Abstract

We propose a plasmonic color filter consisting of a single aperture surrounded by concentric periodic corrugations for simultaneous imaging of a spectral range from the visible to the near-infrared. The incident light coupled with surface plasmons propagates through the sub-wavelength aperture as beaming light. The beaming light transmission is able to suppress the spatial color cross-talk between the pixels in an image sensor. We analyzed the transmission characteristics of a plasmonic color filter with periodic corrugations in a silver thin film by using the finite-difference time-domain algorithm. We demonstrated a multi-band transmission wavelength selectivity, of about 100 nm, for the spectral bandwidth ranging from visible to near-infrared. The simultaneous discrimination of visible and near-infrared light with a high color purity by the plasmonic color filter achieves both improved image recognition and smaller system-size compared with conventional systems, which is particularly important for applications such as vehicle-mounted cameras, security, and biological tissue engineering.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (3)

E. Heydari, J. R. Sperling, S. L. Neale, and A. W. Clark, “Plasmonic color filters as dual-state nanopixels for high-density microimage encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1616–3028 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. Williams, G. Rughoobur, A. J. Flewitt, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Nanostructured plasmonic metapixels,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7745 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

C. Park and M. G. Kang, “Color restoration of rgbn multispectral filter array sensor images based on spectral decomposition,” Sensors 16, 719 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. A. Owens, M. Henary, G. E. Fakhri, and H. S. Choi, “Tissue-specific near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 1731–1740 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Chen and B. M. Reinhard, “Assembling color on the nanoscale: Multichromatic switchable pixels from plasmonic atoms and molecules,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3522–3527 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

Y.-W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W.-Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C.-M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15, 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-M. Han, T. Takasawa, K. Yasutomi, S. Aoyama, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “A time-of-flight range image sensor with background canceling lock-in pixels based on lateral electric field charge modulation,” IEEE J. Electron Devices Soc. 3, 267–275 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

Z. Chen, X. Wang, and R. Liang, “Rgb-nir multispectral camera,” Opt. Express 22, 4985–4994 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and cmos-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Lapray, X. Wang, J. B. Thomas, and P. Gouton, “Multispectral filter arrays: recent advances and practical implementation,” Sensors 14, 21626–21659 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Burgos, S. Yokogawa, and H. A. Atwater, “Color imaging via nearest neighbor hole coupling in plasmonic color filters integrated onto a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor image sensor,” ACS Nano 7, 10038–10047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (4)

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for cmos image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12, 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Chen, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Cmos photodetectors integrated with plasmonic color filters,” IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 24, 197–199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2008 (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

H.-S. Lee, Y.-T. Yoon, S.-S. Lee, S.-H. Kim, and K.-D. Lee, “Color filter based on a subwavelength patterned metal grating,” Opt. Express 15, 15457–15463 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. V. Frangioni, “In vivo near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 7, 626–634 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, “Integrated color pixels in 0.18-um complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 20, 2293–2306 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. Lange and P. Seitz, “Solid-state time-of-flight range camera,” IEEE J. Quantum Elect. 37, 390–397 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, “The optics of human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13–19 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albella, P.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Anderson, R. R.

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, “The optics of human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13–19 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aoyama, S.

S.-M. Han, T. Takasawa, K. Yasutomi, S. Aoyama, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “A time-of-flight range image sensor with background canceling lock-in pixels based on lateral electric field charge modulation,” IEEE J. Electron Devices Soc. 3, 267–275 (2015).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

S. P. Burgos, S. Yokogawa, and H. A. Atwater, “Color imaging via nearest neighbor hole coupling in plasmonic color filters integrated onto a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor image sensor,” ACS Nano 7, 10038–10047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for cmos image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12, 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balaur, E.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartoli, F. J.

B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2840 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bresme, F.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Burgos, S. P.

S. P. Burgos, S. Yokogawa, and H. A. Atwater, “Color imaging via nearest neighbor hole coupling in plasmonic color filters integrated onto a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor image sensor,” ACS Nano 7, 10038–10047 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for cmos image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12, 4349–4354 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, “Integrated color pixels in 0.18-um complementary metal oxide semiconductor technology,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 20, 2293–2306 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cecchini, M. P.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chang, W.-S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

H. Tang, X. Zhang, S. Zhuo, F. Chen, K. N. Kutulakos, and L. Shen, “High resolution photography with an rgb-infrared camera,” in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography, (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–10.

