Abstract

We proposed and demonstrated an all-fiber scheme for optical spectrum measurement based on stimulated Brillouin scattering and frequency self-sweeping laser without external driver and frequency tunable elements. The resolution and measuring range of proposed analyzer is measured to be 23 MHz and 5 THz respectively. The ways for improvement of the device characteristics are discussed.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic Press, 2008).
  2. V. V. Protopopov, Laser Heterodyning (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010).
  3. S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. Schneider, “Wavelength and line width measurement of optical sources with femtometre resolution,” Electron. Lett. 41(22), 1234–1235 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Preussler and T. Schneider, “Attometer resolution spectral analysis based on polarization pulling assisted Brillouin scattering merged with heterodyne detection,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26879–26887 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Broad-range self-sweeping of a narrow-line self-pulsing Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17632–17640 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. I. A. Lobach and S. I. Kablukov, “Application of a self-sweeping Yb-doped fiber laser for high-resolution characterization of phase-shifted FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(18), 2982–2987 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Y. Tkachenko, I. A. Lobach, and L. N. Guskov, “Fiber sensor interrogator based on self-sweeping fiber laser,” in Proceedings of 17th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (2016), pp. 348–351.
    [Crossref]
  13. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).
  14. A. E. Bednyakova, O. A. Gorbunov, M. O. Politko, S. I. Kablukov, S. V. Smirnov, D. V. Churkin, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, “Generation dynamics of the narrowband Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8177–8182 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Single-frequency Bismuth-doped fiber laser with quasi-continuous self-sweeping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24833–24842 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. J. Aubrecht, P. Peterka, P. Koška, O. Podrazký, F. Todorov, P. Honzátko, and I. Kašík, “Self-swept holmium fiber laser near 2100 nm,” Opt. Express 25(4), 4120–4125 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. X. Wang, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Xiao, and L. Si, “Tm-Ho co-doped all-fiber brand-range self-sweeping laser around 1.9 μm,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16290–16295 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (1)

2016 (3)

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

2011 (1)

2005 (2)

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Schneider, “Wavelength and line width measurement of optical sources with femtometre resolution,” Electron. Lett. 41(22), 1234–1235 (2005).
[Crossref]

Aubrecht, J.

Babin, S. A.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Single-frequency Bismuth-doped fiber laser with quasi-continuous self-sweeping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24833–24842 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. E. Bednyakova, O. A. Gorbunov, M. O. Politko, S. I. Kablukov, S. V. Smirnov, D. V. Churkin, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, “Generation dynamics of the narrowband Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8177–8182 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Broad-range self-sweeping of a narrow-line self-pulsing Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17632–17640 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bednyakova, A. E.

Churkin, D.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Churkin, D. V.

Corbary, C.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Single-frequency Bismuth-doped fiber laser with quasi-continuous self-sweeping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24833–24842 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domingo, J. M. S.

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Dontsova, E. I.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Dostovalov, A. V.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fabbri, S.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedoruk, M. P.

Gladyshev, A. V.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gorbunov, O. A.

Guskov, L. N.

A. Y. Tkachenko, I. A. Lobach, and L. N. Guskov, “Fiber sensor interrogator based on self-sweeping fiber laser,” in Proceedings of 17th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (2016), pp. 348–351.
[Crossref]

Heras, C. D.

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Honzátko, P.

Ibsen, M.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kablukov, S.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kablukov, S. I.

I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Single-frequency Bismuth-doped fiber laser with quasi-continuous self-sweeping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24833–24842 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. E. Bednyakova, O. A. Gorbunov, M. O. Politko, S. I. Kablukov, S. V. Smirnov, D. V. Churkin, M. P. Fedoruk, and S. A. Babin, “Generation dynamics of the narrowband Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 21(7), 8177–8182 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach and S. I. Kablukov, “Application of a self-sweeping Yb-doped fiber laser for high-resolution characterization of phase-shifted FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(18), 2982–2987 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Broad-range self-sweeping of a narrow-line self-pulsing Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17632–17640 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kašík, I.

Kazansky, P. G.

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Khopin, V. F.

Khorev, S.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koška, P.

Le, S. T.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobach, I.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lobach, I. A.

