Abstract

We report an integrated photon pair source based on a CMOS-compatible microring resonator that generates multiple, simultaneous, and independent photon pairs at different wavelengths in a frequency comb compatible with fiber communication wavelength division multiplexing channels (200 GHz channel separation) and with a linewidth that is compatible with quantum memories (110 MHz). It operates in a self-locked pump configuration, avoiding the need for active stabilization, making it extremely robust even at very low power levels.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (7)

A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, “Self-locked optical parametric oscillation in a CMOS compatible microring resonator: a route to robust optical frequency comb generation on a chip,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13333–13341 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kumar, J. R. Ong, J. Recchio, K. Srinivasan, S. Mookherjea, “Spectrally multiplexed and tunable-wavelength photon pairs at 1.55 μm from a silicon coupled-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 2969–2971 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27826–27834 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Garay-Palmett, Y. Jeronimo-Moreno, A. B. U’ren, “Theory of cavity-enhanced spontaneous four wave mixing,” Laser Phys. 23(1), 015201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, “New CMOS-compatible platforms based on silicon nitride and Hydex for nonlinear optics,” Nature Phot. 7(8), 597–607 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fröhlich, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, A. W. Sharpe, Z. Yuan, A. J. Shields, “A quantum access network,” Nature 501(7465), 69–72 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23100–23107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, T. Guerreiro, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, “MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 20, 23846–23855 (2012).

M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, S. E. Harris, “A miniature ultrabright source of temporally long, narrowband biphotons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 051108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Horn, P. Abolghasem, B. J. Bijlani, D. Kang, A. S. Helmy, G. Weihs, “Monolithic source of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(15), 153605 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Quantum light from a whispering-gallery-mode disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(11), 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3006–3008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-P. Huang, J. B. Altepeter, P. Kumar, “Heralding single photons without spectral factorability,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043826 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Bettelli, “Comment on ‘Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources’,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 037801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator,” Nature Phot. 4(1), 41–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

S. Ramelow, L. Ratschbacher, A. Fedrizzi, N. K. Langford, A. Zeilinger, “Discrete Tunable Color Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 253601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ferrera, D. Duchesne, L. Razzari, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, P. Cheben, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, B. E. Little, S. Chu, D. J. Moss, “Low power four wave mixing in an integrated, micro-ring resonator with Q = 1.2 million,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14098–14103 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Clemmen, K. Phan Huy, W. Bogaerts, R. G. Baets, Ph. Emplit, S. Massar, “Continuous wave photon pair generation in silicon-on-insulator waveguides and ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16558–16570 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science 325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, J. Vučković, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nature Phot. 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453(7198), 1023–1030 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, “Full Stabilization of a Microresonator-Based Optical Frequency Comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “Low-power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures,” Nature Phot. 2(12), 737–740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. Ali-Khan, C. J. Broadbent, J. C. Howell, “Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(6), 060503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

T. Carmon, L. Yang, K. J. Vahala, “Dynamical thermal behavior and thermal self-stability of microcavities,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4742–4750 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. Ignacio Cirac, J. Fiurášek, E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432(7016), 482–486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74(1), 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

Z. Ou, Y. Lu, “Cavity enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion for the prolongation of correlation time between conjugate photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2556–2559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

U. Titulaer, R. Glauber, “Correlation Functions for Coherent Fields,” Phys. Rev. 140(3B), B676–B682 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Abolghasem, P.

R. Horn, P. Abolghasem, B. J. Bijlani, D. Kang, A. S. Helmy, G. Weihs, “Monolithic source of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(15), 153605 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Afzelius, M.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aiello, A.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Quantum light from a whispering-gallery-mode disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(11), 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ali-Khan, I.

I. Ali-Khan, C. J. Broadbent, J. C. Howell, “Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(6), 060503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altepeter, J. B.

Y.-P. Huang, J. B. Altepeter, P. Kumar, “Heralding single photons without spectral factorability,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043826 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, U. L.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Quantum light from a whispering-gallery-mode disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(11), 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, “Full Stabilization of a Microresonator-Based Optical Frequency Comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Azzini, S.