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Cmos photodetectors integrated with plasmonic color filters,” IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 24, 197–199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen and D. R. S. Cumming, “High transmission and low color cross-talk plasmonic color filters using triangular-lattice hole arrays in aluminum films,” Opt. Express 18, 14056–14062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, T.

T. Chen and B. M. Reinhard, “Assembling color on the nanoscale: Multichromatic switchable pixels from plasmonic atoms and molecules,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3522–3527 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. T.

Y.-W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W.-Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C.-M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15, 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Chitnis, D.

Q. Chen, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Cmos photodetectors integrated with plasmonic color filters,” IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 24, 197–199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choi, H. S.

E. A. Owens, M. Henary, G. E. Fakhri, and H. S. Choi, “Tissue-specific near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 1731–1740 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Clark, A. W.

E. Heydari, J. R. Sperling, S. L. Neale, and A. W. Clark, “Plasmonic color filters as dual-state nanopixels for high-density microimage encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1616–3028 (2017).
[Crossref]

Collins, S.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Chen, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Cmos photodetectors integrated with plasmonic color filters,” IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 24, 197–199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

Crick, C. R.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cumming, D. R. S.

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Cmos photodetectors integrated with plasmonic color filters,” IEEE Photon. Tech. L. 24, 197–199 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen and D. R. S. Cumming, “High transmission and low color cross-talk plasmonic color filters using triangular-lattice hole arrays in aluminum films,” Opt. Express 18, 14056–14062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Das, D.

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
[Crossref]

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
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H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
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R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
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Ebbesen, T. W.

O. Mahboub, S. C. Palacios, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optimization of bull’s eye structures for transmission enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 11292–11299 (2010).
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E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).
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H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
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T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
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Edel, J. B.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
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C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
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E. A. Owens, M. Henary, G. E. Fakhri, and H. S. Choi, “Tissue-specific near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 1731–1740 (2016).
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C. Williams, G. Rughoobur, A. J. Flewitt, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Nanostructured plasmonic metapixels,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7745 (2017).
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J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
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B. Zeng, Y. Gao, and F. J. Bartoli, “Ultrathin nanostructured metals for highly transmissive plasmonic subtractive color filters,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2840 (2013).
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O. Mahboub, S. C. Palacios, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optimization of bull’s eye structures for transmission enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 11292–11299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Goh, X. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
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P. J. Lapray, X. Wang, J. B. Thomas, and P. Gouton, “Multispectral filter arrays: recent advances and practical implementation,” Sensors 14, 21626–21659 (2014).
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B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and cmos-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
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S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
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S.-M. Han, T. Takasawa, K. Yasutomi, S. Aoyama, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “A time-of-flight range image sensor with background canceling lock-in pixels based on lateral electric field charge modulation,” IEEE J. Electron Devices Soc. 3, 267–275 (2015).
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K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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E. A. Owens, M. Henary, G. E. Fakhri, and H. S. Choi, “Tissue-specific near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 1731–1740 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Herault, D.

Heydari, E.

E. Heydari, J. R. Sperling, S. L. Neale, and A. W. Clark, “Plasmonic color filters as dual-state nanopixels for high-density microimage encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1616–3028 (2017).
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S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
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[Crossref]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

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R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
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S.-M. Han, T. Takasawa, K. Yasutomi, S. Aoyama, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “A time-of-flight range image sensor with background canceling lock-in pixels based on lateral electric field charge modulation,” IEEE J. Electron Devices Soc. 3, 267–275 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kandasamy, S.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
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C. Park and M. G. Kang, “Color restoration of rgbn multispectral filter array sensor images based on spectral decomposition,” Sensors 16, 719 (2016).
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S.-M. Han, T. Takasawa, K. Yasutomi, S. Aoyama, K. Kagawa, and S. Kawahito, “A time-of-flight range image sensor with background canceling lock-in pixels based on lateral electric field charge modulation,” IEEE J. Electron Devices Soc. 3, 267–275 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-J.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.-B.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
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Kim, S.-H.

King, N. S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, M. W.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, S. C. W.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kutulakos, K. N.

H. Tang, X. Zhang, S. Zhuo, F. Chen, K. N. Kutulakos, and L. Shen, “High resolution photography with an rgb-infrared camera,” in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography, (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–10.

