Abstract

We demonstrate a III-V/silicon hybrid external cavity laser with a tuning range larger than 60 nm at the C-band on a silicon-on-insulator platform. A III-V semiconductor gain chip is hybridized into the silicon chip by edge-coupling the silicon chip through a Si3N4 spot size converter. The demonstrated packaging method requires only passive alignment and is thus suitable for high-volume production. The laser has a largest output power of 11 mW with a maximum wall-plug efficiency of 4.2%, tunability of 60 nm (more than covering the C-band), and a side-mode suppression ratio of 55 dB (>46 dB across the C-band). The lowest measured linewidth is 37 kHz (<80 kHz across the C-band), which is the narrowest linewidth using a silicon-based external cavity. In addition, we successfully demonstrate all silicon-photonics-based transmission of 34 Gbaud (272 Gb/s) dual-polarization 16-QAM using our integrated laser and silicon photonic coherent transceiver. The results show no additional penalty compared to commercially available narrow linewidth tunable lasers. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first experimental demonstration of a complete silicon photonic based coherent link. This is also the first experimental demonstration of >250 Gb/s coherent optical transmission using a silicon micro-ring-based tunable laser.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (2)

2016 (6)

S. Li, D. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. Yang, X. Xiao, S. Hu, L. Wang, M. Li, X. Tang, Y. Qiu, M. Luo, and S. Yu, “Silicon micro-ring tunable laser for coherent optical communication,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6341–6349 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Song, C. Stagarescu, S. Ristic, A. Behfar, and J. Klamkin, “3D integrated hybrid silicon laser,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10435–10444 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (5)

2014 (7)

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, D. W. Grund, G. A. Ejzak, Y. Liu, A. Novack, D. Prather, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A single adiabatic microring-based laser in 220 nm silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1172–1180 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, R. Ding, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, Z. Xuan, Q. Li, A. E. Lim, G. Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Silicon Mod-MUX-Ring transmitter with 4 channels at 40 Gb/s,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16431–16438 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, S. Yang, H. Guan, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, P. Magill, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Sagnac loop mirror and micro-ring based laser cavity for silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17872–17879 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

2013 (7)

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. N. Huynh, L. Nguyen, and L. Barry, “Phase noise characterization of SGDBR lasers using phase modulation detection method with delayed self-heterodyne measurements,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(8), 1300–1308 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. C. Hulme, J. K. Doylend, and J. E. Bowers, “Widely tunable Vernier ring laser on hybrid silicon,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19718–19722 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Creazzo, E. Marchena, S. B. Krasulick, P. K. Yu, D. Van Orden, J. Y. Spann, C. C. Blivin, L. He, H. Cai, J. M. Dallesasse, R. J. Stone, and A. Mizrahi, “Integrated tunable CMOS laser,” Opt. Express 21(23), 28048–28053 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Snyder, B. Corbett, and P. O’Brien, “Hybrid integration of the wavelength-tunable laser with a silicon photonic integrated circuit,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 3934–3942 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 268–270 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Hochberg and T. Baehr-Jones, “Towards fabless silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 492–494 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36(4), 321–322 (2000).
[Crossref]

Accard, A.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Aroca, R.

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bahadori, M.

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
[Crossref]

Barry, L.

Behfar, A.

Ben Bakir, B.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Bergman, K.

Bessette, J. T.

Bickford, J.

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
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Blivin, C. C.

Boeuf, F.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
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R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
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Bordel, D.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bovington, J.

Bowers, J. E.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
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J. C. Hulme, J. K. Doylend, and J. E. Bowers, “Widely tunable Vernier ring laser on hybrid silicon,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19718–19722 (2013).
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A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9203–9210 (2006).
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B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
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Buca, D.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
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Buhl, L. L.

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

Cai, H.

Cai, Y.

Calhoun, D.

Camacho-Aguilera, R. E.

Cassan, E.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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Chandrasekhar, S.

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

Chen, C. P.

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
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S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
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Chen, Y.-K.

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

Chiussi, S.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
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Chu, T.

Claes, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
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Cohen, O.

Coolbaugh, E. P.

Corbett, B.

Creazzo, T.

Cunningham, J. E.

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
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A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
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Dallesasse, J. M.

De Heyn, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Valicourt, G.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Della Torre, A.

Descos, A.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

DeVos, K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
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Djordjevic, S. S.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, “Silicon photonic integration in telecommunications,” Front. Phys. 3, 37 (2015).
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Dong, P.

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

Doylend, J. K.

Duan, G. H.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Duan, G.-H.

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Duthel, T.

Ejzak, G. A.

Elliott, S. N.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Faist, J.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fang, A. W.

Fastenau, J. M.

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fathololoumi, S.

