Abstract

We report experimental observation of incoherently coupled dark-bright vector solitons in single-mode fibers. Properties of the vector solitons accord well with those predicted by the respective systems of incoherently coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental observation of temporal incoherently coupled dark-bright solitons in single-mode fibers.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
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  10. P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
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  11. A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).
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  13. L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
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  14. S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
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  15. C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
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  17. T. Busch and J. R. Anglin, “Dark-bright solitons in inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 010401 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in birefringent optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(2), 174–176 (1987).
    [Crossref]
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  22. A. V. Buryak, Y. S. Kivshar, and D. F. Parker, “Coupling between dark and bright solitons,” Phys. Lett. A 215(1-2), 57–62 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  23. V. V. Afanasyev, Y. S. Kivshar, V. V. Konotop, and V. N. Serkin, “Dynamics of coupled dark and bright optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 805–807 (1989).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, and G. I. Stegeman, “Optical solitary waves induced by cross-phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 13(10), 871–873 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).
  27. V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  28. D. N. Christodoulides, “Black and white vector solitons in weakly birefringent optical fibers,” Phys. Lett. 132(8-9), 451–452 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  29. S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  30. G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).
  31. D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  32. D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. B. A. Malomed, “Optical domain walls,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 50(2), 1565–1571 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  36. A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  37. D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  38. G. Shao, Y. Song, L. Zhao, D. Shen, and D. Tang, “Soliton-dark pulse pair formation in birefringent cavity fiber lasers through cross phase coupling,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26252–26258 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  39. L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (2)

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

2011 (1)

C. Hamner, J. J. Chang, P. Engels, and M. A. Hoefer, “Generation of dark-bright soliton trains in superfluid-superfluid counterflow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(6), 065302 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

L. V. Yakushevich, A. V. Savin, and L. I. Manevitch, “Nonlinear dynamics of topological solitons in DNA,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66, 016614 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

T. Busch and J. R. Anglin, “Dark-bright solitons in inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 010401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. V. Buryak, Y. S. Kivshar, and D. F. Parker, “Coupling between dark and bright solitons,” Phys. Lett. A 215(1-2), 57–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

B. A. Malomed, “Optical domain walls,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 50(2), 1565–1571 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. A. Malomed, “Bound solitons in coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations,” Phys. Rev. A 45(12), R8321–R8323 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1991 (1)

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

V. V. Afanasyev, Y. S. Kivshar, V. V. Konotop, and V. N. Serkin, “Dynamics of coupled dark and bright optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 805–807 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (3)

D. N. Christodoulides, “Black and white vector solitons in weakly birefringent optical fibers,” Phys. Lett. 132(8-9), 451–452 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, and G. I. Stegeman, “Optical solitary waves induced by cross-phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 13(10), 871–873 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

1987 (2)

C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in birefringent optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(2), 174–176 (1987).
[Crossref]

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

J. L. Hammack and H. Segur, “The Korteweg-de Vries equation and water waves. Part 2: Comparison with experiments,” J. Fluid Mech. 65(2), 289–314 (1974).
[Crossref]

Afanasjev, A. A.

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

Afanasjev, V. V.

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

Afanasyev, V. V.

Akhmediev, N.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Akhmediev, N. N.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Anderson, D.

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Lisak, A. Hook, and D. Anderson, “Symbiotic solitary-wave pairs sustained by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(5), 810–814 (1990).
[Crossref]

Anglin, J. R.

T. Busch and J. R. Anglin, “Dark-bright solitons in inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 010401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barthelemy, A.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

Baumert, M.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Becker, C.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bergman, K.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bongs, K.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bourdel, T.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Branger, H.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Burger, S.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Buryak, A. V.

A. V. Buryak, Y. S. Kivshar, and D. F. Parker, “Coupling between dark and bright solitons,” Phys. Lett. A 215(1-2), 57–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Busch, T.

T. Busch and J. R. Anglin, “Dark-bright solitons in inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 010401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carr, L. D.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castin, Y.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chabchoub, A.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Chang, J. J.

C. Hamner, J. J. Chang, P. Engels, and M. A. Hoefer, “Generation of dark-bright soliton trains in superfluid-superfluid counterflow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(6), 065302 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides, “Black and white vector solitons in weakly birefringent optical fibers,” Phys. Lett. 132(8-9), 451–452 (1988).
[Crossref]

Collings, B. C.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cubizolles, J.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dettmer, S.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

Doerschier, S.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Emplit, P.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

Engels, P.

C. Hamner, J. J. Chang, P. Engels, and M. A. Hoefer, “Generation of dark-bright soliton trains in superfluid-superfluid counterflow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(6), 065302 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ertmer, W.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, G.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forehly, C.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gordon, J. P.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Grudinin, A. B.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Hamaide, J. P.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hammack, J. L.

J. L. Hammack and H. Segur, “The Korteweg-de Vries equation and water waves. Part 2: Comparison with experiments,” J. Fluid Mech. 65(2), 289–314 (1974).
[Crossref]

Hamner, C.

C. Hamner, J. J. Chang, P. Engels, and M. A. Hoefer, “Generation of dark-bright soliton trains in superfluid-superfluid counterflow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(6), 065302 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heidemann, R.