Lange, R.

R. Lange and P. Seitz, “Solid-state time-of-flight range camera,” IEEE J. Quantum Elect. 37, 390–397 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lapray, P. J.

P. J. Lapray, X. Wang, J. B. Thomas, and P. Gouton, “Multispectral filter arrays: recent advances and practical implementation,” Sensors 14, 21626–21659 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laux, E.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.-S.

Lee, K.-D.

Lee, S.-S.

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667–669 (1998).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

Link, S.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, L.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maeda, Y.

S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mahboub, O.

Maier, S. A.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Manjavacas, A.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin-Moreno, L.

O. Mahboub, S. C. Palacios, C. Genet, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, S. G. Rodrigo, L. Martin-Moreno, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Optimization of bull’s eye structures for transmission enhancement,” Opt. Express 18, 11292–11299 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marty, M.

Michailos, J.

Minovich, A.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mulvaney, P.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Neale, S. L.

E. Heydari, J. R. Sperling, S. L. Neale, and A. W. Clark, “Plasmonic color filters as dual-state nanopixels for high-density microimage encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1616–3028 (2017).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
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Ng, B.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and cmos-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Olson, J.

J. Olson, A. Manjavacas, L. Liu, W.-S. Chang, B. Foerster, N. S. King, M. W. Knight, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and S. Link, “Vivid, full-color aluminum plasmonic pixels,” PNAS 111, 14348–14353 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Owens, E. A.

E. A. Owens, M. Henary, G. E. Fakhri, and H. S. Choi, “Tissue-specific near-infrared fluorescence imaging,” Acc. Chem. Res. 49, 1731–1740 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palacios, S. C.

Park, C.

C. Park and M. G. Kang, “Color restoration of rgbn multispectral filter array sensor images based on spectral decomposition,” Sensors 16, 719 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Parrish, J. A.

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, “The optics of human skin,” J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13–19 (1981).
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Prawer, S.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, C.-W.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic color palettes for photorealistic printing with aluminum nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14, 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Raby, J.

Rajasekharan, R.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
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Reinhard, B. M.

T. Chen and B. M. Reinhard, “Assembling color on the nanoscale: Multichromatic switchable pixels from plasmonic atoms and molecules,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3522–3527 (2016).
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Roberts, A.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodrigo, S. G.

Roschuk, T.

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rughoobur, G.

C. Williams, G. Rughoobur, A. J. Flewitt, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Nanostructured plasmonic metapixels,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7745 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sawada, T.

S. Kawahito, I. A. Halin, T. Ushinaga, T. Sawada, M. Homma, and Y. Maeda, “A cmos time-of-flight range image sensor with gates-on-field-oxide structure,” IEEE Sens. J. 7, 1578–1586 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seitz, P.

R. Lange and P. Seitz, “Solid-state time-of-flight range camera,” IEEE J. Quantum Elect. 37, 390–397 (2001).
[Crossref]

Shen, L.

H. Tang, X. Zhang, S. Zhuo, F. Chen, K. N. Kutulakos, and L. Shen, “High resolution photography with an rgb-infrared camera,” in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography, (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–10.

Skafidas, E.

R. Rajasekharan, E. Balaur, A. Minovich, S. Collins, T. D. James, A. Djalalian-Assl, K. Ganesan, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, S. Kandasamy, E. Skafidas, D. N. Neshev, P. Mulvaney, A. Roberts, and S. Prawer, “Filling schemes at submicron scale: Development of submicron sized plasmonic colour filters,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6435 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Skauli, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2, 161–164 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sperling, J. R.

E. Heydari, J. R. Sperling, S. L. Neale, and A. W. Clark, “Plasmonic color filters as dual-state nanopixels for high-density microimage encoding,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27, 1616–3028 (2017).
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ACS Photonics (1)

C. R. Crick, P. Albella, H.-J. Kim, A. P. Ivanov, K.-B. Kim, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Low-noise plasmonic nanopore biosensors for single molecule detection at elevated temperatures,” ACS Photonics 4, 2835–2842 (2017).
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T. Chen and B. M. Reinhard, “Assembling color on the nanoscale: Multichromatic switchable pixels from plasmonic atoms and molecules,” Adv. Mater. 28, 3522–3527 (2016).
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B. Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Color-selective and cmos-compatible photodetection based on aluminum plasmonics,” Adv. Mater. 26, 6318–6323 (2014).
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Nano Lett. (4)

