Abstract

In this paper, a unique and novel visible light communication based motion detection is presented. The proposed motion detection is performed based on white light LEDs and an array of photodetectors from existing visible light communication (VLC) links, thus providing VLC with three functionalities of illumination, communication and motion detection. The motion is detected by observing the pattern created by intentional obstruction of the VLC link. Experimental and simulation results demonstrate the validity of the proposed VLC based motion detection technique. The VLC based motion detection can benefit smart devices control in VLC based smart home environments.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks,” Opt. Express 23, 13015–13024 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Mitra and T. Acharya, “Gesture recognition: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C 37(3), 311–324 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Kim and K. Baek, “A motion gesture sensor using photodiodes with limited field-of-view,” Opt. Express 21, 9206–9214 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P.P. Han, A. Sewaiwar, S. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Color clustered multiple-input multiple-output visible light communication,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 19, 74–79 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2015 (4)

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks,” Opt. Express 23, 13015–13024 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
[Crossref]

P.P. Han, A. Sewaiwar, S. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Color clustered multiple-input multiple-output visible light communication,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 19, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. Mitra and T. Acharya, “Gesture recognition: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C 37(3), 311–324 (2007).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[Crossref]

Acharya, T.

S. Mitra and T. Acharya, “Gesture recognition: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C 37(3), 311–324 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baek, K.

Chung, Y.H.

S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks,” Opt. Express 23, 13015–13024 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.P. Han, A. Sewaiwar, S. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Color clustered multiple-input multiple-output visible light communication,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 19, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

Han, P.P.

Kim, Y.

Komine, T.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lim, S.K.

S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mitra, S.

S. Mitra and T. Acharya, “Gesture recognition: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C 37(3), 311–324 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, M.

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rajagopal, S.

S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
[Crossref]

Roberts, R.D.

S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sewaiwar, A.

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks,” Opt. Express 23, 13015–13024 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

P.P. Han, A. Sewaiwar, S. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Color clustered multiple-input multiple-output visible light communication,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 19, 74–79 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tiwari, S.

Tiwari, S.V.

S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Smart LED allocation scheme for efficient multiuser visible light communication networks,” Opt. Express 23, 13015–13024 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

IEEE Comm. Mag. (1)

S. Rajagopal, R.D. Roberts, and S.K. Lim, “IEEE 802.15.7 visible light communication: modulation schemes and dimming support,” IEEE Comm. Mag. 50(3), 72–82 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

T. Komine and M. Nakagawa, “Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50(1), 100–107 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C (1)

S. Mitra and T. Acharya, “Gesture recognition: a survey,” IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. C 37(3), 311–324 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Sewaiwar, S.V. Tiwari, and Y.H. Chung, “Novel user allocation scheme for full duplex multiuser bidirectional Li-Fi network,” Opt. Commun. 339, 153–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

S.V. Tiwari, A. Sewaiwar, and Y.H. Chung, “Color coded multiple access scheme for bidirectional multiuser visible light communications in smart home technologies,” Opt. Commun. 353, 1–5 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of motion detection (a) Array of PDs. (b) Thresholds for data detection. (c) “On” condition. (d) “Off” condition.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Motion control signal (a) Basic control (ON and OFF). (b) Advanced control (Increase and Decrease).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Block diagram of the proposed motion detection technique.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Motion detection algorithm for ON and OFF signals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Principle of pattern detection (a) ON condition. (b) OFF condition.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup (a) LEDs and PD array. (b) Enlarged view of PD Array.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Received signals (a) ON condition. (b) OFF condition.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

BER performance comparison.

Metrics