Abstract

We numerically demonstrate a novel monolayer graphene-based perfect absorption multi-layer photonic structure by the mechanism of critical coupling with guided resonance, in which the absorption of graphene can significantly reach 99% at telecommunication wavelengths. The highly efficient absorption and spectral selectivity can be obtained with designing structural parameters in the near-infrared region. Compared to previous works, we achieve the complete absorption of single-atomic-layer graphene in the perfect absorber with a lossless dielectric Bragg mirror, which not only opens up new methods of enhancing the light-graphene interaction, but also makes for practical applications in high-performance optoelectronic devices, such as modulators and sensors.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  36. J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  37. J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. L. A. Eldada, A. Nahata, and J. T. Yardley, “Robust photopolymers for MCM, board, and backplane optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3288, 175 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  39. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kukubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, “Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 13–15 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  40. Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
    [Crossref]

2017 (6)

2016 (8)

X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. He, P. Gao, and W. Shi, “A further comparison of graphene and thin metal layers for plasmonics,” Nanoscale 8, 10388–10397 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, F. Lin, F. Liu, and W. Shi, “Terahertz tunable graphene Fano resonance,” Nanotechnology 27, 485202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lu, X. Gan, B. Jia, D. Mao, and J. Zhao, “Tunable high-efficiency light absorption of monolayer graphene via Tamm plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Lett. 41(20), 4743–4746 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (7)

D. Rodrigo, O. Limaj, D. Janner, D. Etezadi, F. J. García de Abajo, V. Pruneri, and H. Altug, “Mid-infrared plasmonic biosensing with graphene,” Science 349(6244), 165–168 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Y. He, “Tunable terahertz graphene metamaterials,” Carbon 82, 229–237 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Y. Chen, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “Graphene metascreen for designing compact infrared absorbers with enhanced bandwidth,” Nanotechnology 26(16), 164002 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, Z. Zhao, and W. Shi, “Graphene-supported tunable near-IR metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 178–181 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lu, B. P. Cumming, and M. Gu, “Highly efficient plasmonic enhancement of graphene absorption at telecommunication wavelengths,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3647–3650 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Grande, M. A. Vincenti, T. Stomeo, G. V. Bianco, D. de Ceglia, N. Aközbek, V. Petruzzelli, G. Bruno, M. De Vittorio, M. Scalora, and A. D’Orazio, “Graphene-based perfect optical absorbers harnessing guided mode resonances,” Opt. Express 23(16), 21032–21042 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

M. Grande, M. A. Vincenti, T. Stomeo, G. V. Bianco, D. de Ceglia, N. Aközbek, V. Petruzzelli, G. Bruno, M. De Vittorio, M. Scalora, and A. D’Orazio, “Graphene-based absorber exploiting guided mode resonances in one-dimensional gratings,” Opt. Express 22(25), 31511–31519 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

S. Song, Q. Chen, L. Jin, and F. Sun, “Great light absorption enhancement in a graphene photodetector integrated with a metamaterial perfect absorber,” Nanoscale 5(20), 9615–9619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. S. Nefedov, C. A. Valaginnopoulos, and L. A. Melnikov, “Perfect absorption in graphene multilayers,” J. Opt. 15(11), 114003 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Pirruccio, L. Moreno, G. Lozano, and J. Rivas, “Coherent and broadband enhanced optical absorption in graphene,” ACS nano 7(6), 4810–4817 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

R. Alaee, M. Farhat, C. Rockstuhl, and F. Lederer, “A perfect absorber made of a graphene micro-ribbon metamaterial,” Opt. Express 20(27), 28017–28024 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Perot resonator with low power consumption,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 506–508 (2004).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

L. A. Eldada, A. Nahata, and J. T. Yardley, “Robust photopolymers for MCM, board, and backplane optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3288, 175 (1998).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kukubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, “Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 13–15 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, S.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aközbek, N.

Alaee, R.

Almeida, V. R.

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Perot resonator with low power consumption,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 506–508 (2004).
[Crossref]

Altug, H.