Baets, R. G.

Bajoni, D.

Bettelli, S.

S. Bettelli, “Comment on ‘Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources’,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 037801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bijlani, B. J.

R. Horn, P. Abolghasem, B. J. Bijlani, D. Kang, A. S. Helmy, G. Weihs, “Monolithic source of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(15), 153605 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogaerts, W.

Bonneau, D.

Broadbent, C. J.

I. Ali-Khan, C. J. Broadbent, J. C. Howell, “Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(6), 060503 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bussières, F.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmon, T.

Caspani, L.

Cheben, P.

Chekhova, M. V.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator,” Nature Phot. 4(1), 41–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ferrera, D. Duchesne, L. Razzari, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, P. Cheben, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, B. E. Little, S. Chu, D. J. Moss, “Low power four wave mixing in an integrated, micro-ring resonator with Q = 1.2 million,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14098–14103 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “Low-power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures,” Nature Phot. 2(12), 737–740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

Chuu, C.-S.

C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, S. E. Harris, “A miniature ultrabright source of temporally long, narrowband biphotons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 051108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cirac, J. Ignacio

B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. Ignacio Cirac, J. Fiurášek, E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432(7016), 482–486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clark, A. S.

Clausen, C.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clemmen, S.

Clerici, M.

Cryan, M. J.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Riedmatten, H.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, “Full Stabilization of a Microresonator-Based Optical Frequency Comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorenbos, S. N.

Duchesne, D.

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N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberhorn, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simon, C.

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J. E.

Sohler, W.

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

Srinivasan, K.

Strain, M. J.

Strekalov, D.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strekalov, D. V.

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Quantum light from a whispering-gallery-mode disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(11), 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, N.

Takesue, H.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, M. G.

Thew, R.

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, T. Guerreiro, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, “MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 20, 23846–23855 (2012).

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R.T.

Thomas, A.

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74(1), 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Titulaer, U.

U. Titulaer, R. Glauber, “Correlation Functions for Coherent Fields,” Phys. Rev. 140(3B), B676–B682 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Tokura, Y.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U’ren, A. B.

K. Garay-Palmett, Y. Jeronimo-Moreno, A. B. U’ren, “Theory of cavity-enhanced spontaneous four wave mixing,” Laser Phys. 23(1), 015201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Usmani, I.

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K. J.

Vuckovic, J.

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, J. Vučković, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nature Phot. 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

R. Horn, P. Abolghasem, B. J. Bijlani, D. Kang, A. S. Helmy, G. Weihs, “Monolithic source of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(15), 153605 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittmann, C.

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, D.-X.

Yamada, K.

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Yang, Z.

L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3006–3008 (2010).
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M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “Low-power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures,” Nature Phot. 2(12), 737–740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, S. E. Harris, “A miniature ultrabright source of temporally long, narrowband biphotons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 051108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Yu, S.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z.

B. Fröhlich, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, A. W. Sharpe, Z. Yuan, A. J. Shields, “A quantum access network,” Nature 501(7465), 69–72 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

F. Monteiro, A. Martin, B. Sanguinetti, H. Zbinden, R.T. Thew, “Narrowband photon pair source for quantum networks,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4371–4378 (2014).

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, T. Guerreiro, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, “MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 20, 23846–23855 (2012).

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74(1), 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

S. Ramelow, L. Ratschbacher, A. Fedrizzi, N. K. Langford, A. Zeilinger, “Discrete Tunable Color Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 253601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zwiller, V.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, S. Itabashi, “Entanglement generation using silicon wire waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(20), 201108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Chuu, G. Y. Yin, S. E. Harris, “A miniature ultrabright source of temporally long, narrowband biphotons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(5), 051108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

K. Garay-Palmett, Y. Jeronimo-Moreno, A. B. U’ren, “Theory of cavity-enhanced spontaneous four wave mixing,” Laser Phys. 23(1), 015201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (2)

