Abstract

Strip array is a classical antenna structure, which provides an effective way to generate and explore new material properties and device functionalities. In this paper, we demonstrate wide-angle broadband absorption in patch antennas made of tapered strip arrays in the metal-insulator-metal geometry. By superimposing multiple resonances associated with the tapered width of the strips, near-perfect absorption is designed and realized over a wide bandwidth from 29.2 THz to 38 THz with efficiency exceeding 80% in the mid-infrared region. The strong absorption band is insensitive to incident angles up to 75°. The angle-independent absorption is attributed to the unique mechanism of coupling between relevant magnetic resonances and free-space incident light. Our tapered patch antenna design offers the advantage of simplicity, and therefore flexibility in engineering natural materials for strong omnidirectional absorption with a variable and wide bandwidth, which could be of interest in applications such as bolometric sensing, camouflaging, and spectral filtering.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (1)

M. D. Astorino, F. Frezza, and N. Tedeschi, “Ultra-thin narrow-band, complementary narrow-band, and dual-band metamaterial absorbers for applications in the THz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(6), 063103 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (4)

2015 (5)

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Kim, Y. J. Yoo, K. W. Kim, J. Y. Rhee, Y. H. Kim, and Y. Lee, “Dual broadband metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 23(4), 3861–3868 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Deng, Z. Li, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Broadband perfect absorber based on one ultrathin layer of refractory metal,” Opt. Lett. 40(11), 2592–2595 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

2013 (3)

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Maas, J. Parsons, N. Engheta, and A. Polman, “Experimental realization of an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at visible wavelengths,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 907–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Ma, Y. Wen, and X. Yu, “Broadband metamaterial absorber at mid-infrared using multiplexed cross resonators,” Opt. Express 21(25), 30724–30730 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

2011 (3)

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

B. A. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and circuit analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, and N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion-assisted deposition and plasma ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 410(1–2), 86–93 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(20), 4785–4809 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

Aleksandrova, A.

Alexander, R. W.

Anderson, Z.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Andrews, S. R.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Astorino, M. D.

M. D. Astorino, F. Frezza, and N. Tedeschi, “Ultra-thin narrow-band, complementary narrow-band, and dual-band metamaterial absorbers for applications in the THz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(6), 063103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

S. Butun and K. Aydin, “Structurally tunable resonant absorption bands in ultrathin broadband plasmonic absorbers,” Opt. Express 22(16), 19457–19468 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baena, J. D.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Bonache, J.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bouchon, P.

Briggs, D. P.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buchwald, W.

Butun, S.

Chashnikova, M.

Chen, H.-T.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, M.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Czaplewski, D.

Dalvit, D. A. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

Deng, L.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Economon, E. N.

Engheta, N.

R. Maas, J. Parsons, N. Engheta, and A. Polman, “Experimental realization of an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at visible wavelengths,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 907–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

Falcone, F.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fedosenko, O.

Fernández-Domínguez, A. I.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2, 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Flores, Y.

Frezza, F.

M. D. Astorino, F. Frezza, and N. Tedeschi, “Ultra-thin narrow-band, complementary narrow-band, and dual-band metamaterial absorbers for applications in the THz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(6), 063103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, J.

García-García, J.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

García-Vidal, F. J.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gatto, A.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, and N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion-assisted deposition and plasma ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 410(1–2), 86–93 (2002).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gil, I.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gruska, B.

Guan, J.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, J.

Guo, W.

Haïdar, R.

Han, T.

He, Q.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, S.

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Heber, J.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, and N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion-assisted deposition and plasma ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 410(1–2), 86–93 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hendrickson, J.

Hentschel, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(20), 4785–4809 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Kaiser, N.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, and N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion-assisted deposition and plasma ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 410(1–2), 86–93 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kang, K.-Y.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, S. B.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kee, C.-S.

Kim, J.-E.

Kim, K. W.

Kim, K.-J.

Kim, S.-H.

Kim, Y.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. H.

Kim, Y. J.

Kischkat, J.

Klinkmüller, M.

Koechlin, C.

Kort-Kamp, W. J. M.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Unifying approach to left-handed material design,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3620–3622 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kravchenko, I. I.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwak, M. H.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laso, M. A. G.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-G.

Lee, Y.

Lee, Y.-H.

K.-J. Kim, J.-E. Kim, H. Y. Park, Y.-H. Lee, S.-H. Kim, S.-G. Lee, and C.-S. Kee, “Propagation of spoof surface plasmon on metallic square lattice: bending and splitting of self-collimated beams,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4050–4058 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. Xu and H. J. Lezec, “Visible-frequency asymmetric transmission devices incorporating a hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4141 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, X.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Li, Z.

Liu, H.

Liu, N.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Liu, Z.

Long, C.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Long, L. L.

Lopetegi, T.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

Ma, W.

Ma, Y.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, Z.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maas, R.

R. Maas, J. Parsons, N. Engheta, and A. Polman, “Experimental realization of an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at visible wavelengths,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 907–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

Machulik, S.

Maier, S. A.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martín, F.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martín-Moreno, L.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mason, J. A.

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Masselink, W. T.

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Min, B.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mo, L.

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moitra, P.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Monastyrskyi, G.

Munk, B. A.

B. A. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and circuit analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

Munk, P.

B. A. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and circuit analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ordal, M. A.

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pardo, F.

Park, H. Y.

Park, N.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parsons, J.

R. Maas, J. Parsons, N. Engheta, and A. Polman, “Experimental realization of an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at visible wavelengths,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 907–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pelouard, J.-L.

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(20), 4785–4809 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, H.

