Abstract

Halide perovskite materials have rapidly emerged as outstanding optoelectronic materials for solar cells, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and lasers. Compared to hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites, all-inorganic perovskites have shown unique merits that may contribute to the ultimate goal of developing electrically-pumped lasers. In this paper, we demonstrate a distributed feedback (DFB) resonator using an all-inorganic perovskite thin film as the gain medium. The film has a gain coefficient of 161.1 cm−1 and a loss coefficient of 30.9 cm−1. Excited by picosecond pulses, the microstructured all-inorganic perovskite film exhibits a single-mode emission at 654 nm with a threshold of 33 μJ/cm2. The facile fabrication process provides a promising route towards low-cost single-mode visible lasers for many practical applications.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [PubMed]
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2017 (3)

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
[PubMed]

J. R. Harwell, G. L. Whitworth, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Green Perovskite Distributed Feedback Lasers,” Sci. Rep. 7(1), 11727 (2017).
[PubMed]

A. Kovalsky, L. Wang, G. T. Marek, C. Burda, and J. S. Dyck, “Thermal Conductivity of CH3NH3PbI3 and CsPbI3: Measuring the Effect of the Methylammonium Ion on Phonon Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 3228–3233 (2017).

2016 (10)

X. Li, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Gu, J. Song, and H. Zeng, “CsPbX3 Quantum Dots for Lighting and Displays: Room-Temperature Synthesis, Photoluminescence Superiorities, Underlying Origins and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2435–2445 (2016).

Y. Ling, Y. Tian, X. Wang, J. C. Wang, J. M. Knox, F. Perez-Orive, Y. Du, L. Tan, K. Hanson, B. Ma, and H. Gao, “Enhanced Optical and Electrical Properties of Polymer-Assisted All-Inorganic Perovskites for Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 28(40), 8983–8989 (2016).
[PubMed]

P. Brenner, M. Stulz, D. Kapp, T. Abzieher, U. W. Paetzold, A. Quintilla, I. A. Howard, H. Kalt, and U. Lemmer, “Highly stable solution processed metal-halide perovskite lasers on nanoimprinted distributed feedback structures”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 141106 (2016).

M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
[PubMed]

G. L. Whitworth, J. R. Harwell, D. N. Miller, G. J. Hedley, W. Zhang, H. J. Snaith, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Nanoimprinted distributed feedback lasers of solution processed hybrid perovskites,” Opt. Express 24(21), 23677–23684 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, K. Domanski, J.-Y. Seo, A. Ummadisingu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, J.-P. Correa-Baena, W. R. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Incorporation of rubidium cations into perovskite solar cells improves photovoltaic performance,” Science 354(6309), 206–209 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
[PubMed]

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

G. Xing, M. H. Kumar, W. K. Chong, X. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Ding, M. Asta, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, N. Mathews, and T. C. Sum, “Solution-Processed Tin-Based Perovskite for Near-Infrared Lasing,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8191–8196 (2016).
[PubMed]

V. A. Hintermayr, A. F. Richter, F. Ehrat, M. Döblinger, W. Vanderlinden, J. A. Sichert, Y. Tong, L. Polavarapu, J. Feldmann, and A. S. Urban, “Tuning the Optical Properties of Perovskite Nanoplatelets through Composition and Thickness by Ligand-Assisted Exfoliation,” Adv. Mater. 28(43), 9478–9485 (2016).
[PubMed]

2015 (5)

W. S. Yang, J. H. Noh, N. J. Jeon, Y. C. Kim, S. Ryu, J. Seo, and S. I. Seok, “High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange,” Science 348(6240), 1234–1237 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
[PubMed]

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[PubMed]

N. Yantara, S. Bhaumik, F. Yan, D. Sabba, H. A. Dewi, N. Mathews, P. P. Boix, H. V. Demir, and S. Mhaisalkar, “Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4360–4364 (2015).
[PubMed]

M. Kulbak, D. Cahen, and G. Hodes, “How Important Is the Organic Part of Lead Halide Perovskite Photovoltaic Cells? Efficient CsPbBr3 Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(13), 2452–2456 (2015).
[PubMed]

2014 (4)

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. S. Lim, N. Yantara, X. Liu, D. Sabba, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Low-temperature solution-processed wavelength-tunable perovskites for lasing,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 476–480 (2014).
[PubMed]

