Abstract

Achieving multiple diversified functionalities in a single flat device is crucial for electromagnetic (EM) integration. While many recent efforts were devoted to designing multifunctional metasurfaces, most meta-devices realized so far typically exhibit only two functionalities. In this paper, we propose a generic strategy to design trifunctional metasurfaces, based on carefully designed single structure meta-atoms possessing polarization-controlled transmission/reflection properties. As a proof of our concept, we design and fabricate a trifunctional metasurface possessing simultaneously three distinct functionalities including beam splitting, deflecting, and focusing, and perform both far-field and near-field microwave experiments to demonstrate the predicted functionalities of the fabricated device. Experimental results are in good agreement with numerical simulations. These findings can motivate the realizations of high-performance multifunctional meta-devices in different frequency domains and with diversified functionalities.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High-efficiency broadband polarization-independent superscatterer using conformal metasurfaces

He-Xiu Xu, Shiwei Tang, Chen Sun, Lianlin Li, Haiwen Liu, Xinmi Yang, Fang Yuan, and Yunming Sun
Photon. Res. 6(8) 782-788 (2018)

Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna

Tong Cai, Guang-Ming Wang, He-Xiu Xu, Shi-Wei Tang, and Jian-Gang Liang
Opt. Express 24(20) 22606-22615 (2016)

Phenomenological modeling of geometric metasurfaces

Weimin Ye, Qinghua Guo, Yuanjiang Xiang, Dianyuan Fan, and Shuang Zhang
Opt. Express 24(7) 7120-7132 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ɛ and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(4), 509 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  11. W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  18. F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  25. S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  26. Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  30. T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  32. H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  33. T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  34. H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  35. T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  38. S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  39. S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  40. L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  41. X. Yan, L. Liang, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Ding, D. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. Cui, and J. Yao, “Broadband, wide-angle, low-scattering terahertz wave by a flexible 2-bit coding metasurface,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29128–29137 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  43. T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  44. T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  45. S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2018 (3)

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (8)

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (11)

S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (10)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yan, L. Liang, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Ding, D. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. Cui, and J. Yao, “Broadband, wide-angle, low-scattering terahertz wave by a flexible 2-bit coding metasurface,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29128–29137 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (5)

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ɛ and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(4), 509 (1968).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ardron, M.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, D.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bernardin, T.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bo Li, Y.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boltasseva, A.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Burokur, S. N.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, T.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chan, K.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheah, K. W.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, M.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, W. T.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Q.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiang, I. D.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, T.

Cui, T. J.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Danner, A.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Lustrac, A.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deshpande, R.

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ding, F.

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, J.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ding, X.

X. Yan, L. Liang, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Ding, D. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. Cui, and J. Yao, “Broadband, wide-angle, low-scattering terahertz wave by a flexible 2-bit coding metasurface,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29128–29137 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, L.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, L. L.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Duan, J. W.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

Emani, N. K.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gabay, I.

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, D.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, C.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guan, F. X.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guo, G. Y.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, H. J.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, J.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, J. G.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hasman, E.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, Q.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, M.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsu, W. L.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, K.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, W.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. W.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huntington, M. D.

M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hussain, S.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, M.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jin, G.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juan, T. K.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jun Cui, T.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kats, M. A.

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kenney, M.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khorasaninejad, M.

Kildishev, A. V.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M. H.

Kleiner, V.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kung, W. T.

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lauhon, L. J.

M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, G.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, J.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, K. F.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L. L.

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, T. J.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, J. G.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, L.

Liao, C. Y.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, H. T.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ling, X.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, A. Q.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, D.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, S.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Yan, L. Liang, J. Yang, W. Liu, X. Ding, D. Xu, Y. Zhang, T. Cui, and J. Yao, “Broadband, wide-angle, low-scattering terahertz wave by a flexible 2-bit coding metasurface,” Opt. Express 23(22), 29128–29137 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luan, K.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, W.

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ma, H. F.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maguid, E.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mansuripur, T.

Mehmood, M. Q.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mei, S.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monticone, F.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mühlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ni, X.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, M. G.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Noor, A.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Odom, T. W.

M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ouyang, C.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pors, A.

