Abstract

A tunable laser source is a crucial photonic component for many applications, such as spectroscopic measurements, wavelength division multiplexing (WDM), frequency-modulated light detection and ranging (LIDAR), and optical coherence tomography (OCT). In this article, we demonstrate the first monolithically integrated erbium-doped tunable laser on a complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible silicon photonics platform. Erbium-doped Al2O3 sputtered on top is used as a gain medium to achieve lasing. The laser achieves a tunability from 1527 nm to 1573 nm, with a >40 dB side mode suppression ratio (SMSR). The wide tuning range (46 nm) is realized with a Vernier cavity, formed by two Si3N4 microring resonators. With 107 mW on-chip 980 nm pump power, up to 1.6 mW output lasing power is obtained with a 2.2% slope efficiency. The maximum output power is limited by pump power. Fine tuning of the laser wavelength is demonstrated by using the gain cavity phase shifter. Signal response times are measured to be around 200 μs and 35 µs for the heaters used to tune the Vernier rings and gain cavity longitudinal mode, respectively. The linewidth of the laser is 340 kHz, measured via a self-delay heterodyne detection method. Furthermore, the laser signal is stabilized by continuous locking to a mode-locked laser (MLL) over 4900 seconds with a measured peak-to-peak frequency deviation below 10 Hz.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (3)

2017 (8)

C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, M. Raval, Z. Su, N. Li, E. Timurdogan, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale silicon nitride nanophotonic phased arrays at infrared and visible wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42(1), 21–24 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Li, Z. Purnawirman, E. Su, P. T. Salih Magden, K. Callahan, M. Shtyrkova, A. Xin, C. Ruocco, E. P. Baiocco, F. X. Ippen, J. D. B. Kärtner, D. Bradley, Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “High-power thulium lasers on a silicon photonics platform,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1181–1184 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Purnawirman, E. S. Li, G. Magden, M. Singh, T. N. Moresco, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. B. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Wavelength division multiplexed light source monolithically integrated on a silicon photonics platform,” Opt. Lett. 42(9), 1772–1775 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Purnawirman, E. S. Li, G. Magden, N. Singh, A. Singh, E. S. Baldycheva, J. Hosseini, M. Sun, T. N. Moresco, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. B. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth Al2O3:Er3+ lasers with a wavelength-insensitive waveguide design on a wafer-scale silicon nitride platform,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13705–13713 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. S. Magden, N. Li, J. D. B. Purnawirman, N. Bradley, A. Singh, G. S. Ruocco, G. Petrich, D. D. Leake, E. P. Coolbaugh, M. R. Ippen, Watts, and L. A. Kolodziejski, “Monolithically-integrated distributed feedback laser compatible with CMOS processing,” Opt. Express 25(15), 18058–18065 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Komljenovic, S. Liu, E. Norberg, G. A. Fish, and J. E. Bowers, “Control of Widely Tunable Lasers With High-Q Resonator as an Integral Part of the Cavity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(18), 3934–3939 (2017).
[Crossref]

N. Purnawirman, G. Li, E. S. Singh, Z. Magden, N. Su, M. Singh, G. Moresco, J. D. B. Leake, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Reliable Integrated Photonic Light Sources Using Curved Al2O3:Er3+ Distributed Feedback Lasers,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–9 (2017).

N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (3)

2015 (3)

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Aflatouni, B. Abiri, A. Rekhi, and A. Hajimiri, “Nanophotonic coherent imager,” Opt. Express 23(4), 5117–5125 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

M. Belt and D. J. Blumenthal, “Erbium-doped waveguide DBR and DFB laser arrays integrated within an ultra-low-loss Si3N4 platform,” Opt. Express 22(9), 10655–10660 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-L. Wu, S.-P. Su, and G.-R. Lin, “All‐optical modulation based on silicon quantum dot doped SiOx:Si‐QD waveguide,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(5), 766–776 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (8)