F. Deschler, M. Price, S. Pathak, L. E. Klintberg, D.-D. Jarausch, R. Higler, S. Hüttner, T. Leijtens, S. D. Stranks, H. J. Snaith, M. Atatüre, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, “High Photoluminescence Efficiency and Optically Pumped Lasing in Solution-Processed Mixed Halide Perovskite Semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(8), 1421–1426 (2014).
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, X. Liu, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Room-Temperature Near-Infrared High-Q Perovskite Whispering-Gallery Planar Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5995–6001 (2014).
[PubMed]

B. R. Sutherland, S. Hoogland, M. M. Adachi, C. T. O. Wong, and E. H. Sargent, “Conformal Organohalide Perovskites Enable Lasing on Spherical Resonators,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10947–10952 (2014).
[PubMed]

2013 (1)

C. C. Stoumpos, C. D. Malliakas, J. A. Peters, Z. Liu, M. Sebastian, J. Im, T. C. Chasapis, A. C. Wibowo, D. Y. Chung, A. J. Freeman, B. W. Wessels, and M. G. Kanatzidis, “Crystal Growth of the Perovskite Semiconductor CsPbBr3: A New Material for High-Energy Radiation Detection,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 2722–2727 (2013).

2011 (1)

G. Murtaza and I. Ahmad, “First principle study of the structural and optoelectronic properties of cubic perovskites CsPbM3 (M=Cl, Br, I),” Phys. B Condens. Matter 406, 3222–3229 (2011).

2009 (2)

K. Suzuki, A. Kobayashi, S. Kaneko, K. Takehira, T. Yoshihara, H. Ishida, Y. Shiina, S. Oishi, and S. Tobita, “Reevaluation of absolute luminescence quantum yields of standard solutions using a spectrometer with an integrating sphere and a back-thinned CCD detector,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(42), 9850–9860 (2009).
[PubMed]

E. B. Namdas, M. Tong, P. Ledochowitsch, S. R. Mednick, J. D. Yuen, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Low Thresholds in Polymer Lasers on Conductive Substrates by Distributed Feedback Nanoimprinting: Progress Toward Electrically Pumped Plastic Lasers,” Adv. Mater. 21, 799–802 (2009).

2007 (1)

I. D. W. Samuel and G. A. Turnbull, “Organic Semiconductor Lasers,” Chem. Rev. 107(4), 1272–1295 (2007).
[PubMed]

2004 (1)

G. F. Barlow, A. Shore, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Design and analysis of a low-threshold polymer circular-grating distributed-feedback laser,” JOSA B 21, 2142–2150 (2004).

2002 (1)

J. Valenta, I. Pelant, and J. Linnros, “Waveguiding effects in the measurement of optical gain in a layer of Si nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1396–1398 (2002).

1998 (2)

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536–1538 (1998).

1996 (1)

N. Tessler, G. J. Denton, and R. H. Friend, “Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities,” Nature 382, 695–697 (1996).

1971 (1)

C. V. Shank, J. E. Bjorkholm, and H. Kogelnik, “Tunable distributed‐feedback dye laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 395–396 (1971).

Abate, A.

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, K. Domanski, J.-Y. Seo, A. Ummadisingu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, J.-P. Correa-Baena, W. R. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Incorporation of rubidium cations into perovskite solar cells improves photovoltaic performance,” Science 354(6309), 206–209 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
[PubMed]

Abzieher, T.

P. Brenner, M. Stulz, D. Kapp, T. Abzieher, U. W. Paetzold, A. Quintilla, I. A. Howard, H. Kalt, and U. Lemmer, “Highly stable solution processed metal-halide perovskite lasers on nanoimprinted distributed feedback structures”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 141106 (2016).

Adachi, M. M.

B. R. Sutherland, S. Hoogland, M. M. Adachi, C. T. O. Wong, and E. H. Sargent, “Conformal Organohalide Perovskites Enable Lasing on Spherical Resonators,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10947–10952 (2014).
[PubMed]

Ahmad, I.

G. Murtaza and I. Ahmad, “First principle study of the structural and optoelectronic properties of cubic perovskites CsPbM3 (M=Cl, Br, I),” Phys. B Condens. Matter 406, 3222–3229 (2011).

