Abstract

We demonstrate externally photo-induced partially-reversible tuning of the resonance of a microdisk made of AMTIR-1 (Ge33As12Se55). We have achieved for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, both positive and negative shift in a microresonator with external tuning. A positive resonance shift of 1 nm and a negative resonance shift of 0.5 nm on a single microdisk has been measured. We have found that this phenomenon is due to initial photo-expansion of the microdisk followed by the photo-bleaching of the AMTIR-1. The observed shifts and the underlying phenomenon is controllable by varying the illumination power (i.e. the low power illumination suppresses the photobleaching process). We measure a loaded quality factor of 1.2x105 at 1550nm (limited by the measuring instrument). This holds promise for non-contact low power reversible-tunning of photonic circuit elements.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2013 (3)

J. Li, H. Lee, and K. J. Vahala, “Microwave synthesizer using an on-chip Brillouin oscillator,” Nat. Commun. 4(2097), 2097 (2013).
[PubMed]

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. L. Watts, N. Singh, C. G. Poulton, E. C. Magi, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photoinduced axial quantization in chalcogenide microfiber resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(12), 3249–3253 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (6)

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, E. C. Mägi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photowritten high-Q cavities in two-dimensional chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3671–3673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hu, N. Carlie, L. Petit, A. Agrawal, K. Richardson, and L. C. Kimerling, “Cavity-Enhanced IR Absorption in Planar Chalcogenide Glass Microdisk Resonators: Experiment and Analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5240–5245 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

K. Shimakawa, N. Nakagawa, and T. Itoh, “The origin of stretched exponential function in dynamic response of photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051908 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (6)

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. M. Ravindra, P. Ganapathy, and J. Choi, “Energy gap refractive index relations in semiconductors-An overview,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 50(1), 21–29 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. H. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Ultra-high Q planar silicon microdisk resonators for chip-scale silicon photonics,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4694–4704 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

S. Y. Cho and N. M. Jokerst, “A Polymer Microdisk Photonic Sensor Integrated Onto Silicon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2096–2098 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

K. Weiser, R. J. Gambino, and J. A. Reinhold, “Laserbeam writing on amorphous chalcogenide films: crystallization kinetics and analysis of amorphizing energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(1), 48–49 (1973).
[Crossref]

Adarsh, K. V.

Adibi, A.

Agarwal, A.

Agrawal, A.

Ahmad, R.

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Armani, D. K.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atabaki, A. H.

Bahl, G.

G. Bahl, J. Zehnpfennig, M. Tomes, and T. Carmon, “Stimulated optomechanical excitation of surface acoustic waves in a microdevice,” Nat. Commun. 2(403), 403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baker, C.

Barik, A. R.

Bulla, D.

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. Monat, E. Mägi, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26695–26703 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bulla, D. A. P.

Büttner, T. F. S.

Canciamilla, A.

Carlie, N.

Carmon, T.

G. Bahl, J. Zehnpfennig, M. Tomes, and T. Carmon, “Stimulated optomechanical excitation of surface acoustic waves in a microdevice,” Nat. Commun. 2(403), 403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

Q. Yan, H. Jain, J. Ren, D. Zhao, and G. Chen, “Effect of Photo-Oxidation on Photobleaching of GeSe2 and Ge2Se3 Films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(43), 21390–21395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cho, S. Y.

S. Y. Cho and N. M. Jokerst, “A Polymer Microdisk Photonic Sensor Integrated Onto Silicon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2096–2098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Choi, D. Y.

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. Monat, E. Mägi, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26695–26703 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, E. C. Mägi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photowritten high-Q cavities in two-dimensional chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3671–3673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Choi, J.

N. M. Ravindra, P. Ganapathy, and J. Choi, “Energy gap refractive index relations in semiconductors-An overview,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 50(1), 21–29 (2007).
[Crossref]

Davies, B. L.

B. J. Eggleton, B. L. Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 141–148 (2011).

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Dode, A.