L. Agazzi, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Energy-Transfer-Upconversion Models, Their Applicability and Breakdown in the Presence of Spectroscopically Distinct Ion Classes: A Case Study in Amorphous Al2O3:Er3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(13), 6759–6776 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. J. R. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 6100117 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. G. Yang, C. H. Yeh, C. Y. Wong, C. W. Chow, F. G. Tseng, and H. K. Tsang, “Stable and wavelength-tunable silicon-micro-ring-resonator based erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(3), 2869–2874 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Baba, S. Akiyama, M. Imai, N. Hirayama, H. Takahashi, Y. Noguchi, T. Horikawa, and T. Usuki, “50-Gb/s ring-resonator-based silicon modulator,” Opt. Express 21(10), 11869–11876 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Cherchi, S. Ylinen, M. Harjanne, M. Kapulainen, and T. Aalto, “Dramatic size reduction of waveguide bends on a micron-scale silicon photonic platform,” Opt. Express 21(15), 17814–17823 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Hulme, J. K. Doylend, and J. E. Bowers, “Widely tunable Vernier ring laser on hybrid silicon,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19718–19722 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Belt, T. Huffman, M. L. Davenport, W. Li, J. S. Barton, and D. J. Blumenthal, “Arrayed narrow linewidth erbium-doped waveguide-distributed feedback lasers on an ultra-low-loss silicon-nitride platform,” Opt. Lett. 38(22), 4825–4828 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, K. Wu, N. Li, L. Lan, S. Yoo, X. Wu, P. P. Shum, S. Zeng, and X. Tan, “Regenerative Er-doped Fiber Amplifier System for High-repetition-rate Optical Pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 17(5), 357–361 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (4)

2010 (5)

L. Stampoulidis, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, D. Zhen Sheng, L. Van Thourhout, J. Moerl, B. Kreissl, J. C. Sedighi, A. Scheytt, Pagano, and E. Riccardi, “The European BOOM Project: Silicon Photonics for High-Capacity Optical Packet Routers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1422–1433 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. P. Engelstaedter, B. Roycroft, F. H. Peters, and B. Corbett, “Wavelength Tunable Laser Using an Interleaved Rear Reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 54–56 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Castillo-Guzman, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, R. Selvas-Aguilar, D. A. May-Arrioja, J. Estudillo-Ayala, and P. LiKamWa, “Widely tunable erbium-doped fiber laser based on multimode interference effect,” Opt. Express 18(2), 591–597 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. H. Bernhardi, H. A. G. M. van Wolferen, L. Agazzi, M. R. H. Khan, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, K. Wörhoff, M. Pollnau, and R. M. de Ridder, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth, single-frequency distributed feedback waveguide laser in Al2O3:Er3+ on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2394–2396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Manipatruni, K. Preston, L. Chen, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low voltage, ultra-small mode volume silicon microring modulator,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18235–18242 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

D. R. Bowling, S. D. Sargent, B. D. Tanner, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy for stable isotope studies of ecosystem–atmosphere CO2 exchange,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 118(1–2), 1–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, M. Ferrari, C. Armellini, L. Zampedri, C. Tosello, S. Ronchin, R. Rolli, E. Moser, M. Montagna, A. Chiasera, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Er-doped silica-based waveguides prepared by different techniques: RF-sputtering, sol-gel and ion-exchange,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 1151–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Bin, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupled lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

P. G. Kik and A. Polman, “Erbium-Doped Optical-Waveguide Amplifiers on Silicon,” MRS Bull. 23(4), 48–54 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1706–1716 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

F. Delorme, G. Alibert, P. Boulet, S. Grosmaire, S. Slempkes, and A. Ougazzaden, “High reliability of high-power and widely tunable 1.55μm distributed Bragg reflector lasers for WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(2), 607–614 (1997).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

J. W. Dawson, N. Park, and K. J. Vahala, “An improved delayed self-heterodyne interferometer for linewidth measurements,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(9), 1063–1066 (1992).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

Aalto, T.

Abiri, B.

Adam, G.

Adam, T. N.

Aditya, S.

Aflatouni, F.

Agazzi, L.

L. Agazzi, K. Wörhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Energy-Transfer-Upconversion Models, Their Applicability and Breakdown in the Presence of Spectroscopically Distinct Ion Classes: A Case Study in Amorphous Al2O3:Er3+,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(13), 6759–6776 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. H. Bernhardi, H. A. G. M. van Wolferen, L. Agazzi, M. R. H. Khan, C. G. H. Roeloffzen, K. Wörhoff, M. Pollnau, and R. M. de Ridder, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth, single-frequency distributed feedback waveguide laser in Al2O3:Er3+ on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2394–2396 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Akiyama, S.