M. Peccianti, A. Pasquazi, Y. Park, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, “Demonstration of a stable ultrafast laser based on a nonlinear microcavity,” Nat. Commun. 3, 765 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Förtsch, J. U. Fürst, C. Wittmann, D. Strekalov, A. Aiello, M. V. Chekhova, C. Silberhorn, G. Leuchs, C. Marquardt, “A versatile source of single photons for quantum information processing,” Nat. Commun. 4, 1818 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (5)

C. Clausen, I. Usmani, F. Bussières, N. Sangouard, M. Afzelius, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum storage of photonic entanglement in a crystal,” Nature 469(7331), 508–511 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Fröhlich, J. F. Dynes, M. Lucamarini, A. W. Sharpe, Z. Yuan, A. J. Shields, “A quantum access network,” Nature 501(7465), 69–72 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Kimble, “The quantum internet,” Nature 453(7198), 1023–1030 (2008).
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B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. Ignacio Cirac, J. Fiurášek, E. S. Polzik, “Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light,” Nature 432(7016), 482–486 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature Phot. (4)

D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, A. L. Gaeta, M. Lipson, “New CMOS-compatible platforms based on silicon nitride and Hydex for nonlinear optics,” Nature Phot. 7(8), 597–607 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, R. Morandotti, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “Low-power continuous-wave nonlinear optics in doped silica glass integrated waveguide structures,” Nature Phot. 2(12), 737–740 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, J. Vučković, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nature Phot. 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, M. Ferrera, R. Morandotti, S. Chu, B. E. Little, D. J. Moss, “CMOS-compatible integrated optical hyper-parametric oscillator,” Nature Phot. 4(1), 41–45 (2010).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, N. Gisin, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, G. Schreiber, A. Thomas, W. Sohler, “Waveguide-based OPO source of entangled photon pairs,” New J. Phys. 11(11), 113042 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

S. Clemmen, K. Phan Huy, W. Bogaerts, R. G. Baets, Ph. Emplit, S. Massar, “Continuous wave photon pair generation in silicon-on-insulator waveguides and ring resonators,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16558–16570 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23100–23107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Engin, D. Bonneau, C. M. Natarajan, A. S. Clark, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, “Photon pair generation in a silicon micro-ring resonator with reverse bias enhancement,” Opt. Express 21(23), 27826–27834 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Pomarico, B. Sanguinetti, T. Guerreiro, R. Thew, H. Zbinden, “MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths,” Opt. Express 20, 23846–23855 (2012).

M. Ferrera, D. Duchesne, L. Razzari, M. Peccianti, R. Morandotti, P. Cheben, S. Janz, D.-X. Xu, B. E. Little, S. Chu, D. J. Moss, “Low power four wave mixing in an integrated, micro-ring resonator with Q = 1.2 million,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14098–14103 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pasquazi, L. Caspani, M. Peccianti, M. Clerici, M. Ferrera, L. Razzari, D. Duchesne, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, D. J. Moss, R. Morandotti, “Self-locked optical parametric oscillation in a CMOS compatible microring resonator: a route to robust optical frequency comb generation on a chip,” Opt. Express 21(11), 13333–13341 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Carmon, L. Yang, K. J. Vahala, “Dynamical thermal behavior and thermal self-stability of microcavities,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4742–4750 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Monteiro, A. Martin, B. Sanguinetti, H. Zbinden, R.T. Thew, “Narrowband photon pair source for quantum networks,” Opt. Express 22(4), 4371–4378 (2014).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

U. Titulaer, R. Glauber, “Correlation Functions for Coherent Fields,” Phys. Rev. 140(3B), B676–B682 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. Bettelli, “Comment on ‘Coherence measures for heralded single-photon sources’,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 037801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-P. Huang, J. B. Altepeter, P. Kumar, “Heralding single photons without spectral factorability,” Phys. Rev. A 82(4), 043826 (2010).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