I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, M. A. Melkumov, V. F. Khopin, S. A. Babin, and E. M. Dianov, “Single-frequency Bismuth-doped fiber laser with quasi-continuous self-sweeping,” Opt. Express 23(19), 24833–24842 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach and S. I. Kablukov, “Application of a self-sweeping Yb-doped fiber laser for high-resolution characterization of phase-shifted FBGs,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(18), 2982–2987 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Broad-range self-sweeping of a narrow-line self-pulsing Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17632–17640 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Y. Tkachenko, I. A. Lobach, and L. N. Guskov, “Fiber sensor interrogator based on self-sweeping fiber laser,” in Proceedings of 17th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (2016), pp. 348–351.
[Crossref]

Melkumov, M. A.

Pelayo, J.

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pellejer, E.

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Peterka, P.

Podivilov, E. V.

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Broad-range self-sweeping of a narrow-line self-pulsing Yb-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(18), 17632–17640 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podrazký, O.

Politko, M. O.

Preussler, S.

Schneider, T.

Si, L.

Smirnov, S. V.

Sugavanam, S.

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tkachenko, A. Y.

I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Tkachenko, I. A. Lobach, and L. N. Guskov, “Fiber sensor interrogator based on self-sweeping fiber laser,” in Proceedings of 17th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (2016), pp. 348–351.
[Crossref]

Todorov, F.

Villuendas, F.

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Xiao, H.

Zhou, P.

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Schneider, “Wavelength and line width measurement of optical sources with femtometre resolution,” Electron. Lett. 41(22), 1234–1235 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. M. S. Domingo, J. Pelayo, F. Villuendas, C. D. Heras, and E. Pellejer, “Very high resolution optical spectrometry by stimulated Brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(4), 855–857 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

I. A. Lobach, S. I. Kablukov, E. V. Podivilov, and S. A. Babin, “Self-scanned single-frequency operation of a fiber laser driven by a self-induced phase grating,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(4), 045103 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. A. Lobach, A. Y. Tkachenko, and S. I. Kablukov, “Optimization and control of the sweeping range in an Yb-doped self-sweeping fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045104 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Quantum Electron. (1)

E. I. Dontsova, S. I. Kablukov, I. A. Lobach, A. V. Dostovalov, S. A. Babin, A. V. Gladyshev, E. M. Dianov, C. Corbary, M. Ibsen, and P. G. Kazansky, “Extracavity and external cavity second-harmonic generation in a periodically poled silica fibre,” Quantum Electron. 46(11), 989–994 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Sugavanam, S. Fabbri, S. T. Le, I. Lobach, S. Kablukov, S. Khorev, and D. Churkin, “Real-time high-resolution heterodyne-based measurements of spectral dynamics in fibre lasers,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23152 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic Press, 2008).

V. V. Protopopov, Laser Heterodyning (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010).

A. Y. Tkachenko, I. A. Lobach, and L. N. Guskov, “Fiber sensor interrogator based on self-sweeping fiber laser,” in Proceedings of 17th International Conference of Young Specialists on Micro/Nanotechnologies and Electron Devices (2016), pp. 348–351.
[Crossref]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Scheme of self-sweeping fiber laser (a), SBS amplifier (b), lasers under test (c)
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The LUT (black) and pump (red) signals at resistance of 50 Ω (a-c) and 20 kΩ (d-f).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The typical spectrum of lasers under test measured with SBS-based (red line) and grating-based (thick black line) OSAs (a). (b) is a zoomed view of Nd:YAG spectrum (a).

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I s ( L )= I p ( 0 ) b 0 ( 1 b 0 )/ ( G( z ) b 0 ) ,
I s ( 0 )= I s ( L )exp[ g B I p L ]
I s ( 0,λ )= I s ( 0, λ B )+ I s ( 0,λ λ B )= I s ( L, λ B )exp[ g B I p L ]+ I s ( L,λ λ B )
I ˜ s ( 0,λ )= I s ( L, λ B )+ I s ( L,λ λ B )
I s ( 0,λ ) I ˜ s ( 0,λ )= I s ( L, λ p )( exp[ g B I p L ]1 )

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