D. Rodrigo, O. Limaj, D. Janner, D. Etezadi, F. J. García de Abajo, V. Pruneri, and H. Altug, “Mid-infrared plasmonic biosensing with graphene,” Science 349(6244), 165–168 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

An, J.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Assefa, S.

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bagci, H.

P. Y. Chen, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “Graphene metascreen for designing compact infrared absorbers with enhanced bandwidth,” Nanotechnology 26(16), 164002 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bai, S.

Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q.

Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrios, C. A.

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Perot resonator with low power consumption,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 506–508 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bianco, G. V.

Blake, P.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, T. J.

R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruno, G.

Cao, W.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, Y. C.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, P. Y.

P. Y. Chen, M. Farhat, and H. Bağcı, “Graphene metascreen for designing compact infrared absorbers with enhanced bandwidth,” Nanotechnology 26(16), 164002 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

S. Song, Q. Chen, L. Jin, and F. Sun, “Great light absorption enhancement in a graphene photodetector integrated with a metamaterial perfect absorber,” Nanoscale 5(20), 9615–9619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, L.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cong, J.

Cong, L.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cumming, B. P.

D’Orazio, A.

de Ceglia, D.

De Vittorio, M.

Du, K.

Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Du, L.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kukubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, “Antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides in SiO2-Si multilayer structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(1), 13–15 (1986).
[Crossref]

Eldada, L. A.

L. A. Eldada, A. Nahata, and J. T. Yardley, “Robust photopolymers for MCM, board, and backplane optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3288, 175 (1998).
[Crossref]

Englund, D.

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
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R. R. Nair, P. Blake, A. N. Grigorenko, K. S. Novoselov, T. J. Booth, T. Stauber, N. M. R. Peres, and A. K. Geim, “Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene,” Science 320(5881), 1308 (2008).
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J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
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X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
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X. He, P. Gao, and W. Shi, “A further comparison of graphene and thin metal layers for plasmonics,” Nanoscale 8, 10388–10397 (2016).
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X. He, F. Lin, F. Liu, and W. Shi, “Terahertz tunable graphene Fano resonance,” Nanotechnology 27, 485202 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. He, Z. Zhao, and W. Shi, “Graphene-supported tunable near-IR metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 40(2), 178–181 (2015).
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R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
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X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, F.

S. Song, Q. Chen, L. Jin, and F. Sun, “Great light absorption enhancement in a graphene photodetector integrated with a metamaterial perfect absorber,” Nanoscale 5(20), 9615–9619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swan, A. K.

J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szep, A.

R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thongrattanasiri, S.

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulin-Avila, E.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valaginnopoulos, C. A.

I. S. Nefedov, C. A. Valaginnopoulos, and L. A. Melnikov, “Perfect absorption in graphene multilayers,” J. Opt. 15(11), 114003 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vincenti, M. A.

Walker, D.

R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, F.

Xiao, S.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, J. Cong, Y. Chen, L. Xu, and S. Xiao, “Angularly dense comb-like enhanced absorption of graphene monolayer with attenuated-total-reflection configuration,” Opt. Lett. 42(15), 2984–2987 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Xu, N.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, W.

Y. S. Fan, C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, W. Xu, F. Wu, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Monolayer-graphene-based perfect absorption structures in the near infrared,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13079–13086 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yan, X.

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, D.

Yao, J.

X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yao, X.

R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yardley, J. T.

L. A. Eldada, A. Nahata, and J. T. Yardley, “Robust photopolymers for MCM, board, and backplane optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3288, 175 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ye, H.

Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ye, W. M.

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yin, X.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, C.

X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, X. D.

Y. S. Fan, C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, W. Xu, F. Wu, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Monolayer-graphene-based perfect absorption structures in the near infrared,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13079–13086 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zentgraf, T.

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. F.

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. M.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, J. M.

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

Zheng, G.

Zhong, Z.

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, L.

X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Y.

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. H.

