Abstract

We propose and demonstrate broadband, entirely mode-evolution-based, polarization splitter-rotators (PSR) using sub-wavelength grating (SWG) assisted adiabatic waveguides for two SOI platforms. Our PSRs are more compact than previously demonstrated entirely mode-evolution-based designs. The devices were fabricated using two fabrication processes and, in both cases, the measured spectra show close matches to the simulation results. One of the processes uses standard optical lithography and, hence, this is the first time that an SWG-based PSR has been experimentally implemented using such a process. Finally, measurements for arbitrary input polarizations on an active, automated polarization receiver, that uses one of our PSRs, are also presented.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

2017 (3)

2016 (5)

2015 (2)

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

2013 (2)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2007 (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Alonso-Ramos, C.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Barwicz, T.

Bianchi, A.

Bock, P. J.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bojko, R.

Cassese, T.

Caverley, M.

Cheben, P.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, D.-X. Xu, J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, and W. N. Ye, “Polarization splitter and rotator with subwavelength grating for enhanced fabrication tolerance,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6931–6934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chrostowski, L.

H. Yun, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Ultra-broadband 2× 2 adiabatic 3 db coupler using subwavelength-grating-assisted silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1935–1938 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon photonics design: from devices to systems (Cambridge University, 2015).
[Crossref]

Dai, D.

Y. Yin, Z. Li, and D. Dai, “Ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on the mode evolution in a dual-core adiabatic taper,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 2227–2233 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and H. Wu, “Realization of a compact polarization splitter-rotator on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2346–2349 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Angelis, G.

Ding, L.

Ding, Y.

Fang, Q.

Gan, F.

Guan, H.

Halir, R.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. He, J. Wu, X. Jiang, R. Liu, C. Qiu, X. Jiang, J. Yang, C. Tremblay, and Y. Su, “High-extinction-ratio silicon polarization beam splitter with tolerance to waveguide width and coupling length variations,” Opt. Express 24, 6586–6593 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Hochberg, M.

Hu, R.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Huang, Y.

Hvam, J. M.

Ippen, E. P.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jaeger, N. A.

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Jaeger, N. A. F.

H. Yun, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Ultra-broadband 2× 2 adiabatic 3 db coupler using subwavelength-grating-assisted silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1935–1938 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Janz, S.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X.

Kärtner, F. X.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lapointe, J.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

Li, Z.

Y. Yin, Z. Li, and D. Dai, “Ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on the mode evolution in a dual-core adiabatic taper,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 2227–2233 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lin, S.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Liu, B.

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Liu, L.

Liu, R.

Lo, G.-Q.

Lu, Z.

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Ma, M.

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Mikkelsen, J. C.

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Self-configuring universal linear optical component,” Photonics Res. 1, 1–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Molina-Fernández, Í.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Murray, K.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Niu, B.

Novack, A.

Ortega-Moñux, A.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ou, H.

Park, A.

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

Peucheret, C.

Poon, J. K.

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Preite, M.

Qi, M.

Qiu, C.

Y. Zhang, Y. He, J. Wu, X. Jiang, R. Liu, C. Qiu, X. Jiang, J. Yang, C. Tremblay, and Y. Su, “High-extinction-ratio silicon polarization beam splitter with tolerance to waveguide width and coupling length variations,” Opt. Express 24, 6586–6593 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Romagnoli, M.

Sacher, W. D.

Schmid, J. H.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, D.-X. Xu, J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, and W. N. Ye, “Polarization splitter and rotator with subwavelength grating for enhanced fabrication tolerance,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6931–6934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Z.

Shi, R.

Shi, W.

Shi, Y.

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Soref, R.

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Sorianello, V.

Streshinsky, M.

Su, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. He, J. Wu, X. Jiang, R. Liu, C. Qiu, X. Jiang, J. Yang, C. Tremblay, and Y. Su, “High-extinction-ratio silicon polarization beam splitter with tolerance to waveguide width and coupling length variations,” Opt. Express 24, 6586–6593 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Taylor, B. J.

Testa, F.

Tremblay, C.

Velha, P.

Wang, J.

Wang, X.

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, B. Niu, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, W. Li, X. Wang, S. Zou, M. Qi, and F. Gan, “Novel ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on mode-evolution tapers and a mode-sorting asymmetric Y-junction,” Opt. Express 22, 13565–13571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Wang, Y.

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Wangüemert-Pérez, J. G.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, D.-X. Xu, J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, and W. N. Ye, “Polarization splitter and rotator with subwavelength grating for enhanced fabrication tolerance,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6931–6934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Watts, M. R.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wu, A.

