Abstract

We demonstrate the direct generation of visible vortex beams at 640 nm and 607 nm by employing an off-axis pumping scheme in a diode end-pumped Pr3+:YLF laser. A detailed numerical analysis, based on the coherent superposition of Hermite-Gaussian modes with different amplitudes and phases, is perfectly consistent with the experimentally observed lasing modes. The maximum vortex output powers have been measured to be 808 mW and 211 mW at a pump power of 3.16 W, for the wavelengths of 640 nm and 607 nm, respectively. We also demonstrate the handedness control of the generated vortex beam. Such a visible vortex laser can potentially be applied in super-resolution fluorescent microscopes and micro-fabrication research.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-power visibly emitting Pr3+:YLF laser end pumped by single-emitter or fiber-coupled GaN blue laser diodes

Hiroki Tanaka, Shogo Fujita, and Fumihiko Kannari
Appl. Opt. 57(21) 5923-5928 (2018)

Pr3+:YLF mode-locked laser at 640  nm directly pumped by InGaN-diode lasers

Kodai Iijima, Ryosuke Kariyama, Hiroki Tanaka, and Fumihiko Kannari
Appl. Opt. 55(28) 7782-7787 (2016)

Controlled generation of vortex and vortex dipole from a Gaussian pumped optical parametric oscillator

Varun Sharma, A. Aadhi, and G. K. Samanta
Opt. Express 27(13) 18123-18130 (2019)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. Hill, “Long, narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1805–1807 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. W. Hell and J. Wichmann, “Breaking the diffraction resolution limit by stimulated emission: stimulated-emission-depletion fluorescence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 19, 780–782 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Paez-Lopez, U. Ruiz, V. Arrizon, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Optical manipulation using optimal annular vortices,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4138–4141 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Hamazaki, R. Morita, K. Chujo, Y. Kobayashi, S. Tanda, and T. Omatsu, “Optical-vortex laser ablation,” Opt. Express 18, 2144–2151 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. K. Masuda, R. Shinozaki, Y. Kinezuka, J. Lee, S. Ohno, S. Hashiyada, H. Okamoto, D. Sakai, K. Harada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Nanoscale chiral surface relief of azo-polymers with nearfield oam light,” Opt. Express 26, 22197–22207 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Sueda, G. Miyaji, N. Miyanaga, and M. Nakatsuka, “Laguerre-gaussian beam generated with a multilevel spiral phase plate for high intensity laser pulses,” Opt. Express 12, 3548–3553 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).
  18. L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. Fallet and G. Y. Sirat, “Achromatization of conical diffraction: application to the generation of a polychromatic optical vortex,” Opt. Lett. 41, 769–772 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  20. N. Matsumoto, T. Ando, T. Inoue, Y. Ohtake, N. Fukuchi, and T. Hara, “Generation of high-quality higher-order laguerre-gaussian beams using liquid-crystal-on-silicon spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 1642–1651 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. E. Karimi, G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Hypergeometric-gaussian modes,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3053–3055 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  23. T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. Forbes, “Controlling light’s helicity at the source: orbital angular momentum states from lasers,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A 375, 20150436 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. D. Kim and J. Kim, “Direct generation of an optical vortex beam in a single-frequency nd: Yvo 4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 399–402 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. Ito, Y. Kozawa, and S. Sato, “Generation of hollow scalar and vector beams using a spot-defect mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, 2072–2077 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  30. X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).
  31. X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  32. T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, “Power scaling of laser diode pumped pr 3+: Liyf 4 cw lasers: efficient laser operation at 522.6 nm, 545.9 nm, 607.2 nm, and 639.5 nm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1002–1004 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  33. H. Tanaka, R. Kariyama, K. Iijima, K. Hirosawa, and F. Kannari, “Saturation of 640-nm absorption in cr 4+: Yag for an ingan laser diode pumped passively q-switched pr 3+: Ylf laser,” Opt. Express 23, 19382–19395 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. K. Iijima, R. Kariyama, H. Tanaka, and F. Kannari, “Pr 3+: Ylf mode-locked laser at 640 nm directly pumped by ingan-diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 55, 7782–7787 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. U. T. Schwarz, M. A. Bandres, and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Observation of ince–gaussian modes in stable resonators,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1870–1872 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  36. T. Ohtomo, S.-C. Chu, and K. Otsuka, “Generation of vortex beams from lasers with controlled hermite-and ince-gaussian modes,” Opt. Express 16, 5082–5094 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. M. A. Bandres and J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, “Ince–gaussian modes of the paraxial wave equation and stable resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 873–880 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  38. A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  39. S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  40. M. Okida, T. Omatsu, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Direct generation of high power laguerre-gaussian output from a diode-pumped nd: Yvo 4 1.3-μm bounce laser,” Opt. Express 15, 7616–7622 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (3)