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pu, M.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pun, E. Y. B.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qi, M. Q.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C. W.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rousso, D.

Schultz, S.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

She, A.

Shelby, R. A.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shitrit, N.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shu, W.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Siew, S. Y.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, G.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, S. L.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tan, Q.

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, C.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tang, S.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tang, S. W.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, W. X.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Taylor, A. J.

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Teng, J.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Troccoli, M.

Tsai, D. P.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsai, W. Y.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veksler, D.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ɛ and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(4), 509 (1968).
[Crossref]

Wan, X.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. M.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G. M.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Q.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weeber, J. C.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wen, D.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wen, S.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wong, P. W. H.

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, H. T.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, D.

Xu, H.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, H. X.

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. W. Tang, and J. G. Liang, “Polarization-independent broadband meta-surface for bifunctional antenna,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22606–22615 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, Q.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

Yang, J.

Yang, K. Y.

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Q. L.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, J.

Yi, X.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yin, J. Y.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, P.

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, F.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yulevich, I.

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. C.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, M. H. Kim, F. Aieta, A. She, T. Mansuripur, I. Gabay, M. Khorasaninejad, D. Rousso, X. Wang, M. Troccoli, N. Yu, and F. Capasso, “High efficiency near diffraction-limited mid-infrared flat lenses based on metasurface reflectarrays,” Opt. Express 24(16), 18024–18034 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W. L.

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. F.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X. Y.

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, Y. Q.

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

S. Liu, H. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, Q. L. Yang, Q. Xu, J. Gu, Y. Yang, X. Y. Zhou, J. Han, Q. Cheng, W. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Full-state controls of terahertz waves using tensor coding metasurfaces,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(25), 21503–21514 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (2)

S. Liu, A. Noor, L. L. Du, L. Zhang, Q. Xu, K. Luan, T. Q. Wang, Z. Tian, W. X. Tang, J. G. Han, W. L. Zhang, X. Y. Zhou, Q. Cheng, and T. J. Cui, “Anomalous refraction and nondiffractive bessel-beam generation of terahertz waves through transmission-type coding metasurfaces,” ACS Photonics 3(10), 1968–1977 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Zhang, F. Yue, D. Wen, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, W. Wang, and X. Chen, “Multichannel metasurface for simultaneous control of holograms and twisted light beams,” ACS Photonics 4(8), 1906–1912 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Z. Liu, Z. Li, Z. Liu, J. Li, H. Cheng, P. Yu, W. Liu, C. Tang, C. Gu, J. Li, S. Chen, and J. Tian, “High performance broadband circularly polarized beam deflector by mirror effect of multinanorod metasurfaces,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(34), 5428–5434 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

X. Ding, F. Monticone, K. Zhang, L. Zhang, D. Gao, S. N. Burokur, A. de Lustrac, Q. Wu, C. W. Qiu, and A. Alù, “Ultrathin pancharatnam-Berry metasurface with maximal cross-polarization efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(7), 1195–1200 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Q. Mehmood, S. Mei, S. Hussain, K. Huang, S. Y. Siew, L. Zhang, T. Zhang, X. Ling, H. Liu, J. Teng, A. Danner, S. Zhang, and C. W. Qiu, “Visible‐frequency metasurface for structuring and spatially multiplexing optical vortices,” Adv. Mater. 28(13), 2533–2539 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (3)

T. Cai, S. W. Tang, G. M. Wang, H. X. Xu, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High‐performance bifunctional metasurfaces in transmission and reflection geometries,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(2), 1600506 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Luo, S. Xiao, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Photonic spin Hall effect with nearly 100% efficiency,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 3(8), 1102–1108 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Wen, S. Chen, F. Yue, K. Chan, M. Chen, M. Ardron, K. F. Li, P. W. H. Wong, K. W. Cheah, E. Y. B. Pun, G. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Chen, “Metasurface device with helicity‐dependent functionality,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(2), 321–327 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, X. Ling, W. Luo, and L. Zhou, “Flexible control of highly‐directive emissions based on bifunctional metasurfaces with low polarization cross-talking,” Ann. Phys. 529(5), 1700045 (2017).
[Crossref]

Appl. Sci. (1)