Alameh, K.

Alibert, G.

F. Delorme, G. Alibert, P. Boulet, S. Grosmaire, S. Slempkes, and A. Ougazzaden, “High reliability of high-power and widely tunable 1.55μm distributed Bragg reflector lasers for WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(2), 607–614 (1997).
[Crossref]

Allan, D. W.

D. W. Allan and J. A. Barnes, “A Modified “Allan Variance” with Increased Oscillator Characterization Ability,” in Thirty Fifth Annual Frequency Control Symposium, 1981, pp. 470–475.
[Crossref]

Antonio-Lopez, J. E.

Armellini, C.

G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, M. Ferrari, C. Armellini, L. Zampedri, C. Tosello, S. Ronchin, R. Rolli, E. Moser, M. Montagna, A. Chiasera, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Er-doped silica-based waveguides prepared by different techniques: RF-sputtering, sol-gel and ion-exchange,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 1151–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

Baba, T.

Baets, R.

Baiocco, C.

N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, N. Li, D. Vermeulen, A. Ruocco, E. S. Magden, K. Shtyrkova, P. T. Callahan, C. Baiocco, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Silicon-photonics-based optical frequency synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. SM3L.1.

Baiocco, E. P.

Baldycheva, E. S.

Barnes, J. A.

D. W. Allan and J. A. Barnes, “A Modified “Allan Variance” with Increased Oscillator Characterization Ability,” in Thirty Fifth Annual Frequency Control Symposium, 1981, pp. 470–475.
[Crossref]

Barton, J. S.

Bauters, J. F.

M. J. R. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 6100117 (2013).
[Crossref]

Belt, M.

Bernhardi, E. H.

Bin, L.

L. Bin, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupled lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Blumenthal, D. J.

Boudec, P. L.

Boulet, P.

F. Delorme, G. Alibert, P. Boulet, S. Grosmaire, S. Slempkes, and A. Ougazzaden, “High reliability of high-power and widely tunable 1.55μm distributed Bragg reflector lasers for WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(2), 607–614 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bovington, J. T.

Bowers, J. E.

T. Komljenovic, S. Liu, E. Norberg, G. A. Fish, and J. E. Bowers, “Control of Widely Tunable Lasers With High-Q Resonator as an Integral Part of the Cavity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 35(18), 3934–3939 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. C. Hulme, J. K. Doylend, and J. E. Bowers, “Widely tunable Vernier ring laser on hybrid silicon,” Opt. Express 21(17), 19718–19722 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. R. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 6100117 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. K. Doylend, M. J. R. Heck, J. T. Bovington, J. D. Peters, M. L. Davenport, L. A. Coldren, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid III/V silicon photonic source with integrated 1D free-space beam steering,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4257–4259 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Bin, A. Shakouri, and J. E. Bowers, “Wide tunable double ring resonator coupled lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14(5), 600–602 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bowling, D. R.

D. R. Bowling, S. D. Sargent, B. D. Tanner, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy for stable isotope studies of ecosystem–atmosphere CO2 exchange,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 118(1–2), 1–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bradley,

Bradley, D.

Bradley, G.

N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Li, J. D. B. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, E. S. Singh, J. Magden, Sun, and M. R. Watts, “Self-pulsing in Erbium-doped fiber laser,” in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC),2015, pp. 1–2.

Bradley, J. D. B.

Bradley, N.

Byrd, J. D. B.

N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Byrd, M.

Byrd, M. J.

C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, M. Raval, Z. Su, N. Li, E. Timurdogan, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale silicon nitride nanophotonic phased arrays at infrared and visible wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42(1), 21–24 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Notaros, N. Li, C. V. Poulton, Z. Su, M. J. Byrd, E. S. Magden, and M. R. Watts, “CMOS-Compatible Optical Phased Arrays with Monolithically-Integrated Erbium Lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. STu4B.2.
[Crossref]

Callahan, K.

Callahan, P. T.

N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Singh, M. Xin, N. Li, D. Vermeulen, A. Ruocco, E. S. Magden, K. Shtyrkova, P. T. Callahan, C. Baiocco, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Silicon-photonics-based optical frequency synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. SM3L.1.

Castillo-Guzman, A.

Chang, S.

Chen, H. W.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

Chen, X.

Cherchi, M.