K. Masuda, R. Shinozaki, Y. Kinezuka, J. Lee, S. Ohno, S. Hashiyada, H. Okamoto, D. Sakai, K. Harada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Nanoscale chiral surface relief of azo-polymers with nearfield oam light,” Opt. Express 26, 22197–22207 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

2017 (3)

T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Forbes, “Controlling light’s helicity at the source: orbital angular momentum states from lasers,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A 375, 20150436 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (7)

C. Fallet and G. Y. Sirat, “Achromatization of conical diffraction: application to the generation of a polychromatic optical vortex,” Opt. Lett. 41, 769–772 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Iijima, R. Kariyama, H. Tanaka, and F. Kannari, “Pr 3+: Ylf mode-locked laser at 640 nm directly pumped by ingan-diode lasers,” Appl. Opt. 55, 7782–7787 (2016).
[Crossref]

R. Paez-Lopez, U. Ruiz, V. Arrizon, and R. Ramos-Garcia, “Optical manipulation using optimal annular vortices,” Opt. Lett. 41, 4138–4141 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2013 (3)

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, “Power scaling of laser diode pumped pr 3+: Liyf 4 cw lasers: efficient laser operation at 522.6 nm, 545.9 nm, 607.2 nm, and 639.5 nm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1002–1004 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

2000 (1)

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ambrosio, A.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ando, T.

Aoki, N.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arrizon, V.

Bandres, M. A.

Bazhenov, V. Y.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burger, L.

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

Chu, S.-C.

Chujo, K.

Cui, Q.

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cui, S.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

Davidson, N.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Devlin, R. C.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dudley, A.

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fallet, C.

Fan, R.

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Forbes, A.

A. Forbes, “Controlling light’s helicity at the source: orbital angular momentum states from lasers,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A 375, 20150436 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

Friedman, N.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Friese, M.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fukuchi, N.

Gün, T.

Gutiérrez-Vega, J. C.

Hamada, T.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hamazaki, J.

Hara, T.

Harada, K.

Hashiyada, S.

Hattori, H.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

He, H.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heckenberg, N.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hell, S. W.

Hidai, H.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hidaka, S.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hill, W.

Hirosawa, K.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, X.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

Huber, G.

Iijima, K.

Inoue, T.

Ito, A.

Ito, S.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Itoh, M.

Itoh, T.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jia, B.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jones, P. H.

P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kannari, F.

Karimi, E.

Kariyama, R.

Khaykovich, L.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

Kim, J.

Kinezuka, Y.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kozawa, Y.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, A. J.

T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

Li, T.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang, Y.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lida, T.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Litvin, I.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, S.

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Manzo, C.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marrucci, L.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Hypergeometric-gaussian modes,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3053–3055 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Masuda, K.

Matsumoto, N.

McLaren, M.

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

Metz, P.

Milam, D.

Miyaji, G.

Miyamoto, K.

K. Masuda, R. Shinozaki, Y. Kinezuka, J. Lee, S. Ohno, S. Hashiyada, H. Okamoto, D. Sakai, K. Harada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Nanoscale chiral surface relief of azo-polymers with nearfield oam light,” Opt. Express 26, 22197–22207 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyanaga, N.

Miyasaka, H.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Morita, R.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hamazaki, R. Morita, K. Chujo, Y. Kobayashi, S. Tanda, and T. Omatsu, “Optical-vortex laser ablation,” Opt. Express 18, 2144–2151 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mueller, J. B.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naidoo, D.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nakatsuka, M.