I. Ali-Khan, C. J. Broadbent, J. C. Howell, “Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(6), 060503 (2007).
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P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, T. J. Kippenberg, “Full Stabilization of a Microresonator-Based Optical Frequency Comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(5), 053903 (2008).
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Z. Ou, Y. Lu, “Cavity enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion for the prolongation of correlation time between conjugate photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2556–2559 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Horn, P. Abolghasem, B. J. Bijlani, D. Kang, A. S. Helmy, G. Weihs, “Monolithic source of photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(15), 153605 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. U. Fürst, D. V. Strekalov, D. Elser, A. Aiello, U. L. Andersen, Ch. Marquardt, G. Leuchs, “Quantum light from a whispering-gallery-mode disk resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(11), 113901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramelow, L. Ratschbacher, A. Fedrizzi, N. K. Langford, A. Zeilinger, “Discrete Tunable Color Entanglement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(25), 253601 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

N. Sangouard, C. Simon, H. de Riedmatten, N. Gisin, “Quantum repeaters based on atomic ensembles and linear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(1), 33–80 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74(1), 145–195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

N. Matsuda, H. Le Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep. 2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science 320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science 325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

W.C. Jiang, X. Lu, J. Zhang, O. Painter, and Q. Lin, “A silicon-chip source of bright photon-pair comb,” arXiv 1210.4455, (2012).

R. Loudon, The Quantum Theory of Light (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Z.-Y. J. Ou, Multi-Photon Quantum Interference (Springer, 2007).

J. Mower, F.N.C. Wong, J.H. Shapiro, and D. Englund, “Dense wavelength division multiplexed quantum key distribution using entangled photons,” arXiv 1110.4867, (2011).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup. The microring is embedded in an external cavity including a gain medium (EDFA), a band-pass filter (centered at the pump wavelength), and a polarization controller. Lasing is initiated by the ASE of the amplifier, which is fed back to the amplifier by means of 1x2 DWDM filter (H26 in the figure). The Fabry-Perot filter (FPF) selects only one of the external cavity lines. The signal/idler photon pairs exiting the drop port are transmitted through the high-isolation notch-filter, separated by a commercial DWDM filter, and then characterized by coincidence detection. (b) Spectrum of the above-threshold OPO showing the five different signal/idler (s5-s1 and i1-i5, respectively) couples detected in our experiment. The black curve represents the pump, while the grey traces are due to the noise of the optical spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured coincidence peaks at five channel pairs centered around the pump wavelength. Clear coincidence peaks with a measured 110 MHz bandwidth (2.9 ns) are visible in all channel pairs. The solid-shaded curves are the g(2) fits of the experimental data (black curves). (b) Coincidence count rates measured at all the signal/idler combinations. Significant coincidence counts (corresponding to a peak) are only visible between symmetric channels (those with equal indices m,n for both signal, sm, and idler, in). For these measurements the idler detector was triggered by the signal detector (operating in free running mode).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CAR value as a function of the pump power (for the channel pair s5-i5).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Idler-idler autocorrelation showing a bunching peak of 1.537 (corresponding to 1.86 effective modes). The black line represents the g(2) fit according to Eq. (1). (b) Heralded idler-idler autocorrelation. The antibunching dip of 0.144 ± 0.008 demonstrates the single photon character of the heralded source. The error bars are evaluated as the standard deviation on a 6-bin ensemble.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Cross correlation functions obtained when extracting the photons from two different ring ports. (a) Cross correlation function measured when selecting the photons at 1564.3 nm (H16, i5) at the through port and at 1548.1 nm (H36, s5) at the drop port (blue dots), with the corresponding g si (2) fit (black curve). (b) Same as in (a), but with the frequency filters inverted.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Cross correlation function obtained when substituting the long EDFA amplifier with an SOA (blue dots) and the corresponding g si (2) fit (black curve) for the s5-i5 channel pair.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Signal and idler wavelengths corresponding to the DWDM channels of the ITU grid, commonly exploited in standard optical communications

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

η h = cc c signal η det ,
g si (2) =1+ 2πΔν 2R exp( 2πΔν| τ | ),
g h (2) ( t i1 , t i2 | t s )= P iis ( t i1 , t i2 , t s ) R 3 g s i 1 (2) ( t i1 t s ) g si2 (2) ( t i2 t s ) ,

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