Chi, Y.-C.

C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiasera, A.

G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, M. Ferrari, C. Armellini, L. Zampedri, C. Tosello, S. Ronchin, R. Rolli, E. Moser, M. Montagna, A. Chiasera, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Er-doped silica-based waveguides prepared by different techniques: RF-sputtering, sol-gel and ion-exchange,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 1151–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chow, C. W.

Coldren, L. A.

Colin, S.

Contesse, E.

Coolbaugh,

Coolbaugh, D.

Coolbaugh, E. P.

Coolbaugh, J. D.

Coolbaugh, J. D. B.

Corbett, B.

J. P. Engelstaedter, B. Roycroft, F. H. Peters, and B. Corbett, “Wavelength Tunable Laser Using an Interleaved Rear Reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 54–56 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dai, Y.

Davenport, M. L.

Dawson, J. W.

J. W. Dawson, N. Park, and K. J. Vahala, “An improved delayed self-heterodyne interferometer for linewidth measurements,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4(9), 1063–1066 (1992).
[Crossref]

de Ridder, R. M.

de Waal, H.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Delorme, F.

F. Delorme, “Widely tunable 1.55μm lasers for wavelength-division-multiplexed optical fiber communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 34(9), 1706–1716 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Delorme, G. Alibert, P. Boulet, S. Grosmaire, S. Slempkes, and A. Ougazzaden, “High reliability of high-power and widely tunable 1.55μm distributed Bragg reflector lasers for WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(2), 607–614 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Dorren, H. J. S.

L. Stampoulidis, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, D. Zhen Sheng, L. Van Thourhout, J. Moerl, B. Kreissl, J. C. Sedighi, A. Scheytt, Pagano, and E. Riccardi, “The European BOOM Project: Silicon Photonics for High-Capacity Optical Packet Routers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1422–1433 (2010).
[Crossref]

Doylend, J. K.

Ehleringer, J. R.

D. R. Bowling, S. D. Sargent, B. D. Tanner, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy for stable isotope studies of ecosystem–atmosphere CO2 exchange,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 118(1–2), 1–19 (2003).
[Crossref]

Engelstaedter, J. P.

J. P. Engelstaedter, B. Roycroft, F. H. Peters, and B. Corbett, “Wavelength Tunable Laser Using an Interleaved Rear Reflector,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 54–56 (2010).
[Crossref]

Estudillo-Ayala, J.

Faber, A. J.

Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922–2924 (1997).
[Crossref]

Fahrenkopf, N.

N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fang, A. W.

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, M. Ferrari, C. Armellini, L. Zampedri, C. Tosello, S. Ronchin, R. Rolli, E. Moser, M. Montagna, A. Chiasera, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Er-doped silica-based waveguides prepared by different techniques: RF-sputtering, sol-gel and ion-exchange,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 1151–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fish, G. A.

Flueraru, C.

François, P.-L.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frankis, H. C.

Z. Su, N. Li, H. C. Frankis, E. S. Magden, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “High-Q-factor Al2O3 micro-trench cavities integrated with silicon nitride waveguides on silicon,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11161–11170 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Frankis, Z. Su, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Ye, M. R. Watts, and J. D. B. Bradley, “Four-Wave Mixing in a High-Q Aluminum Oxide Microcavity on Silicon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. STh3I.3.
[Crossref]

Gomez-Agis, F.

L. Stampoulidis, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, D. Zhen Sheng, L. Van Thourhout, J. Moerl, B. Kreissl, J. C. Sedighi, A. Scheytt, Pagano, and E. Riccardi, “The European BOOM Project: Silicon Photonics for High-Capacity Optical Packet Routers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1422–1433 (2010).
[Crossref]

Green, W. M. J.

Grosmaire, S.

F. Delorme, G. Alibert, P. Boulet, S. Grosmaire, S. Slempkes, and A. Ougazzaden, “High reliability of high-power and widely tunable 1.55μm distributed Bragg reflector lasers for WDM applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(2), 607–614 (1997).
[Crossref]

Guan, W.

Hajimiri, A.

Hänsch, T. W.

Harjanne, M.

Heck, M. J. R.