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dulashko, Y.

Eftekhar, A. A.

Eggleton, B. J.

A. L. Watts, N. Singh, C. G. Poulton, E. C. Magi, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photoinduced axial quantization in chalcogenide microfiber resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(12), 3249–3253 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, E. Li, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-wavelength gratings formed via cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26434–26440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. J. Eggleton, B. L. Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 141–148 (2011).

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. Monat, E. Mägi, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26695–26703 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, E. C. Mägi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photowritten high-Q cavities in two-dimensional chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3671–3673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. H. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

Faraon, A.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, C.

Freeman, D.

Fujii, Y.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
[Crossref]

Gai, X.

Gambino, R. J.

K. Weiser, R. J. Gambino, and J. A. Reinhold, “Laserbeam writing on amorphous chalcogenide films: crystallization kinetics and analysis of amorphizing energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(1), 48–49 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ganapathy, P.

N. M. Ravindra, P. Ganapathy, and J. Choi, “Energy gap refractive index relations in semiconductors-An overview,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 50(1), 21–29 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ganesan, R.

Garside, B. K.

Grillanda, S.

Grillet, C.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
[Crossref]

Holzwarth, R.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, J.

Hudson, D. D.

Itoh, T.

K. Shimakawa, N. Nakagawa, and T. Itoh, “The origin of stretched exponential function in dynamic response of photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jain, H.

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
[Crossref]

Jokerst, N. M.

S. Y. Cho and N. M. Jokerst, “A Polymer Microdisk Photonic Sensor Integrated Onto Silicon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2096–2098 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kabakova, I. V.

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kimerling, L. C.

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lam, D. K. W.

Lee, H.

J. Li, H. Lee, and K. J. Vahala, “Microwave synthesizer using an on-chip Brillouin oscillator,” Nat. Commun. 4(2097), 2097 (2013).
[PubMed]

Lee, M. W.

Lee, Y. H.

Li, E.

Li, J.

J. Li, H. Lee, and K. J. Vahala, “Microwave synthesizer using an on-chip Brillouin oscillator,” Nat. Commun. 4(2097), 2097 (2013).
[PubMed]

Liu, X.

Luther-Davies, B.

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. Monat, E. Mägi, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26695–26703 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, E. C. Mägi, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, and B. Luther-Davies, “Photowritten high-Q cavities in two-dimensional chalcogenide glass photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34(23), 3671–3673 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. H. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Madden, S.

Madden, S. J.

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Magi, E. C.

Mägi, E.

Mägi, E. C.

Melloni, A.

Monat, C.

Monberg, E. M.

Morichetti, F.

Moss, D. J.

Musgraves, J. D.

Naik, R.

Nakagawa, N.

K. Shimakawa, N. Nakagawa, and T. Itoh, “The origin of stretched exponential function in dynamic response of photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pant, R.

Petit, L.

Petroff, P.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Poulton, C. G.

Prasad, A.

Ravindra, N. M.

N. M. Ravindra, P. Ganapathy, and J. Choi, “Energy gap refractive index relations in semiconductors-An overview,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 50(1), 21–29 (2007).
[Crossref]

Reinhold, J. A.

K. Weiser, R. J. Gambino, and J. A. Reinhold, “Laserbeam writing on amorphous chalcogenide films: crystallization kinetics and analysis of amorphizing energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(1), 48–49 (1973).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

Q. Yan, H. Jain, J. Ren, D. Zhao, and G. Chen, “Effect of Photo-Oxidation on Photobleaching of GeSe2 and Ge2Se3 Films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(43), 21390–21395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

Rochette, M.

Rode, A.

Rode, A. V.

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rosenberger, A. T.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ruan, Y.

Schliesser, A.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shah Hosseini, E.

Shimakawa, K.