Ngcobo, S.

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nie, Z.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nishida, K.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ohno, S.

Ohtake, Y.

Ohtomo, T.

Okamoto, H.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

K. Masuda, R. Shinozaki, Y. Kinezuka, J. Lee, S. Ohno, S. Hashiyada, H. Okamoto, D. Sakai, K. Harada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Nanoscale chiral surface relief of azo-polymers with nearfield oam light,” Opt. Express 26, 22197–22207 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hamazaki, R. Morita, K. Chujo, Y. Kobayashi, S. Tanda, and T. Omatsu, “Optical-vortex laser ablation,” Opt. Express 18, 2144–2151 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Okida, T. Omatsu, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, “Direct generation of high power laguerre-gaussian output from a diode-pumped nd: Yvo 4 1.3-μm bounce laser,” Opt. Express 15, 7616–7622 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Otsuka, K.

Ozeri, R.

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Paez-Lopez, R.

Paparo, D.

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

Piccirillo, B.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Karimi, G. Zito, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and E. Santamato, “Hypergeometric-gaussian modes,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3053–3055 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ramachandran, S.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ramos-Garcia, R.

Ren, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roux, F. S.

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rubin, N. A.

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rubinsztein-Dunlop, H.

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ruiz, U.

Saffari, N.

P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sakai, D.

Santamato, E.

Sato, S.

Schwarz, U. T.

Shinozaki, R.

Sirat, G. Y.

Song, Y.

Soskin, M.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).

Spreeuw, R.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stride, E.

P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sueda, K.

Takahashi, F.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tamura, M.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, H.

Tanda, S.

Tokonami, S.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tur, M.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vasnetsov, M.

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).

Wang, J.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wichmann, J.

Willner, A. E.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, B.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yamane, K.

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yamauchi, H.

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, R.

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yatagai, T.

Yu, X.

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zito, G.

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

A. Forbes, A. Dudley, and M. McLaren, “Creation and detection of optical modes with spatial light modulators,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 8, 200–227 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. H. Jones, E. Stride, and N. Saffari, “Trapping and manipulation of microscopic bubbles with a scanning optical tweezer,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 081113 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Huang, B. Xu, S. Cui, H. Xu, Z. Cai, and L. Chen, “Direct generation of vortex laser by rotating induced off-axis pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24, 1–6 (2018).

J. Opt. (1)

T. Omatsu, K. Miyamoto, and A. J. Lee, “Wavelength-versatile optical vortex lasers,” J. Opt. 19, 123002 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (3)

JETP Lett. (1)

V. Y. Bazhenov, M. Vasnetsov, and M. Soskin, “Laser beams with screw dislocations in their wavefronts,” JETP Lett. 52, 429–431 (1990).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

X. Li, X. Yu, R. Yan, R. Fan, and D. Chen, “Optical and laser properties of pr3+: Ylf crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 791 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using optical vortex to control the chirality of twisted metal nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 12, 3645–3649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanophotonics (1)

X. Wang, Z. Nie, Y. Liang, J. Wang, T. Li, and B. Jia, “Recent advances on optical vortex generation,” Nanophotonics 7, 1533–1556 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

S. Ngcobo, I. Litvin, L. Burger, and A. Forbes, “A digital laser for on-demand laser modes,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2289 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

D. Naidoo, F. S. Roux, A. Dudley, I. Litvin, B. Piccirillo, L. Marrucci, and A. Forbes, “Controlled generation of higher-order poincaré sphere beams from a laser,” Nat. Photonics 10, 327 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, “Tweezers with a twist,” Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Luo, X. Yan, Q. Cui, B. Xu, H. Xu, and Z. Cai, “Power scaling of blue-diode-pumped pr: Ylf lasers at 523.0, 604.1, 606.9, 639.4, 697.8 and 720.9 nm,” Opt. Commun. 380, 357–360 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A (1)

A. Forbes, “Controlling light’s helicity at the source: orbital angular momentum states from lasers,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A 375, 20150436 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