M. J. R. Heck, J. F. Bauters, M. L. Davenport, J. K. Doylend, S. Jain, G. Kurczveil, S. Srinivasan, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonic Integrated Circuit Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 6100117 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. K. Doylend, M. J. R. Heck, J. T. Bovington, J. D. Peters, M. L. Davenport, L. A. Coldren, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid III/V silicon photonic source with integrated 1D free-space beam steering,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4257–4259 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hirayama, N.

Horikawa, T.

Hosseini, J.

Huang, B.-J.

C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

Huffman, T.

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N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
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Ruocco, C.

Ruocco, G. S.

Ruocco, N.

N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
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Salih Magden, P. T.

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N. Purnawirman, G. Li, E. S. Singh, Z. Magden, N. Su, M. Singh, G. Moresco, J. D. B. Leake, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Reliable Integrated Photonic Light Sources Using Curved Al2O3:Er3+ Distributed Feedback Lasers,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–9 (2017).

N. Li, J. D. B. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, E. S. Singh, J. Magden, Sun, and M. R. Watts, “Self-pulsing in Erbium-doped fiber laser,” in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC),2015, pp. 1–2.

Singh, G.

Singh, M.

N. Purnawirman, E. S. Li, G. Magden, M. Singh, T. N. Moresco, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. B. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Wavelength division multiplexed light source monolithically integrated on a silicon photonics platform,” Opt. Lett. 42(9), 1772–1775 (2017).
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N. Purnawirman, G. Li, E. S. Singh, Z. Magden, N. Su, M. Singh, G. Moresco, J. D. B. Leake, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Reliable Integrated Photonic Light Sources Using Curved Al2O3:Er3+ Distributed Feedback Lasers,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–9 (2017).

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N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
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N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
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N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, N. Li, D. Vermeulen, A. Ruocco, E. S. Magden, K. Shtyrkova, P. T. Callahan, C. Baiocco, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Silicon-photonics-based optical frequency synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. SM3L.1.

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S. Colin, E. Contesse, P. L. Boudec, G. Stephan, and F. Sanchez, “Evidence of a saturable-absorption effect in heavily erbium-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 21(24), 1987–1989 (1996).
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F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.-L. François, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48(3), 2220–2229 (1993).
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Su, N.

N. Purnawirman, G. Li, E. S. Singh, Z. Magden, N. Su, M. Singh, G. Moresco, J. D. B. Leake, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Reliable Integrated Photonic Light Sources Using Curved Al2O3:Er3+ Distributed Feedback Lasers,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–9 (2017).

Su, S.-P.

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
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C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
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Z. Su, N. Li, H. C. Frankis, E. S. Magden, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “High-Q-factor Al2O3 micro-trench cavities integrated with silicon nitride waveguides on silicon,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11161–11170 (2018).
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C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, M. Raval, Z. Su, N. Li, E. Timurdogan, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale silicon nitride nanophotonic phased arrays at infrared and visible wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42(1), 21–24 (2017).
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N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
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Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, T. N. Purnawirman, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Ultra-compact and low-threshold thulium microcavity laser monolithically integrated on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 41(24), 5708–5711 (2016).
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N. Li, E. Timurdogan, C. V. Poulton, M. Byrd, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, G. Purnawirman, D. D. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “C-band swept wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with a high-Q tunable interior-ridge silicon microring cavity,” Opt. Express 24(20), 22741–22748 (2016).
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J. Notaros, N. Li, C. V. Poulton, Z. Su, M. J. Byrd, E. S. Magden, and M. R. Watts, “CMOS-Compatible Optical Phased Arrays with Monolithically-Integrated Erbium Lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. STu4B.2.
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H. C. Frankis, Z. Su, N. Li, E. S. Magden, M. Ye, M. R. Watts, and J. D. B. Bradley, “Four-Wave Mixing in a High-Q Aluminum Oxide Microcavity on Silicon,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. STh3I.3.
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N. Li, J. D. B. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, E. S. Singh, J. Magden, Sun, and M. R. Watts, “Self-pulsing in Erbium-doped fiber laser,” in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC),2015, pp. 1–2.

Sun, M.

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M. J. R. Heck, H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, B. R. Koch, D. Liang, H. Park, M. N. Sysak, and J. E. Bowers, “Hybrid Silicon Photonics for Optical Interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17(2), 333–346 (2011).
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D. R. Bowling, S. D. Sargent, B. D. Tanner, and J. R. Ehleringer, “Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy for stable isotope studies of ecosystem–atmosphere CO2 exchange,” Agric. For. Meteorol. 118(1–2), 1–19 (2003).
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Tosello, C.

