Abstract

We report on the efficient, tunable, and selective frequency up-conversion of a supercontinuum spectrum via molecular modulation in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. The vibrational Q(1) Raman transition of hydrogen is excited in the fiber by a pump pre-pulse, enabling the excitation of a synchronous, collective oscillation of the molecules. This coherence wave is then used to up-shift the frequency of an arbitrarily weak, delayed probe pulse. Perfect phase-matching for this process is achieved by using higher order fiber modes and adjusting the pressure of the filling gas. Conversion efficiencies of ~50% are obtained within a tuning range of 25 THz.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (2)

2013 (1)

2012 (5)

A. Abdolvand, A. M. Walser, M. Ziemienczuk, T. Nguyen, and P. St. J. Russell, “Generation of a phase-locked Raman frequency comb in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4362–4364 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Weber, J. T. Green, and D. D. Yavuz, “17 THz continuous-wave optical modulator,” Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 013805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Yavuz and J. J. Weber, “Tunable source of terahertz radiation using molecular modulation,” Opt. Lett. 37(20), 4191–4193 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ziemienczuk, A. M. Walser, A. Abdolvand, and P. St. J. Russell, “Intermodal stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(7), 1563–1568 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (2)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 1915–1924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

Abdolvand, A.

Ališauskas, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andriukaitis, G.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arpin, P.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balciunas, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benabid, F.

F. Couny, O. Carraz, and F. Benabid, “Control of transient regime of stimulated Raman scattering using hollow-core PCF,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(6), 1209–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, S.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carraz, O.

Chang, W.

Chen, M.-C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clemmen, S.

Couny, F.

F. Couny, O. Carraz, and F. Benabid, “Control of transient regime of stimulated Raman scattering using hollow-core PCF,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(6), 1209–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Donvalkar, P. S.

Elsaesser, T.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Euser, T. G.

Fedotov, A. B.

Finger, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

P. S. Donvalkar, V. Venkataraman, S. Clemmen, K. Saha, and A. L. Gaeta, “Frequency translation via four-wave mixing Bragg scattering in Rb filled photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(6), 1557–1560 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibbon, P.

P. Gibbon, “High-order harmonic generation in plasmas,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(11), 1915–1924 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Green, J. T.

J. J. Weber, J. T. Green, and D. D. Yavuz, “17 THz continuous-wave optical modulator,” Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 013805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hakuta, K.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernández-García, C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hölzer, P.

Huang, S.

Jaron-Becker, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N. Y.

Kapteyn, H. C.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katsuragawa, M.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kien, F. L.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konorov, S. O.

Korn, G.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liang, J. Q.

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miles, R. B.

Mücke, O. D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nazarkin, A.

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, T.

Nold, J.

Peck, E. R.

Plaja, L.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Podlipensky, A.

Popmintchev, D.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popmintchev, T.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pugzlys, A.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, P. J.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
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M. A. Finger, N. Y. Joly, T. Weiss, and P. St. J. Russell, “Accuracy of the capillary approximation for gas-filled kagomé-style photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(4), 821–824 (2014).
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B. M. Trabold, A. Abdolvand, T. G. Euser, and P. St. J. Russell, “Efficient anti-Stokes generation via intermodal stimulated Raman scattering in gas-filled hollow-core PCF,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29711–29718 (2013).
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M. Ziemienczuk, A. M. Walser, A. Abdolvand, and P. St. J. Russell, “Intermodal stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(7), 1563–1568 (2012).
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A. Abdolvand, A. M. Walser, M. Ziemienczuk, T. Nguyen, and P. St. J. Russell, “Generation of a phase-locked Raman frequency comb in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 37(21), 4362–4364 (2012).
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J. C. Travers, W. Chang, J. Nold, N. Y. Joly, and P. St. J. Russell, “Ultrafast nonlinear optics in gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, A11–A26 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Nold, P. Hölzer, N. Y. Joly, G. K. L. Wong, A. Nazarkin, A. Podlipensky, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Pressure-controlled phase matching to third harmonic in Ar-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(17), 2922–2924 (2010).
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F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saha, K.

Scharrer, M.

Schrauth, S. E.

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
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A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000).
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Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. J. Weber, J. T. Green, and D. D. Yavuz, “17 THz continuous-wave optical modulator,” Phys. Rev. A 85(1), 013805 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. V. Sokolov, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Raman generation by phased and antiphased molecular states,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(3), 562–565 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, M. Wittmann, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of multiple phase-locked Stokes and anti-Stokes components in an impulsively excited Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(13), 2560–2563 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Q. Liang, M. Katsuragawa, F. L. Kien, and K. Hakuta, “Sideband generation using strongly driven Raman coherence in solid hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(12), 2474–2477 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, D. Popmintchev, P. Arpin, S. Brown, S. Ališauskas, G. Andriukaitis, T. Balčiunas, O. D. Mücke, A. Pugzlys, A. Baltuška, B. Shim, S. E. Schrauth, A. L. Gaeta, C. Hernández-García, L. Plaja, A. Becker, A. Jaron-Becker, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright coherent ultrahigh harmonics in the keV X-ray regime from mid-infrared femtosecond lasers,” Science 336(6086), 1287–1291 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science 298(5592), 399–402 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs,” Science 318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the experimental set-up. ND: neutral density filter; BP: band-pass filter; BS: beam-splitter. (b) Scanning electron micrograph of the fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photon count-rate spectra normalized to the rate of the pump (the peak is not shown to enhance the other spectral lines). (a) Pump signal only. (b) SC mixing signal only. (c) Both pump and SC mixing signals. (d)-(h) Normalized near-field intensity distributions recorded at the end-face of the fiber filled with a gas pressure of 10 bar. (d) Pump beam, mainly coupled into LP01 mode; (e) mixing beam at 1080 nm; (f) first AS; (g) shifted SC; (h) pump with higher modal content in the LP11 mode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dispersion diagram for the LP01 and LP11 modes at zero pressure. The horizontal lines mark the frequencies of the pump (P), first Stokes (S) and first anti-Stokes (AS) bands. The spectral widths of the mixing and the shifted SC signals are indicated by gray-scale shading. The backward (forward) sloping arrows indicate the four-vectors of the intra- (inter-) modal coherence waves. (b) Phase indices of different coherence waves as a function of the upper of the two frequencies used to generate them.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Comparison of the intensities of shifted and mixing signals, normalized to their values in the absence of any ND filters. The black line is a linear fit of the experimental data, yielding a slope of 0.997 ± 0.013. (b) Conversion efficiency η of the up-shifting process (solid curve). The dashed curve shows the analytical conversion efficiency after fitting to Eq. (3).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pressure-dependence of the conversion efficiency at different frequencies. (a) Pump beam mainly in the LP01 mode. (b) Pump beam with a high LP11 modal content. The dashed and solid lines correspond to numerical curves of perfect phase-matching for intramodal and intermodal coherence waves. The dotted line in (a) indicates the measurement in Fig. 4(b)

Equations (3)

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n mq (λ)= n gas 2 (λ,p) ( λ u mq 2πa(λ) ) 2
E sh z =iζ E mi i ϑ(ω) 2 E sh E mi z =iζ (ωΩ) ω E sh +i ϑ(ω) 2 E mi ,
η(ω,L)= ( ωΩ ) ω | E sh (ω,L) | 2 | E mi (ωΩ,0) | 2 = ( ωΩ ) ω ζ 2 γ 2 sin 2 (γL)

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