Peters, S.

Polman, A.

R. Maas, J. Parsons, N. Engheta, and A. Polman, “Experimental realization of an epsilon-near-zero metamaterial at visible wavelengths,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 907–912 (2013).
[Crossref]

Portillo, M. F.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Povinelli, M. L.

Pryor, J.

B. A. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and circuit analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pu, Y.

Rhee, J. Y.

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(20), 4785–4809 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosenmann, D.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semtsiv, M.

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, J.

M. Choi, S. H. Lee, Y. Kim, S. B. Kang, J. Shin, M. H. Kwak, K.-Y. Kang, Y.-H. Lee, N. Park, and B. Min, “A terahertz metamaterial with unnaturally high refractive index,” Nature 470(7334), 369–373 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sillero, R. M.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, S.

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, B.

Soref, R.

Sorolla, M.

J. D. Baena, J. Bonache, F. Martín, R. M. Sillero, F. Falcone, T. Lopetegi, M. A. G. Laso, J. García-García, I. Gil, M. F. Portillo, and M. Sorolla, “Equivalent-circuit models for split-ring resonators and complementary split-ring resonators coupled to planar transmission lines,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53(4), 1451–1461 (2005).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, E. N. Economon, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Unifying approach to left-handed material design,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3620–3622 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stan, L.

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Low frequency plasmons in thin-wire structures,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10(20), 4785–4809 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sykora, M.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tedeschi, N.

M. D. Astorino, F. Frezza, and N. Tedeschi, “Ultra-thin narrow-band, complementary narrow-band, and dual-band metamaterial absorbers for applications in the THz regime,” J. Appl. Phys. 121(6), 063103 (2017).
[Crossref]

Thielsch, R.

R. Thielsch, A. Gatto, J. Heber, and N. Kaiser, “A comparative study of the UV optical and structural properties of SiO2, Al2O3, and HfO2 single layers deposited by reactive evaporation, ion-assisted deposition and plasma ion-assisted deposition,” Thin Solid Films 410(1–2), 86–93 (2002).
[Crossref]

Valentine, J.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, R. P.

Wang, S.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Ward, C. A.

Wasserman, D.

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weisse-Bernstein, N. R.

A. K. Azad, W. J. M. Kort-Kamp, M. Sykora, N. R. Weisse-Bernstein, T. S. Luk, A. J. Taylor, D. A. R. Dalvit, and H.-T. Chen, “Metasurface broadband solar absorber,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 20347 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, Y.

Weng, X.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Williams, C. R.

C. R. Williams, S. R. Andrews, S. A. Maier, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Highly confined guiding of terahertz surface plasmon polaritons on structured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 175–179 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, W.

Xie, J.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, T.

T. Xu and H. J. Lezec, “Visible-frequency asymmetric transmission devices incorporating a hyperbolic metamaterial,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4141 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

Yang, Y.

P. Moitra, Y. Yang, Z. Anderson, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Realization of an all-dielectric zero-index optical metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics 7(10), 791–795 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yao, Y.

Yin, X.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ying, X.

Yoo, Y. J.

Yu, X.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, N.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, J.

Zhou, L.

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

N. Zhang, P. Zhou, S. Wang, X. Weng, J. Xie, and L. Deng, “Broadband absorption in mid-infrared metamaterial absorbers with multiple dielectric layers,” Opt. Commun. 338, 388–392 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, H.

X. Yin, C. Long, J. Li, H. Zhu, L. Chen, J. Guan, and X. Li, “Ultra-wideband microwave absorber by connecting multiple absorption bands of two different-sized hyperbolic metamaterial waveguide arrays,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 15367 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Ding, L. Mo, J. Zhu, and S. He, “Lithography-free, broadband, omnidirectional, and polarization-insensitive thin optical absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(6), 061108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Mason, S. Smith, and D. Wasserman, “Strong absorption and selective thermal emission from a midinfrared metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(24), 241105 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

B. A. Munk, P. Munk, and J. Pryor, “On designing Jaumann and circuit analog absorbers (CA absorbers) for oblique angle of incidence,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 55(1), 186–193 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, “Magnetism from conductors and enhanced non-linear phenomena,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2075–2084 (1999).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of one unit-cell of the designed patch antenna absorber. (b) Cross-section of the unit-cell in x-z plane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Simulated absorption spectrum of the absorber for TM polarization at normal incidence. (b), (c), and (d) show the electrical field amplitude and surface current distributions for the resonant mode at 31.4 THz, 33.5 THz, and 36.7 THz, respectively. The top row is the electrical field amplitude distribution. The middle and bottom rows represent surface current distribution on the top metal strip and the bottom metal layer, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated absorption spectrum as a function of (a) period and (b) Al2O3 thickness at normal incidence. The dotted lines illustrate traces of the three relevant resonant modes.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top-view SEM images of the fabricated absorber sample.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured and simulated absorption spectra of the sample for TM and TE polarizations at 15° incident angle. (b) Measured absorption spectra and (c) absorption contour plot of the sample at different incident angles for TM polarization. (d) Illustration of coupling between a localized magnetic resonance and the incident TM light.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Top-view SEM image of one fabricated tapered strip array with smaller width. (b) Measured and simulated absorption spectra of the sample with smaller width at 15° incident angle. (c) Top-view SEM image of one fabricated multiplexed structure with two subunits. (d) Measured and simulated absorption spectra of the multiplexed sample at 15° incident angle. (e) Measured absorption spectra of the multiplexed structure at different incident angles for TM polarization. The dotted curve in (b) and (d) is the measured absorption of the sample presented in Fig. 4 for comparison.