S. Tang, T. Cai, H. Xu, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional metasurfaces based on the “merging” concept and anisotropic single-structure meta-atoms,” Appl. Sci. 8(4), 555 (2018).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (4)

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, and T. J. Li, “High-performance transmissive meta-surface for C-/X-band lens antenna application,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3598–3606 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. X. Xu, S. Tang, G. M. Wang, T. Cai, W. Huang, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Multifunctional microstrip array combining a linear polarizer and focusing metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 64(8), 3676–3682 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, X. F. Zhang, J. G. Liang, Y. Q. Zhuang, D. Liu, and H. X. Xu, “Ultra-thin polarization beam splitter using 2-D transmissive phase gradient metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 63(12), 5629–5636 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Zhang, X. Wan, S. Liu, J. Y. Yin, Q. Zhang, H. T. Wu, and T. J. Cui, “Realization of low scattering for a high-gain Fabry Perot antenna using coding metasurface,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 65(7), 3374–3383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

X. Wan, X. Shen, Y. Luo, and T. J. Cui, “Planar bifunctional Luneburg‐fisheye lens made of an anisotropic metasurface,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 757–765 (2014).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (8)

L. Huang, X. Chen, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Helicity dependent directional surface plasmon polariton excitation using a metasurface with interfacial phase discontinuity,” Light Sci. Appl. 2(3), e70 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J. C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(8), e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Sun, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency surface plasmon meta-couplers: concept and microwave-regime realizations,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(1), e16003 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ling, X. Zhou, X. Yi, W. Shu, Y. Liu, S. Chen, H. Luo, S. Wen, and D. Fan, “Giant photonic spin Hall effect in momentum space in a structured metamaterial with spatially varying birefringence,” Light Sci. Appl. 4(5), e290 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, T. J. Cui, Q. Xu, D. Bao, L. Du, X. Wan, W. X. Tang, C. Ouyang, X. Y. Zhou, H. Yuan, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, J. Han, W. Zhang, and Q. Cheng, “Anisotropic coding metamaterials and their powerful manipulation of differently polarized terahertz waves,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(5), e16076 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, R. Deshpande, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Bifunctional gap-plasmon metasurfaces for visible light: polarization-controlled unidirectional surface plasmon excitation and beam steering at normal incidence,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(4), 17178 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, S. Liu, and L. L. Li, “Information entropy of coding metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 5(11), e16172 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. J. Cui, M. Q. Qi, X. Wan, J. Zhao, and Q. Cheng, “Coding metamaterials, digital metamaterials and programmable metamaterials,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(10), e218 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (4)

Y. W. Huang, W. T. Chen, W. Y. Tsai, P. C. Wu, C. M. Wang, G. Sun, and D. P. Tsai, “Aluminum plasmonic multicolor meta-hologram,” Nano Lett. 15(5), 3122–3127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Chen, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, Y. W. Huang, G. Sun, I. D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W. L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14(1), 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Huntington, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Subwavelength lattice optics by evolutionary design,” Nano Lett. 14(12), 7195–7200 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K. Y. Yang, C. M. Wang, T. K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W. T. Kung, G. Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12(12), 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

X. Chen, L. Huang, H. Mühlenbernd, G. Li, B. Bai, Q. Tan, G. Jin, C. W. Qiu, S. Zhang, and T. Zentgraf, “Dual-polarity plasmonic metalens for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 3(1), 1198 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Li, T. Jun Cui, W. Ji, S. Liu, J. Ding, X. Wan, Y. Bo Li, M. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, and S. Zhang, “Electromagnetic reprogrammable coding-metasurface holograms,” Nat. Commun. 8(1), 197 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. Sun, Q. He, S. Xiao, Q. Xu, X. Li, and L. Zhou, “Gradient-index meta-surfaces as a bridge linking propagating waves and surface waves,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 426–431 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(4), 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. Appl. (1)

T. Cai, G. M. Wang, S. W. Tang, H. X. Xu, J. W. Duan, H. J. Guo, F. X. Guan, S. L. Sun, Q. He, and L. Zhou, “High-efficiency and full-space manipulation of electromagnetic wave fronts with metasurfaces,” Phys. Rev. Appl. 8(3), 034033 (2017).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Yulevich, E. Maguid, N. Shitrit, D. Veksler, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, “Optical mode control by geometric phase in quasicrystal metasurface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(20), 205501 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (2)