N. Friedman, L. Khaykovich, R. Ozeri, and N. Davidson, “Compression of cold atoms to very high densities in a rotating-beam blue-detuned optical trap,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 031403 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Spreeuw, and J. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of laguerre-gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. Marrucci, C. Manzo, and D. Paparo, “Optical spin-to-orbital angular momentum conversion in inhomogeneous anisotropic media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 163905 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. He, M. Friese, N. Heckenberg, and H. Rubinsztein-Dunlop, “Direct observation of transfer of angular momentum to absorptive particles from a laser beam with a phase singularity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 826 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

F. Takahashi, K. Miyamoto, H. Hidai, K. Yamane, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Picosecond optical vortex pulse illumination forms a monocrystalline silicon needle,” Sci. Rep. 6, 21738 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Ito, H. Yamauchi, M. Tamura, S. Hidaka, H. Hattori, T. Hamada, K. Nishida, S. Tokonami, T. Itoh, H. Miyasaka, and T. Lida, “Selective optical assembly of highly uniform nanoparticles by doughnut-shaped beams,” Sci. Rep. 3, 3047 (2013).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. E. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, “Terabit-scale orbital angular momentum mode division multiplexing in fibers,” Science 340, 1545–1548 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Devlin, A. Ambrosio, N. A. Rubin, J. B. Mueller, and F. Capasso, “Arbitrary spin-to–orbital angular momentum conversion of light,” Science 358, 896–901 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup for direct generation of a visible vortex laser beam using an off-axis pumping configuration. LD: InGaN laser diode centered at 442 nm; Col. L: collimation lens (f = 4.51 mm); Cyl. L: cylindrical lens (f = 250 mm); FL: focusing lens (f = 35 mm); HR: high-reflection coating for the lasing wavelength (640 nm or 607 nm); Pr3+:YLF: 5-mm-long gain medium; CL: cavity length; OC: output coupler. The inset shows the OC displacement for an off-axis pumping configuration example. (b) Scheme for a self-referenced laterally sheared interferometer. TG: transmission grating (10 lines/mm); 0th and 1st: diffraction orders; IL: imaging lens (f = 300 mm); CCD: CCD camera.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Measured transmission spectra of the OC and the two differently coated crystals used. (b) Line spectrum of the generated vortex mode by employing the two different crystals. Each line is normalized with respect its own maximum. The insets show photographs of the red (640 nm) and orange (607 nm) vortex beams that can be obtained from our setup.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spatial mode mapping of the laser output beam for different OC positions (x,y).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Self-interference fringes of a (a) = +1 vortex beam (upward/downward fork-like pattern), and (b) = −1 vortex beam (downward/upward fork-like pattern) after displacing the OC laterally by Δx ≈ +50 μm. The insets show the intensity profile for each vortex beam after removing the interferometer section.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Experimental spatial modes for different OC positions (upper rows) and corresponding theoretical simulations (lower rows) based on the HG mode superposition in Eq. (1).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Output powers as a function of pump power for the Gaussian mode, black squares for 640 nm emitted light and blue triangles for 607 nm, and for the vortex mode with OAM = +1, red circles for 640 nm and orange diamonds for 607 nm. Lines are the fitted slope efficiencies: 33.7% (black), 37.3% (red), 15.7% (blue) and 16.7% (orange).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Spatial mode mapping of the laser output beam using a c-cut crystal for different OC positions (x,y).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Self-interference fringes of a (a) = +1 vortex beam, and (b) = −1 vortex beam using a c-cut crystal after only displacing the OC laterally by Δx ≈ +10 μm. The insets show the intensity profile for each vortex beam after removing the interferometer section.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Higher-order Ince-Gaussian mode map of the laser output beam using a c-cut crystal as the OC is displaced within the first quadrant, from the center up to the approximate position of (x,y) ∼ (200,300) μm. Note that distance between modes along the x and y axes decreases as we displace the OC away from the center, meaning that this mode map is not displayed on a linear axis scale.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

out ( θ , φ ) = cos θ HG 01 + exp ( i φ ) sin θ HG 10 ,
LG 0 , ± 1 = 1 / 2 { HG 01 ± i HG 10 } .

Metrics