Abstract

We demonstrate all-normal dispersion supercontinuum generation in chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers pumped at 2070-2080 nm with a femtosecond fiber laser. At 2.9 kW peak power, the generated supercontinuum has a 3 dB bandwidth of 27.6 THz and −20 dB bandwidth of 75.5 THz. We experimentally investigated the supercontinuum evolution inside our sample fiber at various peak powers and fiber lengths and study the impact of fiber water absorption on the generated supercontinuum spectrum. Multiple tests with fiber length— ranging from 0.34 to 10 cm—provide insight on pulse evolution along fiber length. Our simulations, which utilizes the generalized nonlinear Schrodinger equation model, match perfectly the experiments for all tested pump powers and fiber lengths, and confirm that the output pulse has a linear chirp, allowing linear pulse compression.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (4)

2016 (6)

T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1 μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 2117–2120 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xing, D. Grassani, S. Kharitonov, A. Billat, and C.-S. Brès, “Characterization and modeling of microstructured chalcogenide fibers for efficient mid-infrared wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9741–9750 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kharitonov, A. Billat, and C.-S. Brès, “Kerr nonlinearity and dispersion characterization of core-pumped thulium-doped fiber at 2 μm,” Opt. Lett. 41(14), 3173–3176 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tarnowski, T. Martynkien, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, G. Soboń, and W. Urbańczyk, “Coherent supercontinuum generation up to 2.2 µm in an all-normal dispersion microstructured silica fiber,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30523–30536 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Liu, T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, H. Tong, G. Qin, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Coherent mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in all-solid chalcogenide microstructured fibers with all-normal dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 41(2), 392–395 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

A. Al-Kadry, L. Li, M. El Amraoui, T. North, Y. Messaddeq, and M. Rochette, “Broadband supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion chalcogenide microwires,” Opt. Lett. 40(20), 4687–4690 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Klimczak, B. Siwicki, P. Skibiński, D. Pysz, R. Stępień, A. Heidt, C. Radzewicz, and R. Buczyński, “Coherent supercontinuum generation up to 2.3 µm in all-solid soft-glass photonic crystal fibers with flat all-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18824–18832 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Toupin, L. Brilland, D. Méchin, J.-L. Adam, and J. Troles, “Optical Aging of Chalcogenide Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(13), 2428–2432 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

J. Dudley and S. Coen, “Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2423–2428 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

Abdel-Moneim, N.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adam, J.-L.

Alamgir, I.

Al-Kadry, A.

Amraoui, M. E.

Antipov, S.

Babic, F.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Badding, J. V.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ballato, J.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bartelt, H.

Benson, T.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Billat, A.

Bosman, G. W.

Brabec, T.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brès, C.-S.

Brilland, L.

Buczynski, R.

Caillaud, C.

Cheng, T.

Coen, S.

Corkum, P. B.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, S.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danto, S.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dudley, J.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley and S. Coen, “Coherence properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal and tapered optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1180–1182 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dupont, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

El Amraoui, M.

Engelsholm, R. D.

Finger, M. A.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Finot, C.

Fuerbach, A.

Fuflyigin, V. N.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Furniss, D.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gopinath, J. T.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Grassani, D.

Hammond, T. J.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Hooper, L. E.

Hu, T.

Hudson, D. D.

Ippen, E. P.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jackson, S. D.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Johnson, A. M.

Joly, N. Y.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kharitonov, S.

Kibler, B.

King, W. A.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Klimczak, M.

Knight, J. C.

Krok, P.

Kubat, I.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Limpert, J.

Liu, L.

Liu, S.

Liu, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markos, C.

Martynkien, T.

Matsumoto, M.

Méchin, D.

Mergo, P.

Messaddeq, Y.

Møller, U.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mosley, P. J.

Muir, A. C.

Nagasaka, K.

Naumov, A. Y.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nesrallah, M.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nie, Q.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

North, T.

Ohishi, Y.

Pan, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petersen, C. R.

C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Poturaj, K.

Provost, L.

Pysz, D.

Qin, G.

Radzewicz, C.

Ramsay, J.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rochette, M.

Rohwer, E. G.

Rothhardt, J.

Russell, P. S. J.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Schwoerer, H.

Seddon, A.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shank, C. V.

Shen, X.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shurgalin, M.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Siwicki, B.

Skibinski, P.

Sobon, G.

Soljacic, M.

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stepien, R.

Stolen, R. H.

Stolyarov, A. M.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sujecki, S.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

Suzuki, T.

Tang, Z.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tao, G.

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tarnowski, K.

Taylor, J. R.

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tezuka, H.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Tong, H.

Toupin, P.

Travers, J. C.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Troles, J.

Trolès, J.

Tuan, T. H.

Tünnermann, A.

Urbanczyk, W.

Vampa, G.

G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wabnitz, S.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, R.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, G. K. L.

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Xing, S.

Xue, X.

