Abstract

A novel multifunctional frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator (FD-OEO) mainly based on a Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) cascaded with a phase modulator (PM) and a subsequent optical bandpass filter (OBPF) is proposed. We experimentally demonstrate simultaneous operations of frequency-doubled optical clock (FD-OC) recovery, low-duty-cycle dual-wavelength prescaled OC recovery and error-free fourfold time division demultiplexing with the proposed OEO injected with a 4 × 25-Gb/s optical time-division-multiplexing (OTDM) signal. We show that the proposed FD-OEO operates well for both the differential phase shift keying (DPSK) and on-off keying (OOK) modulation formats. The extracted dual-wavelength prescaled OC is proved to be nearly transform-limited with Gaussian-like shape. Furthermore, all four 25-Gb/s tributaries can be selectively demultiplexed by adjusting the phase shifters in the OEO loop. The power penalty at a bit error rate (BER) of 10−9 is measured to be 2.4 dB, 1.2 dB for the best channel for DPSK signal and to be 2.5 dB, 1.1 dB for the best channel for OOK signal. In addition, as an extra benefit of the OEO, low-phase-noise prescaled electrical clock (EC) is also extracted.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. I. D. Phillips, A. Gloag, P. N. Kean, N. J. Doran, I. Bennion, A. D. Ellis, “Simultaneous demultiplexing, data regeneration, and clock recovery with a single semiconductor optical amplifier based nonlinear-optical loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22(17), 1326–1328 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuO3.
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Miyazaki, F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. Wang, L. Huo, Y. Xing, C. Lou, B. Zhou, “Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30000–30006 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Tsuchida, “Simultaneous prescaled clock recovery and serial-to-parallel conversion of data signals using a polarization modulator-based optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(17), 3777–3782 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. Li, J. Yao, “An optically tunable optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(18), 2640–2645 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Pan, J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Pan, J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Huo, H. Li, Q. Wang, and C. Lou, “4×25-GHz 2-ps multicolor ultrashort pulse generation with a single phase modulator and Mamyshev reshaper,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.122.
  17. L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

Q. Wang, L. Huo, Y. Xing, C. Lou, B. Zhou, “Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30000–30006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. Yao, “An optically tunable optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(18), 2640–2645 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

T. Miyazaki, F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Awad, E. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ben, D.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Chen, H.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chi, H.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, P. S.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doran, N. J.

Ellis, A. D.

Gao, Y.

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gloag, A.

Goldhar, J.

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V. S.

M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huo, L.

Q. Wang, L. Huo, Y. Xing, C. Lou, B. Zhou, “Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30000–30006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jin, X.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Koonen, T.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, F.

T. Miyazaki, F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. Yao, “An optically tunable optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(18), 2640–2645 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lou, C.

Q. Wang, L. Huo, Y. Xing, C. Lou, B. Zhou, “Effective optical clock recovery and simultaneous fourfold demultiplexing of OTDM signal using an optoelectonic oscillator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30000–30006 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B.

Luo, B.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazaki, T.

T. Miyazaki, F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pan, M.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pan, W.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, I. D.

Shin, M.

M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Z.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

Wang, L.

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Xing, Y.

Yan, L.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, B.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Li, J. Yao, “An optically tunable optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(18), 2640–2645 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Optical clock recovery using a polarization-modulator-based frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3531–3539 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, D.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

Zhu, D.

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zou, S.

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X.