Wu, H.

Wu, J.

Xiong, Y.

Xu, D.-X.

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Xiong, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, D.-X. Xu, J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, and W. N. Ye, “Polarization splitter and rotator with subwavelength grating for enhanced fabrication tolerance,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6931–6934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

Yang, J.

Ye, M.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Ye, W. N.

Yin, Y.

Y. Yin, Z. Li, and D. Dai, “Ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on the mode evolution in a dual-core adiabatic taper,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 2227–2233 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yun, H.

H. Yun, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Ultra-broadband 2× 2 adiabatic 3 db coupler using subwavelength-grating-assisted silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1935–1938 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

Yvind, K.

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. He, J. Wu, X. Jiang, R. Liu, C. Qiu, X. Jiang, J. Yang, C. Tremblay, and Y. Su, “High-extinction-ratio silicon polarization beam splitter with tolerance to waveguide width and coupling length variations,” Opt. Express 24, 6586–6593 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

Zou, S.

IEEE Photonics J. (2)

Y. Wang, M. Ma, H. Yun, Z. Lu, X. Wang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Ultra-compact sub-wavelength grating polarization splitter-rotator for silicon-on-insulator platform,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–9 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Ma, H. Yun, F. Zhang, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Compact broadband directional couplers using subwavelength gratings,” IEEE Photonics J. 8, 1–8 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Light. Technol. (1)

Y. Yin, Z. Li, and D. Dai, “Ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on the mode evolution in a dual-core adiabatic taper,” J. Light. Technol. 35, 2227–2233 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laser & Photonics Rev. (1)

R. Halir, P. J. Bock, P. Cheben, A. Ortega-Moñux, C. Alonso-Ramos, J. H. Schmid, J. Lapointe, D.-X. Xu, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, Í. Molina-Fernández, and S. Janz, “Waveguide sub-wavelength structures: a review of principles and applications,” Laser & Photonics Rev. 9, 25–49 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

Y. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, and H. Ou, “Fabrication tolerant polarization splitter and rotator based on a tapered directional coupler,” Opt. Express 20, 20021–20027 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Silicon-on-insulator polarization splitting and rotating device for polarization diversity circuits,” Opt. Express 19, 12646–12651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Guan, A. Novack, M. Streshinsky, R. Shi, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “CMOS-compatible highly efficient polarization splitter and rotator based on a double-etched directional coupler,” Opt. Express 22, 2489–2496 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Xu and Y. Shi, “Ultra-broadband silicon polarization splitter-rotator based on the multi-mode waveguide,” Opt. Express 25, 18485–18491 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Sacher, T. Barwicz, B. J. Taylor, and J. K. Poon, “Polarization rotator-splitters in standard active silicon photonics platforms,” Opt. Express 22, 3777–3786 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. D. Sacher, Y. Huang, L. Ding, T. Barwicz, J. C. Mikkelsen, B. J. Taylor, G.-Q. Lo, and J. K. Poon, “Polarization rotator-splitters and controllers in a Si3N4-on-SOI integrated photonics platform,” Opt. Express 22, 11167–11174 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, B. Niu, Z. Sheng, A. Wu, W. Li, X. Wang, S. Zou, M. Qi, and F. Gan, “Novel ultra-broadband polarization splitter-rotator based on mode-evolution tapers and a mode-sorting asymmetric Y-junction,” Opt. Express 22, 13565–13571 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. He, J. Wu, X. Jiang, R. Liu, C. Qiu, X. Jiang, J. Yang, C. Tremblay, and Y. Su, “High-extinction-ratio silicon polarization beam splitter with tolerance to waveguide width and coupling length variations,” Opt. Express 24, 6586–6593 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Y. Wang, W. Shi, X. Wang, Z. Lu, M. Caverley, R. Bojko, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Design of broadband sub-wavelength grating couplers with low back reflection,” Opt. Lett. 40, 4647–4650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Zhang, H. Yun, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Compact broadband polarization beam splitter using a symmetric directional coupler with sinusoidal bends,” Opt. Lett. 42, 235–238 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ding, H. Ou, and C. Peucheret, “Wideband polarization splitter and rotator with large fabrication tolerance and simple fabrication process,” Opt. Lett. 38, 1227–1229 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Xiong, J. G. Wangüemert-Pérez, D.-X. Xu, J. H. Schmid, P. Cheben, and W. N. Ye, “Polarization splitter and rotator with subwavelength grating for enhanced fabrication tolerance,” Opt. Lett. 39, 6931–6934 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yun, L. Chrostowski, and N. A. F. Jaeger, “Ultra-broadband 2× 2 adiabatic 3 db coupler using subwavelength-grating-assisted silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 43, 1935–1938 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Velha, V. Sorianello, M. Preite, G. De Angelis, T. Cassese, A. Bianchi, F. Testa, and M. Romagnoli, “Wide-band polarization controller for Si photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Lett. 41, 5656–5659 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai and H. Wu, “Realization of a compact polarization splitter-rotator on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 41, 2346–2349 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Photonics Res. (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Self-configuring universal linear optical component,” Photonics Res. 1, 1–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