Y. S. Fan, C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, W. Xu, F. Wu, X. D. Yuan, and S. Q. Qin, “Monolayer-graphene-based perfect absorption structures in the near infrared,” Opt. Express 25(12), 13079–13086 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

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Q. Bao and K. P. Loh, “Graphene photonics, plasmonics, and broadband optoelectronic devices,” ACS nano 6(5), 3677–3694 (2012).
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J. W. Suk, A. Kitt, C. W. Magnuson, Y. Hao, S. Ahmed, J. An, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of CVD-grown monolayer graphene onto arbitrary substrates,” ACS nano 5(9), 6916–6924 (2011).
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ACS Photonics (1)

J. R. Piper and S. Fan, “Total absorption in a graphene monolayer in the optical regime by critical coupling with a photonic crystal guided resonance,” ACS Photonics 1(4), 347–353 (2014).
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Y. Qu, Q. Li, H. Gong, K. Du, S. Bai, D. Zhao, H. Ye, and M. Qiu, “Spatially and spectrally resolved narrowband optical absorber based on 2D grating nanostructures on metallic films,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(3), 480–486 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. C. Guo, Z. H. Zhu, X. D. Yuan, W. M. Ye, K. Liu, J. F. Zhang, W. Xu, and S. Q. Qin, “Experimental Demonstration of Total Absorption over 99% in the Near Infrared for Monolayer-Graphene-Based Subwavelength Structures,” Adv. Optical Mater. 4(12), 1955–1960 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

B. Zhao, J. M. Zhao, and Z. M. Zhang, “Enhancement of near-infrared absorption in graphene with metal gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(3), 031905 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Shiue, X. Gan, Y. Gao, L. Li, X. Yao, A. Szep, D. Walker, J. Hone, and D. Englund, “Enhanced photodetection in graphene-integrated photonic crystal cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(24), 241109 (2013).
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X. Y. He, “Tunable terahertz graphene metamaterials,” Carbon 82, 229–237 (2015).
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IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. A. Barrios, V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, “Compact silicon tunable Fabry-Perot resonator with low power consumption,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(2), 506–508 (2004).
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I. S. Nefedov, C. A. Valaginnopoulos, and L. A. Melnikov, “Perfect absorption in graphene multilayers,” J. Opt. 15(11), 114003 (2013).
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J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, X. Jiang, X. Yan, L. Cheng, B. Wang, and C. Xu, “Strong interaction between graphene layer and Fano resonance in terahertz metamaterials,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50(19), 195101 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (5)

S. Song, Q. Chen, L. Jin, and F. Sun, “Great light absorption enhancement in a graphene photodetector integrated with a metamaterial perfect absorber,” Nanoscale 5(20), 9615–9619 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Z. Zhu, W. Liu, X. Yuan, and S. Qin, “Towards photodetection with high efficiency and tunable spectral selectivity: graphene plasmonics for light trapping and absorption engineering,” Nanoscale 7(32), 13530–13536 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. Li, L. Cong, R. Singh, N. Xu, W. Cao, X. Zhang, Z. Tian, L. Du, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Monolayer graphene sensing enabled by the strong Fano-resonant metasurface,” Nanoscale 8(39), 17278–17284 (2016).
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X. He, P. Gao, and W. Shi, “A further comparison of graphene and thin metal layers for plasmonics,” Nanoscale 8, 10388–10397 (2016).
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X. Zhao, C. Yuan, L. Zhu, and J. Yao, “Graphene-based tunable terahertz plasmon-induced transparency metamaterial,” Nanoscale 8(33), 15273–15280 (2016).
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Nanotechnology (2)

X. He, F. Lin, F. Liu, and W. Shi, “Terahertz tunable graphene Fano resonance,” Nanotechnology 27, 485202 (2016).
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Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

C. H. Liu, Y. C. Chang, T. B. Norris, and Z. Zhong, “Graphene photodetectors with ultra-broadband and high responsivity at room temperature,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 9(4), 273–278 (2014).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

X. Gan, R. J. Shiue, Y. Gao, I. Meric, T. F. Heinz, K. Shepard, J. Hone, S. Assefa, and D. Englund, “Chip-integrated ultrafast graphene photodetector with high responsivity,” Nat. Photonics 7(11), 883–887 (2013).
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Nature (1)