S. Yokogawa, S. P. Burgos, and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonic color filters for cmos image sensor applications,” Nano Lett. 12, 4349–4354 (2012).
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Y.-W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W.-Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C.-M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15, 3122–3127 (2015).
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C. R. Crick, P. Albella, B. Ng, A. P. Ivanov, T. Roschuk, M. P. Cecchini, F. Bresme, S. A. Maier, and J. B. Edel, “Precise attoliter temperature control of nanopore sensors using a nanoplasmonic bullseye,” Nano Lett. 15, 553–559 (2015).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7, 557–561 (2012).
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Opt. Express (5)

Plasmonics (1)

Q. Chen, D. Das, D. Chitnis, K. Walls, T. D. Drysdale, S. Collins, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A cmos image sensor integrated with plasmonic colour filters,” Plasmonics 7, 695–699 (2012).
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C. Williams, G. Rughoobur, A. J. Flewitt, and T. D. Wilkinson, “Nanostructured plasmonic metapixels,” Sci. Rep. 7, 7745 (2017).
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H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297, 820–822 (2002).
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C. Park and M. G. Kang, “Color restoration of rgbn multispectral filter array sensor images based on spectral decomposition,” Sensors 16, 719 (2016).
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P. J. Lapray, X. Wang, J. B. Thomas, and P. Gouton, “Multispectral filter arrays: recent advances and practical implementation,” Sensors 14, 21626–21659 (2014).
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Other (1)

H. Tang, X. Zhang, S. Zhuo, F. Chen, K. N. Kutulakos, and L. Shen, “High resolution photography with an rgb-infrared camera,” in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography, (IEEE, 2015), pp. 1–10.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Plasmonic color filters, each with a single aperture surrounded by concentric periodic corrugations. The plasmonic color filter is integrated with a single image sensor (left) for simultaneous imaging over a spectral range from the visible to near-infrared. The cross-sectional view (right) schematically illustrates the color selectivity and beaming transmission properties of a plasmonic color filter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Transmission characteristics of a single aperture with concentric periodic grooves in silver thin film. (a) Schematic of two-dimensional simulation model of one-dimensional periodic corrugated silver thin film. (b) Simulated transmission spectra for different values of corrugation period p between 300 and 700 nm; the other parameters are fixed as t = 180 nm, d = 80 nm, and a = 90 nm. Peak transmission and maximum transmittance for the simulated spectra plotted as a function of the structural parameters of (c) corrugation period p, (d) groove depth d, (e) film thickness t, and (f) aperture diameter a. (g) Simulated transmission spectra of a single-layer nanostructured silver film plasmonic filter optimized for RGB-NIR wavelengths.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Spatial intensity distribution for light incidence at a peak wavelength of 650 nm for the lower corrugated surface structure of the red bandpass filter (p = 500 nm, t = 180 nm, d = 60 nm, a = 90 nm). Line profiles of intensity on the aperture center (a–a’) and image plane (b–b’) are plotted in the right and lower panels. Spatial intensity distribution for bottom-flat structure. For both (a) and (b), the incident continuous wave propagates vertically from top to bottom. (c) Comparison of transmission spectra of the structures with the lower corrugated surface (orange line) and flat surface (blue line).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SEM and optical microscope images of plasmonic color filter with concentric periodic corrugations fabricated on glass substrate (p = 600 nm, t = 180 nm, d = 80 nm, a = 100 nm). (a) Top-view SEM image of the entire plasmonic color filter corrugated with nine grooves with a period of 600 nm. (b) Bird’s eye view SEM image. A sub-wavelength aperture about 100 nm in diameter is drilled at the center by FIB. (c) Bright field image observed at the transmission side of the filter. (d) Optical microscope image of the transmitted light distribution through a 180-nm-thick silver thin film. The selected red light is observed through the single sub-wavelength aperture at the center.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Various plasmonic color filters with different corrugation periods fabricated on glass substrate. (a) Optical microscope images of plasmonic color filter with corrugation period ranging from 350 to 700 nm. Multicolor transmission is observed with the set of filters. (b) Measured transmission spectra for each filter shown in (a). Multi-band spectra with a bandwidth of approximately 100 nm appear in the visible to near-infrared range.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optimized structural parameters for RGB-NIR plasmonic color filters.a