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoefer, M. A.

C. Hamner, J. J. Chang, P. Engels, and M. A. Hoefer, “Generation of dark-bright soliton trains in superfluid-superfluid counterflow,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(6), 065302 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, N.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Hook, A.

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Lisak, A. Hook, and D. Anderson, “Symbiotic solitary-wave pairs sustained by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(5), 810–814 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Hulet, R. G.

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khaykovich, L.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. V. Buryak, Y. S. Kivshar, and D. F. Parker, “Coupling between dark and bright solitons,” Phys. Lett. A 215(1-2), 57–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. S. Kivshar and S. K. Turitsyn, “Vector dark solitons,” Opt. Lett. 18(5), 337–339 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasyev, Y. S. Kivshar, V. V. Konotop, and V. N. Serkin, “Dynamics of coupled dark and bright optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 805–807 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klimmoun, O.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Knox, W. H.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Konotop, V. V.

Kronjaeger, J.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lewenstein, M.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lisak, M.

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Lisak, A. Hook, and D. Anderson, “Symbiotic solitary-wave pairs sustained by cross-phase modulation in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(5), 810–814 (1990).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Malomed, B. A.

B. A. Malomed, “Optical domain walls,” Phys. Rev. E: Stat. Phys., Plasmas, Fluids, Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 50(2), 1565–1571 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. A. Malomed, “Bound solitons in coupled nonlinear Schrödinger equations,” Phys. Rev. A 45(12), R8321–R8323 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manevitch, L. I.

L. V. Yakushevich, A. V. Savin, and L. I. Manevitch, “Nonlinear dynamics of topological solitons in DNA,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66, 016614 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Menyuk, C. R.

C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in birefringent optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(2), 174–176 (1987).
[Crossref]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Morfill, G. E.

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Onorato, M.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Parker, D. F.

A. V. Buryak, Y. S. Kivshar, and D. F. Parker, “Coupling between dark and bright solitons,” Phys. Lett. A 215(1-2), 57–62 (1996).
[Crossref]

Partridge, G. B.

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Payne, D. N.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

Prokhorov, A. M.

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

Proment, D.

A. Chabchoub, O. Klimmoun, H. Branger, N. Hoffmann, D. Proment, M. Onorato, and N. Akhmediev, “Experimental observation of dark solitons on water surface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 124101 (2013).

Reynaud, F.

P. Emplit, J. P. Hamaide, F. Reynaud, C. Forehly, and A. Barthelemy, “Picosecond steps and dark pulses through nonlinear single mode fibers,” Opt. Commun. 62(6), 374–379 (1987).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

Richter, E. M.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Salomon, C.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sanpera, A.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Savin, A. V.

L. V. Yakushevich, A. V. Savin, and L. I. Manevitch, “Nonlinear dynamics of topological solitons in DNA,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66, 016614 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schreck, F.

L. Khaykovich, F. Schreck, G. Ferrari, T. Bourdel, J. Cubizolles, L. D. Carr, Y. Castin, and C. Salomon, “Formation of a matter-wave bright soliton,” Science 296(5571), 1290–1293 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segev, M.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Segur, H.

J. L. Hammack and H. Segur, “The Korteweg-de Vries equation and water waves. Part 2: Comparison with experiments,” J. Fluid Mech. 65(2), 289–314 (1974).
[Crossref]

Sengstock, K.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Serkin, V. N.

Y. S. Kivshar, D. Anderson, A. Hook, M. Lisak, A. A. Afanasjev, and V. N. Serkin, “Symbiotic optical solitons and modulational instability,” Phys. Scr. 44(2), 195–202 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasyev, Y. S. Kivshar, V. V. Konotop, and V. N. Serkin, “Dynamics of coupled dark and bright optical solitons,” Opt. Lett. 14(15), 805–807 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

Shao, G.

Shao, G. D.

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Shen, D.

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shlyapnikov, G. V.

S. Burger, K. Bongs, S. Dettmer, W. Ertmer, K. Sengstock, A. Sanpera, G. V. Shlyapnikov, and M. Lewenstein, “Dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(25), 5198–5201 (1999).
[Crossref]

Soltan-Panahi, P.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Song, Y. F.

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

S. T. Cundiff, B. C. Collings, N. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W. H. Knox, “Observation of polarization-locked Vector solitons in an optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(20), 3988–3991 (1999).
[Crossref]

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman and M. Segev, “Optical spatial solitons and their interactions: universality and diversity,” Science 286(5444), 1518–1523 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Trillo, S. Wabnitz, E. M. Wright, and G. I. Stegeman, “Optical solitary waves induced by cross-phase modulation,” Opt. Lett. 13(10), 871–873 (1988).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stellmer, S.

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

L. F. Mollenauer, R. H. Stolen, and J. P. Gordon, “Experimental observation of picosecond pulse narrowing and solitons in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1095–1098 (1980).
[Crossref]

Strecker, K. E.

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sütterlin, R.

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Thomas, H. M.

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trillo, S.

Truscott, A. G.

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates,” New J. Phys. 5, 73 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S. K.