Alexander-Webber, J. A.

M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
[PubMed]

Asta, M.

G. Xing, M. H. Kumar, W. K. Chong, X. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Ding, M. Asta, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, N. Mathews, and T. C. Sum, “Solution-Processed Tin-Based Perovskite for Near-Infrared Lasing,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8191–8196 (2016).
[PubMed]

Atatüre, M.

F. Deschler, M. Price, S. Pathak, L. E. Klintberg, D.-D. Jarausch, R. Higler, S. Hüttner, T. Leijtens, S. D. Stranks, H. J. Snaith, M. Atatüre, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, “High Photoluminescence Efficiency and Optically Pumped Lasing in Solution-Processed Mixed Halide Perovskite Semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(8), 1421–1426 (2014).
[PubMed]

Barlow, G. F.

G. F. Barlow, A. Shore, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Design and analysis of a low-threshold polymer circular-grating distributed-feedback laser,” JOSA B 21, 2142–2150 (2004).

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, A. Timko, and O. Nalamasu, “Organic solid-state lasers with imprinted gratings on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 410–411 (1998).

Bhaumik, S.

N. Yantara, S. Bhaumik, F. Yan, D. Sabba, H. A. Dewi, N. Mathews, P. P. Boix, H. V. Demir, and S. Mhaisalkar, “Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4360–4364 (2015).
[PubMed]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

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N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

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Y. Ling, Y. Tian, X. Wang, J. C. Wang, J. M. Knox, F. Perez-Orive, Y. Du, L. Tan, K. Hanson, B. Ma, and H. Gao, “Enhanced Optical and Electrical Properties of Polymer-Assisted All-Inorganic Perovskites for Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 28(40), 8983–8989 (2016).
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M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
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Guo, J.

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
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Gupta, R.

M. D. McGehee, M. A. Díaz-García, F. Hide, R. Gupta, E. K. Miller, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Semiconducting polymer distributed feedback lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1536–1538 (1998).

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J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
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Hendon, C. H.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
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Higler, R.

F. Deschler, M. Price, S. Pathak, L. E. Klintberg, D.-D. Jarausch, R. Higler, S. Hüttner, T. Leijtens, S. D. Stranks, H. J. Snaith, M. Atatüre, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, “High Photoluminescence Efficiency and Optically Pumped Lasing in Solution-Processed Mixed Halide Perovskite Semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(8), 1421–1426 (2014).
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Hodes, G.

M. Kulbak, D. Cahen, and G. Hodes, “How Important Is the Organic Part of Lead Halide Perovskite Photovoltaic Cells? Efficient CsPbBr3 Cells,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(13), 2452–2456 (2015).
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P. Brenner, M. Stulz, D. Kapp, T. Abzieher, U. W. Paetzold, A. Quintilla, I. A. Howard, H. Kalt, and U. Lemmer, “Highly stable solution processed metal-halide perovskite lasers on nanoimprinted distributed feedback structures”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 109, 141106 (2016).

Huang, J.

M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
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Hüttner, S.

F. Deschler, M. Price, S. Pathak, L. E. Klintberg, D.-D. Jarausch, R. Higler, S. Hüttner, T. Leijtens, S. D. Stranks, H. J. Snaith, M. Atatüre, R. T. Phillips, and R. H. Friend, “High Photoluminescence Efficiency and Optically Pumped Lasing in Solution-Processed Mixed Halide Perovskite Semiconductors,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(8), 1421–1426 (2014).
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Y. Ling, Y. Tian, X. Wang, J. C. Wang, J. M. Knox, F. Perez-Orive, Y. Du, L. Tan, K. Hanson, B. Ma, and H. Gao, “Enhanced Optical and Electrical Properties of Polymer-Assisted All-Inorganic Perovskites for Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 28(40), 8983–8989 (2016).
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A. Kovalsky, L. Wang, G. T. Marek, C. Burda, and J. S. Dyck, “Thermal Conductivity of CH3NH3PbI3 and CsPbI3: Measuring the Effect of the Methylammonium Ion on Phonon Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 3228–3233 (2017).

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G. Xing, M. H. Kumar, W. K. Chong, X. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Ding, M. Asta, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, N. Mathews, and T. C. Sum, “Solution-Processed Tin-Based Perovskite for Near-Infrared Lasing,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8191–8196 (2016).
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Miller, E. K.