Fedeli, J. M.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Fedeli, J.-M.

Fédéli, J.-M.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Feng, D.

Fludger, C. R. S.

Fong, J.

Fujioka, N.

Gardes, Y. G.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Geiger, R.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gossard, A. C.

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grund, D. W.

Grützmacher, D.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guan, H.

Hartmann, J. M.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, J.-M.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

He, L.

Hendry, R.

Hochberg, M.

Hu, S.

Hulme, J. C.

Huynh, T. N.

Ikonic, Z.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ippen, M. R.

Ishizaka, M.

Jany, C.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, S.-H.

Jiang, Q.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jones, R.

Kaspar, P.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Keyvaninia, S.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimerling, L. C.

Klamkin, J.

Klein, E. J.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

Komljenovic, T.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Krasulick, S. B.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
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S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
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S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
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J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
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S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
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S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
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J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
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X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
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A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
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J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
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S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
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J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
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X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
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S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
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G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

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S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
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D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
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R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
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J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
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S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
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X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
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D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
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Ross, I.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
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Samadi, P.

D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, D. Calhoun, Q. Li, R. Hendry, P. Samadi, and K. Bergman, “Scaling silicon photonic switch fabrics for data center interconnection networks,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1159–1175 (2015).
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Schmid, J. H.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seddighian, P.

Seeds, A. J.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Segawa, T.

S. Matsuo and T. Segawa, “Microring-resonator-based widely tunable lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(3), 545–554 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sekiguchi, S.

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shafiiha, R.

Shakouri, A.

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y.

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
[Crossref]

Shubin, I.

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shutts, S.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sigg, H.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Singh, A.

Smowton, P. M.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Snyder, A.

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Snyder, B.

Sobiesierski, A.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Song, B.

Song, H.

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spann, J. Y.

Stagarescu, C.

Stoica, T.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Stone, R. J.

Tanaka, S.

Tanaka, Y.

Tang, M.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, X.

Thacker, H. D.

Thomson, D.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Thomson, D. J.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

Van Orden, D.

Van Thourhout, D.

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Vaerenbergh, T.

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Vercelli, E. S.

Virot, L.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vivien, L.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

von den Driesch, N.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

Watts,

Wen, K.

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
[Crossref]

Wilke, J.

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
[Crossref]

Wirths, S.

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xiao, X.

Xu, D.-X.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xuan, Z.

Yang, Q.

Yang, S.

Yang, Y.

Yao, J.

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36(4), 321–322 (2000).
[Crossref]

Yu, P. K.

Yu, S.

Zhang, C.

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, J.

Zheng, X.

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zheng, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, G. Li, S. S. Djordjevic, J. Lee, H. D. Thacker, I. Shubin, K. Raj, J. E. Cunningham, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient WDM Laser Sources towards Terabyte/s Silicon Photonic Interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(24), 4142–4154 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zilkie, A.

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zilkie, A. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Y. Liu, C. Zhang, J. Norman, A. Snyder, D. Lubyshev, J. M. Fastenau, A. W. Liu, A. C. Gossard, and J. E. Bowers, “High performance continuous wave 1.3 μm quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(4), 041104 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Yariv, “Universal relations for coupling of optical power between microresonators and dielectric waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 36(4), 321–322 (2000).
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Front. Phys. (1)

C. R. Doerr, “Silicon photonic integration in telecommunications,” Front. Phys. 3, 37 (2015).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

G. H. Duan, C. Jany, A. Le Liepvre, A. Accard, M. Lamponi, D. Make, P. Kaspar, G. Levaufre, G. Nils, F. Lelarge, J. M. Fedeli, A. Descos, B. Ben Bakir, S. Messaoudene, D. Bordel, S. Menezo, G. de Valicourt, S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, D. J. Thomson, Y. G. Gardes, and G. T. Reed, “Hybrid III-V on Silicon Lasers for Photonic Integrated Circuits on Silicon,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 6100213 (2014).

P. Dong, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, R. Aroca, and Y.-K. Chen, “Monolithic silicon photonic integrated circuits for compact 100+ Gb/s coherent optical receivers and transmitters,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(4), 1–8 (2014).

