Abstract

We propose a new ballistic imaging method that is capable of imaging an object through an intense scattering medium. In this method, a femtosecond supercontinuum and a roundabout spatial gate were used to suppress speckles and filter background noise, respectively. The roundabout spatial gate extracts ballistic light and avoids low-pass spatial filtering to ensure the high resolution of images. The experimental results showed that even when the optical depth of the scattering medium reached 17, the images extracted by the method had improved identifiability and contrast.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (1)

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

2015 (4)

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. A. Müller, B. Grémaud, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle-intensity correlations of photons scattered by cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013819 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

K. Ishii, I. Nishidate, and T. Iwai, “Analysis of light propagation in highly scattering media by path-length-assigned Monte Carlo,” Opt. Rev. 21(3), 210–214 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

Bertolotti, J.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blum, C.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calba, C.

Cao, H.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carron, I.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chardon, G.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, T.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Choma, M. A.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coen, S.

Daudet, L.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

Fink, M.

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gall, S. L.

S. K. Mannan, G. Nguyen, and S. L. Gall, “Temporal dispersion induced commercial laser in speckle free intense imaging,” Opt. Commun. 358, 97–102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gigan, S.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Girasole, T.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, “Some fundamental properties of speckle,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66(11), 1145–1150 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. W. Goodman, “Speckle: Friend or foe?” in 3rd International Topical Meeting on Optical Sensing and Artificial Vision, I. Gurov, ed. (American Institute of Physics, 2013), pp. 5–7.

Grémaud, B.

C. A. Müller, B. Grémaud, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle-intensity correlations of photons scattered by cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Häfner, T.

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

Heberle, J.

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

Heidmann, P.

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, P. R.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holder, D.

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hou, X.

Y. Zheng, J. Si, W. Tan, Y. H. Ren, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Speckle-suppressed full-field imaging through a scattering medium using a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 24(23), 26338–26343 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishii, K.

K. Ishii, I. Nishidate, and T. Iwai, “Analysis of light propagation in highly scattering media by path-length-assigned Monte Carlo,” Opt. Rev. 21(3), 210–214 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwai, T.

K. Ishii, I. Nishidate, and T. Iwai, “Analysis of light propagation in highly scattering media by path-length-assigned Monte Carlo,” Opt. Rev. 21(3), 210–214 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jibben, Z. J.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katz, O.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koeck, F. A.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kröll, S.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lagendijk, A.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lerosey, G.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, A.

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liutkus, A.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mannan, S. K.

S. K. Mannan, G. Nguyen, and S. L. Gall, “Temporal dispersion induced commercial laser in speckle free intense imaging,” Opt. Commun. 358, 97–102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Martina, D.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Méès, L.

Miniatura, C.

C. A. Müller, B. Grémaud, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle-intensity correlations of photons scattered by cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mosk, A. P.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Müller, C. A.

C. A. Müller, B. Grémaud, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle-intensity correlations of photons scattered by cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nemanich, R. F.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nguyen, G.

S. K. Mannan, G. Nguyen, and S. L. Gall, “Temporal dispersion induced commercial laser in speckle free intense imaging,” Opt. Commun. 358, 97–102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nguyen, V.

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nishidate, I.

K. Ishii, I. Nishidate, and T. Iwai, “Analysis of light propagation in highly scattering media by path-length-assigned Monte Carlo,” Opt. Rev. 21(3), 210–214 (2014).
[Crossref]

Popoff, S.

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Redding, B.

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y. H.

Rezikyan, A.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rippe, L.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rock, B. A.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rozé, C.

Sabooni, M.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M.

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

Shi, H.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, X.

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

Y. Zheng, J. Si, W. Tan, Y. H. Ren, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Speckle-suppressed full-field imaging through a scattering medium using a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 24(23), 26338–26343 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

Si, J. H.

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

Silberberg, Y.

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. K.

Small, E.

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Soni, N. K.

Sun, X.

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tan, W.

Y. Zheng, J. Si, W. Tan, Y. H. Ren, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Speckle-suppressed full-field imaging through a scattering medium using a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 24(23), 26338–26343 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tong, J.

Y. Zheng, J. Si, W. Tan, Y. H. Ren, J. Tong, and X. Hou, “Speckle-suppressed full-field imaging through a scattering medium using a supercontinuum,” Opt. Express 24(23), 26338–26343 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Treacy, M. M.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

van Putten, E. G.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vinu, R. V.

Vos, W. L.

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, L. V.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, L. H.

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yi, W.

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, G.