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, B. Luo, L. Yan, B. Lu, “A reconfigurable optoelectronic oscillator based on cascaded coherence-controllable recirculating delay lines,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13296–13301 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Shin, V. S. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator for generating high-frequency microwave signals with low phase noise,” Electron. Lett. 43(4), 242–244 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Pan, J. Yao, “Multichannel optical signal processing in NRZ systems based on a frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(5), 1460–1468 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

X. Liu, W. Pan, X. Zou, D. Zheng, L. Yan, B. Luo, “Frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator using DSB-SC modulation and carrier recovery based on stimulated brillouin scattering,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 6600606 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (6)

B. Yang, X. Jin, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, S. Zou, H. Chen, E. Tangdiongga, T. Koonen, “Optically tunable frequency-doubling brillouin optoelectronic oscillator with carrier phase-shifted double sideband modulation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(12), 1051–1053 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Wang, N. Zhu, W. Li, J. Liu, “A frequency-doubling optoelectronic oscillator based on a dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator and a chirped fiber bragg grating,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 23(22), 1688–1690 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, Y. Dong, C. Lou, Y. Gao, “Clock extraction using an optoelectronic oscillator from high-speed NRZ signal and NRZ-to-RZ format transformation,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 981–983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Awad, P. S. Cho, J. Goldhar, “Simultaneous four-wave mixing and cross-absorption modulation inside a single EAM for high-speed optical demultiplexing and clock recovery,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17(7), 1534–1536 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Miyazaki, F. Kubota, “Simultaneous demultiplexing and clock recovery for 160-Gb/s OTDM signal using a symmetric Mach–Zehnder switch in electrooptic feedback loop,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15(7), 1008–1010 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tang, S. Pan, D. Zhu, R. Guo, Y. Zhao, M. Pan, D. Ben, J. Yao, “Tunable optoelectronic oscillator based on a polarization modulator and a chirped FBG,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24(17), 1487–1489 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

C. Boerner, V. Marembert, S. Ferber, C. Schubert, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Ludwig, and H. G. Weber, “320 Gbit/s clock recovery with electro-optical PLL using a bidirectionally operated electroabsorption modulator as phase comparator,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OTuO3.
[CrossRef]

L. Huo, H. Li, Q. Wang, and C. Lou, “4×25-GHz 2-ps multicolor ultrashort pulse generation with a single phase modulator and Mamyshev reshaper,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JTh2A.122.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the proposed multifunctional FD-OEO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Key part of the proposed multifunctional FD-OEO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated results of the waveform (blue) and chirp (red) of the (a) FD pulse train generated by MZM and (b) phase-modulated FD pulse train; (c) spectrum of the phase-modulated FD pulse train (red) and the response of the employed OBPF (blue); (d) pulse train with a repetition rate of f generated by red-shifted filtering.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Eyediagrams and spectra (insets) of the (a) injected 100-Gb/s DPSK signal and (b) twofold demultiplexed DPSK tributary; (c) eyediagram of the extracted FD-OC; (d) spectrum of the extracted FD-OC.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Eyediagrams and spectra (insets) of the extracted prescaled OC by (a) blue and (b) red-shifted filtering.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves for the demultiplexed 25-Gb/s DPSK tributaries (Demux. 1, 2, 3 and 4) and back-to-back (B2B) DPSK signal.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Electrical spectrum and (b) SSB phase noise spectrum of the extracted 25-GHz EC.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Eyediagrams of the (a) FD-OC (50 GHz) and (b) prescaled OC with spectra (insets) extracted from the injected OOK signal; (c) BER curves for the demultiplexed 25-Gb/s OOK tributaries (Demux. 1, 2, 3 and 4) and back-to-back (B2B) OOK signal; (d) SSB phase noise spectrum of the extracted 25-GHz EC.

Equations (2)

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E out1 = E in 2 {exp(j π V πMZM V bias )exp[j π 2 V πMZM Vsin(2πft)]+exp[j π 2 V πMZM Vsin(2πft)]} = E in cos[ π 2 V πMZM Vsin(2πft)+ π 2 V πMZM V bias ]exp(j π 2 V πMZM V bias )
E out2 = E out1 exp(iP M index sin(2πft+φ)) = E in cos[ π 2 V πMZM Vsin(2πft)+ π 2 V πMZM V bias ]exp(j π 2 V πMZM V bias )exp(iP M index sin(2πft+φ)) = E in cos[ π 2 sin(2πft)]exp(iP M index sin(2πft+φ))

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