G. C. Righini, S. Pelli, M. Ferrari, C. Armellini, L. Zampedri, C. Tosello, S. Ronchin, R. Rolli, E. Moser, M. Montagna, A. Chiasera, and S. J. L. Ribeiro, “Er-doped silica-based waveguides prepared by different techniques: RF-sputtering, sol-gel and ion-exchange,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 34(12), 1151–1166 (2002).
[Crossref]

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C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
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Vermeulen,

Vermeulen, D.

N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, M. Raval, Z. Su, N. Li, E. Timurdogan, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale silicon nitride nanophotonic phased arrays at infrared and visible wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42(1), 21–24 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, N. Li, D. Vermeulen, A. Ruocco, E. S. Magden, K. Shtyrkova, P. T. Callahan, C. Baiocco, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Silicon-photonics-based optical frequency synthesizer,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, San Jose, California, 2018, p. SM3L.1.

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L. Stampoulidis, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, D. Zhen Sheng, L. Van Thourhout, J. Moerl, B. Kreissl, J. C. Sedighi, A. Scheytt, Pagano, and E. Riccardi, “The European BOOM Project: Silicon Photonics for High-Capacity Optical Packet Routers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1422–1433 (2010).
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L. Stampoulidis, K. Vyrsokinos, K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, F. Gomez-Agis, H. J. S. Dorren, D. Zhen Sheng, L. Van Thourhout, J. Moerl, B. Kreissl, J. C. Sedighi, A. Scheytt, Pagano, and E. Riccardi, “The European BOOM Project: Silicon Photonics for High-Capacity Optical Packet Routers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1422–1433 (2010).
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G.-R. Lin, S.-P. Su, C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, B.-J. Huang, H.-Y. Wang, C.-T. Tsai, C.-I. Wu, and Y.-C. Chi, “Si-rich SiNx based Kerr switch enables optical data conversion up to 12 Gbit/s,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 9611 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-L. Wu, Y.-H. Lin, S.-P. Su, B.-J. Huang, C.-T. Tsai, H.-Y. Wang, Y.-C. Chi, C.-I. Wu, and G.-R. Lin, “Enhancing Optical Nonlinearity in a Nonstoichiometric SiN Waveguide for Cross-Wavelength All-Optical Data Processing,” ACS Photonics 2(8), 1141–1154 (2015).
[Crossref]

Watts,

Watts, M. R.

N. Li, E. S. Magden, Z. Su, N. Singh, A. Ruocco, M. Xin, M. Byrd, P. T. Callahan, J. D. B. Bradley, C. Baiocco, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Broadband 2-µm emission on silicon chips: monolithically integrated Holmium lasers,” Opt. Express 26(3), 2220–2230 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Su, N. Li, H. C. Frankis, E. S. Magden, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “High-Q-factor Al2O3 micro-trench cavities integrated with silicon nitride waveguides on silicon,” Opt. Express 26(9), 11161–11170 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Singh, M. Xin, D. Vermeulen, K. Shtyrkova, N. Li, P. T. Callahan, E. S. Magden, A. Ruocco, N. Fahrenkopf, C. Baiocco, B. P. P. Kuo, S. Radic, E. Ippen, F. X. Kärtner, and M. R. Watts, “Octave-spanning coherent supercontinuum generation in silicon on insulator from 1.06 μm to beyond 2.4 μm,” Light Sci. Appl. 7(1), 17131 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. Li, Z. Su, E. Purnawirman, C. V. Salih Magden, A. Poulton, N. Ruocco, M. J. Singh, J. D. B. Byrd, G. Bradley, Leake, and M. R. Watts, “Athermal synchronization of laser source with WDM filter in a silicon photonics platform,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110(21), 211105 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Purnawirman, G. Li, E. S. Singh, Z. Magden, N. Su, M. Singh, G. Moresco, J. D. B. Leake, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Reliable Integrated Photonic Light Sources Using Curved Al2O3:Er3+ Distributed Feedback Lasers,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(4), 1–9 (2017).