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IEEE Photonics J. (1)

J. H. Lee, D. Y. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Bovington, S. S. Djordjevic, S. Lin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “III-V/Si hybrid laser stabilization using micro-ring feedback control,” IEEE Photonics J. 8(5), 1–7 (2016).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

B. Liu, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupler lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

J. Opt. (1)

D. Thomson, A. Zilkie, J. E. Bowers, T. Komljenovic, G. T. Reed, L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Virot, J.-M. Fédéli, J.-M. Hartmann, J. H. Schmid, D.-X. Xu, F. Boeuf, P. O’Brien, G. Z. Mashanovich, and M. Nedeljkovic, “Roadmap on silicon photonics,” J. Opt. 18(7), 073003 (2016).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

W. Bogaerts, P. De Heyn, T. Van Vaerenbergh, K. DeVos, S. K. Selvaraja, T. Claes, P. Dumon, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon microring resonators,” Laser Photonics Rev. 6(1), 47–73 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

R. M. Oldenbeuving, E. J. Klein, H. L. Offerhaus, C. J. Lee, H. Song, and K.-J. Boller, “25 kHz narrow spectral bandwidth of a wavelength tunable diode laser with a short waveguide-based external cavity,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(1), 015804 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (4)

S. Wirths, R. Geiger, N. von den Driesch, G. Mussler, T. Stoica, S. Mantl, Z. Ikonic, M. Luysberg, S. Chiussi, J. M. Hartmann, H. Sigg, J. Faist, D. Buca, and D. Grützmacher, “Lasing in direct-bandgap GeSn alloy grown on Si,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 88–92 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Chen, W. Li, J. Wu, Q. Jiang, M. Tang, S. Shutts, S. N. Elliott, A. Sobiesierski, A. J. Seeds, I. Ross, P. M. Smowton, and H. Liu, “Electrically pumped continuous-wave III–V quantum dot lasers on silicon,” Nat. Photonics 10(5), 307–311 (2016).
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M. Hochberg and T. Baehr-Jones, “Towards fabless silicon photonics,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 492–494 (2010).
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M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Silicon photonics: energy-efficient communication,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 268–270 (2011).
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Opt. Express (18)

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, “Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9203–9210 (2006).
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T. Chu, N. Fujioka, and M. Ishizaka, “Compact, lower-power-consumption wavelength tunable laser fabricated with silicon photonic-wire waveguide micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14063–14068 (2009).
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R. E. Camacho-Aguilera, Y. Cai, N. Patel, J. T. Bessette, M. Romagnoli, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “An electrically pumped germanium laser,” Opt. Express 20(10), 11316–11320 (2012).
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A. J. Zilkie, P. Seddighian, B. J. Bijlani, W. Qian, D. C. Lee, S. Fathololoumi, J. Fong, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, B. J. Luff, X. Zheng, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “Power-efficient III-V/silicon external cavity DBR lasers,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23456–23462 (2012).
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S. Tanaka, S.-H. Jeong, S. Sekiguchi, T. Kurahashi, Y. Tanaka, and K. Morito, “High-output-power, single-wavelength silicon hybrid laser using precise flip-chip bonding technology,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28057–28069 (2012).
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S. Keyvaninia, G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, C. Jany, M. Lamponi, A. Le Liepvre, F. Lelarge, D. Make, G.-H. Duan, D. Bordel, and J.-M. Fedeli, “Demonstration of a heterogeneously integrated III-V/SOI single wavelength tunable laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 3784–3792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, J. Bovington, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Yao, S. Lin, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and X. Zheng, “Demonstration of 12.2% wall plug efficiency in uncooled single mode external-cavity tunable Si/III-V hybrid laser,” Opt. Express 23(9), 12079–12088 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Li, D. Zhang, J. Zhao, Q. Yang, X. Xiao, S. Hu, L. Wang, M. Li, X. Tang, Y. Qiu, M. Luo, and S. Yu, “Silicon micro-ring tunable laser for coherent optical communication,” Opt. Express 24(6), 6341–6349 (2016).
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B. Song, C. Stagarescu, S. Ristic, A. Behfar, and J. Klamkin, “3D integrated hybrid silicon laser,” Opt. Express 24(10), 10435–10444 (2016).
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S. Lin, X. Zheng, J. Yao, S. S. Djordjevic, J. E. Cunningham, J. H. Lee, I. Shubin, Y. Luo, J. Bovington, D. Y. Lee, H. D. Thacker, K. Raj, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array,” Opt. Express 24(19), 21454–21462 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yang, Y. Zhang, D. W. Grund, G. A. Ejzak, Y. Liu, A. Novack, D. Prather, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “A single adiabatic microring-based laser in 220 nm silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1172–1180 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-H. Lee, I. Shubin, J. Yao, J. Bickford, Y. Luo, S. Lin, S. S. Djordjevic, H. D. Thacker, J. E. Cunningham, K. Raj, X. Zheng, and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, “High power and widely tunable Si hybrid external-cavity laser for power efficient Si photonics WDM links,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7678–7685 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, R. Ding, Y. Ma, Y. Yang, Z. Xuan, Q. Li, A. E. Lim, G. Q. Lo, K. Bergman, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Silicon Mod-MUX-Ring transmitter with 4 channels at 40 Gb/s,” Opt. Express 22(13), 16431–16438 (2014).
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Y. Zhang, S. Yang, H. Guan, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, P. Magill, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Sagnac loop mirror and micro-ring based laser cavity for silicon-on-insulator,” Opt. Express 22(15), 17872–17879 (2014).
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D. Nikolova, S. Rumley, D. Calhoun, Q. Li, R. Hendry, P. Samadi, and K. Bergman, “Scaling silicon photonic switch fabrics for data center interconnection networks,” Opt. Express 23(2), 1159–1175 (2015).
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Other (8)