A. R. Barik, K. V. Adarsh, R. Naik, R. Ganesan, G. Yang, D. Zhao, H. Jain, and K. Shimakawa, “Role of rigidity and temperature in the kinetics of photodarkening in Ge(x)As(45-x)Se55 thin films,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13158–13163 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Shimakawa, N. Nakagawa, and T. Itoh, “The origin of stretched exponential function in dynamic response of photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shopova, S. I.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

Singh, N.

Smith, A.

Smith, C. L.

Soltani, M.

Soltz, N.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Spillane, S. M.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, X.

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, Y.

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

Taunay, T. F.

Tomes, M.

G. Bahl, J. Zehnpfennig, M. Tomes, and T. Carmon, “Stimulated optomechanical excitation of surface acoustic waves in a microdevice,” Nat. Commun. 2(403), 403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

Torregiani, M.

Vahala, K. J.

J. Li, H. Lee, and K. J. Vahala, “Microwave synthesizer using an on-chip Brillouin oscillator,” Nat. Commun. 4(2097), 2097 (2013).
[PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vuckovic, J.

A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, R. P.

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

Watts, A. L.

Weiser, K.

K. Weiser, R. J. Gambino, and J. A. Reinhold, “Laserbeam writing on amorphous chalcogenide films: crystallization kinetics and analysis of amorphizing energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(1), 48–49 (1973).
[Crossref]

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, Q.

Q. Yan, H. Jain, J. Ren, D. Zhao, and G. Chen, “Effect of Photo-Oxidation on Photobleaching of GeSe2 and Ge2Se3 Films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(43), 21390–21395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, G.

Yegnanarayanan, S.

Zehnpfennig, J.

G. Bahl, J. Zehnpfennig, M. Tomes, and T. Carmon, “Stimulated optomechanical excitation of surface acoustic waves in a microdevice,” Nat. Commun. 2(403), 403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zha, C. J.

Zhao, D.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in optical fiber waveguides: application to reflection filter fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978).
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A. Faraon, D. Englund, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, N. Soltz, P. Petroff, and J. Vučković, “Local tuning of photonic crystal cavities using chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 043123 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Y. Choi, S. Madden, A. Dode, R. Wang, and B. L. Davies, “Fabrication of low loss Ge33As12Se55 (AMTIR-1) planar waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(1), 011115 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Weiser, R. J. Gambino, and J. A. Reinhold, “Laserbeam writing on amorphous chalcogenide films: crystallization kinetics and analysis of amorphizing energy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(1), 48–49 (1973).
[Crossref]

K. Shimakawa, N. Nakagawa, and T. Itoh, “The origin of stretched exponential function in dynamic response of photodarkening in amorphous chalcogenides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(5), 051908 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

X. Su, R. Wang, B. Luther-Davies, and L. Wang, “The dependence of photosensitivity on composition for thin films of GexAsySe1–x–y chalcogenide glasses,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 113(3), 575–581 (2013).
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S. Y. Cho and N. M. Jokerst, “A Polymer Microdisk Photonic Sensor Integrated Onto Silicon,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(20), 2096–2098 (2006).
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Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

N. M. Ravindra, P. Ganapathy, and J. Choi, “Energy gap refractive index relations in semiconductors-An overview,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 50(1), 21–29 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. P. Wang, D. Y. Choi, A. V. Rode, S. J. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Rebonding of Se to As and Ge in Ge33As12Se55 films upon thermal annealing: Evidence from x-ray photoelectron spectra investigations,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113517 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

Q. Yan, H. Jain, J. Ren, D. Zhao, and G. Chen, “Effect of Photo-Oxidation on Photobleaching of GeSe2 and Ge2Se3 Films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(43), 21390–21395 (2011).
[Crossref]

Microfluid. Nanofluid. (1)

S. I. Shopova, Y. Sun, A. T. Rosenberger, and X. Fan, “Highly sensitive tuning of coupled optical ring resonators by microfluidics,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 6(3), 425–429 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (2)

J. Li, H. Lee, and K. J. Vahala, “Microwave synthesizer using an on-chip Brillouin oscillator,” Nat. Commun. 4(2097), 2097 (2013).
[PubMed]

G. Bahl, J. Zehnpfennig, M. Tomes, and T. Carmon, “Stimulated optomechanical excitation of surface acoustic waves in a microdevice,” Nat. Commun. 2(403), 403 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. L. Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics 5(3), 141–148 (2011).