N. Purnawirman, E. S. Li, G. Magden, N. Singh, A. Singh, E. S. Baldycheva, J. Hosseini, M. Sun, T. N. Moresco, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. B. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Ultra-narrow-linewidth Al2O3:Er3+ lasers with a wavelength-insensitive waveguide design on a wafer-scale silicon nitride platform,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13705–13713 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. V. Poulton, M. J. Byrd, M. Raval, Z. Su, N. Li, E. Timurdogan, D. Coolbaugh, D. Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “Large-scale silicon nitride nanophotonic phased arrays at infrared and visible wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 42(1), 21–24 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Li, Z. Purnawirman, E. Su, P. T. Salih Magden, K. Callahan, M. Shtyrkova, A. Xin, C. Ruocco, E. P. Baiocco, F. X. Ippen, J. D. B. Kärtner, D. Bradley, Vermeulen, and M. R. Watts, “High-power thulium lasers on a silicon photonics platform,” Opt. Lett. 42(6), 1181–1184 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Purnawirman, E. S. Li, G. Magden, M. Singh, T. N. Moresco, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. B. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Wavelength division multiplexed light source monolithically integrated on a silicon photonics platform,” Opt. Lett. 42(9), 1772–1775 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Su, N. Li, E. Salih Magden, M. Byrd, T. N. Purnawirman, G. Adam, D. Leake, J. D. Coolbaugh, Bradley, and M. R. Watts, “Ultra-compact and low-threshold thulium microcavity laser monolithically integrated on silicon,” Opt. Lett. 41(24), 5708–5711 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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J. D. B. Bradley, Z. Su, E. S. Magden, N. Li, M. Byrd, Purnawirman, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, and M. R. Watts, “1.8-µm thulium microlasers integrated on silicon,” in SPIE Photonics West, San Francisco, CA, United States, 2016.

N. Li, J. D. B. Purnawirman, G. Bradley, E. S. Singh, J. Magden, Sun, and M. R. Watts, “Self-pulsing in Erbium-doped fiber laser,” in Optoelectronics Global Conference (OGC),2015, pp. 1–2.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) 3D illustration of an integrated tunable laser, showing different material layers, heaters for microring and gain cavity phase shifters (not to scale). (b) Fabricated device on the test setup, showing Erbium green color fluorescence under 980 nm pump. (c) SEM image of the tunable laser gain waveguide cross section. (d) Refractive indices of the waveguide materials at both pump and signal wavelengths. (e) The transverse electric (TE) field intensity of the fundamental mode at the signal wavelength for different bend radii along the Euler bend.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Simulated transmission spectrum of (a) the combined Vernier ring response and (b) the combined Vernier ring response (curve in blue) overlap with the gain cavity longitudinal mode (curve in orange).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Wide C-band spontaneous emission of Al2O3:Er3+ film covering from 1524 nm to 1574 nm, pumped by a low power 980 nm pump source. (b) Laser output spectra showing 46 nm tuning range from 1527 nm to 1573 nm, with >40 dB SMSR. (c) Laser cavity resonance wavelength tuning for different heating powers applied on the heaters for both ring 1 and ring 2. (d) On-chip laser output power with respect to launched on-chip pump power, showing 2.2% slope efficiency and 1.6 mW maximum signal power achieved.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Fine tuning measurement setup: the tunable laser signal and a signal at a fixed wavelength are beat through a combiner. The beat signal is detected by a PD. (b) The beat frequency with respect to electrical power applied on gain cavity phase shifter, showing continuous fine tuning.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Time domain stability of the laser signal under different pump power: self-pulsing is suppressed when pump power is increased. (b) The laser signal time response under 200 Hz square wave modulation applied on the microring heater. (c) The laser signal time response under 2.5 kHz square wave modulation applied on the gain cavity phase shifter heater.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Linewidth measurement setup: loss-compensated circulating delayed self-heterodyne detection. (b) Self-heterodyne spectrum with Lorentzian fitting, showing a combined linewidth of 340 kHz. The frequency on the x-axis corresponds to the deviation from the 1.76 GHz at 40th harmonic.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Laser-to-comb locking setup, including an integrated tunable laser (TL), mode-locked laser (MLL), balanced photodetector (BPD), and band pass filter (BPF). (b) Frequency deviation relative to reference signal, showing a maximum frequency deviation of 10 Hz during the 4900 s measurement time. (c) Frequency instability of the locking after calculation based on Allan deviation algorithm.

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