Zhang, P.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhao, X. Wang, S. Dai, Z. Pan, S. Liu, L. Sun, P. Zhang, Z. Liu, Q. Nie, X. Shen, and R. Wang, “1.5-14 μm midinfrared supercontinuum generation in a low-loss Te-based chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(22), 5222–5225 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

G. Tao, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. M. Stolyarov, S. Danto, J. V. Badding, Y. Fink, J. Ballato, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Infrared fibers,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 7(2), 379–458 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. T. Gopinath, M. Soljačić, E. P. Ippen, V. N. Fuflyigin, W. A. King, and M. Shurgalin, “Third order nonlinearities in Ge-As-Se-based glasses for telecommunications applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(11), 6931–6933 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

Z. Zhao, B. Wu, X. Wang, Z. Pan, Z. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Shen, Q. Nie, S. Dai, and R. Wang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering 2.0–16 μm in a low-loss telluride single-mode fiber,” Laser Photonics Rev. 11(2), 1700005 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (3)

C. R. Petersen, U. Møller, I. Kubat, B. Zhou, S. Dupont, J. Ramsay, T. Benson, S. Sujecki, N. Abdel-Moneim, Z. Tang, D. Furniss, A. Seddon, and O. Bang, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum covering the 1.4–13.3 μm molecular fingerprint region using ultra-high NA chalcogenide step-index fibre,” Nat. Photonics 8(11), 830–834 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley and J. R. Taylor, “Ten years of nonlinear optics in photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 3(2), 85–90 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Jiang, N. Y. Joly, M. A. Finger, F. Babic, G. K. L. Wong, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Deep-ultraviolet to mid-infrared supercontinuum generated in solid-core ZBLAN photonic crystal fibre,” Nat. Photonics 9(2), 133–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (8)

A. M. Heidt, A. Hartung, G. W. Bosman, P. Krok, E. G. Rohwer, H. Schwoerer, and H. Bartelt, “Coherent octave spanning near-infrared and visible supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3775–3787 (2011).
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M. Klimczak, B. Siwicki, P. Skibiński, D. Pysz, R. Stępień, A. Heidt, C. Radzewicz, and R. Buczyński, “Coherent supercontinuum generation up to 2.3 µm in all-solid soft-glass photonic crystal fibers with flat all-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 22(15), 18824–18832 (2014).
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S. Xing, D. Grassani, S. Kharitonov, A. Billat, and C.-S. Brès, “Characterization and modeling of microstructured chalcogenide fibers for efficient mid-infrared wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express 24(9), 9741–9750 (2016).
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K. Tarnowski, T. Martynkien, P. Mergo, K. Poturaj, G. Soboń, and W. Urbańczyk, “Coherent supercontinuum generation up to 2.2 µm in an all-normal dispersion microstructured silica fiber,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30523–30536 (2016).
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C. R. Petersen, R. D. Engelsholm, C. Markos, L. Brilland, C. Caillaud, J. Trolès, and O. Bang, “Increased mid-infrared supercontinuum bandwidth and average power by tapering large-mode-area chalcogenide photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 25(13), 15336–15348 (2017).
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J. Dudley and S. Coen, “Fundamental limits to few-cycle pulse generation from compression of supercontinuum spectra generated in photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2423–2428 (2004).
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T. Cheng, K. Nagasaka, T. H. Tuan, X. Xue, M. Matsumoto, H. Tezuka, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation spanning 2.0 to 15.1 μm in a chalcogenide step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 41(9), 2117–2120 (2016).
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G. Vampa, T. J. Hammond, M. Nesrallah, A. Y. Naumov, P. B. Corkum, and T. Brabec, “Light amplification by seeded Kerr instability,” Science 359(6376), 673–675 (2018).
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Refractive index of black diamond: https://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=4791

Refractive index of fused silica: https://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=6973

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Experimental setup. M1&M2: un-protected gold coated mirrors; DM: Dichroic mirror, high reflection for 1500~1750 nm and high transmission for 1850~2100nm; ND: neutral density filter; L1: aspherical lens; FUT: fiber under test; inset: far-field image once coupled into FUT core (b) 2080 nm pump spectrum and fitting using sech2 function.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Manually cleaved fiber facet; (b) Simulated and experimental fiber GVD; the material GeAsSe has ZDW at about 7 µm
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SCG at different peak powers for FUT 1 (solid line), and the corresponding simulations (dashed line). Lines at different peak power levels are shifted by 10 dB for better representability
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 SCG at different peak powers for FUT2 (solid line), and the corresponding simulations (dashed line). Data shows clear trace of O-H bond absorption.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Simulated pulse evolution in wavelength (a) and time domain (b), at 2kW peak power. The intensity is normalized to 1 (0 dBm) and plotted in dB scale. Dispersion from lens and dichroic mirror is considered (first 5 mm of the simulation).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Experimental and simulated results of ANDi SCG at different power levels for FUT3. Fiber length is 2 cm. The maximum coupled peak power is 2.9 kW.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) 1st-order coherence for a peak pump power of 2.89 kW on a 2 cm FUT, corresponding to the maximum power in Fig. 6. (b) Evolution of −20 dB bandwidth and 3 dB bandwidth during propagation. The peak power is 2 kW in this figure.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SCG at different pump powers for FUT4, FUT5 and FUT6. The simulations (dashed) is superimposed onto the experiment data (solid). Inset: picture of FUT4.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Simulated spectrogram of FUT5 output pulse, amplitude is normalized to 0 dBm; (b) this pulse has a linear chirp. In both plot, the frequency is normalized to the pump

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Data of FUTs in this experiment

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