Abstract

This paper presents new experimental results on a polymer light-emitting diode based visible light communications system. For the first time we demonstrate a 10 Mb/s link based on the on-off keying data format with real time equalization on a field programmable gate array. The 10 Mb/s transmission speed is available at a bit error rate less than 4.6 × 10−3, which is the limit for forward error correction. At a BER of 10−6 a transmission speed of 7 Mb/s is readily achievable.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (2)

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, “Contact Optimisation in Polymer LEDs,” J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys. 41, 2649–2664 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. IEEE 85(2), 265–298 (1997).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

S. U. H. Qureshi, “Adaptive equalization,” Proc. IEEE 73(9), 1349–1387 (1985).
[Crossref]

Andersson, M. R.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baig, T. N.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Barry, J. R.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. IEEE 85(2), 265–298 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beamson, G.

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Brown, T. M.

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, “Contact Optimisation in Polymer LEDs,” J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys. 41, 2649–2664 (2003).
[Crossref]

Burroughes, J. H.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

Cacialli, F.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. M. Brown and F. Cacialli, “Contact Optimisation in Polymer LEDs,” J. Polym. Sci. Pol. Phys. 41, 2649–2664 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Caruana, D.

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chan, H. S.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, F.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chia, P.-J.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choudhury, P.

Chua, L.-L.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciaramella, E.

Clark, D. T.

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Corsini, R.

Cossu, G.

D’Andrade, B. W.

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Datta, S.

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Di Stasio, F.

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

Djurovich, P.

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fenwick, O.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fléchon, C.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

Forrest, S. R.

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Friend, R. H.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Fusco, S.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ghassemlooy, Z.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Grizzi, I.

J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

Haigh, P. A.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Henriksson, P.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ho, P. K.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johansson, N.

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kahn, J. M.

J. M. Kahn and J. R. Barry, “Wireless infrared communications,” Proc. IEEE 85(2), 265–298 (1997).
[Crossref]

Khalid, A. M.

Khong, S.-H.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-S.

J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

Lazzerini, G.

G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
[Crossref]

Le Minh, H.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leo, K.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindner, F.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lüssem, B.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mizuochi, T.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Onohara, K.

F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
[Crossref]

Papakonstantinou, I.

P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Png, R.-Q.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polikarpov, E.

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
[Crossref]

Qureshi, S. U. H.

S. U. H. Qureshi, “Adaptive equalization,” Proc. IEEE 73(9), 1349–1387 (1985).
[Crossref]

Reineke, S.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salaneck, W. R.

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
[Crossref]

Schwartz, G.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seidler, N.

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sivaramakrishnan, S.

R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stasio, F. D.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Steckler, T. T.

O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.-C.

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B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
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S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
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Xing, K. Z.

N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
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R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
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O. Fenwick, S. Fusco, T. N. Baig, F. D. Stasio, T. T. Steckler, P. Henriksson, C. Fléchon, M. R. Andersson, and F. Cacialli, “Efficient red electroluminescence from diketopyrrolopyrrole copolymerised with a polyfluorene,” APL Materials 1(3), 032108 (2013).
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G. Lazzerini, F. Di Stasio, C. Fléchon, D. Caruana, and F. Cacialli, “Low-temperature treatment of semiconducting interlayers for high-efficiency light-emitting diodes based on a green-emitting polyfluorene derivative,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(24), 243305 (2011).
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J.-S. Kim, R. H. Friend, I. Grizzi, and J. H. Burroughes, “Spin-cast thin semiconducting polymer interlayer for improving device efficiency of polymer light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 023506 (2005).

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F. Chang, K. Onohara, and T. Mizuochi, “Forward error correction for 100 G transport networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(3), S48–S55 (2010).
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P. A. Haigh, Z. Ghassemlooy, I. Papakonstantinou, and H. Le Minh, “2.7 Mb/s With a 93-kHz White Organic Light Emitting Diode and Real Time ANN Equalizer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(17), 1687–1690 (2013).
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R.-Q. Png, P.-J. Chia, J.-C. Tang, B. Liu, S. Sivaramakrishnan, M. Zhou, S.-H. Khong, H. S. Chan, J. H. Burroughes, L.-L. Chua, R. H. Friend, and P. K. Ho, “High-performance polymer semiconducting heterostructure devices by nitrene-mediated photocrosslinking of alkyl side chains,” Nat. Mater. 9(2), 152–158 (2010).
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Nature (1)

S. Reineke, F. Lindner, G. Schwartz, N. Seidler, K. Walzer, B. Lüssem, and K. Leo, “White organic light-emitting diodes with fluorescent tube efficiency,” Nature 459(7244), 234–238 (2009).
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Opt. Express (1)

Org. Electron. (1)

B. W. D’Andrade, S. Datta, S. R. Forrest, P. Djurovich, E. Polikarpov, and M. E. Thompson, “Relationship between the ionization and oxidation potentials of molecular organic semiconductors,” Org. Electron. 6(1), 11–20 (2005).
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N. Johansson, F. Cacialli, K. Z. Xing, G. Beamson, D. T. Clark, R. H. Friend, and W. R. Salaneck, “A study of the ITO-on-PPV interface using photoelectron spectroscopy,” Synth. Met. 92(3), 207–211 (1998).
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Z. Ghassemlooy, W. Popoola, and S. Rajbhandari, Optical Wireless Communications: System and Channel Modelling (CRC Press INC, 2012).

J. Vucic, C. Kottke, S. Nerreter, K. Habel, A. Buttner, K. D. Langer, and J. W. Walewski, “230 Mbit/s via a wireless visible-light link based on OOK modulation of phosphorescent white LEDs,” in Optical Fiber Communication (OFC), collocated National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2010 Conference on (OFC/NFOEC), 2010), 1–3.

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