Abstract

Light trapping is essential to improve the performance of thin-film solar cells. In this paper, we performed a parametric optimization of nanopyramids and rear-located Ag nanoparticles that act as light trapping scheme to increase light absorption in thin-film c-Si solar cells. Our optimization reveals that the short-circuit current density in a solar cell employing only 5 μm silicon could exceed that of a standard 300 μm c-silicon wafer-based cell. Furthermore, we analyzed the underlying physics of the light absorption enhancement through the electric field intensity profiles.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Chen, W. Han, and F. Yang, “Enhanced optical absorption in nanohole-textured silicon thin-film solar cells with rear-located metal particles,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3973–3975 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Buencuerpo, L. E. Munioz-Camuniez, M. L. Dotor, and P. A. Postigo, “Optical absorption enhancement in a hybrid system photonic crystal - thin substrate for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A452–A464 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. B. Mallick, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Optimal light trapping in ultra-thin photonic crystal crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5691–5706 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Green, “The path to 25% silicon solar cell efficiency: History of silicon cell evolution,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 17(3), 183–189 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Yablonovitch, “Statistical ray optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72(7), 899–907 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light-emitting diodes: analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. N. A. Yahaya, N. Yamada, Y. Kotaki, and T. Nakayama, “Characterization of light absorption in thin-film silicon with periodic nanohole arrays,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5924–5930 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (4)

S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Yahaya, N. Yamada, Y. Kotaki, and T. Nakayama, “Characterization of light absorption in thin-film silicon with periodic nanohole arrays,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5924–5930 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, W. Han, and F. Yang, “Enhanced optical absorption in nanohole-textured silicon thin-film solar cells with rear-located metal particles,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3973–3975 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

J. Buencuerpo, L. E. Munioz-Camuniez, M. L. Dotor, and P. A. Postigo, “Optical absorption enhancement in a hybrid system photonic crystal - thin substrate for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A452–A464 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mallick, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Optimal light trapping in ultra-thin photonic crystal crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5691–5706 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

M. A. Green, “The path to 25% silicon solar cell efficiency: History of silicon cell evolution,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 17(3), 183–189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2002 (1)

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light-emitting diodes: analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Agrawal, M.

Atwater, H. A.

D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baek, J. Y.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boettcher, S. W.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Branham, M. S.

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Buencuerpo, J.

Callahan, D. M.

D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catchpole, K. R.

Chen, G.

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Clews, P.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cruz-Campa, J. L.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deinega, A.

S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dotor, M. L.

Eyderman, S.

S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garnett, E.

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, M. A.

M. A. Green, “The path to 25% silicon solar cell efficiency: History of silicon cell evolution,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 17(3), 183–189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light-emitting diodes: analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grubbs, R. K.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, V. P.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. E.

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, W.

Ho, J. Y. L.

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John, S.

S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, H. T.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelzenberg, M. D.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kotaki, Y.

Kwok, H. S.

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lare, M. C.

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, N. S.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H.

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Mallick, S. B.

Mavrokefalos, A.

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munday, J. N.

D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munioz-Camuniez, L. E.

Nakayama, T.

Nielson, G. N.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nuzzo, R. G.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okandan, M.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

Pluym, T.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Postigo, P. A.

Putnam, M. C.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raman, A.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Resnick, P. J.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryu, J. H.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schropp, R. E.

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semichaevsky, A. V.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Turner-Evans, D. B.

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Verschuuren, M. A.

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wong, M.

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, R.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

Yahaya, N. A.

Yamada, N.

Yang, F.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, W. Han, and F. Yang, “Enhanced optical absorption in nanohole-textured silicon thin-film solar cells with rear-located metal particles,” Opt. Lett. 38(19), 3973–3975 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yerci, S.

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoon, J.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zubia, D.

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, J. Ma, and F. Yang, “Extraordinary optical absorption based on diffraction grating and rear-located bilayer silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Express 7(6), 062301 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

M. D. Kelzenberg, D. B. Turner-Evans, M. C. Putnam, S. W. Boettcher, R. M. Briggs, J. Y. Baek, N. S. Lewis, and H. A. Atwater, “High-performance Si microwire photovoltaics,” Energy Environ. Sci. 4(3), 866 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Shi, X. Wang, W. Liu, T. Yang, R. Xu, and F. Yang, “Multilayer silver nanoparticles for light trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(17), 176101 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Eyderman, S. John, and A. Deinega, “Solar light trapping in slanted conical-pore photonic crystals: Beyond statistical ray trapping,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(15), 154315 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nano Lett. (6)

G. Li, H. Li, J. Y. L. Ho, M. Wong, and H. S. Kwok, “Nanopyramid Structure for Ultrathin c-Si Tandem Solar Cells,” Nano Lett. 14(5), 2563–2568 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient light trapping in inverted nanopyramid thin crystalline silicon membranes for solar cell applications,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2792–2796 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, M. C. Lare, R. E. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Optimized spatial correlations for broadband light trapping nanopatterns in high efficiency ultrathin film a-Si:H solar cells,” Nano Lett. 11(10), 4239–4245 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Garnett and P. Yang, “Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1082–1087 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, and H. A. Atwater, “Solar Cell light trapping beyond the ray optic limit,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat. Commun. 2, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (2)

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light-emitting diodes: analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Green, “The path to 25% silicon solar cell efficiency: History of silicon cell evolution,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 17(3), 183–189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

J. L. Cruz-Campa, M. Okandan, P. J. Resnick, P. Clews, T. Pluym, R. K. Grubbs, V. P. Gupta, D. Zubia, and G. N. Nielson, “Microsystems enabled photovoltaics: 14.9% efficient 14 μm thick crystalline silicon solar cell,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 95(2), 551–558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The sketch diagram of the solar cell used in the simulations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The short-circuit current density of the solar cells as a function of the period (a) and the height (b) of the nanopyramids

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The short-circuit current density of the solar cells as a function of the filling factor of the nanopyramids

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The short-circuit current density of the solar cells as a function of the diameter of Ag NPs

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectra under normal incidence from AM1.5 solar irradiance.The red curves represent the Yablonovitch limit, the black curves represent the single-pass absorption spectra, and the blue curves are the absorption spectra for the corresponding structures. The absorption spectra of the hybrid structure (a), the “Only nanopyramid” structure (b), the “Only Ag NPs” (c) and the “Unpatterned” (d). (e) Comparison of the short-circuit currents generated by the four structures (gray bars), the Yablonovitch limit (red line), the single-pass absorption (black line), and the full absorption (green line)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Electric field intensity profiles at (a)–(d) 400 nm and (e)–(h) 970 nm for (a, e) “Hybrid” solar cell, (b, f) “Only nanopyramid” solar cell, (c, g) “Only Ag NPs” solar cell, (d, h) “Unpatterned” solar cell.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

J sc =e λ hc P abs (λ) P in (λ) I AM1.5 (λ)dλ
A singlepass =1 e αd
A Yablonovitch =1 1 1+4 n 2 αd

Metrics