H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, and N. Yu, “A review of metasurfaces: physics and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 79(7), 076401 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, A. Pors, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gradient metasurfaces: a review of fundamentals and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 81(2), 026401 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Adv. (1)

X. Li, L. Chen, Y. Li, X. Zhang, M. Pu, Z. Zhao, X. Ma, Y. Wang, M. Hong, and X. Luo, “Multicolor 3D meta-holography by broadband plasmonic modulation,” Sci. Adv. 2(11), e1601102 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (4)

F. Aieta, M. A. Kats, P. Genevet, and F. Capasso, “Multiwavelength achromatic metasurfaces by dispersive phase compensation,” Science 347(6228), 1342–1345 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, N. K. Emani, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Broadband light bending with plasmonic nanoantennas,” Science 335(6067), 427 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science 292(5514), 77–79 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago, “The electrodynamics of substances with simultaneously negative values of ɛ and μ,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 10(4), 509 (1968).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics and working principles of the trifunctional metasurfaces. The metasurface behaves (a) as a reflective beam splitter when excited by forward incident waves with polarizations E x ^ , (b) as a beam deflector when excited by backward incident waves with polarizations E x ^ , and (c) as a transmissive focusing lens when excited by incident waves with polarizations E y ^ .
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Design and characterization of the proposed meta-atom. (a) Schematics of the proposed meta-atom composed by four metallic layers separated by three F4B spacers ( ε=2.65+i0.01, the distance between layers is 1.5mm). We fix the parameters as: a = 0.5mm, b = 1.5mm, c = 2.5mm, d = 1mm, e = 1.5mm, f = 0.5mm, g = 0.5mm, h = 1mm, j = 2.4mm, p = 12mm. (b) The photos of fabricated layers A, B, and G.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) FDTD simulation results of the reflection coefficients versus frequency. The reflective resonance geometric parameter is set as lr = 9mm. (b) FDTD simulation of the transmission coefficients versus frequency. The transmissive resonance geometric parameter is set as lt = 7.0mm. (c, d) The scattering coefficients versus geometric parameters. The other parameters are kept fixed while sweeping the variant. (c) The reflection magnitude and phase versus geometric parameter lr. (d) The transmission magnitude and phase versus geometric parameter lt.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Design, fabrication and characterizations of the coding reflective metasurface. (a) Simulated magnitude and phase distribution of whole metasurface. (b) Picture of the top view of the fabricated sample. The dashed box shows the coding element 0 and 1. (c) FDTD simulated electric field distribution in x-o-z plane. (d) The simulated and experimental measured far-field polar map.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Design, fabrication and characterizations of the anomalous reflective metasurface. (a) Simulated magnitude and phase distribution of whole metasurface. (b) Picture of the bottom view of the fabricated sample. Insert dashed box shows the super-cell with 6 meta-atoms. (c) FDTD simulated electric field distribution in x-o-z plane. (d) The simulated and experimental measured far-field polar map.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Design, fabrication and characterizations of the transmissive flat meta-lens. (a) Magnitude and phase distribution of the designed one-dimension focus metasurface (b) The picture of the fabricated sample. Insert dashed box shows half (12 meta-atoms) of the flat focus meta-atoms. (c) FDTD simulation result of the focus effect. (d) Microwave experimental result of the focus effect.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specific parameters of reflective coding meta-atoms

Tables Icon

Table 2 Specific parameters of reflective deflector meta-atoms

Tables Icon

Table 3 Specific parameters of transmissive focus meta-atoms

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

R(x,y)=( r xx (x,y) 0 0 r yy (x,y) ),T(x,y)=( t xx (x,y) 0 0 t yy (x,y) )
R (x,y)=( r xx (x,y) 0 0 0 ), R (x,y)=( r xx (x,y) 0 0 0 ),T(x,y)=( 0 0 0 t yy (x,y) )
α= sin 1 ( λ 0 Γ )
φ xx r (x,y)= C 0 +ξx
φ yy t (x)= k 0 ( F 2 + x 2 F)

Metrics