston (2007).
  20. Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Linear self-referencing techniques for short-optical-pulse characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A1–A12 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

1998 (3)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

Azana, J.

F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Azaña, J.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baets, Y.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barry, L. P.

Bogoni, A.

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cerutti, J.-B.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ch’eriaux, G.

Chang, C. W.

Chen Hu, B.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chu, S. T.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cormack, I. G.

Dave, U.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Doran, N. J.

Dorrer, C.

Dudley, J. M.

P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. D. Thomson, J. M. Dudley, L. P. Barry, and J. D. Harvey, “Complete pulse characterization at 15 µm by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23(20), 1582–1584 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gassenq, A.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gencarelli, B.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geraghty, D. F.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gorza, S. P.

Goto, T.

Green, W. M. J.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hanna, M.

P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
[Crossref]

Harvey, J. D.

Hattasan, N.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Healy, A. C.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hens, R.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hori, T.

Iaconis, C.

Joffre, M.

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane, “Real-Time Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses Using Principal Component Generalized Projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 278–284 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(5), 1101–1111 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kang, I.

Kitayama, K. I.

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kuyken, F.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lacourt, P. A.

P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lazzeri, E.

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Leo, A.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lepetit, L.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, F.

F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li Shen, N.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Little, B. E.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Loo, J.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Malik, M.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mashanovich,

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meloni, G.

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Merajver, S. D.

Merrick, K. A.

Miyoshi, Y.

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moss, D. J.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Muneeb, E.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mycek, M. A.

Namiki, S.

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nedeljkovic, G.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nishizawa, N.

Osgood,

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pasquazi, A.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Peacock,

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peccianti, M.

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

Poti, L.

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prati, G.

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

Reid, D. T.

Rodriguez, E.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Roelkens, G.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ryckeboer, D.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Salem, R.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanchez, S.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shimura, F.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

Takagi, S.

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thomson, M. D.

Tournie,

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Trebino, R.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uvin, R.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Van Campenhout, L.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vincent, R.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, Z.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wasylczyk, P.

Willner, A. E.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wood, D.

Wu, M.

Wu, X.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xia Chen, M.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xiaoping Liu, R.

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. Y.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yilmaz, O. F.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, M.

Zhang, B.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhong, W.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

G. Roelkens, U. Dave, A. Gassenq, N. Hattasan, B. Chen Hu, F. Kuyken, A. Leo, M. Malik, E. Muneeb, D. Ryckeboer, S. Sanchez, R. Uvin, Z. Wang, R. Hens, Y. Baets, F. Shimura, B. Gencarelli, R. Vincent, J. Loo, L. Van Campenhout, J.-B. Cerutti, E. Rodriguez, Tournie, M. Xia Chen, G. Nedeljkovic, Mashanovich, N. Li Shen, A. C. Healy, Peacock, R. Xiaoping Liu, Osgood, and W. M. J. Green, “Silicon-based photonic integration beyond the telecommunication wavelength range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 394–404 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. J. Kane, “Real-Time Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses Using Principal Component Generalized Projections,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 278–284 (1998).
[Crossref]

L. Poti, E. Lazzeri, G. Meloni, A. Bogoni, and G. Prati, “All-Optical Processing by Means of Cross-Phase-Modulation-Based PM-NOLM Interconnected Structures,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 580–586 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

P. A. Lacourt, M. Hanna, and J. M. Dudley, “Broad-Band and Ultrasensitive Pulse Characterization Using Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating via Four-Wave Mixing in a Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(1), 157–159 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Yang, L. Zhang, X. Wu, O. F. Yilmaz, B. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, “All-optical chromatic dispersion monitoring for phase-modulated signals utilizing cross-phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 20(19), 1642–1644 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Y. Miyoshi, S. Takagi, S. Namiki, and K. I. Kitayama, “Multiperiod PM-NOLM With Dynamic Counter-Propagating Effects Compensation for 5-Bit All-Optical Analog-to-Digital Conversion and Its Performance Evaluations,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 415–422 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Li, Y. Park, and J. Azana, “Linear characterization of optical pulses with durations ranging from the picosecond to the nanosecond regime using ultrafast photonic differentiation,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4623–4633 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. Pasquazi, M. Peccianti, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, J. Azaña, and D. J. Moss, “Sub-picosecond phase-sensitive optical pulse characterization on a chip,” Nat. Photonics 5(10), 618–623 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, “Nonlinear silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 535–544 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, R. Salem, D. F. Geraghty, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Silicon-chip-based ultrafast optical oscilloscope,” Nature 456(7218), 81–84 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” 4th ed. Academic Press, Boston (2007).

R. Trebino, “Frequency Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses,” Kluwer Academic (2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Non-linear optical loop mirror (a) in self phase modulation configuration; (b) in cross phase modulation configuration using CWDM couplers for injecting and filtering out the pulsed signal. Where OA – optical attenuator, CWDM – course wavelength division multiplexing/de-multiplexer, CIR – optical circulator, and HNLF – highly non-linear fiber
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated NOLM output power at (a) reflected, (b) transmitted port as a function of input average power of the signal for different pulse widths using SPM. (c) The input average power at π/2 switching points as a function of pulse width.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated NOLM output power at: (a) reflected, (b) transmitted port as a function of input average power of the signal for different pulse widths using XPM. (c) The input average power at π/2 points as a function of pulse width of the signal and their fitting.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Quadratic fitted π/2 points for both Gaussian and sech2 pulse shapes as a function of input pulse width.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental setup for optical pulse width measurement using NOLM based on: (a) SPM and (b) XPM, respectively. Where, PM – power meter, CIR – optical circulator, OAC – optical auto-correlator, EDFA – erbium doped fiber amplifier, PC – polarization controller, CWDM – course wavelength division multiplexer/de-multiplexer, HNLF – highly non-linear fiber, OA – optical attenuator, VLSMF – variable length single mode fiber, R – reflected port, T – transmitted port.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The normalized reflected and transmitted NOLM output power based on SPM measurements showing a sinusoidal fit using (8) and (9) to extract the π/2 point
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured: (a) reflected, (b) transmitted output power of the NOLM in SPM configuration as a function of the input average power of the signal obtained for different pulse width values. (c) Input average power at π/2 points as a function of the signal pulse showing the quadratic fitting.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Measured: (a) reflected, (b) transmitted output power of the NOLM on XPM configuration as a function of the input average power of the signal obtained for different pulse widths values. (c) Input average power at π/2 points as a function of the signal pulse showing quadratic fitting.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Device parameters selection. (a) pulse width measurements below 2 ps: L HNLF = 50m, EDFA saturated output 15 dBm; pulse width measurements below 100 ps: (b) L HNLF = 20 m, EDFA saturated output 38 dBm or (c) L HNLF = 1 km, EDFA saturated power 21 dBm.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 HNLF simulation parameters.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pout=( Pout1 Pout2 )=( n1 n2 )Pin
n1= e ϕ L p(1p) (1+ e j θ NL ) e j π 2
n2= e ϕ L (p e j θ NL (1p))
A z + iβ2 2 2 A T 2 =iγ | A | 2 A α 2 A
Aa z + iβ2a 2 2 Aa T 2 =i(γ | Aa | 2 +2γ | Ab | 2 )Aa α 2 Aa
Ab z + iβ2b 2 2 Ab T 2 =i(γ | Ab | 2 +2γ | Aa | 2 )Ab α 2 Ab
Δ θ eff = θ cw_NL θ ccw_NL
POTX=A.sin(B.Pin+C)D
PORX=1POTX
ϕXPM= 2γPavTLeff τ

Metrics