Abstract

Fourier series and an energy mapping method were used in this study to design a lens that produces a light pattern of multiple concentric circles (LPMCC) for a light-emitting diode (LED) fishing lamp. Fourier series were used to represent the light intensity distribution curve (LIDC) of the LPMCC light pattern. Energy mapping involves performing angular energy mapping based on the LIDCs of an LED light source and LPMCC to design a freeform lens. Type I and Type II LPMCC lenses were designed according to the phototaxis behavior of fish to create a LPMCC light pattern of interleaving light–dark zones that attracts fish shoals to stay in an area for a long period. The experimental results indicated that, in comparing the LIDCs of the Type I and II lenses with the respective simulation values, the normalized cross-correlation (NCC) value reached 96%. According to a 24-hour observation of the phototaxis of Poecilia reticulata to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed light pattern to attract fish, when a fish shoal was habituated to a light source that emitted constant illumination light, it gradually moved away from the intense light zone and hovered around the junction of the light and dark zones. In the future, the design used in this study can be applied to LED fishing lamps to replace traditional fishing lamps.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

2012 (2)

S. C. Shen, H. J. Huang, “Design of LED fish lighting attractors using horizontal/vertical LIDC mapping method,” Opt. Express 20(24), 26135–26146 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of normal and anomalous features of coefficients characterizing deviations from the inverse-square law in the application of LED modules,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(12), 1417–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of the illuminance provided by LED modules placed at large distances from illuminated objects,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(1), 107–118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing tailored free-form surfaces for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5186, 128–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

1996 (2)

H. Inada, “Retinomotor response and retinal adaptation of Japanese common squid Todarodes pacificus at capture with jigs,” Fish. Sci. 62(5), 663–669 (1996).

P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo techniques for direct lighting calculations,” ACM T. Graphic 15(1), 1–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1974 (1)

1972 (1)

Arakawa, H.

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

Arimoto, T.

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

Choi, S.

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

Daida, N.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Feng, Z.

Ferrero, E. A.

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

Gu, P. F.

Guttsait, E. M.

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of the illuminance provided by LED modules placed at large distances from illuminated objects,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(1), 107–118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of normal and anomalous features of coefficients characterizing deviations from the inverse-square law in the application of LED modules,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(12), 1417–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. J.

Huang, L.

Huang, S. M.

Inada, H.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Inada, “Retinomotor response and retinal adaptation of Japanese common squid Todarodes pacificus at capture with jigs,” Fish. Sci. 62(5), 663–669 (1996).

Jin, G.

Kai, S.

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kumazawa, T.

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. X.

Lee, X. H.

Lee, Y. L.

Liu, X.

Ma, S. H.

Marchesan, M.

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, D.

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matsushita, Y.

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miura, I.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, I.

Muschaweck, J.

A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing tailored free-form surfaces for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5186, 128–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, Y.

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

Ries, H.

A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing tailored free-form surfaces for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5186, 128–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sadayasu, K.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schruben, J. S.

Shen, S. C.

Shikata, T.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shima, T.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shirley, P.

P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo techniques for direct lighting calculations,” ACM T. Graphic 15(1), 1–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Simon, M. C.

Spoto, M.

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C. C.

Takeuchi, Y.

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Timinger, A.

A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing tailored free-form surfaces for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5186, 128–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Verginella, L.

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo techniques for direct lighting calculations,” ACM T. Graphic 15(1), 1–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z. R.

Zimmerman, K.

P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo techniques for direct lighting calculations,” ACM T. Graphic 15(1), 1–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

ACM T. Graphic (1)

P. Shirley, C. Wang, K. Zimmerman, “Monte Carlo techniques for direct lighting calculations,” ACM T. Graphic 15(1), 1–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Fish. Res. (1)

M. Marchesan, M. Spoto, L. Verginella, E. A. Ferrero, “Behavioural effects of artificial light on fish species of commercial interest,” Fish. Res. 73(1-2), 171–185 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fish. Sci. (2)

H. Inada, “Retinomotor response and retinal adaptation of Japanese common squid Todarodes pacificus at capture with jigs,” Fish. Sci. 62(5), 663–669 (1996).

H. Arakawa, S. Choi, T. Arimoto, Y. Nakamura, “Relationship between underwater irradiance and distribution of japanese common squid under fishing lights of a squid jigging boat,” Fish. Sci. 64(4), 553–557 (1998).

J. Commun. Technol. Electron. (2)

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of normal and anomalous features of coefficients characterizing deviations from the inverse-square law in the application of LED modules,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(12), 1417–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Guttsait, “Analysis of the illuminance provided by LED modules placed at large distances from illuminated objects,” J. Commun. Technol. Electron. 54(1), 107–118 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Nippon Suisan Gakk. (2)

D. Masuda, T. Kumazawa, Y. Takeuchi, S. Kai, Y. Matsushita, “Changes in catch composition and amount of a set-net by installing a low-power underwater light at the leader-net,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 78(5), 870–877 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Shikata, T. Shima, H. Inada, I. Miura, N. Daida, K. Sadayasu, T. Watanabe, “Role of shaded area under squid jigging boat formed by shipboard fishing light in the processes of gathering and capturing Japanese common squid,” Nippon Suisan Gakk. 77(1), 53–60 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Timinger, J. Muschaweck, H. Ries, “Designing tailored free-form surfaces for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5186, 128–132 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

A. Domhardt, U. Rohlfing, K. Klinger, K. Manz, D. Koob, and U. Lemmer, “Optical design of LED-based automotive tail lamps,” Proc. SPIE 6670, 66700L (2007).

A. Domhardt, U. Rohlfing, and S. Weingaertner, “New design tools for LED headlamps,” Proc. SPIE 7003, 70032C (2008).

N. Shatz, J. Bortz, J. Matthews, and P. Kim, “Advanced optics for LED flashlights,” Proc. SPIE 7059, 70590D (2008).

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