M. Liu, X. Yin, E. Ulin-Avila, B. Geng, T. Zentgraf, L. Ju, F. Wang, and X. Zhang, “A graphene-based broadband optical modulator,” Nature 474(7349), 64–67 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Xiao, T. Wang, Y. Liu, C. Xu, X. Han, and X. Yan, “Tunable light trapping and absorption enhancement with graphene ring arrays,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(38), 26661–26669 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Thongrattanasiri, F. H. Koppens, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Complete optical absorption in periodically patterned graphene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(4), 047401 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plasmonics (1)

X. Yan, T. Wang, X. Han, S. Xiao, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “High Sensitivity Nanoplasmonic Sensor Based on Plasmon-Induced Transparency in a Graphene Nanoribbon Waveguide Coupled with Detuned Graphene Square-Nanoring Resonators,” Plasmonics 12(5), 1449–1455 (2017).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. A. Eldada, A. Nahata, and J. T. Yardley, “Robust photopolymers for MCM, board, and backplane optical interconnects,” Proc. SPIE 3288, 175 (1998).
[Crossref]

Science (3)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the proposed monolayer-graphene-based perfect absorption structure. dp and ds stand for the thickness of PMMA and SiO2, respectively. da is the depth of the cross-shaped groove air resonator. d1 (d2) represents the thickness of Si (SiO2) layer in the Bragg mirror with a period number N. The direction of incident light is indicated by the yellow arrow. (b) A top view of the designed structure. W and P stand for the width of the cross-shaped groove air resonator and the lattice period. The yellow cross-shaped dotted lines stand for symmetrical positions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The absorption spectra of the whole designed devices (black line) and the monolayer graphene in the structure (red line) are compared with bare graphene monolayer standing in air (blue line) at the same wavelengths range are shown in Fig. 2(a), and in the proposed hybrid multilayer system with dp = 440 nm, ds = 560 nm, da = 280 nm, d1 = 100 nm, d2 = 260 nm, w = 560 nm, P = 1250 nm and N = 5.5. (b) The black curve (red circle) is the numerical (theoretical) result achieved by the FDTD (coupled mode theory) method when the system is in the critically coupled resonance state.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated electric field amplitude distributions (|E|) of the proposed a graphene-based structure under normal incidence at on-resonant (1550 nm) wavelength (a) and off-resonant (1600 nm) wavelength (b). The location of the solid lines stand for the vicinity of monolayer graphene and the dotted lines represent the air guide cavity, while under the dashed-dotted lines represent Bragg mirror.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The absorption spectra of monolayer graphene with various structural parameters when P = 1250 nm, d1 = 100 nm, d2 = 260 nm and 5.5 pairs of dielectric layers. Using different widths (a) and depths (b) of the cross-shaped groove air resonators for ds = 560 nm, dp = 440 nm, and using different SiO2 layer thickness (c) and PMMA layer thickness (d) for w = 560 nm and da = 280 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Influence of Si layers thickness (a) and SiO2 layers thickness (b) in the Bragg mirror on light absorption of monolayer graphene with dp = 440 nm, ds = 560 nm, da = 280 nm, w = 560 nm, P = 1250 nm and N = 5.5.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Light absorption in the whole structure (red line) and the graphene monolayer (black line) using different period number (N) of the Bragg mirror at normal incidence. Other geometric parameters are assumed as dp = 440 nm, ds = 560 nm, da = 280 nm, d1 = 100 nm, d2 = 260 nm, w = 560 nm and P = 1250 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption spectra of the monolayer-graphene layer as functions of the wavelengths and incident angle for TM-polarization (a) and TE-polarization (b). (a) spectrum for TM-polarization, where the electric field is parallel to the plane of incidence (or the X-axis), and (b) Spectrum for TE-polarization, where the electric field is perpendicular to the plane of incidence (or the Y-axis).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ ( ω ) y u = j ( ω ω 0 ) + δ γ e j ( ω ω 0 ) + δ + γ e ,
A ( ω ) = 1 | Γ ( ω ) | 2 = 4 δ γ e ( ω ω 0 ) 2 + ( δ + γ e ) 2 .