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M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
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M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wessels, B. W.

C. C. Stoumpos, C. D. Malliakas, J. A. Peters, Z. Liu, M. Sebastian, J. Im, T. C. Chasapis, A. C. Wibowo, D. Y. Chung, A. J. Freeman, B. W. Wessels, and M. G. Kanatzidis, “Crystal Growth of the Perovskite Semiconductor CsPbBr3: A New Material for High-Energy Radiation Detection,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 2722–2727 (2013).

Whitworth, G. L.

Wibowo, A. C.

C. C. Stoumpos, C. D. Malliakas, J. A. Peters, Z. Liu, M. Sebastian, J. Im, T. C. Chasapis, A. C. Wibowo, D. Y. Chung, A. J. Freeman, B. W. Wessels, and M. G. Kanatzidis, “Crystal Growth of the Perovskite Semiconductor CsPbBr3: A New Material for High-Energy Radiation Detection,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 2722–2727 (2013).

Wong, C. T. O.

B. R. Sutherland, S. Hoogland, M. M. Adachi, C. T. O. Wong, and E. H. Sargent, “Conformal Organohalide Perovskites Enable Lasing on Spherical Resonators,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10947–10952 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wood, S. M.

M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
[PubMed]

Wu, B.

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
[PubMed]

Wu, X.

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
[PubMed]

Wu, Y.

X. Li, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Gu, J. Song, and H. Zeng, “CsPbX3 Quantum Dots for Lighting and Displays: Room-Temperature Synthesis, Photoluminescence Superiorities, Underlying Origins and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2435–2445 (2016).

Xing, G.

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
[PubMed]

G. Xing, M. H. Kumar, W. K. Chong, X. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Ding, M. Asta, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, N. Mathews, and T. C. Sum, “Solution-Processed Tin-Based Perovskite for Near-Infrared Lasing,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8191–8196 (2016).
[PubMed]

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. S. Lim, N. Yantara, X. Liu, D. Sabba, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Low-temperature solution-processed wavelength-tunable perovskites for lasing,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 476–480 (2014).
[PubMed]

Xing, J.

J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
[PubMed]

Xiong, Q.

J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, X. Liu, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Room-Temperature Near-Infrared High-Q Perovskite Whispering-Gallery Planar Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5995–6001 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yakunin, S.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
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Yan, F.

N. Yantara, S. Bhaumik, F. Yan, D. Sabba, H. A. Dewi, N. Mathews, P. P. Boix, H. V. Demir, and S. Mhaisalkar, “Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4360–4364 (2015).
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Yang, L.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

Yang, R.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

Yang, R. X.

L. Protesescu, S. Yakunin, M. I. Bodnarchuk, F. Krieg, R. Caputo, C. H. Hendon, R. X. Yang, A. Walsh, and M. V. Kovalenko, “Nanocrystals of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskites (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, and I): Novel Optoelectronic Materials Showing Bright Emission with Wide Color Gamut,” Nano Lett. 15(6), 3692–3696 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yang, W. S.

W. S. Yang, J. H. Noh, N. J. Jeon, Y. C. Kim, S. Ryu, J. Seo, and S. I. Seok, “High-performance photovoltaic perovskite layers fabricated through intramolecular exchange,” Science 348(6240), 1234–1237 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yantara, N.

N. Yantara, S. Bhaumik, F. Yan, D. Sabba, H. A. Dewi, N. Mathews, P. P. Boix, H. V. Demir, and S. Mhaisalkar, “Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4360–4364 (2015).
[PubMed]

G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. S. Lim, N. Yantara, X. Liu, D. Sabba, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Low-temperature solution-processed wavelength-tunable perovskites for lasing,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 476–480 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yeow, E. K. L.

G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
[PubMed]

Yi, C.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

Yoshihara, T.

K. Suzuki, A. Kobayashi, S. Kaneko, K. Takehira, T. Yoshihara, H. Ishida, Y. Shiina, S. Oishi, and S. Tobita, “Reevaluation of absolute luminescence quantum yields of standard solutions using a spectrometer with an integrating sphere and a back-thinned CCD detector,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11(42), 9850–9860 (2009).
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Yu, M.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

Yuan, Y. W.

J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
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Yuen, J. D.