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Zhang, M. Sabooni, L. Rippe, C. Kim, S. Kröll, L. V. Wang, and P. R. Hemmer, “Slow light for deep tissue imaging with ultrasound modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(13), 131102 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

Y. Ma, H. Ren, J. Si, X. Sun, H. Shi, T. Chen, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “An alternative approach for femtosecond laser induced black silicon in ambient air,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 261(15), 722–726 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carbon (1)

V. Nguyen, J. H. Si, L. H. Yan, and X. Hou, “Electron-hole recombination dynamics in carbon nanodots,” Carbon 95, 659–663 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Laser Appl. (1)

T. Häfner, J. Heberle, D. Holder, and M. Schmidt, “Speckle reduction techniques in holographic beam shaping for accurate and efficient picosecond laser structuring,” J. Laser Appl. 29(2), 022205 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Microsc. Microanal. (1)

A. Rezikyan, Z. J. Jibben, B. A. Rock, G. Zhao, F. A. Koeck, R. F. Nemanich, and M. M. Treacy, “Speckle Suppression by Decoherence in Fluctuation Electron Microscopy,” Microsc. Microanal. 21(6), 1455–1474 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (4)

X. Xu, H. Liu, and L. V. Wang, “Time-reversed ultrasonically encoded optical focusing into scattering media,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 154–157 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Redding, M. A. Choma, and H. Cao, “Speckle-free laser imaging using random laser illumination,” Nat. Photonics 6(6), 355–359 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Katz, P. Heidmann, M. Fink, and S. Gigan, “Non-invasive single-shot imaging through scattering layers and around corners via speckle correlations,” Nat. Photonics 8(10), 784–790 (2014).
[Crossref]

O. Katz, E. Small, and Y. Silberberg, “Looking around corners and through thin turbid layers in real time with scattered incoherent light,” Nat. Photonics 6(8), 549–553 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, “The physics and applications of random lasers,” Nat. Phys. 4(5), 359–367 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

J. Bertolotti, E. G. van Putten, C. Blum, A. Lagendijk, W. L. Vos, and A. P. Mosk, “Non-invasive imaging through opaque scattering layers,” Nature 491(7423), 232–234 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Li, X. Shi, J. Si, T. Chen, F. Chen, A. Li, and X. Hou, “Fabrication of three-dimensional microfluidic channels in glass by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Commun. 282(4), 657–660 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. K. Mannan, G. Nguyen, and S. L. Gall, “Temporal dispersion induced commercial laser in speckle free intense imaging,” Opt. Commun. 358, 97–102 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Tong, Y. Yang, J. Si, W. Tan, F. Chen, W. Yi, and X. Hou, “Measurements of the scattering coefficients of intralipid solutions by a femtosecond optical Kerr gate,” Opt. Eng. 50(4), 043607 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Rev. (1)

K. Ishii, I. Nishidate, and T. Iwai, “Analysis of light propagation in highly scattering media by path-length-assigned Monte Carlo,” Opt. Rev. 21(3), 210–214 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. A. Müller, B. Grémaud, and C. Miniatura, “Speckle-intensity correlations of photons scattered by cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 92(1), 013819 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

A. Liutkus, D. Martina, S. Popoff, G. Chardon, O. Katz, G. Lerosey, S. Gigan, L. Daudet, and I. Carron, “Imaging With Nature: Compressive Imaging Using a Multiply Scattering Medium,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 5552 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

D. V. Semenov, E. Nippolainen, S. V. Miridonov, A. A. Kamshilin, N. U. Wetter, and J. Frejlich, “Correlation of Spatially Filtered Dynamic Speckles in Distance Measurement Application,” in 9th Latin-American Meeting on Optics, Lasers and Applications (OPTILAS), N. U. Wetter and J. Frejlich, ed. (American Institute of Physics, 2008), pp. 577–582.
[Crossref]

J. W. Goodman, “Speckle: Friend or foe?” in 3rd International Topical Meeting on Optical Sensing and Artificial Vision, I. Gurov, ed. (American Institute of Physics, 2013), pp. 5–7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the ballistic imaging using SC illumination with an RSG. L1, L2, L3, and L4: lenses; RTT: resolution test target; S: scattering medium; HPF: high-pass filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Images obtained in a scattering medium with OD of 11 using (a) 800 nm laser without the scattering medium, (b) 800 nm laser, (c) SC illumination, (d) SC illumination with an SSG, (e) SC illumination with an RSG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) CNR and (b) MTF versus spatial frequency for images shown in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Images obtained in a scattering medium with OD of 17 using (a) 800 nm laser, (b) SC illumination, (c) 800 nm laser with an SSG, (d) SC illumination with an SSG, (e) SC illumination with a combination of an RSG and SSG.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) CNR and (b) MTF versus spatial frequency for images shown in Figs. 4(c)-4(e).

Equations (1)

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I result ( x,y ) | E low ( x,y ) | 2 +2 E low ( x,y ) E high ( x,y ).

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