L. Chrostowski and M. Hochberg, Silicon photonics design: from devices to systems (Cambridge University, 2015).
[Crossref]

Y. He, Y. Zhang, X. Wang, B. Liu, X. Jiang, C. Qiu, Y. Su, and R. Soref, “Silicon polarization splitter and rotator using a subwavelength grating based directional coupler,” in 2017 Optical Fiber Communications Conference and Exhibition (OFC), (IEEE, 2017), pp. 1–3.

M. Ma, K. Murray, M. Ye, S. Lin, Y. Wang, Z. Lu, H. Yun, R. Hu, N. A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Silicon photonic polarization receiver with automated stabilization for arbitrary input polarizations,” in CLEO: Science and Innovations, (Optical Society of America, 2016), pp. STu4G–8.

M. Ma, Y. Wang, A. Park, H. Yun, N. A. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Broadband polarization splitter-rotator using sub-wavelength grating assisted adiabatic waveguides,” in 2018 IEEE 15th International Conference on Group IV Photonics (GFP), (IEEE, 2018), pp. 1–2.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) 3D view of our air-clad PSR with mode profiles at various points along the device; (b) top view of the adiabatic nano-taper; (c) top view of the SWG-assisted adiabatic coupler with labelled design parameters. The parameters in these segments are as follows: in (b), W1 = 450 nm, W2 = 600 nm, W3 = 900 nm (given that Winput = 450 nm), L1 = 6 μm, L2 = 30 μm, and L3 = 15 μm; in (c), L4 = 100 μm, Λ = 200 nm, g = 100 nm, W3 = 900 nm, W4 = 200 nm, W5 = 650 nm, and W6 = 800 nm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Calculated effective indices for the first three eigenmodes of an air-clad strip waveguide, as a function of the waveguide width. The center wavelength is 1550 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated transmission spectra of the proposed PSRs, with (a) TM00 mode and (b) TE00 mode inputs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM images of a fabricated PSR. (a) The complete structure of the PSR. (b) Zoom-in of the blunt tip on the SWG-AC. (c) Zoom-in of the middle section of the SWG-AC. (d) Zoom-in of the S-bend and the SWG taper on the splitting section.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transmission spectra of the fabricated PSRs, with (a) TM00 mode and (b) TE00 mode inputs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic of the adiabatic bi-level taper (a) top view with mode profiles at different points along the bi-level taper, and calculated effective indices of the first three modes along the first half of the bi-level taper.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) TM00 to TE01 mode conversion efficiency for various lengths of LA and LB in the bi-level taper. Inset Fig.: spectra of the mode conversion efficiency for a TM00 mode and a TE00 mode input. The lengths LA and LB are chosen to be LA = 35 μm and LB = 30 μm. Top view of the simulated electric field distribution for the bi-level taper when launching (b) a TM00 mode and (c) a TE00 mode. (d) Normalized transmission for various lengths of L4 in the adiabatic coupler (AC) section, with a TE01 mode and TE00 mode inputs.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Simulated transmission spectra of the proposed PSRs, with (a) TM00 mode and (b) TE00 mode inputs.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured transmission spectra of the fabricated PSRs, with (a) TM00 mode and (b) TE00 mode inputs.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Schematic of the polarization receiver consisting of an edge coupler, a PSR, a balanced MZI including two thermal phase shifters, two broadband 3dB couplers, and a photodetector (PD). (b) Optical micrograph of a fabricated polarization receiver.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 (a) Optical power of the output and feedback ports of the polarization receiver versus time (b) Recorded eye-diagrams of output signal at each experimental stage: (i) before (polarization-scramble state), (ii) during, and (iii) after the automated optimization.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Figure of Merits of the Fabricated Mode-evolution-based PSRs

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