Abstract

In this paper, we propose a low-complexity format-transparent digital signal processing (DSP) scheme for next generation flexible and energy-efficient transceiver. It employs QPSK symbols as the training and pilot symbols for the initialization and tracking stage of the receiver-side DSP, respectively, for various modulation formats. The performance is numerically and experimentally evaluated in a dual polarization (DP) 11 Gbaud 64QAM system. Employing the proposed DSP scheme, we conduct a system-level study of Tb/s bandwidth-adaptive superchannel transmissions with flexible modulation formats including QPSK, 8QAM and 16QAM. The spectrum bandwidth allocation is realized in the digital domain instead of turning on/off sub-channels, which improves the performance of higher order QAM. Various transmission distances ranging from 240 km to 6240 km are demonstrated with a colorless detection for hardware complexity reduction.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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  20. M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, M. Qiu, D. V. Plant, “Spectral efficiency-adaptive optical transmission using time domain hybrid QAM for agile optical networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(15), 2621–2628 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

1988

M. Oerder, H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Alfiad, M. S.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beckett, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boertjes, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bosco, G.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “On the Performance of Nyquist-WDM Terabit Superchannels Based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “On the Performance of Nyquist-WDM Terabit Superchannels Based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chagnon, M.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, G.-K.

Charlet, G.

Chouayakh, M.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “On the Performance of Nyquist-WDM Terabit Superchannels Based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

de Man, E.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, L. B.

Dupuy, J.

El-Sahn, Z. A.

Fan, S.-H.

Forghieri, F.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “On the Performance of Nyquist-WDM Terabit Superchannels Based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hoffmann, S.

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jorge, F.

Kainzmaier, P.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Konczykowska, A.

Kuschnerov, M.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lankl, B.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laperle, C.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

Meyr, H.

M. Oerder, H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miot, V.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Morsy-Osman, M.

Mousa-Pasandi, M. E.

Napoli, A.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Noe, R.

Oerder, M.

M. Oerder, H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Painchaud, Y.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paquet, C.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D. W.

Pelletier, M.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pfau, T.

Piyawanno, K.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plant, D. V.

Poggiolini, P.

G. Bosco, V. Curri, A. Carena, P. Poggiolini, F. Forghieri, “On the Performance of Nyquist-WDM Terabit Superchannels Based on PM-BPSK, PM-QPSK, PM-8QAM or PM-16QAM Subcarriers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(1), 53–61 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Poulin, M.

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

Qiu, M.

Riet, M.

Roberts, K.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spinnler, B.

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Xu, X.

Yoo, S. J. B.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Zhu, B.

Zhuge, Q.

IEEE Commun. Mag.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s12–s20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Poggiolini, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, V. Miot, F. Forghieri, “Performance Dependence on Channel Baud-Rate of PM-QPSK Systems Over Uncompensated Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(1), 15–17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, Q. Zhuge, M. Poulin, Y. Painchaud, M. Pelletier, C. Paquet, D. V. Plant, “Colorless and preamplifierless reception using an integrated Si-photonic coherent receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25(11), 1027–1030 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Journal

M. Kuschnerov, M. Chouayakh, K. Piyawanno, B. Spinnler, E. de Man, P. Kainzmaier, M. S. Alfiad, A. Napoli, B. Lankl, “Data-aided versus blind single-carrier coherent receivers,” IEEE Photonics Journal 2(3), 387–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Commun.

M. Oerder, H. Meyr, “Digital filter and square timing recovery,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 36(5), 605–612 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. Chagnon, X. Xu, M. Qiu, and D. V. Plant, “Demonstration of energy-efficient and format-transparent digital signal processing for Tb/s flexible transceiver,” in Proc. ACP'13, Paper. AF2E.7 (2013).

K. Piyawanno, M. Kuschnerov, B. Spinnler, and B. Lankl, “Low complexity carrier recovery for coherent QAM using superscalar parallelization,” in Proc. ECOC'10, Paper. We.7.A.3 (2010).

Ciena Press Releases, “BT and Ciena Light World’s First 800G Super-Channel,” (2013), http://www.ciena.com/about/newsroom/press-releases/BT-and-Ciena-Light-Worlds-First-800G-Super-Channel.html?campaign=X379513&src=blog

Y. Huang, E. Ip, P. N. Ji, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Aono, Y. Yano, and T. Tajima, “Terabit/s optical superchannel with flexible modulation format for dynamic distance/route transmission,” in Proc.OFC'12, Paper. OM3H.4 (2012).

K. Roberts and C. Laperle, “Flexible transceivers,” in Proc. ECOC'12, Paper. We.3.A.3 (2012).

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