E. B. Namdas, M. Tong, P. Ledochowitsch, S. R. Mednick, J. D. Yuen, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Low Thresholds in Polymer Lasers on Conductive Substrates by Distributed Feedback Nanoimprinting: Progress Toward Electrically Pumped Plastic Lasers,” Adv. Mater. 21, 799–802 (2009).

Zakeeruddin, S. M.

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, K. Domanski, J.-Y. Seo, A. Ummadisingu, S. M. Zakeeruddin, J.-P. Correa-Baena, W. R. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Incorporation of rubidium cations into perovskite solar cells improves photovoltaic performance,” Science 354(6309), 206–209 (2016).
[PubMed]

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
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Zeng, H.

X. Li, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Gu, J. Song, and H. Zeng, “CsPbX3 Quantum Dots for Lighting and Displays: Room-Temperature Synthesis, Photoluminescence Superiorities, Underlying Origins and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2435–2445 (2016).

Zhang, Q.

J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
[PubMed]

Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, X. Liu, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Room-Temperature Near-Infrared High-Q Perovskite Whispering-Gallery Planar Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5995–6001 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhang, S.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

X. Li, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Gu, J. Song, and H. Zeng, “CsPbX3 Quantum Dots for Lighting and Displays: Room-Temperature Synthesis, Photoluminescence Superiorities, Underlying Origins and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2435–2445 (2016).

Zhang, W.

Zou, W.

N. Wang, L. Cheng, R. Ge, S. Zhang, Y. Miao, W. Zou, C. Yi, Y. Sun, Y. Cao, R. Yang, Y. Wei, Q. Guo, Y. Ke, M. Yu, Y. Jin, Y. Liu, Q. Ding, D. Di, L. Yang, G. Xing, H. Tian, C. Jin, F. Gao, R. H. Friend, J. Wang, and W. Huang, “Perovskite light-emitting diodes based on solution-processed self-organized multiple quantum wells,” Nat. Photonics 10, 699–704 (2016).

ACS Nano (1)

B. R. Sutherland, S. Hoogland, M. M. Adachi, C. T. O. Wong, and E. H. Sargent, “Conformal Organohalide Perovskites Enable Lasing on Spherical Resonators,” ACS Nano 8(10), 10947–10952 (2014).
[PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

X. Li, Y. Wu, S. Zhang, B. Cai, Y. Gu, J. Song, and H. Zeng, “CsPbX3 Quantum Dots for Lighting and Displays: Room-Temperature Synthesis, Photoluminescence Superiorities, Underlying Origins and White Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 2435–2445 (2016).

Adv. Mater. (5)

E. B. Namdas, M. Tong, P. Ledochowitsch, S. R. Mednick, J. D. Yuen, D. Moses, and A. J. Heeger, “Low Thresholds in Polymer Lasers on Conductive Substrates by Distributed Feedback Nanoimprinting: Progress Toward Electrically Pumped Plastic Lasers,” Adv. Mater. 21, 799–802 (2009).

Y. Ling, Y. Tian, X. Wang, J. C. Wang, J. M. Knox, F. Perez-Orive, Y. Du, L. Tan, K. Hanson, B. Ma, and H. Gao, “Enhanced Optical and Electrical Properties of Polymer-Assisted All-Inorganic Perovskites for Light-Emitting Diodes,” Adv. Mater. 28(40), 8983–8989 (2016).
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G. Xing, M. H. Kumar, W. K. Chong, X. Liu, Y. Cai, H. Ding, M. Asta, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, N. Mathews, and T. C. Sum, “Solution-Processed Tin-Based Perovskite for Near-Infrared Lasing,” Adv. Mater. 28(37), 8191–8196 (2016).
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M. Saliba, S. M. Wood, J. B. Patel, P. K. Nayak, J. Huang, J. A. Alexander-Webber, B. Wenger, S. D. Stranks, M. T. Hörantner, J. T.-W. Wang, R. J. Nicholas, L. M. Herz, M. B. Johnston, S. M. Morris, H. J. Snaith, and M. K. Riede, “Structured Organic-Inorganic Perovskite toward a Distributed Feedback Laser,” Adv. Mater. 28(5), 923–929 (2016).
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C. C. Stoumpos, C. D. Malliakas, J. A. Peters, Z. Liu, M. Sebastian, J. Im, T. C. Chasapis, A. C. Wibowo, D. Y. Chung, A. J. Freeman, B. W. Wessels, and M. G. Kanatzidis, “Crystal Growth of the Perovskite Semiconductor CsPbBr3: A New Material for High-Energy Radiation Detection,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 2722–2727 (2013).