Nature (3)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, “Ultra-high-Q toroid microcavity on a chip,” Nature 421(6926), 925–928 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

M. Soltani, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Ultra-high Q planar silicon microdisk resonators for chip-scale silicon photonics,” Opt. Express 15(8), 4694–4704 (2007).
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A. H. Atabaki, E. Shah Hosseini, A. A. Eftekhar, S. Yegnanarayanan, and A. Adibi, “Optimization of metallic microheaters for high-speed reconfigurable silicon photonics,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18312–18323 (2010).
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M. Sumetsky, D. J. DiGiovanni, Y. Dulashko, X. Liu, E. M. Monberg, and T. F. Taunay, “Photo-induced SNAP: fabrication, trimming, and tuning of microresonator chains,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10684–10691 (2012).
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T. F. S. Büttner, I. V. Kabakova, D. D. Hudson, R. Pant, E. Li, and B. J. Eggleton, “Multi-wavelength gratings formed via cascaded stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26434–26440 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Prasad, C. J. Zha, R. P. Wang, A. Smith, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Properties of GexAsySe1-x-y glasses for all-optical signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2804–2815 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. L. Smith, D. J. Moss, B. J. Eggleton, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, Y. Ruan, and Y. H. Lee, “Photosensitive post tuning of chalcogenide photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1277–1285 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. W. Lee, C. Grillet, C. Monat, E. Mägi, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, X. Gai, S. Madden, D. Y. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26695–26703 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Barik, K. V. Adarsh, R. Naik, R. Ganesan, G. Yang, D. Zhao, H. Jain, and K. Shimakawa, “Role of rigidity and temperature in the kinetics of photodarkening in Ge(x)As(45-x)Se55 thin films,” Opt. Express 19(14), 13158–13163 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup with an SWS (swept wavelength system). A band edge 633 nm laser source is irradiating (with a spot size ~280 µm) a 50 µm radius microdisk sitting over a 2 µm silica pedestal on a 0.5 mm silicon substrate.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Resonance spectrum of a 50 µm radius AMTIR-1 microdisk with several higher order modes coupling is shown. In the inset, a lorentzian fitting of the resonance dip of the higher order mode gives a loaded Q ~1.2x105. (b) Cross-sectional view of the disk with the estimated coupled mode intensity profile of the resonant mode, radially spanning about ~12 µm from the rim of the disk, having radial and azimuthal order 13 and 362 respectively. (c) Optical image of the microdisk evanescently coupling to the silica taper.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Resonance wavelength shift of the microdisk (measured at 1534.5nm of radial and azimuthal order 13 and 361 respectively), with 633nm light exposure. Red shift (1nm) and blue shift (0.5nm) are observed for high power case 10mW/mm2, while mainly red shift (0.4nm) is observed for low power case, 1mW/mm2. Note the dashed line is shown to discern the trend.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The measured refractive index change (measured at 1550nm) of the film (a thickness of 960nm was chosen for an accurate measurement by the spectroscopic reflectometer) and resonance shift (as taken from Fig. 3) of the microdisk as a function of fluence is shown. Here we observe a positive shift in the resonance of the microdisk for the same amount of fluence that causes a decrease in the film index. This indicates the expansion of the microdisk dominates the initial positive shift in the microdisk resonance, which is followed by a negative resonance shift mainly governed by the reduction in refractive index. The dashed line is shown to discern the trend. Inset: Stretch exponential function fitting.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Calculated parameters of the thin film and the microdisk with the measured loaded Q obtained in this study.

Equations (1)

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δn= C b [exp{ (t/ τ b ) β b }]

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