Wabnitz, S.

Wright, E. M.

Wu, X.

Xiang, N.

Xiang, Y. J.

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yakushevich, L. V.

L. V. Yakushevich, A. V. Savin, and L. I. Manevitch, “Nonlinear dynamics of topological solitons in DNA,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 66, 016614 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhao, B.

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

Zhao, L. M.

D. Y. Tang, J. Guo, Y. F. Song, G. D. Shao, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Shen, “Temporal cavity soliton formation in an anomalous dispersion cavity fiber laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 31(12), 3050–3056 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, and N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, and X. Wu, “Polarization rotation locking of vector solitons in a fiber ring laser,” Opt. Express 16(14), 10053–10058 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, L. M. Zhao, and X. Wu, “Observation of high-order polarization-locked vector solitons in a fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(15), 153904 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, B. Zhao, and A. Q. Liu, “Mechanism of multisoliton formation and soliton energy quantization in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 72(4), 043816 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. D. Shao, J. Guo, X. Hu, Y. F. Song, L. M. Zhao, and D. Y. Tang, “Vector dark solitons in a single mode fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Zhdanov, S.

R. Heidemann, S. Zhdanov, R. Sütterlin, H. M. Thomas, and G. E. Morfill, “Dissipative dark soliton in a complex plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(13), 135002 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. B. Grudinin, D. J. Richardson, and D. N. Payne, “Energy quantization in figure eight fiber laser,” Electron. Lett. 28(1), 67–68 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. R. Menyuk, “Nonlinear pulse propagation in birefringent optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23(2), 174–176 (1987).
[Crossref]

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of short bright and dark soliton pulses by phase cross modulation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(12), 2656–2664 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Y. Tang, Y. F. Song, J. Guo, Y. J. Xiang, and D. Y. Shen, “Polarization domain formation and domain dynamics in a quasi-isotropic cavity fiber laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 0901309 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Fluid Mech. (1)

J. L. Hammack and H. Segur, “The Korteweg-de Vries equation and water waves. Part 2: Comparison with experiments,” J. Fluid Mech. 65(2), 289–314 (1974).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

JETP Lett. (1)

V. V. Afanasjev, E. M. Dianov, A. M. Prokhorov, and V. N. Serkin, “Nonlinear pairing of light and dark optical solitons,” JETP Lett. 48, 638–642 (1988).

Nat. Phys. (1)

C. Becker, S. Stellmer, P. Soltan-Panahi, S. Doerschier, M. Baumert, E. M. Richter, J. Kronjaeger, K. Bongs, and K. Sengstock, “Oscillations and interactions of dark and dark-bright solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 496–501 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

K. E. Strecker, G. B. Partridge, A. G. Truscott, and R. G. Hulet, “Formation and propagation of matter-wave soliton trains,” Nature 417(6885), 150–153 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Typical intensity profiles of the theoretically predicted coupled dark-bright solitons. (a) In the normal-GVD fiber, with βb = 0.5ps2/km, βd = 1ps2/km, A d 2 = 22.5mW, A b 2 = 2.5mW (solid lines), and A b 2 = 4.9mW (dashed lines). (b) In the anomalous-GVD fiber, with βb = −1ps2/km, βd = −0.5ps2/km, A d 2 = 10mW, A b 2 = 2.5mW (solid lines), and A b 2 = 4.9mW (dashed lines).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 A schematic of the Er-doped fiber (EDF) ring laser. SMF: Single mode fiber. DCF: Dispersion-compensating fiber. WDM: Wavelength division multiplexer. PC: Polarization controller. ISO: Isolator. OC: Output coupler. OSA: Optical spectrum analyzer.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 A typical picture of the emission of XPM-coupled dark-bright solitons, emitted by the fiber laser, in the net anomalous-cavity-GVD regime. a) Oscilloscope traces of the polarization-resolved laser emission; b) The corresponding optical spectra.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The same as in Fig. 3, but for the net normal-cavity-GVD regime.

Equations (8)

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i u b z β b 2 u b t 2 +γ( | u b | 2 + 2 3 | u d | 2 ) u b =0. i u d z β d 2 u d t 2 +γ( | u d | 2 + 2 3 | u b | 2 ) u d =0.
u b = A b sech( Bξ )exp[ i( σ b z Ω b t ) ]. u d = A d ( 1 C 2 sech 2 Bξ ) 1 2 exp[ i( σ d z Ω d t+ φ d ) ].
B 2 = 1 α 2 2 γ α β d β b A b 2 .
σ b =γ[ α A d 2 1 α 2 2 β b α β d β b A b 2 ]+ 1 4 β b ν 2 .
σ d =γ[ α β b +[ ( α 2 3 )/2 ] β d α β b β d A d 2 1 α 2 2 β d α β d β b A b 2 ]+ 1 4 β d ν 2 .
φ d = N 2 β d A d 2 ξ dξ ( 1 C 2 sech 2 Bξ ) 1 2 .
N 2 = 2 β d 2 A d 6 γ β d α β b ( 1 α 2 )( 2 C 2 ).
C 2 = α β b β d β b α β d A b 2 A d 2 .

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