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

M. Saliba, T. Matsui, J.-Y. Seo, K. Domanski, J.-P. Correa-Baena, M. K. Nazeeruddin, S. M. Zakeeruddin, W. Tress, A. Abate, A. Hagfeldt, and M. Grätzel, “Cesium-containing triple cation perovskite solar cells: improved stability, reproducibility and high efficiency,” Energy Environ. Sci. 9(6), 1989–1997 (2016).
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A. Kovalsky, L. Wang, G. T. Marek, C. Burda, and J. S. Dyck, “Thermal Conductivity of CH3NH3PbI3 and CsPbI3: Measuring the Effect of the Methylammonium Ion on Phonon Scattering,” J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 3228–3233 (2017).

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (3)

N. Yantara, S. Bhaumik, F. Yan, D. Sabba, H. A. Dewi, N. Mathews, P. P. Boix, H. V. Demir, and S. Mhaisalkar, “Inorganic Halide Perovskites for Efficient Light-Emitting Diodes,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4360–4364 (2015).
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Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, X. Liu, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Room-Temperature Near-Infrared High-Q Perovskite Whispering-Gallery Planar Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 14(10), 5995–6001 (2014).
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J. Xing, X. F. Liu, Q. Zhang, S. T. Ha, Y. W. Yuan, C. Shen, T. C. Sum, and Q. Xiong, “Vapor Phase Synthesis of Organometal Halide Perovskite Nanowires for Tunable Room-Temperature Nanolasers,” Nano Lett. 15(7), 4571–4577 (2015).
[PubMed]

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G. Xing, B. Wu, X. Wu, M. Li, B. Du, Q. Wei, J. Guo, E. K. L. Yeow, T. C. Sum, and W. Huang, “Transcending the slow bimolecular recombination in lead-halide perovskites for electroluminescence,” Nat. Commun. 8, 14558 (2017).
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G. Xing, N. Mathews, S. S. Lim, N. Yantara, X. Liu, D. Sabba, M. Grätzel, S. Mhaisalkar, and T. C. Sum, “Low-temperature solution-processed wavelength-tunable perovskites for lasing,” Nat. Mater. 13(5), 476–480 (2014).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption and emission spectra of CsPbBrI2-PEO thin films. (b) PL spectra of a CsPbBrI2-PEO film and neat CsPbBrI2 film under the same excitation intensity. AFM images of a (c) CsPbBrI2-PEO film and (d) neat CsPbBrI2 film on quartz substrates. (e) XRD patterns of CsPbBrI2 films with and without the PEO additive.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) ASE spectrum of CsPbBrI2-PEO thin films, pumped by a 400 nm laser with 120 fs pulses at a repetition rate of 1 kHz. (b) The measured PL integral intensities against the VSL, and against the distance of the SES. The pump energy was 52 μJ/pulse. Optical gains and losses were acquired by fitting the difference curve of the VSL and SES. A schematic diagram of the (c) VSL method and (d) SES method. For the gain measurement, the pump laser was shaped into a stripe of different lengths and positioned right up to the edge of the sample. For the loss measurement, the length of the stripe was fixed at 2 mm and the stripe was positioned at different distances to the edge. The edge-emission was collected by a fiber-coupled CCD detector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) A schematic diagram of the DFB resonator with an all-inorganic perovskite gain medium. SEM images of the (b) nanopatterned substrates and (c) CsPbBrI2-PEO coated one.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Emission of the microstructured CsPbBrI2-PEO film at different pump energy densities. The inset shows the polarization of the laser emission. (b) Peak intensity and FWHM as a function of pump energy density.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) A schematic diagram of the angle-resolved transmission measurement rig. (b) Angle-resolved transmission spectrum of the microstructured CsPbBrI2-PEO film.

Equations (1)

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I VSL (L,λ) 0 L I SES (X,λ)dX=A(λ) I P [ e G(λ)L 1 G(λ) 1 e α Tot (λ)L α Tot (λ) ],