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C. Doerr, J. Heanue, L. Chen, R. Aroca, S. Azemati, G. Ali, G. McBrien, L. Chen, B. Guan, H. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Silicon photonics coherent transceiver in a ball-grid array package,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2017), paper Th5D.5.
[Crossref]

H.-F. Liu, “Integrated silicon photonics links for high bandwidth data transportation,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th1D.1.
[Crossref]

M. Mazzini, M. Traverso, M. Webster, C. Muzio, S. Anderson, P. Sun, D. Siadat, D. Conti, A. Cervasio, S. Pfnuer, J. Stayt, M. Nyland, C. Togami, K. Yanushefski, and T. Daugherty, “25GBaud PAM-4 error free transmission over both single mode fiber and multimode fiber in a QSFP form factor based on silicon photonics,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.3.

A. Ramaswamy, J. E. Roth, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. H. Shin, J. T. Imamura, B. R. Koch, D. K. Sparacin, G. A. Fish, B. G. Lee, R. Rimolo-Donadio, C. W. Baks, A. Rylyakov, J. Proesel, M. Meghelli, and C. L. Schow, “A WDM 4x28Gbps integrated silicon photonic transmitter driven by 32nm CMOS driver ICs,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2015), paper Th5B.5.
[Crossref]

B. Milivojevic, C. Raabe, A. Shastri, M. Webster, P. Metz, S. Sunder, B. Chattin, S. Wiese, B. Dama, and K. Shastri, “112Gb/s DP-QPSK transmission over 2427km SSMF using small size silicon photonics IQ modulator and low power CMOS driver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), paper OTh1D.1.
[Crossref]

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, D. Vermeulen, T. Nielsen, S. Azemati, S. Stulz, G. McBrien, X. Xu, B. Mikkelsen, M. Givehchi, C. Rasmussen, and S. Y. Park, “Single-chip silicon photonics 100-Gb/s coherent transceiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2014), paper Th5C.1.
[Crossref]

K. Wen, P. Samadi, S. Rumley, C. P. Chen, Y. Shen, M. Bahadori, K. Bergman, and J. Wilke, “Flexfly: Enabling a reconfigurable dragonfly through silicon photonics,”” In International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis (2016), pp. 166–177.
[Crossref]

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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A schematic view of the tunable laser.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Magnitude of the electric field for (a) the silicon nitride waveguide on the silicon photonic chip, and (b) for the RSOA chip.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Simulated mode mismatch between the silicon photonics chip and the SOA as a function of misalignment in the horizontal (x) and vertical direction (y).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Reflected spectra of the Vernier ring, normalized to the maximum power of the reflected spectra. The red line is the simulated spectrum, while the red dots are the measured spectrum. (b) Reflected spectra of R1 (red) and R2 (blue). The solid lines are the simulated spectrums, and the red dots are measured spectrums.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Optical image showing the Vernier ring reflector. The left ring resonator has a radius of 20 μm (R1), and the right ring resonator has a radius of 16.3 μm (R2). (b) Optical image showing the III-V die and waveguide coupler. Two laser channels are aligned and packaged simultaneously.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) L-I-V curve of hybrid laser. Blue and red curve are L-I and I-V curves correspondingly. (b) Extracted experimental WPE. (at 1546.88 nm)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Spectral-L-I data without wavelength stabilization. (b) Spectra-L-I data with wavelength stabilization control.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Lasing wavelength under different R1 and R2 basing powers. The diamond markers indicate the basing powers at different ITU grid.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured lasing spectra of the tunable laser across the C-band.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Measured laser output power spectrum with the highest SMSR of 55 dB. (b) Measured SMSR at C-band, 100-GHz-spacing DWDM ITU grid. (c) FM-noise spectrum using heterodyne laser linewidth measurement method at 1553 nm. (d) Measured linewidth at different wavelengths across the C-band.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 34-Gbaud DP-16QAM experimental setup (main). Image of IMRA (inset).
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Measured BER vs. OSNR at 1547.2 nm.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Constellation diagram of the 34 Gbaud DP-16 QAM using (a), (c) our ECL, and (b), (d) reference laser.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Performance comparison of recent C-band tunable laser works

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